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CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Despite peacebuilding efforts, CAR has gotten bogged down since the 2012 crisis in a cycle of violence that has spread to several regions of the country generating growing humanitarian needs.

The civilian population is the most affected by this climate of violence. The overall situation of insecurity and instability is causing the displacement of many families to IDP amps or host families (estimated at 640,000 people in July 2018¹.
However, populations start to return, which shows that the context has cooled down somewhat, but it is still necessary to meet the urgent needs of the host and displaced populations and to compensate for the lack of access to basic services.

Ouaka Prefecture

Clashes between armed groups, international armed forces and the Central African armed forces continue to cause population movements. The Ouaka Prefecture has the largest number of IDPs, with the exception of Bangui (nearly 100,000 people according to the Population Movement Commission). The Humanitarian Response Plan² considers the Ouaka as a priority area for emergency humanitarian aid.
Needs are high, but the volatile security environment often hinders action in the field. The province therefore presents a challenge for humanitarian workers who must both assist populations in emergency situations and accompany displaced people who have been living in camps for several years.
The vast majority of these displaced people (81%) are concentrated in the sub-prefecture of Bambari, where TGH teams are present and develop a multisectoral approach, targeting both displaced and host populations.

  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
    TGH is responding to the emergency situation in IDP camps by supplying and distributing water by tanker trucks (water trucking), chlorinating water points, hygiene promotion, and maintaining sanitary facilities.
    Emergency health areas are being set up in villages along the axes, accompanied by hygiene awareness sessions. TGH rehabilitates boreholes and builds garbage pits. Semi-sustainable latrines and shower cabins are also built, taking into account gender protection issues.

  • Emergency Education
    Keeping displaced and host children in school are a  major challenge in times of crisis. It includes access to primary education and quality psychosocial support. Learning conditions have been improved through the capacity building of teachers, the making of school furniture, the rehabilitation and construction of schools and the distribution of teaching kits.
    Awareness-raising activities on the importance of education for all - especially for girls - have been carried out in partnership with the NGO Nourrir.
    Finally, ETAPE³  facilities have been set up to provide an emergency educational response to the children of displaced persons.

  • Food Security and Livelihoods
    TGH has a key role in food security, both in terms of emergency for displaced populations and in improving the resilience of host and returning populations.
    Emergency assistance reduced food and economic vulnerabilities by providing 6 000returnee and resident households with food seeds and agricultural tools. Farmers and households have received training on technical itineraries and agro-ecological practices (food and market gardening).  Training was also provided to auxiliary agents and managers of veterinary centers.
    40 women's groups received equipment to facilitate the transport of products for sale at the markets, and income-generating activities were set up and enhanced within 19 Parents' Associations and 800 households.

Bangui

According to UNICEF, if nothing is done to fight inequality, 167 million children will live in extreme poverty around the world in 2030. Many of them live on the streets, and in Bangui - although very few studies are carried out to count them - there are several thousand of them, including those moving back and forth between the house and the street.
The causes of these situations of disruption are multiple. They can be of a sociopsychological, economic or family-related origin, forced or voluntary (children driven out, abused children, lack of means of subsistence within the household, etc.).
Street children are vulnerable, exposed to multiple forms of violence, abuse by peers or adults (rape, theft, economic exploitation, etc.), and to drug use, prostitution or HIV/AIDS infection.
TGH is developing an education/protection multi-sectoral programme in Bangui, Brazzaville and Pointe Noire (Republic of the Congo).
Public measures aimed at vulnerable groups - and more particularly at children at risk - are poorly developed. The national civil society organizations mobilized on this issue have been very strongly impacted by the political, security and economic crises of recent years. They are sorely lacking in financial, material and human resources.
This is the case of the Voix du Cœur Foundation, a Central African organisation committed to the protection of street children, which participates in the rounds organised by TGH to meet children in the street. These rounds help establish a relationship of trust with social workers and initiate a process of social and family reintegration. TGH is working to strengthen the capacities of this partner, in order to gradually hand over the project.

Vakaga Prefecture

The Vakaga Prefecture, the geographical starting point of the Seleka rebellion in 2012, is the first region to have suffered the consequences of the crisis that still affect CAR today. The region, geographically, economically, socially and politically isolated, is neglected by the central government.
Very few public services and infrastructure are still available, and population density is very low. The security situation is certainly improving, but humanitarian needs remain very high, and few NGOs are present in the prefecture.
TGH is currently active in the sectors of Education and Food Security.

  • Education / Protection
    Two axes have been chosen to meet the overall educational needs of the Vakaga: material support (school construction) to ensure access to education in a healthy and protective environment, and human resources support (training activities for parent-teachers) to ensure quality education for all.
    An awareness session on the importance of education - especially for girls - accompanies these actions.

  • Food Security and Livelihoods
    Training on the sustainable management of natural resources is provided, particularly to beekeepers and women's groups.
    The improvement of animal health goes through veterinary centers and via vaccination campaigns, in partnership with the National Livestock Development Agency (ANDE) and the National Federation of Central African Cattle Breeders (FNEC).
    Agricultural production (market gardening and field crops) is valued to improve household incomes, for example through support for the local multiplication of groundnut, rice, sorghum and cassava seeds.

¹ Report of the Commission on Population Movement

²  Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs) are required for any humanitarian crisis that requires the support of more than one agency. They are created from the Humanitarian Needs Overview, which provides baseline data and analysis of the intensity of the crisis and identifies the most urgent humanitarian needs.

³ Temporary Learning and Child Protection Areas: an emergency education facility that provides children with a place to stay and recreational activities.

CURRENT PROGRAMMES

Inauguration of fish sales premises, December 2018, Birao, Vakaga Prefecture

Economic development assistance programme for producers

Sécurité alimentaire et moyens d'existence
  • Funding: BÊKOU Fund, European Union
  • Beneficiaries: 73,040 direct beneficiaries
  • Duration: 24 months - From 12/01/2018 to 11/30/2020
  • Budget: €6,468,160

In synergy with four international NGOs operating in northern CAR, this programme strengthens producers' skills, promising agro-pastoral sectors, local markets, access to adequate services and equipment and local mechanisms for peaceful conflict resolution.

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Birao

Educational programme for children

Education et protection
  • Funding: Crisis and Support Centre
  • Beneficiaries: 11,425 beneficiaries
  • Duration: 12 months - September 1st, 2018
  • Budget: €400,000

TGH improves the quality of the education delivered in the Vakaga Province by making learning spaces protective and safe environments.

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Back to school, November 2018, Bambari, Ouaka prefecture,

Protection and education programme for displaced children

Domaine d'expertise éducation & protection
  • Funding: Humanitarian Fund
  • Beneficiaries: 12,734 beneficiaries
  • Duration: 10 months - 03/31/2019
  • Budget: $30,0000

TGH covers the needs of the displaced populations of the Ouaka Prefecture in the education sector, and intervenes with the newly displaced populations in Séko, implementing emergency education activities.

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Birao vaccination park

Food aid for vulnerable populations

Sécurité alimentaire et moyens d'existence
  • Funding: CIAA
  • Beneficiaries: 18,725 people
  • Duration: 10 months - From 01/05/2018 to 28/02/2019
  • Budget: €350,000

TGH aims to strengthen the livelihoods of vulnerable households to improve the resilience of populations in the Vakaga Prefecture.

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Alternative bore hole - Ouaka- March 2017

Multisectoral assistance for displaced people

Domaine d'expertise multisecteur
  • Funding: European Union
  • Beneficiaries: 90,139 people
  • Duration: 12 months - From 01/01/2018 to 08/31/2019
  • Budget: €925,000

This programme develops a strategy aiming to improve access to education and sets up activities in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation (WASH) sector, as a continuation of TGH's intervention in the implementation of services for displaced people in Bambari and Ngakobo.

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Distribution of food seeds to producers

Food aid for vulnerable populations

Sécurité alimentaire et moyens d'existence
  • Funding: AFD
  • Beneficiaries: 220,000 people
  • Duration: 24 months - From 04/15/2017 to 04/15/2019
  • Budget: €360,000

This project is carried out in consortium with the French Red Cross, which operates in Berberati. TGH's action targets the sub-prefecture of Bambari. The objective of this project is to provide emergency assistance and reduce the food and economic vulnerability of vulnerable populations in the sub-prefecture of Bambari.

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Beneficiaries of the mobile field unit

Support programme for the protection of vulnerable children
Joint project between the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo

Education et protection
  • Funding: French Development Agency / European Union / UNICEF
  • Beneficiaries: 4200 people
  • Duration: 36 months - From 05/01/2016 to 04/30/2019
  • Budget: €995,112

Improve the protection and reintegration of children in situation of vulnerability through awareness-raising sessions and the strengthening of public actors’ and associations’ intervention capacities.

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COMPLETED PROGRAMMES

June 2018 / January 2019

Provide emergency water, hygiene and sanitation assistance to the displaced populations

This programme improves access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in order to preserve the integrity and dignity of people displaced by the crisis in the Ouaka Prefecture.

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May 2018 / January 2019

Emergency assistance to meet the vital needs of displaced populations

This programme sets up fundamental life-saving services in conflict areas not covered by recovery actors in the Ouaka Prefecture, in order to provide water, hygiene and sanitation assistance that preserves the integrity and dignity of people displaced by the crisis in CAR.

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October 2018 / December 2018

Emergency support to the populations affected by the crisis in the Ouaka Prefecture

In order to meet the basic life-saving needs of populations affected by the crisis in the Ouaka Prefecture, this programme organises water trucking to IDP sites, as well as motorised pumping activities on boreholes and water chlorination management.

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August 2018 / October 2018

Support the integration of displaced children in Bambari into the formal education system

TGH aims to enhance the material, logistical and human capacities of the formal education system in the Ouaka in order to maximise the access of children from host and displaced communities to a protective and quality educational environment.

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October 2017 / February 2018

Emergency assistance and improved access to drinking water for host and displaced populations

This programme establishes access to drinking water as part of the emergency assistance provided to host and displaced populations in the sub-prefecture of Ouaka.

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April 2017 / February 2018

Improve food security in the Vakaga Prefecture

The aim is to secure and strengthen the livelihoods and resilience of populations in the Vakaga Prefecture.

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January 2017 / December 2017

WASH emergency assistance to the displaced populations of the Ouaka

TGH operates in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation sector to help displaced populations in the Ouaka Prefecture, and improves the livelihoods of households who have returned to their villages on the axes around the city of Bambari.

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