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Since 2003, Iraq has been facing a succession of crises and conflicts that have severely affected its population. Since 2014 and the emergence of the Islamic State in the northern and western zones, the security situation has deteriorated. The population had to find refuge in internal displaced personss camps (IDPs camps), flee abroad, or live for several years under the occupation of the group.  In 2018, despite the proclamation of the Iraqi State's victory over Daesh after violent fighting, attacks by the EI and responses by the army and the international coalition remained frequent. 

Despite several million potential returnees, insecurity, lack of infrastructure and deteriorated living conditions are prolonging the exile of displaced populations. At the end of 2018, 1.8 million Iraqi displaced persons were still living in the camps, mainly in the Governorate of Nineveh, near Mosul, as well as in urban areas in the Iraqi Kurdistan region¹.

Social and community balance are weakened with a predominantly Shia population and a Sunni minority often perceived as sympathetic to the Islamic State. To return to a sustainable health and social situation, displaced persons should go back home. However, the context is unfavourable: despite the advance of the coalition front and the recovery of the entire occupied territory of the Islamic State, the activism of many Daesh’s dormant cells continues to maintain instability in some areas. Elsewhere, former conflict areas remain precarious: mined land, destroyed buildings, lack of infrastructure and basic public services.

In this context, access to formal education for children is very limited. Distance, problems with legal documentation, the fragility of the educational body or high registration fees are all factors in absenteeism. In 2018, 41% of children affected by the conflict had little or no access to educational services². Many have been out of school for four years or more, and reintegration into the school system is no longer an option for them.  This population, which is subject to social marginalisation, might become a "lost generation" and is particularly exposed to various risks (child labour, early marriage, abuse, etc.). Many need help to cope with the situations they have faced.

A first emergency programme for child protection was implemented by TGH in October 2016 in the Khazer 1 camp near Mosul. Other similar programmes have extended the focus to children affected by the conflict. In 2018, in Nimrud, Salamiyah 1 & 2, and Khazer M1 camps, 4 404 children at risk benefited from protection services and 861 unaccompanied minors benefited from alternative emergency care services.

With the creation of a specific child protection unit, TGH provides a quality emergency psychosocial support service. By the end of 2018, 10 000 children from the four camps had benefited from these services.

TGH also coordinates child protection activities at national level. The association has played a key role in the development of various child protection guidelines in both Iraqi Kurdistan and federal Iraq, as well as in the development of guidelines for the implementation and use of the Child Protection Information Management System (CPIMS+). This system will facilitate the confidential and secure management of child protection related data for both the government and NGOs.

TGH is developing integrated child protection, education and livelihood programmes in the sub-district of Bashiqa and in Mosul. By training young people in hairdressing, sewing and mobile phone repair, and by accompanying these training courses with internships in the workplace, these actions help young people to be integrated socially and economically into the community. This action is crucial, since these young people have been out of the education system for several years. Indeed, displacement situation or the Daesh’s school imposed programme have occur a deep low rate of school attendance among Iraqi conflict affected youth.

TGH provides capacity building and mentoring to officers of the Iraqi Kurdistan Directorate of Social Affairs (DoSA) in Duhok, Erbil, and Sulaymaniyah. 667 coaching sessions conducted with 49 employees in 2018 significantly improved child protection case management practices. Training on the basics of child protection was organised in three governorates for authorities, local and international NGOs, community members, mukhtars (local elected officials), community leaders and various committee members (154 men and 73 women).

The Iraq/Kurdistan TGH’s mission has also implemented a food security and livelihoods programme in 2018, which provided veterinary services to farmers.  Two mobile veterinary clinics treated 48,000 animals from 926 households in 83 villages for external and internal parasites, respiratory tract infections, foot and mouth disease and mineral and vitamin deficiencies. The decapitalisation of livestock has been stopped, and the improvement in animal health has increased production (especially the production of dairy products).

¹International Organisation for Migration (IOM)

² Compilation of data from the MCNA and the Ministry of Education


Temoignage enfant Irak


"I told my family everything about the camp, the Child Friendly Space and TGH team and their efforts to make this reunification happen"


Protection of water resources and other natural resources in the Sinjar Mountains

Food security and livelihoods
  • Funding: WFP (World Food Programme)
  • Duration: 7 months - From 05/10/2019 to 12/31/2019
  • Budget: €1,240,000

To improve the availability of drinking water and irrigation water, TGH is paying more than 400 residents to build water catchment structures on the slopes of the Sinjar Mountains to recharge groundwater levels.


Economic recovery of micro-entrepreneurship and agriculture in Hamdaniya District

Food security and livelihoods
  • Funding: AFD (French Development Agency)
  • Duration: 34 months - From 02/01/2019 to 10/31/2021
  • Budget: €2,700,000

This programme facilitates access to funding and the rehabilitation of infrastructure related to agriculture, and strengthens social cohesion to contribute to economic and agricultural recovery.


Strengthening child protection case management systems

Education et protection
  • Funding: UNHCR
  • Beneficiaries: 471 people
  • Duration: 10 months - From 03/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
  • Budget: $1,000,000

This programme strengthens child protection case management systems in Iraq (MoLSA and DoSA) and the capacity of social workers in the governorates of Baghdad, Nineveh, Erbil, Dohuk and Souleymanieh, as well as the Legal Clinic Network (LCN) of local NGOs based in Baghdad.


Child protection and legal aid programme in Balad District

Education et protection
  • Funding: OCHA
  • Beneficiaries: 8,909 people
  • Duration: 6 months - From 02/01/2019 to 07/31/2019
  • Budget: $399,994

This programme improves the environment, well-being, resilience, healthy development and access to rights and learning opportunities for children affected by conflicts. It applies static or mobile approaches depending on the context. Children at risk and their families benefit from specialised culturally appropriate and gender-sensitive services (case management, legal assistance for civil documentation and detention cases through the partnership with Justice Center), as well as structured psychosocial support.


Camp de Khazer

Strengthening the community-based approach to child protection for children, adolescents

Education et protection
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Beneficiaries: 28,035 people
  • Duration: 6 months - From 06/03/2018 to 12/01/2018
  • Budget: $629,001

This programme addresses child protection issues in Iraqi IDP camps through individualised follow-up, psychosocial support activities, awareness campaigns and the establishment of community centres for children, adolescents and their families.



June 2018 / October 2018

Supporting the resilience of the most vulnerable pastoralist households

The overall objective of the programme is to improve the general health status of livestock and reduce the animal mortality rate by developing a free and mobile veterinary care unit in the district of Tilkaif.


January 2018 / December 2018

Strengthening Child Protection Services

The main objective of this programme is to strengthen the internal systems and capacities of social workers from local NGOs and the Department and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (DoSA & MoLSA), and to improve coordination and communication between DoSA/MoLSA and non-governmental actors.


January 2018 / November 2018

The professional integration and psychosocial care for children and adolescents

Establishment of a community centre in the underprivileged neighbourhoods of Mosul East to support the stabilization, social cohesion and professional integration of young people.


April 2018 / May 2018

Maintaining essential child protection

The overall objective of the project is to maintain essential child protection services provided by the TGH teams to displaced populations living through individualised follow-up, psychosocial support activities, and awareness campaigns.


October 2017 / February 2018

Mobile and community-based child protection services for conflict-affected children

Ensure immediate protection for conflict-affected children in the camps, facilitate and provide them with priority access to psychosocial services through dedicated mobile and static units and the strengthening of local and community capacities.


August 2017 / April 2018

Support for the return and restoration of access to education for children

This project aims to mitigate the multiple factors that constitute barriers to access to education for children and adolescents in the areas recently taken back from Daesh, by proposing activities adapted to the specific problems of the different children’s profiles.