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N°29 // May 2015



Humanitarian assistance to Saharawi refugees, the forgotten crisis

The year 2015 marks the 40th anniversary of this forgotten crisis. Saharawi refugees, estimated at over 165,000 people by Algerian authorities, have been living for generations in camps spread around the town of Tindouf, in southwest Algeria, and they completely depend on international aid for access to essential services (water, sanitation, hygiene, food/ nutrition, health care, support for vulnerable people ...).

View of the camp of Laayoune // Photo : Boussad BELKHELFA / TGH ©

Production of bleach doses at the bleach workshop // Photo : Charlotte BAUDOIN / TGH ©

Special Education Center of Laayoune // Photo : Eric MARTIN / TGH ©

Distribution of hygiene kits // Photo : Nadjet SAIDANI / TGH ©

View of the camp of Laayoune // Photo : Boussad BELKHELFA / TGH ©

Photo précédente Photo suivante

With the financial support of the European Commission (ECHO) and the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) TGH continues in 2015 the actions developed since 2000 in its various areas of intervention.

Thanks to the workshop opened in March, the soap distributed with hygiene kits is now produced locally. Distributions of reduced mobility equipment for handicapped persons have been completed, and the construction of a new mechanical workshop improves the management of vehicles dedicated to humanitarian aid.

In partnership with the Ministry of Social Affairs and Promotion of Women (MPSPF), TGH provides two training modules for the staff of specialized centers, one focused on organizational issues and the sharing of responsibilities within the institution, the other on the technical aspects of management in order to effectively relieve disabled persons.

In 2008, TGH had developed a programme distributing goats and mosquito nets. A socio-economic study is being conducted to evaluate the impact and the relevance of this programme in order to improve it and to extend it in the future.


Food security and rural development

  Hand-cutting of yams
  Photo: Jonathan Domarle / TGH ©

In the first half of 2015, TGH further extended the results of the first actions started in October 2012 in Chin State in the food safety sector. The current programme allows rural populations to develop the production of konjac. This plant, also called elephant foot yam, is popular in Asian countries for its therapeutic properties. TGH and AYO organized meetings between farmers of Matupi to enable them to exchange and compare practices and improve them. The teams distributed 50 cleavers in villages to facilitate the cutting of konjac, previously cut by hand, a process considered long and tedious by farmers.

The programme supports the creation of village committees in a sustainable development perspective. The township of Matupi is regularly hit by natural disasters (heavy rainfall, storms ...) or by disasters -more or less directly- related to human activity (deforestation, fire, erosion ...). The TGH team conducted mapping activities together with the villagers, in order to identify sensitive areas and areas to be protected (houses, agricultural land, rice fields, roads ...). Based on the maps established for each village, a local preventive action plan (reforestation, protection of water resources, control of slash and burn practices ...) has been defined and implemented.

The Inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee (CIAA) renewed its support for the programme for the year 2015-2016. The TGH team remains mobilized in the search for funding for projects supporting rural populations.


Cutting of yams with a cleaver
Photo: Jonathan Domarle / TGH ©


A farmer showing the tuber that will be harvested
Photo: Jonathan Domarle / TGH ©


2015, the challenge of national reconciliation and recovery

Despite the decrease in abuses, the relative lull in recent months, and the efforts of international forces (Minusca and Sangaris), the country remains plagued by conflicts between different politico-military groups and by latent banditry in the capital.

The transitional government, led by Catherine Samba Panza since January 2014, attempts to restructure the Central African State, but the road ahead is still long and complex. The level of community cohesion is weak, and the risk of instability persists. The Bangui forum, to be held in late April, aims to re-establish the dialogue between political actors and armed groups in order to bring sustainable solutions to end the crisis and lead the country towards national reconciliation, before the elections scheduled in 2015.

Humanitarian actors in CAR are currently facing a serious unprecedented crisis. UNHCR still counts 436,119 displaced people inside the country, including 43,592 people in Bangui. The number of refugees who fled to Cameroon, Chad or the Democratic Republic of the Congo is estimated at 453,000¹. 2, 7 million people are in a situation of humanitarian emergency.

Recurrent insecurity, the lack of access to health facilities and the breakdown of the social fabric between communities has plunged the country in a situation of extreme vulnerability for almost 3 years now.

¹ Source UNHCR March 31st, 2015

Protection: a mobile field unit for street children in Bangui

  Street children in Bangui  //  Photo : TGH ©

Since 2011, TGH has been working with children facing multiple violence making them extremely vulnerable (drugs, sexual exploitation, forced recruitment into armed groups...).
The TGH mobile field unit for street children, funded by UNICEF since October 2014, performs daily rounds through the streets of Bangui. This action allows the identification of children and their accompaniment, when desired, to their original family, a host family or a medical facility.

Water, Hygiene and Sanitation

  Distribution of soap bars in Ngakobo
  Photo : TGH ©

TGH is also a key actor in emergency water, hygiene and sanitation actions in IDP camps in Bambari, Ouaka Prefecture: construction of latrines, supply of water (water trucking), rehabilitation of the drinking water station in the town of Bambari (SODECA) or disinfection of the water of open wells. TGH implements soap distribution and hygiene promotion activities, and builds emergency latrines.

6 projects are currently being conducted by TGH in the Ouaka and Vakaga, combining emergency action and post-emergency response.

Food Security

  Photo : TGH ©

In early 2015, 4 food security programmes were underway in the Ouaka and Vakaga, as well as assessments for the extension of these activities to Bangui.

TGH is simultaneously leading 3 programmes in the Ouaka, and works particularly on the Bambari-Kuango and Bambari-Bakala axes, on activities supporting farming, processing, storage, and road infrastructure rehabilitation systems.

In the Vakaga, TGH is a key actor in food security, and works particularly on the distributions of food crop kits (consisting of seeds and agricultural tools), as well as on the supply of drugs to veterinary centers in the area.


A major humanitarian crisis

  The children of the DLC and the TGH team,
  Daratoo, March 2015
  Photo: Johan Neveu / TGH ©

Since 2014, the humanitarian situation in Iraqi Kurdistan further deteriorated. For many months, Iraq has been plunged into an armed conflict opposing Iraqi and Peshmerga forces to jihadist fighters of the Islamic State. The conflict caused over 11,000 civilian casualties in 2014, and resulted in massive displacements of populations fleeing conflict zones. Today, 2.6 million Iraqis are still displaced within the country. More than 1 million have fled to Iraqi Kurdistan, adding to the 247,000 Syrians refugees already present in that region.

The winter of 2014-2015 was particularly harsh in Iraqi Kurdistan with frequent negative temperatures and strong winds. Syrian refugees and IDPs in Iraqi Kurdistan settled in buildings under construction or in public places that are not adapted to these difficult winter conditions. In order to help these populations to better cope with this period of cold, TGH organized from November 2014 to February 2015 distributions of winter kits, including heaters, insulating mats, blankets and fuel.

  Activities at the Daratoo Learning Center
  on the occasion of Women’s Day,
  March 9th, 2015, Daratoo
  Photo : Johan Neveu / TGH ©

In partnership with UNICEF, TGH conducted from December to late April, an emergency programme aiming to ensure adequate water supply and decent hygiene and sanitation conditions for displaced families in Ainkawa, a district of the city ​​of Erbil.

TGH is currently implementing a non-formal education programme in Daratoo, to provide access to primary education and psychological support to 250 out of school children. The center welcomes children between 6 and 11 years old and offers them school activities 6 days a week (courses in Arabic, Kurdish, English, mathematics and science), sports and recreational activities as well as psychological support. Beyond its educational activity, this project offers children a space where they can socialize, develop their abilities and grow.

ECHO renewed its support to TGH’s education project for the year 2015-2016, allowing the team to continue support activities for Syrian refugee or internally displaced children.


Irrigation and access to water

TGH continued the actions of two programmes in the first half of 2015: one on agricultural irrigation and one on the improvement of health conditions and access to water.

The first programme, funded by the Rhône-Alpes Region, aims to strengthen the capacity of local authorities in agricultural irrigation in Khammouane Province. Irrigation canals are being built, and water management committees are being set up in the villages.


Water infrastructure in the village of Pakpo.
Photo : Margot Petitpierre / TGH ©


Construction of a 38 meters long dyke on the right riverbank
Photo : Margot Petitpierre / TGH ©

The second programme aims to provide 17 rural villages with sustainable water and sanitation infrastructure, and train local actors in the management of water points and hygiene promotion. The construction of 8 water points and 252 latrines in 6 villages in Nassalone is underway, and the local staff is receiving technical training in the management of irrigation project. This programme is funded by the Agence de l’eau Rhône-Méditerranée-Corse which maintained its support to Triangle GH for the second phase of the project.


Drilling, Ban Mai Nong Nyo, March 2015
Photo : Joël Terville / TGH ©


Drilling in Ban Mai Nong Nyo, March 2015
Photo : Joël Terville / TGH ©



The quarantine enforced by North Korean authorities to limit the Ebola outbreak was lifted on March 2nd, 2015, after 4 months of restriction.
The North Korea mission team was renewed in early 2015 with the arrival of a new Head of Mission and three new Project Managers (water hygiene and sanitation, capacity building, and food).

Corée du nord

Water supply, sanitation infrastructure and hygiene promotion

Between 2012 and 2014, TGH developed programmes to improve access to safe water and sanitation in 5 of the 10 districts of the city of Sohung, funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and Oxfam Hong Kong. New funding from Oxfam Hong Kong in 2015 allowed the continuation of these actions in District 3. With a duration of 9 months, this programme will extend the new water network to a clinic, encourage good hygiene practices for children and adults throughout the county, and build the capacity of local actors involved in these actions since 2013. Initial studies and tenders have been completed, and the intervention started last March.

Improving the living conditions of the elderly

TGH continues its intervention for the elderly living in retirement homes through various complementary actions.
The 27-month multi-year programme (January 2014 - March 2016) continues, funded by EuropeAid and intended for North-Korean Non-State Actors aiming to improve the skills of KFCA members (North Korean Federation for Care of the Aged) on fundraising, conducting advertising campaigns and developing visibility and credibility with leading authorities. The important event in the last three months was the "Study Tour" during which KFCA members were able to meet and exchange on practices and experiences with other international organizations supporting the elderly. From March 31st to April 10th, several KFCA members went to Beijing for a week, visited the institutions of the Chinese National Committee for the Aged (CNCA), observed the new technologies used, and exchanged on good practices that could be applied thereafter in North Korea. Six KFCA members, a North Korean/Chinese translator and two TGH mission representatives (the Project Manager in charge of capacity building of partners and his North Korean translator) took part in this exchange.

Corée du nord

March 31st / April 10th 2015 – Study Tour, visit of the retirement home N°1 in Beijing
Photo : Erwin Daragnès / TGH©

Corée du nord

March 31st / April 10th 2015 – Study Tour, calligraphy classroom at the university for the elderly in the district of Haidian in Beijing
Photo : Erwin Daragnès / TGH©

Finally, the food aid programme funded by the Inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee to improve the nutrition of the elderly in 24 retirement homes throughout the country will continue until next August.

Improving fish production

A new 4-year food programme, funded by EuropeAid, started in the North Pyongan Province and in the administrative area of ​​Nampho, aiming to sustainably improve the nutritional status of children depending on social institutions. The first six months will be dedicated to the launching and refining of the programme, in partnership with the French NGO APDRA Pisciculture paysanne, with which TGH has already worked in DPRK in the field of fish farming.

Focusing on two cooperatives, this action will perfect post-production stages currently presenting dysfunction. The Ministry of Aquaculture, involved in the programme, will see its capacity strengthened and will be able to replicate this sustainable production system in other structures of the country. The objective is to meet the needs of North Korean children, the most vulnerable population in DPRK, whose poorly balanced daily food rations are well below the national standard set at 200 grams of fish per child per day.


  Bateaux construits pour les villageois de Sulangan
  Photo : TGH ©

Closing of the TGH mission in the Philippines

The programmes funded by the Fondation de France and the Crisis Center of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs and implemented by TGH in order to support the inhabitants of the village of Barangay Sulangan in the extreme south of Samar Island hit by typhoon Yolanda in 2013 were completed in late March. The boat building activities and the establishment of the last income-generating activities in the agricultural sector were finalized in recent months. An overall assessment of the programme is currently in progress.


Strengthening community organizations in rural areas

  Map of the Republic of
  the Congo – Pool and
  Plateaux Departments

TGH continues to carry out long-term programmes, mainly in the rural development and food security sectors. Since December 2012, a multi-year support programme to non-State actors in their participation in poverty reduction, driven by Caritas Congo and supported by TGH, aims to facilitate the development of rural areas through the strengthening of community organizations. It plans to operate four marketing cooperatives in the Pool and Plateaux Departments and increase farmers' production capacity upstream. Halfway through the programme, a community mobilization work around the creation of cooperatives was carried-out (awareness-raising among farmers, identification of potential cooperative members) and studies on product marketing and sale channels were completed. Three agricultural product storage warehouses have been built in Kindamba, Mbanza-Ndounga and Lekana. Two cooperatives have been created in Kindamba and Mbanza-Ndounga, and producers have had access to quality inputs (equipment or plants). The group members participated in training sessions on structuring/ management, and a road axis is being rehabilitated in order to facilitate product transportation.


February 2014 – Workshop in Mbanza-Ndounga : training on administrative, financial and HR management and supply of equipment to group leaders
Photo : TGH ©


December 2014 - Constitutive General Assembly of the Cooperative of Mbanza-Ndounga « BaBouba » (« ça va réussir »)
Photo : TGH ©


Support to Internally Displaced Persons, returnees and host populations

TGH continues to combine emergency and post-emergency projects in the water, hygiene and sanitation and food security sectors. The gradual transfer to local actors of the supply of drinking water and sanitation services for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Darfur, that TGH has been assuming for many years, has started, especially with WES (Water and Environmental Sanitation) in Central Darfur, through a programme funded by EuropeAid.

March 2015 – Digging of a well in Morlanga (South district) // Photo : TGH ©

March 2015 – Bindizi, construction of 60 hand-washing devices before distribution in the three project areas // Photo : TGH ©

March 2015 – Waste colection campaign day in Amar Jadeed and Morlanga
Photo : TGH ©

Amar Jadeed – Public hygiene promotion // Photo : TGH ©

February 2015 – Kabar, distribution of soap bars // Photo : TGH ©

March 2015 – Digging of a well in Morlanga (South district) // Photo : TGH ©

Photo précédente Photo suivante

A new three-month water, hygiene and sanitation emergency programme has been implemented within a specific context. Early 2014, conflicts between Misseriya and Salamat tribes in the town of Um Dukhun caused the displacement of more than 30,000 people to Kabar (Um Dukhun locality), Morlanga and Amar Jadeed (Mukjar locality). The health situation, already well below the standards in these three areas, worsened. Since February, TGH has been providing access to 12 liters of drinking water per person per day to 29,600 beneficiaries, through the rehabilitation of water points (wells, hand pumps) and the construction of new wells. Emergency latrine systems (shared by several families) have been built, and soap bars and hygiene kits have been distributed. Finally, waste-cleaning campaigns have been organized for the population, and messages on good hygiene practices have been spread.


Figthing domestic violence against women

Since 2013, TGH has been leading an outreach programme intended for Timorese on women's and children, rights and entitled "Towards the strengthening of civil society for better protection of women and children victims of violence", funded by the European Union, and developed in partnership with four local associations¹ and Timorese authorities.

The Raja Danièle Marcovici Foundation co-financed this action up to €15,000 in 2014. A new grant is expected in the coming months.

The citizens involved in the democratic processes to promote Human Rights

  The TGH team and its Timorese partners,
  among which the association Rede Feto
   Photo : TGH ©

In December 2014, TGH positioned itself on a call for proposals from the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) aiming to support "projects that strengthen the voice of civil society, promote human rights and encourage the participation of all groups in democratic processes"². UNDEF favouring projects supported by local organizations, the Timorese association Rede Feto - Triangle G H’s partner for over a year in a capacity-building programme for local actors for the protection of children and women victims of domestic violence - submitted a project in response to this call. UNDEF's answer, expected in the course of 2015, will decide on the implementation of this new project, which would allow Rede Feto and TGH to renew their partnership, and have greater visibility on issues relating to the protection of women and children and to the strengthening of civil society capacities.

A new water, hygiene and sanitation programme

Started in April 2015 for a period of three months, funded by BESIK³, and carried-out in partnership with the NGO NTF (Naroma Timor Foan), this programme aims to conduct a comprehensive census throughout the territory of water distribution facilities in the communities. A precise inventory and mapping of different pumping systems will help define the need for maintenance or restoration of the systems, 60 to 70% of which are deficient.

³ The Besik (Bee, Saneamentu no ljene iha Komunidade) programme was founded by the Australian government to provide assistance to the Timorese government in the WASH sector and in order to ensure access to quality water to rural populations of Timor Leste.

In short

Resonance Humanitaire


The association that supports humanitarian workers at their return from the field, assisting them with their vocational re-training

As part of its new expatriation policy, Triangle G H has been a partner of Resonances Humanitaires since the beginning of 2015.

Founded in 2002, this association, recognized of public interest, brings together HR and international solidarity professionals.

It was created following the will of a handful of former humanitarian workers, led by Eric GAZEAU, and after the concomitant publication of a survey. The latter revealed the great persistent social insecurity in the international solidarity sector, despite longer commitment periods and the professionalization of the actors,

It aims to,

  • avoid isolation when returning from a mission, by stimulating mutual aid beyond the internal networks of each NGO,
  • favour the vocational reintegration of humanitarian workers in France,
  • strengthen social and professional recognition of international solidarity expatriates with all relevant actors (public authorities, administrations, companies),
  • strengthen the image of professionalism of NGOs on the job market.

Resonances Humanitaires offers its members:

  • A personalized follow-up in Paris, Lyon and Bordeaux and support from a multidisciplinary team: vocational guidance, project development and clarification, redesign of the CV, capitalization of skills,
  • An intranet space devoted to job offers and return to work tools,
  • Thematic workshops,
  • Short training courses,
  • Groups of job seekers,
  • Participation in events: workshops, conferences or fairs with our various partners,
  • Network meetings with partner employers, associations and companies

Since its inception in 2002, 1,700 people have joined the association Resonances Humanitaires and benefited from support services to a new career direction.

For some, this meeting with HR staff addresses the need to take a break in a path of commitment abroad.
For others, the aim is to find a way of retraining that makes sense or simply a form of support in their search for a job.

Follow the news on Resonances Humanitaires on and on Facebook
In order to meet the Resonances Humanitaires team – dial 01 46 36 10 36 or send an e-mail to



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