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TitreNewsLetter
N°30 // October 2015

ALGERIA

The forgotten crisis: 40 years of conflict for Saharawi refugees

Context

Algérie
  View of the camp of Laayoune
  Photo : Boussad BELKHELFA / TGH ©

The year 2015 marks the 40th anniversary of the Saharawi crisis. The entire refugee population still lives in camps spread around the town of Tindouf, where international assistance is still necessary to ensure access to essential services (access to water, sanitation, hygiene, food / nutrition, healthcare, support to vulnerable people ...).

With the financial support of the European Commission (DG ECHO) and the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Triangle Génération Humanitaire has been operating since 2000 through the implementation of projects aiming to help Saharawi populations, who sought refuge in the South-West of Algeria, in various areas of intervention: handicap, health, hygiene, logistics and transportation.

Support to refugees

Algérie
  Distribution of mobility equipment
  Photo : Laura ZARRAGOZA / TGH ©

In May 2015, TGH completed the programme entitled: "Assistance to vulnerable Saharawi refugees living in the camps south of Tindouf" funded by DG ECHO. The construction of a new mechanical workshop in Rabouni started this year, and will ultimately enable a better management of the vehicles dedicated to humanitarian aid. The distribution of mobility products helped improve the comfort and autonomy of 1,068 persons with disabilities living in the Smara and Dakhla camps.

Beyond direct humanitarian assistance, TGH, in partnership with the Ministry of Social Affairs and Promotion of Women (MASPF), completed a training session for the social workers working with persons with disabilities, in order to enhance their skills.

During that same period, a study was conducted to measure the impact of the actions carried-out by TGH within the frame of socio-economic integration of disabled people in daily life, in order to rapidly propose solutions to further empower people experiencing disability.

Algérie

Training of social workers
Photo : Laura ZARRAGOZA /TGH ©

Algérie

Distribution of hygiene kits
Photo : Nadjet SAIDANI / TGH ©

Thanks to renewed support from DG ECHO and UNHCR, TGH will continue its assistance programmes for Saharawi refugees in 2015-2016. As part of the consortium of NGOs working in the Saharawi camps, and on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the displacement of the population, a photo exhibition will be organized in Lyon at the end of the year to remind everyone of the humanitarian consequences of the situation of those refugees over all these years, experiencing extreme living conditions in a context of expectation and dependence on international aid.

BURMA

Context

Birmanie
  Rice terraces of Thi Coeng
  Photo: Damien BIRONNEAU / TGH ©

Burma, also called Myanmar, although it has important natural resources, is now one of the poorest countries in Southeast Asia. Political and economic reforms have been following one another since President Thein Sein took office in March 2011, engaging the country in a phase of rapid transition. But progress in favour of the poorest classes of the population remains inconspicuous. Sanitation facilities and social, health and education services fall far short of the needs, especially for the ethnic minorities who live in areas close to the borders, long neglected by the central government. Burma demonstrates a considerable ethnic diversity, with significant imbalances between the central plain (populated by the bamar majority) and border areas where minorities live, neglected by the central government for decades. The socio-economic development of these regions is an extremely important objective; TGH has been implementing programmes since 2007 to reach it.

Developing the growing of konjac

Over the past three months, TGH continued actions related to the development of konjac production in Chin State. Konjac is highly sought after in Asian countries for its therapeutic virtues, and TGH's support enables Matupi's farmers to improve yields as well as the distribution process.

The second part of the programme relates to villagers' preparedness for natural disasters. The township of Matupi is regularly hit by natural disasters, and the TGH team prepares people for these changes. At first, the villagers identified vulnerable areas and spaces to be protected. They will later define preventive action plans to respond best to natural damage.

Improving rice production

Birmanie
  Tillage work in a rice field
  Photo: Damien BIRONNEAU / TGH ©

Last July, TGH launched the activities of the new food security programme for the vulnerable populations of Matupi. In these remote villages, the population faces chronic decrease in food production. The production of rice, the main crop cultivated and consumed in the area, does not fully cover the needs of families. Farmers lack the investment capacity to acquire new lands and meet local demand. Lately, invasions of rodents and heavy rains caused extensive damage to cultivated land that had to be abandoned for lack of funds to rehabilitate infrastructure (irrigation canals and earthworks).

Therefore, the priority identified by TGH teams is to increase the rice production for vulnerable families in order to improve food security and populations' resilience capacity. The action will consist of three activities:

  1. The rehabilitation of rice irrigation infrastructure to allow replanting on abandoned lands and the increase of farmers' production capacity.

  2. The supply of mechanical equipment to farmers in order to improve rice yields in the area.

  3. Support to villagers in protecting crops against damage from domestic or wild animals (trampling, grazing, and weakening of dykes). The rice fields targeted by the project are located near forest areas frequented by wild animals that damage plots. Fencing cultivated lands will help reduce losses.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

CAR: After the Bangui Forum and the challenge of recovery

"The Bangui forum was described by all as the faint hope meeting for the Central African people. And we have seized that opportunity to talk, to talk to each other frankly, fraternally". This excerpt from the speech of the transitional President, Catherine Samba-Panza, on the occasion of the closing of the reconciliation forum, gives hope for a new start for the country, which has been experiencing widespread instability for three years. The "bleeding heart of Africa" as it has been called since the beginning of the crisis, starts to see momentum towards national reconciliation and intercommunity peace.

Gradually, shops open their doors again in the provinces, officials resume their work and institutions try to regain legitimacy. The march towards transition is underway, but it is far from being sustainable.
Although some Central Africans start to head back home, most of them are still exiled in neighboring countries or displaced within the country. In July 2015, more than 399,000 people were still living in camps, more than 36,000 of them within enclaves in the grip of violence and permanent insecurity

The legislative and presidential elections scheduled for the end of the year, will mark the end of the transitional period of the country and the hope of a sustainable and viable stability. The NEA1 announced the official calendar: a constitutional referendum on October 4, with the first round on October 18 and the second on November 22. This calendar will probably have to overcome many problems (complicated census, delay and funding problems ...) to manage to turn the page of the widespread chaos that has been paralyzing the country for three years now.

Bangui: Daily rounds in favor of Street Children will continue throughout 2015 for TGH teams

RCA
  Session with the children - 2nd district
  of Bangui  //  Photo : TGH ©

Since 2011, TGH has been working in favor of Street Children in Bangui. For the year 2015-2016, UNICEF reiterated its support to this marginalized part of the population and will fund the continuity of protection activities in favor of street children.
Daily rounds performed by a mobile field unit in the streets of Bangui will be doubled in order to target a larger number of children and increase referrals and support.

The objectives of this project are numerous: 1,000 children will benefit from the support of the mobile field unit (including research and family reunification or placement in foster families), 125 of them will be placed in collective structures and 245 will have access to alternative education or vocational training.

Water, Hygiene and Sanitation

The projects carried out by TGH since 2008 are part of the answer brought to the populations before and after the beginning of the crisis. End of 2015, a certain number of them are still ongoing, and try to best meet the needs of the different communities.

The rehabilitation programme of the SODECA2 plant, funded by CDC3  and CHF4, aiming to restore water treatment in the town of Bambari, will be completed by the end of 2015. Since 2013, this programme has mobilized the hearts and minds of many people in Bambari and at the headquarters of the association, with the numerous security hazards TGH teams have had to face.
A note of interest has been drafted to the attention of AFD for 2016 in order to make the plant functional and autonomous and provide the population of Bambari with quality water in sufficient quantity, as it was the case before the crisis.

In the Ouaka Prefecture, ECHO and CHF continue to support the emergency programmes conducted by TGH in the area while initiating a new phase aiming to gradually reduce the Water Trucking system.

Food Security

RCA

This fall 2015, TGH will continue working in the Ouaka and Vakaga Prefectures but also in Bangui.

Since May 2015, WFP and FAO programmes have been launched to provide food for children in 16 children institutions in the capital and in IDP camps in Ngakobo, but also to protect food and seeds in the Ouaka. 306.6 tons of food have been distributed for seed protection, 588.6 tons in Ngakobo (host and displaced populations), and 169.8 tons in the 16 child care centers. TGH plans to continue these distribution activities in Ngakobo, but also in BoyKotta over the next 3 months.

In the Vakaga, TGH submitted to CIAA5 the continuation of the support programme for populations affected by the crisis, aiming to strengthen food security in this highly isolated region. The objective of this project is to develop IGAs and strengthen households’ resilience capacity in the Vakaga and Ouaka Prefectures through support to the livestock sector.

1National Electoral Authority
2Water distribution company in Central Africa
3Crisis Center of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
4United Nations Commun Humanitarian Fund
5Inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee

IRAQI KURDISTAN

Education in emergency situation

Context

Kurdistan
  The visit of Christos Stylianides, the European
  Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis
  Management, at the Daratoo Learning Center.
  Photo: EU Humanitarian Aid ©

The crisis in the Middle East is extremely complex. Since 2011, the war in Syria has forced more than 4 million people to flee the country to seek refuge in neighboring countries (Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan¹). During the summer of 2014, the crisis spread to Iraq with the fighting opposing fighters of the Islamic state to Iraqi and Kurdish armed forces. The capture of the city of Mosul by the Islamic State in June 2014 led to massive displacements of population towards the autonomous region of Kurdistan. In the months that followed, the security situation worsened considerably. Around 3 million Iraqis are currently displaced within their country, adding to the 249,000 Syrians who have taken refuge on the territory (²). Humanitarian workers hardly manage to meet the growing needs of these populations whose living conditions are becoming increasingly precarious. Today, the geopolitical situation in the Middle East is so complex that a return to peace seems unlikely to happen in the coming months, and the crisis continues over time.

In this context, access to the education for children is a difficult problem for Iraqi and Syrian families. Humanitarian aid is mainly concentrated in the camps, and families settled in urban areas have little access to services to meet their basic needs. In terms of education, Iraqi Kurdistan schools are often overloaded and unable to cope with the massive influx of Syrian and Iraqi children. Some families cannot afford to send their children to school and pay tuition-related expenses (bus, uniforms, and school supplies). Other constraints such as language barriers also weigh on access to education for Iraqi and Syrian children speaking Arabic, particularly regarding their integration in schools in the autonomous region of Kurdistan where the language spoken is Kurdish.

Yet the needs in terms of education and psychosocial support are still present. In a crisis context, education remains paramount to improving the well-being of children and allow them to develop. This need is regularly expressed by families for whom it is essential to project into the future, even in an emergency context. Iraqi and Syrian children are often traumatized by the events they have experienced (forced displacement, violence) and it is essential for their well-being that they can express themselves and be handled by professionals. Without access to tailored education and psychosocial support, these children could become a lost generation...

The project "Children of Peace"

Kurdistan
  Christos Stylianides with Hur, 12 years old,
  who has fled the fights in the city of Mossoul ad
  who is now studying at the Daratoo Learning Center.
  Photo: EU Humanitarian Aid ©

The educational programme conducted by TGH in Daratoo in Iraqi Kurdistan, which ended in May 2015, helped restore access to education for 286 Syrian refugee children. The Center hosted 6 to 11 year old children to provide them with classes as well as psychological support and recreational activities during 18 months.

This year, for the second time, TGH has been supported by the Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection of the European Commission (ECHO) through the "Children of Peace" Fund originating in the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the European Union in 2012. The current programme, started in June 2015, is a continuation of the previous one and is based on TGH's experience in terms of education in Iraqi Kurdistan.

The Center opened on July 11, and the TGH team received the visit of the European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management on July 26, 2015.

In partnership with the Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development), TGH took into account the context of change in Iraq to integrate Iraqi displaced children in addition to Syrian refugees in the educational project at the Daratoo Center. In total, the programme targets 4,840 children.

Kurdistan
  Christos Stylianides and the team
  of the Daratoo Learning Center
  Photo: EU Humanitarian Aid ©

During the school year, the Daratoo Learning Center welcomes 390 6 to 11 year old Syrian refugees who take classes of Arabic, Kurdish, Mathematics, Physics, Science and English. 300 12 to 17 year old Iraqi adolescents take remedial classes in the evenings during the school year as well as intensive summer classes.

In its educational approach, TGH considers that tutoring is not sufficient to help children overcome the trauma of war. Within the Daratoo Learning Center, a team of psychologists is present continuously for the care and monitoring of children who are free to participate in individual or group sessions (role play, art therapy and theater). To improve their well-being, the TGH team makes them discover new disciplines (music / singing, painting, art, dance, theater and sport) and organizes school outings (picnics and book fairs). TGH will organize a major awareness-raising campaign on the occasion of the International Day of Children's Rights, on November 20, 2015, during which more than 3,200 leaflets on child protection will be distributed to families in Daratoo.

¹ Source: Syria Regional Refugee Response, UNHCR, July 2015
² Source: Iraqi Displacement Tracking Matrix, IOM, July 2015

LAOS

Context

Laos is a country in Southeast Asia characterized by high poverty, especially in remote rural areas in the mountains. Access to cities and essential services is low and irregular, the heavy rains in September and October blocking many rural roads. The State of Laos seeks to reduce disparities between urban and rural areas, but remote provinces still remain on the margins of the development of the country.

The area targeted by TGH's action is located in the province of Khammouane in central Laos, in the district of Bualapha (29,000 inhabitants) along the Vietnamese border and crossed by the "Ho Chi Minh Trail" used by the Viet Cong to supply the southern militias during the Vietnam War. Many unexploded ordnances are still present in the area, putting local populations at risk. The monsoon tropical climate of the region induces an intensive rainy season, from June to November, causing regular flooding. The difficult weather conditions exacerbate the bad state of the roads and make access to the district of Bualapha very difficult.

The interventions of the Lao government have allowed significant progress in the access to water and sanitation services for the urban population of the province of Khammouane, but the situation in rural areas is still very worrying.

Irrigation and access to water

Laos
 The villagers of Na Kheu
 taking part in the works
 Photo : Margot PETITPIERRE / TGH©

In June, TGH completed an irrigation programme in the province of Khammouane aiming to support the farming populations in the area. The objective was to set up an irrigation system and strengthen operational technical capacities of local authorities.

The construction of 1,000 meters of canals was conducted in partnership with a local company. TGH then called on the villagers to organize the digging of 200 meters of additional canals. The mobilization brought together nearly 300 villagers who have been able to complete the works. The construction of the dam was completed in June and July 2014, and TGH officially handed-out the ownership, responsibility, management and maintenance of the dam to the village of Na Kheu.

Laos
  Dam at Hinboun, April 2015
  Photo : Margot PETITPIERRE / TGH©

Water management committees have been set up in each village in order to ensure a fair distribution of water resources. A two-day training was provided to the villagers in Na Kheu, to raise awareness about the role of Water Management Committees, whose members have then been trained in the fundamentals of the management and maintenance of an irrigation system.

The villagers in Na Kheu having put much emphasis on their needs for technical support in breeding, TGH decided to propose a partnership framework to the NGO AVSF (Agronomy and Veterinary Without Borders). AVSF conducted a training for the villagers in Na Kheu on May 6 and 7, 2015 on the general management of animals in the village, the identification of diseases via their symptoms, and the learning of a simple technique to vaccinate chickens.

In 2015-2016 TGH will continue the irrigation projects in Khammouane with the support of the Rhône-Alpes Region. The programmes will help expand the surface of irrigated land, provide guidance for land maintenance, and further strengthen the capacity of local authorities.

Water, hygiene and sanitation

TGH continues the programme of sustained improvement of access to drinking water and basic sanitation facilities in the Bualapha region.

The drilling of water points in each of the 7 target villages has started. For the project to remain sustainable after the departure of TGH, water management committees are being trained to ensure the maintenance and repair of the facilities as well as the distribution of water resources.

Simultaneously, the construction of 252 private family latrines and 12 public latrines in schools has been launched. Awareness sessions were put in place for local populations to take ownership of the facilities, especially latrines, as well as to understand their importance. To date, 405 people participated in these sessions. Hygiene kits will be distributed in the coming months in order to develop some hygiene automatisms among villagers, regarding both the use of latrines and hand-washing, the main barriers against the transmission of diarrheal diseases.

Laos

Learning hand-washing and educational games of the Blue Box, School in Ban Nam Ok Hou, April 2015
Photo : Amandine ARDUIN /TGH ©

Laos

Raising pupils' awareness about hand-washing, Ban Nam Ok Hou, April 2015
Photo : Amandine ARDUIN / TGH ©

TGH identified the families interested in the building of latrines and defined the location of the facilities. The villagers dug pits in order to receive the equipment and are currently building their own latrines. The involvement of the populations, the first actors in the improvement of hygiene conditions, is a key point of the success of the project.

In 2015-2016, the programme will be extended to 8 other villages in the area.

Nepal

Context

Nepal is a country with a surface equivalent to a quarter of the territory of France, bordered by China and Tibet to the north and India to the south. This country has a great variety of landscapes with the presence north of the country of the highest mountain range in the world, followed by vast plains (approximately 1,500m above sea level), and tropical rainforests in the Terai region, south of the State. Many communities live in these contrasting environments, each one with its own language and culture. Nepali is the common language for all these people.

On April 25, 2015 at 11:41 local time, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 struck the country. The epicenter being located close to the capital, Kathmandu (77km), the latter was severely affected and many buildings collapsed, causing significant human losses. The mountain villages also suffered heavy human and material losses. The traditional brick and clay houses did not withstand the seismic events and entire villages were destroyed. In higher altitudes, these degradations were accompanied by landslides and avalanches, causing further human and material losses and preventing aid workers, already overburdened, from acting quickly.

Three weeks later, on May 12, a second earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 generated even greater consequences for the population already made vulnerable. Some vulnerable buildings collapsed and many families living in makeshift shelters were affected. The death toll was estimated at about 8,900 and more than 600,000 homes were destroyed. Since then, several small-scale replicas have been hitting the country, without consequences on infrastructure.

Adding to all these episodes, the monsoon from June to September brought heavy rains daily, requiring quick action to avoid further human loss during the upcoming winter in November.

Assessment mission

On May 3rd, thanks to the support of the Rhône-Alpes Region, a team of three TGH experts initiated a 10-day exploratory mission to assess the needs in Koshidekha, a village located in the mountains about 25 km southeast of Kathmandu. This village of over 500 households was almost entirely destroyed by the earthquakes.

This mission highlighted the massive destruction of houses, the lack of sanitation facilities and hygiene supplies, the lack of seeds, the degradation of access roads and the loss of agricultural equipment and livestock.

Opening of the TGH mission in Nepal

On June 1, with the financial help of the Fondation de France, TGH opened a mission in the town of Banepa, near Koshidekha, in partnership with the Nepalese NGO Arsow Nepal, who has been working for decades on poverty reduction in rural areas of the country.

Current programmes

Supporting agricultural activity

TGH's first activity in the field was to distribute seeds to families in order to offset the losses caused by the earthquakes. A total of 1,265 kg of seeds (1,215 kg of maize and 50 kg of beans) have been distributed to 1,250 people.

In addition, TGH will distribute to each household a mango, a lemon and a lychee plant which will bring a long-term food supplement to the village where many trees have been damaged during the earthquakes.

Hygiene – Sanitation

The second priority activity was the distribution of hygiene kits to families who had lost their personal belongings. Each household in the village received a kit consisting of utensils as well as products for personal hygiene and the washing of clothes for two months.

TGH also built community latrines to make up for the destruction of individual latrines. Built by the community with a maximum of local materials (sand, stones, wood), their superstructure is easily removable and materials are reusable. To date, 8 out of 11 blocks have been built, and work continues.

Health

The village has a health center run by a nurse and led by 9 volunteers around the village, but they have very little medical equipment and medicines. Therefore, TGH distributed first aid kits prepared by the staff themselves, in collaboration with a medical secretary seconded from the Nepalese State, allowing the staff to cope with regular emergencies.

Nepal

Distribution of first-aid kits in Banepa
Photo : Renan AUFRAY /TGH ©

Nepal

First-aid kit
Photo : Renan AUFRAY / TGH ©

Access roads

The numerous rubbles and landslides heavily congested the roads and obstructed the movement of relief workers and community members. A bulldozer was thus rented in Katmandu to clear - and even expand - access roads as well as some important public locations. The bulldozer was then rented to the villagers, a few hours per household, without them having to pay for the trip from the capital. The vehicle is still on site, available to the population, and it contributes greatly to the reconstruction.

Nepal

Measures taken before the intervention of the bulldozer
Photo : Dinesh SUKUMANI /TGH ©

Nepal

New access road following the intervention of the bulldozer
Photo : Dinesh SUKUMANI / TGH ©

NORTH KOREA

Context

On July 8th, the country celebrated the anniversary of the death of Kim Il-sung, the founder of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (1948). Another important event was that the country decided to mark the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the Korean peninsula from Japanese rule (1910-1945) by adopting a new time zone, called "Pyongyang time", in order to change a measurement of time which had been adopted under Japanese occupation. Since August 15, 2015, it is GMT + 8H30 in North Korea, which is 30 minutes earlier than in neigbouring South Korea and Japan (GMT + 9H).

Water supply, sanitation infrastructure and hygiene promotion

With new funding from Oxfam-Hong Kong, TGH continues its efforts to improve access to safe water and sanitation in 5 of the 10 districts of the city of Sohung, in the continuation of programmes funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and Oxfam-Hong Kong between 2012 and end 2014.

Improving the living conditions of the elderly

TGH continues to intervene to improve the situation of the elderly living in retirement homes through various complementary actions, with funding from the European Union (EuropeAid). The TGH team in Pyongyang will soon welcome a new employee to monitor its programme entitled "Capacity building of civil society for better care for the elderly in North Korea."

Improving fish production

Corée du nord

Localization of TGH's fish farming project
Photo : TGH ©

TGH recently completed the first phase of its multi-annual (48 months) fish farming development programme entitled "Improving child nutrition by enriching animal protein intake", funded by the European Union (EuropeAid – the Directorate General for Development and Cooperation of the European Commission). The multi-annual projects funded by EuropeAid allow its implementing partners to have, during the first six months, the possibility to refine the programme through new assessments or meetings with partners, in order to obtain a better match between field reality and intervention proposal, and to better define the objectives pursued, the results expected and the activities developed. An expert from the French NGO APDRA Pisciculture paysanne, TGH has already worked with in the past, supported the Fish farming Project Manager during this phase.

Corée du nord
  Fingerling harvest in Onchon’s pond – 2015
  Photo : TGH ©

The last six months have therefore helped to strengthen and improve the fish farming project aiming to improve the condition of children taken care of in North Korean social institutions with regards to their protein intake. In fact, these children often receive small daily food rations of an unbalanced diet, resulting in substantial physical and cognitive sequelae. The programme must also encourage better practices in institutions in order to sustainably meet the nutritional deficiencies in the diet of North-Korean children. The action targets Ryongchon and Onchon fish cooperatives in the provinces of Pyongan-bukto (North) and Pyongan-Nambo (South). The Department of Aquaculture will be involved in the programme so that the production system can be duplicated in other structures of the country.

REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

Congo
  Map of the Republic of the
  Congo Pool and
  Plateaux Departments

Context

In the prospect of the 2016 presidential elections, a peaceful resistance movement called "Initiative for Democracy in Congo" emerged in the country in early August. This movement aims to prevent the holding of a referendum planned late 2015 on a constitutional reform allowing the outgoing President Denis Sassou-Nguesso, to run for office for the third time while he is restricted by the number of terms (2) and the age limit (70 years). Finally, recently, the president carried-out a ministerial reshuffle.

Strengthening community organizations in rural areas

This year, TGH has completed one of its first programmes in the country, ongoing since 2011 and called: "Towards local economic development for the preservation of the environment" (2011-2015). The objective of this programme is to revive the activities of a local Congolese association, the "Forum of Young Entrepreneurs for Development" (FOJEP-D), founded in 1989, whose activities had to be suspended during the civil war. Thanks to the involvement of its office in Lyon, the commitment of its volunteers, its new partnership with TGH and the financial support of the European Union (EuropeAid - Directorate General for Development and Cooperation of the Commission European), activities have started again.

A new agropastoral resource center was built in the Pool Department, in Loukakou (district of Mbanza Ndounga), and implemented to firstly promote and develop alternative models of natural resource exploitation fighting unbridled drawing and compatible with a sustainable local development, and also to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals related to poverty reduction (MDG 1) and environmental protection (MDG 7).

Facilities were built in the Center in Loukakou (a main building with a classroom, an office, and 2 dormitories, as well as a refectory, a pigsty and 5 fish production ponds). Guidance was provided for the launching of agricultural production activities phase, as well as technical production capacity building for the staff of the Center. A phase of preparation of the coming training sessions (overall strengthening of the Center's staff training capacity, preparation and provision of training materials, etc.) was implemented. Economic and organizational studies followed by recommendations were also carried out on the sustainability of the Center. 4 batches of students have been welcomed and trained, and subsequently received support for their installation. Finally, groups of women were guided in the implementation of Income Generating Activities (IGA).

Congo

Training Center in Loukakou, TGH
Photo : TGH ©

Congo

Trainees of the 4th batch performing weeding in the market gardening workshop in the Center in Loukakou
Photo : TGH ©

This first programme funded by the European Commission is now finished, but TGH was able to continue to support the activities of the Center and the welcoming of new classes of students via a new programme funded by the Fond d'Appui à Coûts Partagés – Projet d'Appui à la Diversification de l'Economie (FACP – PADE). A new batch of trainees has already been trained, another is currently being trained, and the welcoming of the seventh batch is already ensured.

SUDAN

Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons and to host populations and returnees

soudan
  Awareness-raising and training of public
  officials and promoters of community hygiene.
  Um Dukhun - 2015
  Photo : TGH ©

In Sudan, TGH continues to combine emergency and post emergency programmes in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation and Food Safety sectors.

One of the two post-emergency programmes in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation sector, entitled "Strengthening the contribution of local actors to sustainable development and to the achievement of MDGs", aims to improve access to clean water and good hygiene practices for the inhabitants of the cities of Bindizi and Um Dukhun in Central Darfur, through capacity building of local actors and increasing the involvement of communities in that sector. This multi-annual 30-month programme (2014-2016) is funded by the European Union (EuropeAid - Directorate General for Development and Cooperation of the European Commission).

soudan
  Awareness-raising and training of public
  officials and promoters of community hygiene.
  Um Dukhun - 2015
  Photo : TGH ©

Since early 2015, the second year of implementation of the programme, progress has been made towards achieving the first line of action: the establishment of legitimate and organized local entities capable of providing sustainable access to safe drinking water and of developing good hygiene practices in their communities. Among recent developments, 10 Income Generating Activities (IGA) related to the supply of drinking water and sanitation were selected during the second Network State Meeting and launched afterwards. They concern for example clean water transport and sale activities, the construction of improved latrines, waste collection, etc. Similarly, progress in achieving the project's second line of action was achieved by TGH teams in the field (local actors in the Water Hygiene and Sanitation sector are working together to expand access to drinking water in marginalized areas). Thus, the second Network State Meeting was held in May 2015 in Zalingei (the capital of central Darfur) to strengthen institutional links between water management committees and WES (Water and Environment Sanitation), a State body in charge of water and sanitation management. The holding of this second meeting allowed the establishment of coordination and increased cooperation between the key actors of the project (TGH, WES and water management committees). Finally, the construction of two stores selling spare parts for hand pumps, managed by WES local entities has recently been completed in Bindizi and Um Dukhun. The managers of these stores have also been selected.

TIMOR LESTE

Fighting domestic violence against women

Started in October 2013, the programme entitled "Towards capacity building of civil society for a better protection of women and children victims of violence in East Timor", funded by the European Union, the RAJA Foundation and the French Institute is still under implementation in partnership with 4 local organizations (Casa Vida, FOKUPERS, Rede Feto and PRADET) in the districts of Dili, Oecusse, Bobonaro and Covalima.

Since the launching of the prevention campaign "Liu Husi Diàlogu, Familiale Unidade"¹ in March 2015, awareness-raising sessions have been organized for the general public in 8 districts of Dili, and are ongoing in the other districts.

Based on a movie, these sessions aim to inform about laws, remedies and access to justice mechanisms for the victims of violence, but also to engage participants in an active discussion and give them a space to reflect on their own behavior. Facilitators trained via the project use a training manual including theoretical and methodological input to run these sessions.

Moreover, since the beginning of 2015, about 130 victims regularly take part in activities aiming to facilitate their reintegration into the community, their families or a new environment, and improve their socioeconomic condition. These activities include vocational training in agriculture, craftsmanship and management of micro-enterprises and training in everyday life skills, including computer, language and cuisine classes. 5 "counselors" work daily in care centers, providing psychosocial support to victims and accompanying them in defining their individual projects.

The capacity building plan defined during the initial phase of the programme also includes a training in leadership and team management, which was organized in May 2015 for the teams of the partner organizations of the project.

Water, Hygiene and Sanitation Project

In April 2015, TGH started a new exhaustive census programme on the whole territory covered by the water supply infrastructure in the communities, in partnership with the Association NTF (Naroma Timor Foan). This 3-month programme, funded by BESIK² was able to establish a precise inventory and a mapping of the different pumping systems, and to define the needs for maintenance or restoration, 60 to 70% of the water distribution systems being no longer in working condition since the end of the war.

¹ "Family unity through dialogue"
² The Besik (Bee, Saneamentu no ljene iha Komunidade) programme was created by the Australian government to provide assistance to the Timorese government in the WASH sector with a view to guaranteeing access to quality water for the rural populations in Timor Leste.

In short

On the occasion of the publication of Jean-Christophe Rufin's new book ; Check Point.

Conference Humanitarian aid called into question on June 24, 2015 at the Bourse du Travail in Lyon in the presence of Véronique Valty, , vice president of TGH, Jean-Baptiste Richardier, the Executive Director of the Handicap International Federation (left), Jean Christophe Rufin and Benoit Miribel, Director of the Merieux Foundation (right).

on June 24, 2015 at the Bourse du Travail in Lyon in the presence of Veronique Valty

Photo : Philippe Merchez