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TitreNewsLetter
N°34 // January 2017

EDITORIAL

"The 17 sustainable development goals are our shared vision of humanity and a social contract between the world’s leaders and the people."

Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations

In June 2012, in Brazil, the United Nations Conference on Development launched the process of defining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) intended to take over from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000 by Nations Millennium Declaration.

The consultation with all the stakeholders (member countries, regional and local authorities, the private sector and the civil society) lasted three years, and in November 2015, the 193 UN member states adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Developed on the basis of the "5 Ps" (for People, for the Planet, for Prosperity, for Peace and through Partnerships), and subdivided into 17 objectives and 169 indicators, the programme called "Transform our world", decomportmentalises and now integrates in a cross-cutting way economic development, social integration and environmental protection.

This ambitious programme, which brings major transformations to humanity, requires the convergence of all stakeholders - beyond the debates of ideas - to build the concrete solutions that will make it successful.

Like 21 other countries, France is committed to take an active part in the realization of the SDGs, and to build a national and international implementation strategy in consultation with the civil society, especially with French International Solidarity NGOs.

The 2030 Agenda is a real challenge for the Earth, an objective now achievable, to which everyone can and has to contribute at his or her own level.

Objectif de developpement durable

SUDAN

Displacements in Um Dukhun: from emergency to addressing the needs - TGS's approach

Hygiene promotion session in Moradaf, Central Darfur

Hygiene promotion session in Moradaf, Central Darfur
Photo : TGH ©

Since the beginning of 2016, the locality of Um Dukhun in the south of the State of Central Darfur, at the border with Chad and the Central African Republic, has been facing an increasing influx of new displaced persons returning from Chad and the surrounding areas where they had been forced to exile in 2013 and 2014, during the conflicts between Misseriya and Salamat tribes.

As early as the beginning of the year 2015, waves of returns succeeded one another, following the peace agreement signed on June 24, 2014 and the resulting relative easing of the situation, as well as the closing of formal and informal camps where these populations had taken refuge and the absence of satisfactory rehousing solutions. Many destitute and particularly vulnerable families returned to live in Um Dukhun, near the villages they had left, destabilizing the already precarious situation of the region.

Already important shortages in water, hygiene and sanitation are increasing. People share manual pumps that are poorly maintained and insufficient in terms of numbers, limiting the amount of drinking water available per person. The generally poor hygiene conditions (notably due to the lack of infrastructure and hygiene products) favour the spread of diseases and weaken the health of populations.

Operating in the region since 2004 and having a solid expertise and a thorough knowledge of the Sudanese context, TGH launched in April 2016 an emergency intervention with the support of the International Organization for Migration. This action is divided into three parts: improving populations’ access to drinking water (installation of functional emergency water systems and maintenance of the pumps); improving sanitary conditions (construction of emergency latrines); and promotion of basic hygiene principles (setting-up of thematic events and dedicated centres, provision of soap, hygiene kits and mosquito nets).

Session de promotion de l'hygiène à Moradaf, Darfour Central

Distribution of Wash items in Moradaf, Central Darfur
Photo : TGH ©

An assessment conducted in partnership with the operational international organizations in the area, and overseen by the International Organization for Migration, revealed the needs of newly displaced people for emergency shelters and basic non-food items. With IOM’s support, TGH ensured the supply and rapid transportation of emergency shelter and basic non-food item kits in June 2016 and organized their distribution to 1,400 new displaced persons (including 82% women and children) in the municipalities of Garaia and Beltebei, in order to cover their needs before the start of the rainy season.

For the past few years, Sudan has been moving towards a logic of development and has been focusing on capacity building of local actors and on rebuilding people's livelihoods over the long term. However, emergency humanitarian response remains a necessity in this unstable region. TGH's emergency response to newly displaced people aims at reducing the precariousness of the living conditions in Um Dukhun, resulting from massive population movements.

EAST TIMOR

A page turns

A page in Triangle Génération Humanitaire4s history is being turned! At the start of this year 2017, TGH will close its mission in Timor-Leste (or East Timor), which had been open since 2005. During these twelve years, TGH has developed 17 programmes focusing on access to water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH), and on the protection of vulnerable populations.

East Timor is a young country, little known to the general public, covering an area of ​15,410 square kilometres and populated by about 1.2 million people. After a Portuguese colonization of four centuries, it was invaded in 1975 by Indonesia which, faced with the absence of international reaction, especially from the United Nations, carried out a bloody repression against the opponents during 25 years of occupation. Following the popular demonstrations in 1998, a referendum on self-determination was organized under the aegis of the United Nations, and on August 30, 1999, more than 78% of East Timorese voted in favour of independence. The ensuing explosion of violence, organized by the pro-Indonesian Timorese militias, required the placement of East Timor under the transitional administrative management of the United Nations. The country became officially independent on May 20, 2002, as Xanana Gusmao, the former leader of the resistance, was elected president of the republic with more than 82% of the votes.

In 2006, more violence occurred between the army and the police, resulting in numerous population movements in and around Dili, the capital of the country. During that period, TGH, which had been conducting a WASH development programme in the Manatuto district since November 2005, worked with internally displaced people to provide decent access to WASH services.

Standpipe

Standpipe
Photo : Antao Ton Coa / TGH ©

Water access programme in rural areas

Water access programme in rural areas
Photo : TGH ©

In 2007, an intervention by the United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) allowed the restoration of a relative security and the organization of new presidential elections. Ramos Horta, the Peace Nobel Prize winner and former Prime Minister, was elected with almost 70% of the votes.

The reaction of State institutions following the double assassination attempt against Ramos Horta and his Prime Minister in February 2008 accelerated the stabilization of the country and favoured the closing of makeshift camps and the return of displaced persons. At that time, TGH reoriented its activities in order to work in the districts again (Manatuto, Oecusse and Covalima), in close partnership with local authorities and with the Timorese Water Technical Ministry, with a development approach aiming to improve access to water, hygiene and sanitation, and to train rural populations in the maintenance of the infrastructure.

Session de promotion de l'hygiène à Moradaf, Darfour Central

Raising community awareness for a better protection of women and children who are victims of violence
Photo : Charlotte Morin / TGH ©

Concurrently in 2008, TGH implemented a psychosocial programme in the popular neighbourhood of Becora in Dili, intended for young people who had caused violence during the various periods of unrest in the country, and providing guidance and organizing activities to reduce intercommunity tensions.

Since October 2013, TGH has been conducting a socio-economic reintegration programme for women victims of violence, in partnership with four Timorese NGOs. This programme will end in January 2017, and by then, local NGOs will have acquired the necessary skills to continue the initiated action.

Despite its youth, East Timor has a complex history, and its population has experienced many periods of unrest. Since the departure of the United Nations Mission at the end of 2012, the political and security situation in the country has been globally stable. The actions taken by national and international NGOs and by donors have helped greatly improve the living conditions of Timorese people, but above all, they have given them the capacity and means to continue building their country. This is why TGH has decided to end its mission in the country.

BURMA

two project beneficiaries share their experience

Since 2012, Triangle Génération Humanitaire (TGH) has been implementing programmes aiming at improving food security and farmers’ resilience capacities in the township of Matupi, located in Chin State, Western Myanmar, in partnership with Ar Yone Oo (AYO), a local NGO. Since 2014, TGH has also been supporting the production of a local and newly cultivated cash crop, the elephant foot yam (EFY), in order to provide an opportunity for additional incomes to the most vulnerable households. Two beneficiaries describe the project’s impact on their family’s economic situation.

U San Ram and his son

U San Ram and his son
Photo : Hai Lyan, Monitoring Officer / TGH ©

U San Aung, 39, lives in the village of Ram Tim with his five children –1 daughter and 4 sons –, all attending school. Before the implementation of TGH & AYO's projects in his village, he worked as a pastor. However, his low income did not enable him to sustain his family's needs.

A life-changing opportunity started for U San Aung after he joined TGH & AYO’s food security project in 2012 as a Local Relay Supervisor. From 2014, he also benefited from elephant foot yam production activities. His fallow land was used for a test plot. This activity enabled him to transform his neighbouring lands into a home garden (mustard, cabbage, onion and ginger) and to plant fruit trees. His production enabled him to cover his family's vegetable consumption and even to sell part of it to meet family needs.

“Thanks to market gardening and with TGH & AYO's support, I now have sufficient income sources to cover my family's needs. Our living conditions improved and I would like to thank TGH & AYO and all the staff for the work they have done in our village” U San Aung said.


-	Daw Rai Kit in front of his rhizome production

Daw Rai Kit in front of his rhizome production
Photo : Hai Lyan, Monitoring Officer / TGH ©

An observation shared by Daw Rai Kit, another inhabitant of the township of Matupi.

Daw Rai Kit is forty years old. She is a school teacher and she lives in the village of Kace with her husband and her 3 children, all attending school. However, both salaries are not high enough to cover family needs.

Consequently, in 2013 they decided to increase their income sources and to start a local cash crop production, elephant foot yam, on a first 1-acre-plot. But the first EFY crops can be harvested only 3 years after seeding. In the meantime the plot got regularly destroyed by wild animals (mainly Indian bisons).

However, from 2014, Daw Rai Kit took part in TGH & AYO's cash crop development project in her village, and she seized this opportunity to share her difficulties with the team. Thus, she received barbed wire to protect her plot from destruction by wild animals, as well as an EFY slicer (see picture) and thick protective gloves. Early 2016, Daw Rai Kit harvested her first EFY crops and earned 2,220 EUR from production sale! She can expect increased incomes in the coming years by extending her EFY cultivation plot up to 2 ha.

For more information about our projects, see Programmes on TGH's website.

IN BRIEF…

On December 3, 2016:
TGH organized a conference on the street children protection issue at the Alliance Française of Bangui in the Central African Republic, in the presence of Emile Gros Raymond Nakombo, the Mayor of Bangui, and Pascal Roda, the Coordinator of the Network in Favour of Street Children (RFERC).

In November 2016:
TGH took part in the career forums organized by the Institut national d'études supérieures agronomiques of Montpellier (SupAgro), the Ecole supérieure d'agro-développement international (ISTOM) and the Institut supérieur d'agriculture et d'agroalimentaire Rhône-Alpes (ISARA).

On November 26, 2016:
TGH was present at the Fair on Humanitarian Professions in Annemasse. This fair brought together 60 French and Swiss International Solidarity Organizations around numerous workshops, conferences and interviews.

On November 25, 2016:
the closing ceremony of our water access programme in the rural areas of the Bualapha district (Khammouane Province) in Laos was held in the presence of Mr. Khamsai Tangnavong, the Deputy Governor of the District, Mr. Grégory Angelier, our representative in Laos, the representatives of the Department of Foreign Affairs and the representatives of the Province and District Rural Development Office.

On October 17, 2016:
TGH organized its first Humanitarian Café at the Café de la Cloche in Lyon, 2nd arrondissement. This meeting on the theme "Humanitarian issues: working in the Central African Republic" brought together more than 70 people.
http://www.trianglegh.org/…/Vide…/Fr/CafeHumanitaire-RCA.mp4

In September 2016:
In September 2016, a film was made to present food-aid and local economic support actions with our Ukrainian partner "Country of Free People" in the Donbass region in Ukraine
http://www.trianglegh.org/…/En/TGH-Food-assistance-Ukraine.…