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Programmes

North Korea

North Korea (The Democratic People's Republic of Korea - DPRK) is located in the northern part of the Korean peninsula, in East Asia. Occupied by Japan since 1905, Korea gained independence in 1943. The country was afterwards split in two, the northern half administered by the USSR, and the southern part by the United States. This partition was formalized in 1948, with the creation of the Republic of Korea in the South, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the North. Successive North and South Korean offensives on both sides of the border (the Korean War) did not end this division. An armistice signed in 1953 created a demilitarized zone permanently patrolled by more than a million soldiers (North Korean, South Korean and American soldiers), but no peace treaty was signed.

Kim Il-sung, President of North Korea since 1948, developed the economy and politics of the country according to the "Juche" doctrine: a classless society, based on the principle of political independence, economic self-sufficiency and military autonomy. After his death in 1994, his son, Kim Jong-Il, became the leader of the country until his death in 2011. His son, Kim Jong-Un, became the "supreme leader" of the country in 2011.

North Korea suffered severe food crises in the 1990s, partly due to bad weather conditions (floods, then drought), and to the very small proportion of arable land in the country (less than 20%), but also to the economic system and the interruption of support from the USSR and, more generally, from the Soviet bloc, which was annually supplying fertilizers and fuel necessary for agriculture. In 1995, the Government sought foreign aid, which lasted until 2006, the date when North Korea ended emergency humanitarian aid, preferring development cooperation. Since then, only six European NGOs - including Triangle Génération Humanitaire – have been authorized to carry out humanitarian and development programmes with permanent expatriate staff in North Korea.

Despite international community support, the food shortages are likely to continue, and the nutritional quality of available foodstuffs is low. The latest UNICEF survey estimated the rate of acute malnutrition among children under five at 38% in 2014. The population, faced with continuing deterioration of living conditions since the mid-1990s, remains very vulnerable.

Since 2000, TGH has been active in various sectors: agricultural development / food security (rehabilitation of polders, support to cooperative farms), rehabilitation of drinking water supply systems, improvement of sanitation infrastructure, distribution of food aid in children institutions, improvement of the living conditions in retirement homes, support for an association promoting the rights of the elderly, etc.

Current programmes

Capacity building of the Federation for the Care of the Aged (KFCA) in order to improve care for the elderly in DPRK.

Since 2004, TGH has been working in partnership with KFCA to improve the living conditions of the elderly in North Korea. This new programme aims at strengthening the partner's skills; improving the capacity of the country's retirement homes; setting up multi-service reception centres for the elderly.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 3 301 508 people
 Duration: 24 months 04/2017 - 03/2019
 Budget: €533,330

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne
  • Funding: EuropeAid
  • Final beneficiaries: 700 KFCA members, 308 employees in the Reception Centres, 500 seniors. Indirectly, some 3,300,000 people over the age of 60 will benefit from the project.
  • Partners: KFCA
SPreparation of the International Day of Older Persons, Munchon

Preparation of the International Day of Older Persons, Munchon
Photo : TGH ©

In 2014, 14% of the country's population - 3,390,000 people - was over 60 years old. Although the population officially benefits from a free health care system, needs are significant in health care for the aging: in gerontology and geriatrics. The sector is evolving (awareness-raising, university programmes, specializations), but health infrastructure still provide few services dedicated to aging issues, and they are not adapted to this specific category of the population.

The overall objective of this programme is to strengthen the capacity of civil society in order to improve the living conditions of the elderly. This is the second phase of a project that has been implemented for several years. More specifically, it focuses on improving the quality of care through capacity building, awareness-raising on the situation of these people, as well as material support and innovative activities.

The first component focuses on the institutional and technical capacity building of KFCA (Korean Federation for the Care of the Aged - created in the 2000s) and caregivers in retirement homes and multiservice centres. Training on national and international public policies on aging and care practices will be provided to KFCA employees at national and provincial levels. Provincial committees will be equipped with computers and printers to facilitate communication with the central committee. Finally, a seminar and a study tour will be organized in order to discover organizations and institutions for elderly people abroad.

Serres solaires passives

Photo of the seminar
Photo : TGH ©

The second component aims to improve community and/ or home care through the creation of three multiservice centres. The rehabilitation of three public health complexes is planned, as well as the provision of support to optimize the social environment and meet basic needs, especially in terms of food security. Working groups composed of caregivers and centre staff will be set up, and more than 50 home care providers will be trained in basic care.

Finally, awareness-raising activities and advocacy for the rights and access to care for elderly people living at home will be developed in order to increase awareness of the issue within KFCA at provincial and community levels (people living at home and their caregivers, staff in retirement homes and reception centres). The overall improvement in awareness of aging issues will be based on the production of communication materials and research to be shared with relevant actors (donors, politicians, civil servants) with a view to fostering investment in the sector.

Improving diet diversity by increasing vegetables production

The project aims at contributing to a sustainable increase of the vegetable production for the most vulnerable populations of Sohung in order to durably improve diet diversity for the inhabitants of Sohung.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 42,578 people
 Duration: 36 months 09/2016 - 08/2019
 Budget: €1.200,000

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Direction du développement et de la coopération de la Confédération suisse (DDC)
  • Funding: EuropeAid (90%), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
  • Final beneficiaries: The target groups of the action are mainly the children in welfare institutions in Sohung city, and in the 4 farms targeted by the project, who will have an increased access to vegetable products (2,289 children in total). Sohung City includes a nursery (452 children) and a kindergarten (676 children). The 262 staff of the working units of the 4 targeted farms and the staff from the children institutions (274 persons), compose the rest of the target groups that will benefit from improved working conditions and from the capacity-building component of the action. The target groups represent a total of 2,825 people. The final beneficiaries of the action are the 30,000 inhabitants of the city of Sohung and the 12,578 inhabitants of the farms.
  • Partners:
    • Ministry of City Management
    • Academy of Science and Agriculture
    • Anti-Epidemic Service (AES) of Sohung
    • Central Vegetable Research Institute
    • People's Committees (PC) of Sohung
Serres solaires passives

Passive solar greenhouses at the farm of Onsil, supporting indoor cultivation, improving thermal insulation during the winter and ventilation in the summer
Photo : January 2016 - TGH ©

In order to durably improve the intake and quality of vegetables available for Sohung County inhabitants and children in social institutions, both supply chain stakeholders and TGH emphasized that the overall vegetable production needs to be improved as well as the distribution of goods and the hygiene and diet management capacities.

The action was designed according to these collaborative conclusions and had the following results:

  • Increased vegetables production

    In Sohung County cooperative farms, the vegetable production structurally do not meet the needs of the population, especially in urban areas. Through a sensitive nutritional approach, this increase of vegetables production is a sine qua non condition to the improvement of diet diversity.

    It appeared as a priority to increase vegetables production in four farms of Sohung County ensuring the vegetables production for children institutions, by working on different issues (cropping season’s duration, improved agriculture practices, improved soil fertility management). The specific outputs are: labour productivity has increased, the vegetables cropping season has been extended by one month in Sohung’s farms, the cultivated surface of winter vegetables (greenhouses) has increased from 0 to 2 ha, the quantity of manure has increased, and soil fertility has been improved thanks to additional quantities of fertilizer produced.
  • Improved post-production practices

    Around 30% of the vegetable production of Sohung farms is dedicated to supply Sohung City, including children institutions. During the harvest season, both farm and institution managers estimate post-harvest loss at around 25%, mainly due to a low availability of the labour force at the peak of the harvest period, inappropriate storage means (vegetables rotten before deliveries and smashed during transport), and non-regular delivery capacity (random access to transport means and fuel on the farms). In order to improve the quality of the products provided to the children, transportation means need to be improved, as well as conservation and distribution means both at farm and institution levels.

    The project's expected outputs are the following: to lower vegetable supply chain losses during harvest/conservation/transportation by 50%, and reduce losses within institutions.
  • Capacity building of local stakeholders in production, post-production and hygiene management

    Capacity building of the project’s stakeholders is essential to adapt the production system to the proposed innovations and to take advantage of increased labour productivity. Activities like pest management, crop rotation, and fodder production will thus be improved. This way, the proposed action addresses the challenge of sustainability.

    This action aims at strengthening the knowledge and capacities of the local stakeholders associated to it: the People’s Committees of Sohung City (PC), the Anti Epidemic Service of Sohung (AES) and the Academy of Agriculture and Sciences (AAS), through research, experimentation work and exchanges with international experts, and at facilitating the dissemination of this knowledge, thus allowing the replication of the project at county level through training and publications.
Serres en construction à la ferme de Gachang

Greenhouses under construction at the farm of Gachang, planning technical support to finish the greenhouses, optimizing thermal insulation and ventilation
Photo : January 2016 - TGH ©

Serres de Bo Pan à réhabiliter

Greenhouses in Bo Pan, waiting to be rehabilitated
Photo : January 2016 - TGH ©

Improving children's diet by enhancing animal protein intake

As a whole, the project aims to contribute to a sustainable improvement of the nutritional status of children dependent on social institutions in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 235,000 people
 Duration: 48 months 01/01/2015 - 01/2019
 Budget: €1.338.348

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Direction du développement et de la coopération de la Confédération suisse (DDC) Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS
  • Funding: EuropeAid (75%), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), French food aid (AAP)
  • Final beneficiaries: about 235,000 persons: children family members, pregnant women and elderly people targeted by this action.
  • Partners: APDRA Pisciculture paysanne: a French NGO specialized in fish-farming projects, involved in previous actions.
Distribution-repas-Jardin-enfant-ville-de-Ryongchon

Distribution of lunch. City of Ryongchon's nursery school
Photo : Océane MERGAERT / TGH ©

More specifically, it aspires to durably improve protein intake available for children cared for in social institutions through the enhancement of fish production, supply chain and utilisation in farms and institutions.

In Onchon and Ryongchon counties of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), children institutions received an average of 477 grams of fish per day for the whole year 2013. This amount is way below the national target standard of 200 grams per child per day. Moreover, North Korean children are by far the most vulnerable populations with little daily food rations and unbalanced diet. This induces high risks of future physical and/or mental disabilities and poor school performance. In addition, poor diets' physical and cognitive damages on children remain largely irreversible after 24 months of age.

2)	Carp fishing for distribution to children's institutions. Farm of Ryongchon

Carp fishing for distribution to children's institutions. Farm of Ryongchon
Photo : Océane MERGAERT / TGH ©

For all those reasons, the project focuses on protein access for children cared for in welfare institutions and nursery children between 6 and 24 months of age and pregnant women are specifically targeted. Besides, North Korean's farm staff lack inputs and field guidance to improve their techniques and aquaculture systems.

TGH has previous experience in DPRK in the sector of fish farming. Indeed, from January 2010 to October 2013, TGH led a EuropeAid-funded action which also aimed at introducing an integrated crops-livestock-fish farming system in two farms of South Hamgyong province. This action was carried-out in collaboration with the Aquaculture Department, whose capacities have been strengthened throughout the project. The use of the Integrated Fish Farming (IFF) system, which was new in DPRK, has proved to significantly increase fish production and raised the interest of the Aquaculture Department at local and national levels to widespread the IFF system.

Strong of this previous experience and of lessons learnt during previous projects, TGH designed a new and similar one in order to implement IFF systems in other farming conditions in North Pyongan and Nampho administrative areas. It decided to develop a partnership with the Aquaculture Department and APDRA in order to ensure lasting technical support. TGH submitted a proposal to EuropeAid, which has been accepted.

The action just started on January 1st, 2015 and will last over 4 years. It will cover 3 entire fishing seasons and will also include a 6 months inception phase to fine tune the action. In fact, this rather long duration is appropriate in DPRK's context where time is needed to introduce new techniques. By promoting improved use at institutions level, the action will provide a long-term response to face the nutritional deficiencies of children's diets.

In order to reach these goals, several activities will be conducted by TGH, focussing on 3 main areas:

  • The fish production of the two cooperative fish farms will be increased.

First of all, crops and manure will be used to feed the fishes, for fodder production and for ponds' fertilization in order to begin to implement the new integrated system. Besides, the rehabilitation of the farms' infrastructures, supply of technical and fishing equipment and staff training will also be carried-out and will help upgrade the two cooperatives.

  • Post-production steps (distribution, storage and use) pointed-out as dysfunctional and inducing significant losses will be tackled and improved to ensure the availability and access to food.

These steps will be improved through the decentralization of storage and delivery mechanisms that will enable fish farmers to preserve the quality of the fish. Storage infrastructures (cold rooms) will be constructed and/or rehabilitated and transportation means will be provided as well as trainings on fish preservation and hygiene standards. Nutrition education trainings will be conducted in institutions on the rinsing and cooking of fish and on children's nutritional needs.

  • The Aquaculture Department's capacities to master and replicate sustainable fish production systems will be enhanced.

This will include the consolidation of the IFF system in two new sites in western areas and the implementation of technical innovations (fingerling production/fish production in reservoirs) where IFF is not suitable, enhancing the technical capacities of the Aquaculture Department.

Pêche des géniteurs. Ferme d’Onchon

Fishing for broodstock. Farm of Onchon
Photo : Océane MERGAERT / TGH ©

3)	Measuring the size of a fish before breeding. Farm of Onchon

Measuring the size of a fish before breeding. Farm of Onchon
Photo : Océane MERGAERT / TGH ©

 

Completed Programmes

Strengthening Civil Society for Improved Old Age Care in North Korea

This programme’s objective is to enable the Korean Federation for the Care of the Aged (KFCA) to strengthen its capacity as a ‘non-state’ actor to improve assistance to the aged, by developing its members skills as well as supporting its fundraising activities and communication campaigns...

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries:3,162,298 people
 Duration: 27 months 01/2014 - 03/2016
 Budget: €666,000

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Logo MAE Confédération Suisse
  • Funding: 75% Europeaid and Programmed Food Aid (CIAA), Swiss Confederation
  • Number of Beneficiaries: 28 KFCA national committee members
    150 KFCA provincial committee members
    7,209 old aged people in retirement homes
    3,154,911 over 60 years old in the country (ultimate beneficiaries)
  • Partners: KFCA - Federation for Korean elderly care

Since the fall of the socialist bloc in the late 1980s, the living conditions of the most vulnerable in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) have dramatically deteriorated. This crisis is being experienced even more intensely by people fully dependent on the state for all their needs, especially the elderly, when they live in retirement homes without any family member to take care of them.

This programme's objective is to enable the Korean Federation for the Care of the Aged (KFCA) to strengthen its capacity as a ‘non-state' actor, in order to improve assistance to the aged, by developing its members' skills, supporting fundraising activities and communication campaigns, and by developing its decision making transparency. Direct support to retirement home employees and to certain establishments is also planned in partnership with KFCA.

interieur-atelier-mecanique-Rabouni

KFCA members during the September 2014 HelpAge Conference, Chiang Mai
Photo by KFCA ©

les ouvriers de l'atelier mécanique – Rabouni

Meeting of the Chinese Committee in Beijing to prepare the study tour
Photo by KFCA ©

An initial evaluation and a participative diagnosis allowed the determination of an action plan and the training of KFCA central committee members, and customized training sessions will be carried out to respond to the needs identified: project cycle, web design, communication, fund raising, etc. A study tour in China will be organized in partnership with the China National Committee on Ageing (CNCA), which will allow KFCA to discover another operating mode that might help the development of their activities in DPRK. This capacity building component will allow the active exchange of information between KFCA and the Chinese National Committee.

TGH will accompany KFCA in its awareness-raising activities relating to the rights of the aged and their social inclusion, such as organization of or participation in seminars or conferences, organization of workshops and events, as well as the production and distribution of supporting materials. In June and September 2014, several KFCA members visited India and Thailand to attend international conferences on the theme of older people in society.

This project also targets KFCA central and provincial committees and reception center staff, in order to provide improved adapted and sustainable care for the aged. Here again, training sessions will be organized, adapted to each trainee: social inclusion or mobility for members of the KFCA provincial committees; project management, gerontology and care of the aged for reception facility members. The programme includes the distribution of medicine, goods and equipment to the aged living in retirement homes, as well as research on innovative activities (physical, cultural, or income generating activities) contributing to the provision of sustainable care in reception facilities.

Rehabilitation of the Paekhak Dong kindergarten following the floods in Rason City

TGH supports the rehabilitation of a kindergarten, following torrential rains that affected and caused extensive damage in the north of the country between 22 and 25 August 2015.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: Around 120 children
 Duration: 1 month 12/2015
 Budget: €13 000

 Funding

Embassy of UK in DPRK
  • Funding: Embassy of UK in DPRK
  • Direct beneficiaries: Around 120 children

Torrential rainfalls between August 22nd and 25th caused widespread flood damage. On August 22nd, three torrential rainfalls were recorded during the day with an accumulated rainfall of 300 mm in 16 hours. Normally the average rainfalls per annum in this region are 630 mm. Since August 22nd, it has rained almost every day until September 3rd.

Destruction in Rason city

Destruction in Rason city
Photo : TGH ©

Level of the water on a building in Rason city

Level of the water on a building in Rason city
Photo : TGH ©

After the second torrential rainfalls on August 22nd the order for evacuation was given, while the third torrential rainfalls caused most severe damage in which 59 persons lost their lives, 5 399 houses including apartment blocks were damaged of which 1 320 totally destroyed and 11 632 persons were left homeless and who lost all their possessions.

Floods affected schools, kindergartens, hospitals and clinics and destroyed more than 125 hectares of cultivated land leaving no harvest, and infrastructural damage is widespread with collapsed bridges, road washouts, damage to culverts and channels, railroad tracks dangerously destabilized. The main city of Rason did not suffer much damage but in the two districts Rajin (population 107 640) and Son Bong (population 96 598) the effect of the flood was devastating, with deposits of mud and debris of more than 1 m.

Regarding the damages caused by this natural disasters, TGH concentrate its support on one of the most affected Dong in the Sonbong District (Paekhak Dong). We choose to support children between 0 and 6 years old by rehabilitating the Paekhak Dong kindergarten (around 120 children) which has been partly damaged by the floods.

Improving sustainable access to drinking water and sanitation facilities for the inhabitants of the city of Sohung Phase 2, North Hwanghae Province, DPRK

The project strives to improve sustainable access to drinking water and sanitation facilities for Sohung inhabitants in order to contribute to morbidity and mortality reduction amongst the most vulnerable populations of the DPRK.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 235,000 people
 Duration: 10 months 03/2015 - 12/2015
 Budget: €225,201

 Funding

Logo OXFAM_HongKong
  • Funding: Oxfam HK
  • Direct beneficiaries: At least 2,339 people in district 3 for water access, 3,300 people for access to sanitation facility. The whole population of Sohung county (around 100,000 people) for hygiene promotion

Sohung is a town of around 30 000 inhabitants of North Hwanghae province, located around 100 km South of Pyongyang, in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

TGH has already implemented two prior WASH complementary programs in Sohung between 2012 and 2014, funded by Oxfam HK and the Swedish Cooperation SIDA (called phase 1), in order to improve access to drinking water and sanitation facilities for the population of 5 of the 10 districts of Sohung City. The current program (phase 2) aims at pursuing prior actions and filling the gaps in district 3 in terms of drinking water and sanitation facilities.

Regarding Sohung context, water access remains inadequate both in quality and quantity for the inhabitants of some remaining districts of the town. Indeed, the existing water infrastructure in district 3 is old and out of order, alluvial aquifer is polluted by human activity and most of the population is fetching water from unprotected wells. Moreover, the availability of water resources is fluctuating, especially according to the intensity of the dry season. Besides, the water chore is not gender balanced in DPRK as there are 67.5% of women and 32.5% of men engaged everyday in water collecting activities.

Regarding sanitation facilities, there are currently no wastewater plants and the existing collection pipes are scarce and their states hazardous. Thus, sewage and other bacteriological polluted water are contaminating all the water collection points in the city. For all these reasons, needs still have to be addressed.

The action will be carried out throughout:

  • The extension of the new water network to one new district (District 3) for the benefit of 2 339 persons;
  • The extension of the new water network to Sohung health clinic;
  • The improvement of water and sanitation facilities in several locations;
  • The promotion of good hygiene practices towards both children and adults in the whole County;
  • Capacity building of the stakeholders involved in this project since 2013:
    • Sohung People Committees,
    • Sohung Hygiene Promotion Department,
    • Sohung Anti-epidemic Service,
    • The Ministry of City Management, MoCM.

Improving access to drinking water and sanitation facilities for the inhabitants of the city of Sohung

Sohung, the administrative center of the North Hwanghae Province, has an outdated water network and insufficient sanitation infrastructure to provide adequate access to drinking water for the population of some areas of the city, especially in schools.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 24 months 11/2012 - 11/2014
                   9 months 04/2014 - 12/2014
 Budget: K€448 SIDA
                K€153 OXFAM HK

 Funding

Logo SIDA Logo OXFAM_HongKong
  • Funding: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) - OXFAM Hong-Kong
  • Beneficiaries: Approximately 30,000 people
  • Partners: People's Committees of Sohung - MoCM (Ministry of City Management)

This programme aims to upgrade the entire water supply infrastructure of a part of the city, from the distribution network to individual connection.

Water transmission line
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Water transmission line
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Water tank construction
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Water tank construction
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Pumping station
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Works to connect homes to the water network and meeting with residents (Sohung)
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Construction work of public latrines
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Construction works of school latrines
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Renovation works of public latrines and school bathrooms (Sohung)
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Renovation works of public latrines and school bathrooms (Sohung)
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Renovation works of public latrines and school bathrooms (Sohung)
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Works on a water transmission line
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Anti-epidemiological center of the district (Sohung)
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Anti-epidemiological center of the district (Sohung)
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

Water transmission line
Photos : Olivier Hariot / TGH

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Thanks to the support of SIDA, which funded the construction of a new pumping station with a capacity of 200 m³/h and a 500 m³ storage station, 3 districts - about 12,000 people - could be connected to the network. This funding will also allow the rehabilitation of 41 latrines in schools and hospitals, and the construction of 25 new latrines in public places.

For its part, Oxfam HK funded the connection of another district to the network (about 3,000 additional beneficiaries), the construction of 13 public latrines, 50 school latrines, a bathroom, and the improvement of two existing bathrooms.
These actions are complemented by hygiene promotion sessions and awareness-raising media for the population, as well as training sessions in management of the water system and sanitary structures for the members of water supply and sanitation services of the city.

Finally, the anti-epidemiological Center ensuring health monitoring at county level will see its capacity for water analysis increased (drinking water and waste water), and will provide expertise for the sustainable management of the established infrastructures.

Improving the system of geriatric care for the elderly in the DPRK

- Purchase and delivery of medical equipment for the National Research Institute for Gerontology
- Organizing of training sessions in gerontology for health workers and medical students
- Awareness-raising on care of the aged through the creation and distribution of brochures

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries:3,587,833 people
 Duration: 6 months 06/2014 - 12/2014
 Budget: €12,100

 Funding

 Ambassade de Pologne – Polish Aid

  • Funding: Ambassade de Pologne – Polish Aid
  • Number of Beneficiaries:
    Direct beneficiaries:
    28 members of the Korean Federation for Care of the Aged (KFCA)
    70 employees of the National Research Institute for Gerontology
    Patients (50 beds) from the National Research Institute for Gerontology
    49 beneficiaries of the training (doctors hospitals of the Korean Red Cross)
    Ultimate beneficiaries:
    432,222 over 60 year old people living in Pyongyang
    700 KFCA provincial committee members
    3,154, 911 over 60 year old people living in DPRK
  • Partners: Korean Federation for Care of the Aged (KFCA) - National Research Institute for Gerontology

TGH is working on this programme in partnership with the Korean Federation (KFCA), which is mandated to ensure the rights and interests of older people, to help them lead a dignified life and to provide them with decent living conditions.

As geriatrics is not a specialty integrated in the national medical university curriculum, KFCA wants to develop a training programme intended for medical students.
KFCA supports the National Research Institute for Gerontology, a national center created to develop research on age-related diseases (Alzheimer, blood pressure, dementia), which has been running for 40 years with very little contribution and support from the state. 70 employees of the Ministry of Health (doctors and nurses) work on research and treatment of patients (50 beds, day hospital or prolonged stay), and the Institute also issues recommendations on care and treatment for elderly people.

Formation-Gerontologie

Training in gerontology
Pyongyang Great Popular Study House
October 2nd, 2014
Photo : Korean Federation for the Care of the Aged ©

Journee-Internationale-Personnes-Agees

The International Older Persons Day
Pong Hwa Theater - Pyongyang
October 1st, 2014
Photo : Korean Federation for the Care of the Aged ©

The programme plans, by the end of 2014, the purchase of medical equipment to meet the needs identified by KFCA, and the improvement of the Institute's working conditions.
The programme has also supported the organizing of a short (2 days) training course in geriatrics for medical students and medical practitioners. WHO and UNFPA presence during this training reinforced KFCA's image, allowing the establishment of a more regular dialogue with the authorities, and the development of synergies and initiatives at national level.

Awareness-raising brochures on care of the aged were created by KFCA and the National Research Institute for Gerontology. Some of these brochures were distributed on the occasion of the International Older Persons Day (October 1st) and will be subsequently distributed in different retirement homes in the country.

Brochure-2014-Promotion-description-exercices-physiques

Daily Essentials for Healthy Ageing
2014 brochure: Promotion and description of physical exercises for health ageing

Improving food security of elderly people in retirement homes

The objective of this programme is to fight against malnutrition among the elderly, first through the distribution of food products in 24 retirement homes in the country.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 7,280 people
 Duration: 18 months 03/2014 - 08/2015
 Budget: €385,000

 Funding:

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CIAA (Inter-ministeral Food Aid Committee – French Ministry of Foreign)
  • Partners: Retirement homes affected by the project - KFCA - Federation for Korean elderly care

The living conditions of the most vulnerable groups of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) have dramatically deteriorated since the fall of the socialist bloc in the late 1980s. This crisis is experienced with even more intensity by population groups who fully depend on the State for all their needs, first and foremost the elderly, especially those staying in retirement homes, with no family member to take care of them.

The Korean Federation for the Care of the Aged (KFCA) is responsible for the social and health care and the development of activities adapted to people over 60 years old who receive pensions from the State randomly.

About 3% of the elderly people have no family and must live on their small pension and on uncertain food distributions. Among this population, those living in retirement homes are by far the most vulnerable because they depend entirely on the public distribution system. Although meeting the food needs of elderly people is officially a priority for central authorities, the geographical isolation of most homes, coupled with the lack of logistical means of provincial PDSs1, leads in practice to a chronic deficit in basic foodstuffs, thus worsening the health conditions of an already fragile population.

The objective of this programme is to fight against malnutrition among the elderly, first through the distribution of food products in 24 retirement homes in the country.

Different interventions will then be conducted in retirement homes in order to increase their agricultural production capacity, to support the processing of food for residents’ consumption and the establishment of income-generating activities, and finally to improve the health conditions and conservation/ preparation capacity of the food consumed by residents.

Support will also be provided to the Federation to make a diagnosis of sanitary, food and nutrition practices of employees and provide them with training to enhance their knowledge in terms of hygiene procedures and culinary and nutritional practices concerning food preparation and food balance.

1Public Distribution System

Rehabilitation of the drinking waterworks damaged by typhoons in Kangwon Province in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

On July 19 and 29, 2012, a series of typhoons hit the country, causing torrential and destructive rains and floods. The Provinces of Pyongyang (north and south) and Kangwon were the hardest hit.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 51 000 people
 Duration: 16 months 09/2012 - 12/2013
 Budget: €75,200

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Crisis Center (French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs), Polish Embassy in DPRK and New Zealand Embassy in Seoul
  • Number of Beneficiaries: Munchon: 42, 000 people, Hwaragu: 9, 000 people
  • Partner: People's Committees of Munchon and Hwaragu, Ministry of City Management

Consequently, the North Korean authorities asked international organizations present in the country for help, and provided the various actors with detailed information and statistics on the consequences of this natural disaster (human victims, damaged buildings and infrastructures, agricultural land and crops destroyed or flooded).

TGH requested access to Kangwon Province, including the city of Munchon and the Chonnae District, two out of the worst affected areas. TGH knows these areas quite well, because the NGO has been working for more than five years on a water and sanitation program for the inhabitants of the city of Munchon.

This project aims to rehabilitate the infrastructures supplying the cities of Munchon and Hwaragu with drinking water (production and distribution networks), partly damaged during the recent floods and mudslides. The works will be performed by the People’s Committees of Hwaragu and Munchon, thanks to the equipment provided by the project.

Partnerships will be established with the epidemic control center of Munchon and the Academy of Science in Pyongyang, especially with regard to the analysis of the quality of the water distributed by the rehabilitated network.

The management of natural hazards, particularly at the Hwaragu watershed relatively vulnerable to floods and mudslides during heavy rainfall(houses destroyed, water systems swept away), will be enhanced by the establishment of gabions (metal cages filled with stones), as well as by the completion of specific structures to allow better drainage (reshaping of the gullies, diversion of main rainwater outlets to less vulnerable areas).

Improving the quality of food production in the farm of Juk San

Kangwon Province is one of the most vulnerable in DPRK. Supporting vegetable production in the co-op farm of Juk San ensures food diversification in the institutions relying on the popular distribution system.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 19 442 people
 Duration:8 months 04/2013 - 12/2013
 Budget: €200 000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid (French government)
  • Number of Beneficiaries: 16, 568 children (< 16 years old) in 80 local children institutions, 432 children in a priority nursery-orphanage, 814 farm employees and 1, 628 members of their families
  • Partner: Kecca, People's Committees of the city of Wonsan, the Ministry of Agriculture

The upstream analysis carried-out by TGH highlighted the technical and organizational problems occurring throughout the vegetable production chain, until distribution.

This action aims to sustainably increase the quantity and quality of products distributed, by securing the means of production, strengthening the means of distribution and preservation, and improving food access for the institutions involved during the lean period (May/ June).

During the lean period lasting one month and a half, soybean, soybean oil and sugar will be distributed to some 17, 000 children under 16 staying in the 81 local institutions.

The improvement of irrigation canals and the strengthening of protection dykes will help secure and sustainably increase vegetable production and protect the means of production against the risk of natural disasters, which is increasingly important in the country. Corn will be distributed to the 200 workers participating in the works.

Vegetable storage, distribution and preservation will be improved through interventions on the means of transportation (tiller), storage (crates), preservation (barrels), and through the establishment of a washing station.

Finally, training and advice on hygiene and on the vegetable post-production chain will be provided to the staff of those institutions in order to strengthen their capacities in the field of nutrition.

Improvement and diversification of the meals served to children in social institutions in Daeane and Sariwon

Over the past two decades, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has had to face many obstacles, being both subject to many natural disasters and to the deterioration of the economic situation. The country experienced chronic food insecurity, especially due to the limited amount of protein and fat intake.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 16 385 people
 Duration:14 months 08/2012 - 10/2013
 Budget: €140 000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid

Children aged 0 to 6 years, equivalent to 10% of the population, are most affected by these deficiencies, and suffer from chronic malnutrition, which affects their physical and mental growth.

This project is a continuation of projects that have been undertaken for 3 years, and is in synergy with the longer-term projects led by TGH and funded by the European Union. After providing direct food aid to children in institutions, and waiting for concrete results in terms of increased farm production, it seems appropriate to start working right now on the qualitative aspect of products consumed. This will be possible with the improvement of products logistic supply chain, to ensure their provision and availability at institution level under conditions guaranteeing the nutritional quality of products, as well as with the diversification of products consumed by children.

Since late 2010, TGH has thus been running a project aiming to support the dairy production farms of Sariwon (North Hwanghae Province) and Deane (Nampo Administrative Region), to improve the production of these farms, in order to increase dairy products supply to the children depending on the institutions supplied by these farms.
This project starts to produce its first results, especially with the improvement of milk production at farm level. This is the first essential step to improve its availability in institutions.
Studies conducted in 2011 by TGH’s nutritionist at institution level also showed a lack of diversification in the diet of children in institutions, who only eat a certain type of food.

The main objective of this project is to improve the quality of dairy products for the children followed in the 191 social institutions depending on the milk production and on the food processing People's Committees of Daeane and Sariwon.

We work on the following points:

  • Increase processing capacity of dairy products in Sariwon and in the milk farms of Daeane.
  • Improve capacity and practices in the food processing center of the People's Committee dedicated to institutions.
  • Improve processing capacity of dairy products and livestock management.
  • Improve dairy products supply and preservation chains.
  • Equip the milk analysis Center of the University of Pyongyang.

Improvement and diversification of meals served to children in social institutions

One of the elements of the food crisis presently striking the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is the lack of proteins in the food. This nutritional deficiency particularly affects young children between 0 and 6 years old (11% of the population) whose specific nutritional needs can't be covered.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 46 months 01/2010 - 10/2013
 Budget: K€1,026

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne
  • Funding: EuropeAid (European Commission Co-operation Office), including 10% co-funding

Since the mid 1980s, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is facing a highly complicated crisis. The impact on its entire economy has deeply deteriorated its inhabitants’ conditions of living, particularly regarding access to goods and services.

An inevitable component of this crisis is the lack of protein in the diet of the country’s inhabitants. In fact, the nutritional needs of children aged between 0 and 6 (11% de la population) cannot be covered. In North Korea, children in this age group are generally under the care of social institutions. Consequently, to improve and sustainably diversify their diet, one must work with the food-processing production units operating with such institutions.

The main objective of this program is therefore to sustainably improve the food safety of the vulnerable populations in these social institutions. More specifically, we plan to develop the pisciculture industry in order to improve the diet of 19,575 vulnerable people in 261 institutions. On one hand, by increasing the production of fish (based on an integrated system: pisciculture-agriculture-stock breeding) and on the other, by improving the distribution and preservation capacities (respect for sanitary norms), together with the North Koreans’ capacity to manage and sustainably develop its fish farming industry.

This program takes place in two fish farms in Yonggwang and Sinhung, South Hamgyong province. It involves Korean and French experts and aims to improve the aquaculture industry. The program’s duration (34 months) enables us to provide technical support over three consecutive seasons.

Initially, the aim is to implement, in two farms, an integrated fish production system thanks to the complementary activities of farming and breeding. Agricultural activities provide the organic system required to feed fish and livestock. The mud generated by the breeding pools along with the manure produced by the animals can be used to fertilize the cultures. The same manure can also be used, after transformation, to feed the fish.

By balancing aquaculture, agriculture and breeding, it is possible to optimize fish production and solve the problem of feeding the fry which is the main difficulty encountered in fish farms.

In the first year, we aim to check the suitability of an integrated system and its appropriateness with the particularities of North Korean fish farms.

During the second phase, we aim to increase fish conservation (storage) and distribution (transport) capacities, in compliance with sanitary standards. Indeed, currently the post-production stages feature important failures that limit the availability of fish products in the targeted institutions.  The main actors  – fish farms, popular committees and institutions for children – do not possess adequate logistical means. Consequently, we observe a major loss between production and distribution to institutions, accompanied by huge health hazards.

In its final stage, this program will seek to improve the capacities of the North Korean actors regarding management and sustainable development of the fishing industry. Indeed, within the particular context of North Korea, one of the major stakes is linked to the continuance of the improvements generated by the program (in particular, the difficulty of procuring farm input such as seed and spare parts for the technical installations).

Training, economic and technical feasibility surveys, and pilot income generating activities compose the three main areas of this final objective. Opportunities that exist at economic level will be studied to draw up solutions linked to the main farm inputs required for production.

APDRA (Association Pisciculture et Développement Rural en Afrique) provides technical support to this program in the form of expertise missions and general follow-up.

On July 22, 2010,

Torrential rains* flooded the dikes along Songchon river and inflicted major damage, especially in the areas of Yonggwang and Sinhung where TGH has been operating since 2010.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Génie-Civil

 Key figures


 Budget: €100 000 & €175 000

 Funding

Logo MAE

Conditions in Sihnung:

Damage to infrastructures near and in the fish farms

  • Protection dike of the river flattened by 300 m to ground level;
  • 990 m of inter-basin dikes damaged,representing over 2000 m³ of materials carried away by water;
  • Over a dozen water conveyance andevacuation works destroyed;
  • 387 m of drainage ditches damaged;
  • 860 m³ of rubble in the fishfarm;
  • Several thousand m³ of sand andgravel have poured into canals and rivers, raising stream-bed level andconsiderably increasing risk of new flooding.

Fish losses:
Over 9 ha of aquaculture pools flooded, causing loss of about 50% of 2010's production. Sadly, a major part of the reproducers have been lost, along with most of thejuvenile fish planned for 2011.

Agricultural losses
Itappears that all 40 ha of farming lands managed by the farm are flooded and 2,5 ha totally destroyed. A subsequent mission will allow more specific assessmentof the scope of damage.

Conditions in Yonggwang

Damage to infrastructures close to and in the fishfarms

  • Several points of the main dike are damagedover a total length of about 500 m;
  • Two large works (U points of thehydro-electric canal) are damaged;
  • One wing of the aquaculture building(environ 120 m²) is destroyed;
  • As in Sinhung, sand and gravel in canalsand rivers (estimated 66,000 m³), considerably increasing risk ofnew flooding.

Fish losses

  • Approximately 3 ha of pools damaged, ofwhich only one part is in production. Fish losses are under assessment but areexpected to represent 10 to 20% of the fish production forecast in 2010;
  • Loss of juveniles is regrettable but shouldnot have major impact on the next years of production

Agricultural losses

  • Approximately 1 ha of corn drowned;
  • Protection levees of farming lots damaged.

Inconcert with the EuropeAid scheme, and thanks to consecutive funding from AAP** (€100,000 & €175,000), TGH performs rehabilitation andprotection of the fish farms and their production means by:

  • Providing food to the Korean work teams inthe food for work context;
  • Supplying building sites with materials toprotect the works in areas where water erosion is at its worse (both at normaltimes and during floods). Purchase of galvanized steel wire and geotextilemembranes will allow conception and implementation of gabion cages and bases. In order to meet the local authorities' requests for help, TGH hasdecided to direct its action at supplying goods specifically geared toaquaculture (gabions, geotextiles), as opposed to cement and fuel.

*Between 22 and 23 July, the following rainfall was recorded: 112 mm in Yonggwang – 123 mm in Sinhung. In these areas, annual rainfall is 800 mm.
**Programmed Food Aid by the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

Supporting food security in children institutions relying on milk and fish farms in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

For several years now, TGH has been supporting fish farms supplying children institutions.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 10 months 04/2012 – 02/2013
 Budget: €200 000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid (100%)

An assessment mission conducted by UNICEF in 2011 revealed that 32% of children under the age of five are malnourished, 19% are undernourished, and 5% suffer from severe malnutrition.

First of all, this project aims to meet the needs caused by food shortage through the distribution of food rations. However, the main purpose of this action is to develop the means of production and preservation, which will help maintain long-term food security of vulnerable populations relying on social institutions

The distribution of food rations (rice, soybean, soybean oil, and sugar) benefits to the 29, 474 children present in the 257 local institutions, as well as to the workers involved in various activities and paid on a "Food for Work" basis.

Each institution will be equipped with a cooler to improve preservation systems, and the staff will receive training courses aiming to enhance the post-production conditions for milk and fish.  

The rehabilitation of farms' productive infrastructures, soil fertilization through the establishment of catch crops (green manure), the setting-up of biological integrated pest control systems and the control of erosion through the establishment of grassland and shrub hedges will allow the securing of productions and the development of a sustainable agriculture.

Supporting food security in children institutions depending on Sariwon and Deaene farms in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

This program completes the previous. It intends to improve milk production in the farms supplying children institutions, the aim being in fine to increase the children's daily nutritional intake.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 7 months 08/2011 - 02/2012
 Budget: €100,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid (French Cooperation)

Production improvement is planned via material, organizational and technical support. This 3 years project started at the end of 2010, and the first results are expected in 2012, the time necessary for the various implemented improvement processes to be effective. Besides, this project does not fully respond to the food insecurity observed in these institutions. It will on the one hand provide immediate food aid to the institutions (for times of food insecurity), and on the other hand increase the impact of activities planned during the initial program. It will also contribute to improving the various steps in milk processing in dairy farms.

The main objective is thus to secure the food situation in social institutions for children (districts of Sariwon and Daeane), while improving the milk and dairy products production chain supplying them.

More specifically, the action focuses on the following achievements:

  • Rapid supply of food aid – before the winter 2011.
  • Improve the equipment of the canteens in the institutions.
  • Improve the different steps in milk processing in dairy farms (preservation, packaging…)
  • Monitor and improve nutritional practices in the institutions (Korean and international expertise)

Improving Consumption of Milk and Dairy Produce inside Institutions for Children

Specific objective: Improve consumption of milk and dairy products inside institutions for children attached to Sariwon and Daeane farms.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 36 months 11/2010 - 11/2013)
 Budget: K€1,390

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne
  • Funding: EuropeAid (90%)

Since the 80s, the complex crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) has been impacting the national economy and deteriorating the population's living conditions, particularly in terms of access to goods and services.

An unavoidable consequence of the crisis is lack of animal proteins in the population's diet. This particularly affects children aged 0 to 6 years (11% of the population), whose nutritional needs cannot be covered. In DPRK, as social institutions habitually care for children of this age, lasting improvement of the children's diet starts with helping the agro-food units dedicated to such institutions.

Hence, as with the program supporting fish farms, our main objective with this program is to lastingly improve the food safety of the vulnerable populations depending on the social institutions. To be more specific: we aim to strengthen the production of milk to cover the needs of 14,010 children in 191 institutions.

Initially, the project will seek to increase in quantity and quality production of animal food, identified as the main factor limiting milk production. We will subsequently work on the rest of the chain, reinforcing production, transformation, storage, transport and use of milk inside the institutions for children.

TGH is working in close collaboration with the Breeding Department, a branch of the North Korean Agricultural Ministry, associated to this project.

Participation in the rehabilitation of the protection infrastructures of the aquaculture farms of Sinhung and Yonggwang in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

The interventions were normal until the month of July 2010, when heavy rains affected the production and damaged some installations in the two fish farms.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 10 311 people
 Duration: 12 months 06/2010 - 05/2011
 Budget: €99,075

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid (France Cooperation)
  • Nomber of Beneficiaries: 300 employees of cooperative farms – 300 workers – 9, 711 children in local institutions
  • Partner: APDRA (Association Pisciculture et Développement Rural en Afrique)

One component of the food crisis currently affecting the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is the lack of protein in the diet. This deficiency particularly affects 0 to 6 years old children (11% of the population), whose specific nutritional needs cannot be fulfilled. Support by social institutions being the standard for young children in DPRK, improvement and sustainable diversification of their diet goes with support to the units of food production dedicated to these institutions.

The main objective of this program is to develop the fish industry by increasing fish production (based on an integrated system fish farming-agriculture-breeding) and by improving distribution and conservation capacities (respecting health standards) as well as the capacity of North Korean actors to manage and develop the fish industry in a sustainable way.

This program is conducted in two fish farms in the province of South Hamgyong: Yonggwang and Sinhung. It involves Korean and French experts. Its duration (34 months) enables the provision of technical support for three consecutive seasons.

Firstly, the aim is to set up in the two farms an integrated fish production system with complementary farming and breeding activities: agricultural activities provide the organic material necessary to feed fish and livestock. The sludge generated by the breeding ponds, and the manure from the cattle is used to fertilize crops, and this same manure can also, after processing, be used to feed the fish. This search for balance between aquaculture, agriculture and breeding optimizes fish production and solves the problem of feeding the fry, the main difficulty encountered by farms.

Secondly, the aim is to increase the capacities of conservation (storage) and distribution (transport) of fish in compliance with health standards. Indeed, post-production stages currently have major shortcomings, limiting the availability of fish products for the targeted institutions. The main actors - fish farms, people’s committees and children institutions –, lacking adequate logistics means, cannot prevent a major loss from occurring between the production and the distribution to institutions, accompanied by significant health risks.

And finally, this program aims to improve the capacity of North Korean actors to manage and sustainably develop the fish sector. One of the major issues, in the specific context of North Korea, concerns the sustainability of the improvements made, the supply of inputs and spare parts in case of technical failure of the installations being difficult.

Different training sessions, economic and technical feasibility studies, and the implementation of pilot income generating activities are the main axes of this last objective. Opportunities existing at the economical level will be studied in order to find solutions related to the supply of key inputs needed for production.

Phase I

  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid (France Cooperation)
  • Global budget: €99, 075
  • Duration: 12 months (June 2010 – May 2011)

With the support of the AAP, the rehabilitation and strengthening of the means of production have been achieved.

Rehabilitation and strengthening of the protection installations against floods

  • Supply of gabion cages and mattresses and of geotextile;
  • Supply of food for workers;
  • Training on the installation of geotextile and of gabion cages and mattresses; 
  • Monitoring of the installation of geotextile and gabions at the most damaged and vulnerable spots.

Phase II

  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid (France Cooperation)
  • Global budget: €150, 000
  • Duration: 8 months (April 2011 – January 2012 )

Protection works and rehabilitation of production structures

  • Set-up of gabion and filter geotextile cages at the most flimsy areas such as the merging and anchoring of the structures;
  • Set-up of gabion and filter geotextile mattresses for the protection of particularly vulnerable sections of dikes;
    Pricking out of selected plants to ensure the covering of the least exposed sections;
    Repair of damaged water tanks to make them waterproof;
    Supply of food for work for the workers operating on the site.

Food distribution in the children institutions

  • Distribution of food supplements to children institutions, consisting of grains (corn and soybean), flour and oil.

Improvement of the warning systems in case of natural disaster

  • Set-up of training sessions for the farms’ staff and of adequate means for emergency measures.

Sustainable improvement of the sanitary environment in Munchon

The city of Munchon is located on the East coast of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), and counts 42 500 inhabitants. In the 60's, a water network had been achieved by the government, but, because of a lack of maintenance and means, the network has become totally obsolete and presents numerous dysfunctions.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 24 months 01/2010 - 10/2011
 Budget: K€417

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Logo SIDA
  • Funding: EuropeAid (European Commission Co-operation Office), SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)

The previous projects operated by TGH enabled the rehabilitation of a great part of that network. However, the District 1 still has no access to drinking water. Besides, by increasing the quantity of available water we also increase the quantity of liquid waste to be evacuated and treated. The actions undertaken within the frame of this project thus focus on these two indissociable aspects: drinking water and sanitation.

The town of Munchon is located on the eastern coast of North Korea and has 42,500 inhabitants. In the 1960s, the government built a public water system. However, owing to lack of maintenance and means, the system became totally obsolete and had multiple breakdowns. Previous projects run by TGH led to rehabilitation of a major portion of the water system. However, one the town’s four districts still lacks access to potable water.

In addition, by increasing the quantity of available water, one automatically increases the amount of sewage to evacuate and treat. Therefore this project covers two inseparable aspects: potable water and sanitation.

The aim is to reduce mortality and waterborne diseases (particularly among vulnerable people) and improve access to drinking water and sanitation services. We will achieve this by improving the general sanitary environment of the town (rehabilitation and construction of latrines, improvement of waste water evacuation), increasing the quantity of available drinking water and by training the North Korean actors to maintain the networks, build new units and respect good practices in terms of hygiene and sanitation.

During this first phase of the project (launched early 2010), we have mainly focused on designing and laying the hydraulic and sanitation installations, and training the Korean people involved in the implementation, follow-up and future maintenance of the system.

We are currently installing the potable water network’s large-end diameter conduits (over 300 mm). These pipes, that are thermosealed together, are buried fifty centimeters underground to avoid risk of freezing and to protect them against potential degradation. In total, over 7 kilometers of piping will be laid during this project, providing potable water to 13,000 people.

Together with the access to water activities, TGH is preparing the creation of decentralized units for treatment of sewage. These units will allow organic degradation of sewage pollution before outfall in the natural environment. Easy to implement and operate, they also have the advantage of operating without power. TGH will also rehabilitate 2000 meters of wastewater disposal pipes, thus considerably reducing contamination and disease risks. The treatment units will be connected to this network, enabling wastewater disposal directly in the sea.

Construction of public latrines will also begin soon, the design period having been completed. In total, TGH will build twenty latrine blocks, with eight cabins per block.

To optimize the impact of this project, we will organize water-related hygiene awareness and good practices sessions for the public throughout the project.

Technicians from Munchon city have already been trained and training will continue all through the project to cover the various operations involved in this kind of infrastructure and to enable the technicians to carry out preventative and curative maintenance.

At the end of this project, the North Korean technicians will be autonomous regarding these works, which assures the system’s continuity.

Improve Access to Better Quality Water for the Population of Munchon

Background and relevance of project: Munchon city, with a population of 42,500, is located on the coast of North Korea. In the sixties, the government built a water network, however, owing to lack of maintenance and means, the network has become obsolete and inoperative.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 9 200 people
 Duration: 22 months 07/2009 - 04/2011
 Budget: K€399

 Funding

Logo SIDA
  • Funding: SIDA (Swedish International Development Agency)
  • Amount of beneficiaries: 9,200 people, e.g. 1,700 households

Between 2005 and 2007, TGH ran 2 projects, funded by ECHO, in Munchon. Phase one of the projects consisted in improving and building secure access to the water. In Phase two, we expanded and improved the water distribution network, providing 50 litres per person per day in the areas around the hospital.

General aim

Help to reduce the rates of morbidity and mortality, particularly among the most vulnerable members of the population, in North Korea.

Specific aim

Increase and improve access to water of a better quality for the city's inhabitants.

Indicators selected:

  • 50 litres / person / day of good quality water available in the new districts involved in the project,
  • production of at least 2,500m3 of potable water per day.

Main actions

Result 1: N°4 district's water distribution network is rehabilitated; this also implies maintaining the infrastructures built and working on the former network to reduce leakage.

Tasks include:

  • running a topographic survey
  • calculating and designing a new water distribution network
  • preparing and running a purchasing procedure for the building materials and equipment
  • reception and storage of purchases
  • training (or updating skills) the workman recruited to perform the works
  • building the concrete structures and distribution network (excavation, pipe laying, etc)
  • performing a technical evaluation of the network

Result 2: Improved operation of the water distribution system thanks to strengthening of local capacities in the area of management (technical staff training).

Tasks linked to Result 2 include:

  • checking the water production/distribution system (former projects)
  • giving water management training
  • supervising maintenance and repair of the network
  • receipt of works & handover to local technicians

Result 3: the households have received information about water management: door-to-door awareness sessions and distribution of leaflets.

Tasks linked to Result 3 include:

  • analysing local practices and knowledge linked to water management
  • defining the contents of training and of messages to send out
  • devising communication means
  • training promotion groups about good water management
  • running awareness campaigns (meetings and distribution of campaign documents)
  • evaluating the change of water management-related practices

Improvement of the potable water network in Munchon

As part of the water and sanitation projects carried out by TGH in this city of 50,000 inhabitants, we performed a new assessment in October 2008. Our aim was to complete the technical documentation about improving and extending the water network; indeed, several areas of Munchun are still not connected.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 15 months 10/2008 - 12/2009
 Budget: K€8

 Funding

 German embassy in North Korea

  • Funding: German embassy in North Korea

The German Embassy's support contributes to maintaining and improving the water supply system. TGH is currently searching for further funding in order to finalize the project.

Food aid in the framework of the Polder rehabilitation scheme

In terms of Triangle's technical and equipment help, the works stage (rehabilitation of outer dike, construction of inner dikes) is almost over.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 7 months 12/2008 - 06/2009
 Budget: K€300

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: MAE (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Comité Interministériel de l'Aide Alimentaire)

Since October 2008, in partnership with the two coop farms cultivating the area round Kumsong polder, TGH has been selecting the cultures to plant in 2009. We have also begun to build rice cutting areas and storage silos, and are providing tools to farms.

Owing to current food difficulties, it is essential to support the Ministry of Agriculture’s efforts in terms of land planning and preparing land for cultivation by June 2009. Our support includes providing basic foodstuffs to the laborers working on the site, the ministry being currently unable to provide such aid. The Food-for-Work project helps to maximize the impact of food safety and increase agricultural production in the area. At short-term level, it provides subsistence food to the 1500 people working the land, helping them over the tough “relay period” that will last till the rice harvest in the autumn of 2009.

Increase of the food production potential in South Pyongan province. Rehabilitation of Kumsong polder and reinforcement of the Polders Firm's* capabilities.

This programme aims to develop the potential of food production in South Pyongan province by rehabilitating the Kumsong polder and strengthening the capabilities of the Polders Company.

*National firm in charge of rehabilitating and maintaining the polders.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 5 320 people
 Duration: 31 months 12/2006 - 08/2009
 Budget: K€2,111

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Logo SIDA
  • Funding: EuropeAid Co-Operation Office
  • Co-funding requested: SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)

Created in 1994, Kumsong polder has 3,207 hectares of crops. With 3 dikes, that are 7 meters high and 9 metres wide, it is some 15 kilometres long. The project targets the following groups: inhabitants of the Jung Ak Coop Farm, the Polders Company and the Engineering Department. 5,320 people will directly benefit from the project: 3,620 residents of the Coop Farm, 1,500 employees from the Polders Company and 200 employees from the Engineering Department. The project will also have an indirect benefit on all residents of Onchon, e.g. some 143,880 people.

Only 16% of the entire DPRK territory possesses arable lands. Consequently, in 1970, aiming to reclaim agricultural lands from the sea, the government initiated an extensive bolder construction programme. This particularly focused on the west coast for geographical and pedological reasons.

Between 1995 and 2000, the polders, already weakened by bad maintenance owing to lack of funds and technical means, were greatly damaged by the succession of storms and floods. A vast expanse of cultivated land was ravaged in South Pyongan province considered the “granary” of DPRK by the FAO. In parallel, the country had to face growing economic difficulties.
It was in this framework that TGH started working in DPRK, following the government's international appeal for aid.

The current programme contributes to the development of the food production potential in South Pyongan by rehabilitating the Kumsong polder and strengthening the Polder Company's capacities.

Created in 1994, Kumsong polder has 3,207 hectares of crops. With 3 dikes, that are 7 meters high, 9 metres wide and 15 kilometres long, it is the largest and most recent polder in the DPRK.

The project targets the inhabitants of the Jung Ak and Kumsong Coop Farms along with the Polders Company and the Engineering Department.

6,970 people will directly benefit from the project: 3,620 residents from the Junk Ak Coop Farm, 1,650 residents from the Kumsong Coop Farm, 1500 employees from the Polders Company, and 200 employees from the Engineering Department. The project will also have an indirect benefit on all residents of Onchon, e.g. some 143,880 people.

Achievements include:

  1. Rehabilitation of Kumsong polder,
  2. Increase of the polder's agricultural potential (by drying out the flooded land),
  3. Development of the operational capacities of our partners (the Polders Construction Company and the Sariwon Engineering Department) thanks to the supply of spare parts, materials and equipment, training…

By working with the same partners throughout the project, a consolidation of their technical and managerial skills is more effective.

In a broader context, the current project and cooperation with local partners help to strengthen North Korean civil engineering capacities. It also triggers a general reflection about the impact of rehabilitating polders in terms of food safety.

Support to the federation for protection of elderly people

This project extends a programme launched in 2004 that rehabilitated six retirement homes in the various provinces of North Korea and significantly improved the living conditions of the elderly people in the homes.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 24 months 01/2007 - 03/2009
 Budget: K€130

 Funding

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  • Funding: SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)

As well as the direct action on the homes (rehabilitation of waterworks and heating systems, improved food safety via agricultural and breeding activities, and improved medical care), the first two phases of this programme featured an important aspect dedicated to strengthening the capacities of our local partner, the North Korean Federation for Protection of Elderly People.

The current project includes follow-up of the work performed in the six homes targeted during the previous project, and enabled maintenance of the equipment supplied.

Additionally, the project features training for the staff in the institutions and support for the Federation’s actions (such as publication of specialized journals about care for the elderly).

Additional Rehabilitation of the Waterworks System in Munchon Town (42,000 inhabitants).

After two projects dedicated to the rehabilitation of pumping and backflow systems and the increase of the water storage area (the new reservoir of 1000 cubic metres multiplied the original storage capacity by two), we are now working on rehabilitation of the waterworks in Munchon.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 42 000 people
 Duration: 7 months 12/2006 - 06/2007
 Budget: K€311

 Funding

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  • Funding: ECHO (Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission)

Our aim is to rehabilitate the main part of the distribution system plus the waterworks feeding the town hospital to thus guarantee 60 litres a day per patient.

In parallel, we are strengthening our Water Systems Management and Maintenance Programme and developing water hygiene awareness with the area's inhabitants.

Specific objective:

increase the operating capacity of the water network in Munchon, especially in the town's hospital.

A previous project, carried out between November 2004 and June 2006, led to rehabilitation of the potable waterworks in Munchon (Kangwon province) and thanks to new equipment, the quantity of available water grew from 400 m³ to 2000 m³.

Today, Triangle has decided to mainly target the town's hospital in the aim of protecting the patients (considered most vulnerable to water-related diseases). Creation of new waterworks will optimise previously performed works.

Main actions:

Guarantee safe access to potable water for the hospital:
starting from the 2 storage reservoirs (2000 m³), we will install new supply lines all the way to Munchon hospital.

Make the previous programme's achievements durable :
reinforce the aptitude of the local technicians in charge of the town's water supply by providing new equipment and further training.

Protect the inhabitants from water-related diseases and thus prevent hospitalisation:
awareness campaigns to encourage hygienic practises and prevent water-related diseases (campaigns run by the Munchon's health authorities).

Support to Elderly People with No Families - Phase II

In the first phase of this project we rehabilitated three "old people's homes". During phase two, Triangle modernised three other homes and continued assisting "Help Age DPRK". This North Korean agency dedicated to helping elderly people recently became a federation named KFCA

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 18 months 07/2005 - 12/2006
 Budget: K€520 + K€70

 Funding

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Rehabilitation of the Drinking Waterworks System in Munchon and its Surroundings

Our aim was to increase the quality and quantity of drinking water in the town of Munchon (42,000 inhabitants).

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 42,000 people
 Duration: 20 months 11/2004 - 06/2006
 Budget: K€500

 Funding

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  • Funding: ECHO (Service d'Aide Humanitaire de la Commission Européenne)
  • Durée : 20 months (November 2004 to June 2006). The project was suspended during the winter of 2005/2006)

During the first rehabilitation phase of the existing infrastructures we performed the following initiatives :

  • Rehabilitation of pumping systems,
  • Construction of a new reservoir (1.000 m³),
  • Repair of the washrooms and facilities in the town's schools and hospital.

Simultaneously, we monitored two previously implemented pilot projects:

  • Solar-powered pumping system in rural areas
  • Compost-latrines (alternative procedure)

Support to Elderly People with No Families - Phase I

In North Korea, there are 24 homes specialising in care for elderly people who do not have any family support.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 07/2004 - 06/2005
 Budget: K€359

 Funding

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  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office), OCHA (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs), German Embassy, DDC (Swiss Agency for Development & Cooperation)

This project was therefore designed to help one of the most vulnerable population groups in North Korea. We particularly focused on strengthening the organisational capacities of the national "Help Age DPRK" agency to improve living conditions in three homes for aged people.

Reforestation and Protection of the Environment in South Pyongyang and South Hwangae Province (Phase II)

This second phase of the project worked on three new nurseries while developing skills and techniques in the first three tree nurseries designed by Triangle in 2003.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months (January to December 2005)
 Budget: 218 K€

 Funding

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  • Funding: SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)

It contributed to improving the transplantation process via implementation of experimental plots and development of compost areas.

The three new tree nurseries were fully rehabilitated. Training about fighting deforestation took place in collaboration with FDRC*. A study trip to China was also organised.

Throughout the programme we emphasized sharing of experience and co-operation.

* Flood Damage Rehabilitation Committee – The liaison between the North Korean government and independent international humanitarian contributors.

Rehabilitation of Polders in South Pyongyang Province

In the 70s, aiming to increase farmable areas, the Korean authorities developed the west coast's large river deltas in Polders.

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 Area of expertise

Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 24 months + 12 months 06/2002 - 06/2005
 Budget: K€2,760

 Funding

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  • Funding: EUROPAID (European Commission Aid Cooperation Office)

However, owing to shortage of technical means, poor maintenance and especially the 1996 and 1997 tidal waves, part of the land reclaimed from the sea became once again unfit for farming.

In June 2002, we launched a vast project to rehabilitate over 2.000 hectares of alluvial land to make it suitable for rice culture. Our assistance included supply of technical means, equipment, construction materials, and coordination of the works. The European Commission Aid Cooperation Office granted us a supplementary period of 12 months to finalise the project.

The works completed, our partners benefited from the equipment purchased to realize this project and, thanks to equipment and the new skills acquired, they then launched rehabilitation of a second polder.

Réhabilitation de pépinières et formation du personnel, reforestation et protection de l'environnement (phase I)

This is project was the third of its type to be organised by Triangle in North Korea.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months (January to December 2004)
 Budget: K€227

 Funding

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  • Funding: SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)

It focused on two different aspects:

  • Rehabilitation and development of the three existing nurseries to develop their production capacities and improve the quality of products
  • Training : exchanges between the University of Pihyon (Northern Korea) and a Chinese university to optimize experience and knowledge sharing; training about fighting deforestation and a study trip to China for the nursery managers.

Rehabilitation of the Drinking Waterworks and Sanitation Systems in South Pyongyang Province

Main aims: Increase the quality and quantity of drinking water in rural areas by rehabilitating current installations. Reduce sanitary and hygiene-related risks through hygiene-awareness campaigns.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 11/2003 - 10/2004
 Budget: 492 K€

 Funding

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  • Funding: ECHO (Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission)

The results achieved in the previous project of this type were reinforced and three additional farm-cooperatives, as well as Pyongwon hospital, benefited from access to drinking water.

This program also implemented two pilot actions:

  • Installation of solar-powered pumping systems (the first installation of this kind in North Korea)
  • Creation of compost-supplying latrines (biogas, ecosan, etc)

Logistics Support on the Site of the Ryongchon Rail Catastrophe

In the aftermath of the rail catastrophe that took place on April 22 2004 in Ryongchon, Triangle supplied over 10 tons of soap and 4 tons of soybean oil. This aid was given in priority to homeless victims and the inhabitants of Ryongchon.

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 2 months (May to June 2004)
 Budget: K€10

 Funding

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Reforestation and Protection of the Environment in South Pyongyang and South Hwangae Provinces (Phase I)

This project prolonged Triangle's programme in support of the reforestation centre of South Pyongyang province. It involved rehabilitation of three tree nurseries and protection of the environment.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months (January to December 2003)
 Budget: K€218

 Funding

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  • Funding: SIDA (Agence Suédoise de Développement Internationale)

We focused on the tree nurseries and on plant transplantation areas to increase the fight against land erosion, the production of fuel wood and of fodder.

In collaboration with the FDRC (Flood Damage Rehabilitation Commitee), we also organised a training course about fighting deforestation. On request of the North Korean government, this training event included a seven-day study trip to China.

Insulation Works in Schools and Dispensaries in 8 Coop Farms

This project extended our action in the cooperative farms where Triangle had begun working in 2001.

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 Area of expertise

Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 10 months 09/2002 - 08/2003
 Budget: K€300

 Funding

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  • Funding: ECHO (Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission)

To improve the comfort of children and ailing people in the community schools and health centres, Triangle installed or replaced:

  • Insulation structures
  • Heating systems
  • Doors and windows

Last updated April 06, 2017