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Programmes

Nepal

On April 25th and May 15th, 2015, Nepal was hit by two devastating earthquakes.
The earthquakes and their aftershocks resulted in a significant number of deaths (around 8,900¹ casualties), the destruction of homes, infrastructure, livelihoods and large population displacements. A total of 39 districts out of 75 were impacted by the earthquakes, 14 of which were more severely affected².

At that point, the Nepalese State called for international assistance. But the monsoon period from June to September complicated the deployment of humanitarian aid and undermined the resilience capacities of the populations affected by the earthquakes engaged in the reconstruction of their homes and in the recovery of their means of subsistence. In addition, the rainy season resulted in floods and landslides, damaging roads, crops and the few houses that had resisted the earthquakes, exacerbating health and epidemic risks.

In response to this disaster and with its experience in emergency response, Triangle Génération Humanitaire conducted an on-site evaluation mission to assess the scale of the needs of the Nepalese populations affected by the earthquakes. The NGO quickly decided to operate in the Kavrepalanchok District, south-east of Kathmandu, in partnership with the Nepalese NGO ARSOW-Nepal. This emergency response project focused on several activities in the following sectors: WASH, health, food security and economic recovery.

Concurrently, the Fondation de France requested TGH to support ARSOW-Nepal in the implementation of the first phase of a vast reconstruction project in the Sindhupalchok District, one of the areas most affected by the earthquakes. The main component of this project was the reconstruction of housing and community infrastructure (schools, roads, water supply networks, etc.) while integrating a food security and economic recovery component. ARSOW-Nepal was in charge of the implementation of this action with TGH’s support (in terms of logistics, administration and project management).

Since September 2016, TGH and ARSOW-Nepal have been working together in 4 villages in the Sindhupalchok District on the second phase of this integrated reconstruction project funded by the Fondation de France and the Agence Française de Développement.

¹ OCHA, Humanitarian bulletin Nepal earthquake, Issue 04 (Final issue) – 09/30/15
² OCHA, Nepal country profile – January 2017

Current programmes

Integrated global reconstruction programme in the Thangpal Valley, district of Sindhupalchok, Nepal

This programme supports an integrated global reconstruction process for the most vulnerable populations affected by the earthquakes in 2015 in the district of Sindhupalchok.

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 Area of expertise

Multisecteur

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 5995 beneficiaries
 Duration: 36 months 01/09/16 – 30/08/19
 Budget: €2,500,000

 Funding

Logo FDF Logo AFD
  • Funding: Foundation of France, French Development Agency
  • Partner: ARSOW-Nepal (Association for Rural Social Welfare - Nepal): already TGH's partner in the implementation of emergency and post-emergency projects after the earthquakes in 2015.

  • Direct Beneficiaries: 13,037 direct beneficiaries (2,600 households) and 17,033 indirect beneficiaries (3,395 households)
Auto-reconstruction d'une maison – Thangpaldhap

Self-reconstruction of a house - Thangpaldhap
Photo : TGH ©

Following the 2015 earthquake, ARSOW-Nepal initiated an Integrated Project of Global Reconstruction and immediate response to the needs in the district of Sindhupalchok (villages of Thangpaldhap, Thangpalkot and Gunsakot), funded by the Fondation de France.

Today, Nepal is still suffering the consequences of these disasters, and many needs remain unmet. In May 2016, in partnership with ARSOW-Nepal, TGH conducted an assessment mainly focusing on the reconstruction of houses and community infrastructure, on access to water and sanitation, and on social and economic reconstruction. The Fondation de France supported the continuity of what had been initiated, a second phase response in the district of Sindhupalchok (3 aforementioned villages and the neighbouring village of Bothang), still in partnership with ARSOW-Nepal, as part of an integrated approach of post-earthquake reconstruction. This new programme aims to strengthen the resilience of populations. Its implementation follows a participatory methodology, integrating beneficiaries and government institutions in the steering committees. Community consultations and community contribution to the works carried out will be integrated to ensure ownership of the project by its beneficiaries and to best meet their needs. This programme also includes the capacity building of our partner.

Two main objectives have been identified in order to ensure global reconstruction for the most vulnerable populations of the four targeted villages.

First, the aim it is to strengthen the resilience of the population through technical support for the reconstruction of individual houses and public infrastructure, for Water, Hygiene and Sanitation activities, and for boosting economic recovery. Various interventions are planned in order to:

  • Improve housing conditions for the most vulnerable and increase access to public infrastructure (technical training and building of model houses, technical support for the reconstruction process, material support for the reconstruction of houses, prevention and disaster risk management, reconstruction of public infrastructure, rehabilitation and / or construction of drinking water networks and rehabilitation of irrigation canals).
  • Allow people to develop in a healthy environment (training of water and waste management committees, construction of temporary public latrines, support to the construction of individual latrines, construction of biogas systems in conjunction with individual latrines, awareness-raising sessions on waste management and promotion of cleaning campaigns, promotion of good hygiene practices in schools and households);
  • Improve the socio-economic resilience of households: protection of cultivated plots against wild animals, support to income-generating activities through agricultural diversification and access to credit, identification of local crop varieties resistant to climate change, and aggregate production using a community crusher.

This programme also includes the improvement of the organizational and operational skills of ARSOW-Nepal: identification of training requirements, definition and development of a training programme, organization and monitoring of progress made, development of methodological tools for administrative, logistics and project management, and development of ARSOW-Nepal's strategy over 5 years.

Réservoir d’eau réhabilité – Gunsakot

Rehabilitated water tank – Gunsakot
Photo : TGH ©

Mobilisation communautaire – TAR

Community Mobilization – TAR
Photo : TGH ©

 

Completed Programmes

Support program to the program implemented by ARSOW-Nepal in the province of Sindhupalchok

TGH provides operational and institutional support to the NGO ARSOW-Nepal in the implementation of a post- earthquake emergency program in the district of Sindhupalchok. In the longer term, the program aims to sustainably improve ARSOW-Nepal's administrative, financial, organizational and logistical skills.

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 Area of expertise

Multisecteur

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 12,100 beneficiaries
 Duration: 7 months 02/2016 – 09/2016
 Budget: €987,000

 Funding

Logo FDF
  • Funding: Foundation of France
  • Partner: ARSOW-Nepal (Association for Rural Social Welfare): A Nepalese NGO working in the areas of Water, Hygiene, and Sanitation, agriculture, environment and protection.

  • Direct Beneficiaries: 74 (24 salariés et 50 bénévoles d'ARSOW-Népal) + 12 100 personnes dans trois villages du district de Sindhupalchok :
    • Thangpaldhap: 4,873 beneficiaries,
    • Thangpalkot: 3,226 beneficiaries
    • Gunsakot: 4,001 beneficiaries

Following the earthquakes of April 25th and May 12th, 2015, the local NGO ARSOW-Nepal conducted a program in partnership with TGH in the district of Kavrepalanchok. Concurrently, ARSOW initiated a rehabilitation and reconstruction project in three villages of the district of Sindhupalchok, particularly affected by these earthquakes: Thangpaldhap, Thangpalkot and Gunsakot.

This program, funded by the Fondation de France, provides support to the victims for reconstruction, repair of community infrastructure, health protection and strengthening of the livelihoods of affected populations.

In this specific post-emergency context, TGH supports ARSOW-Nepal in the effective implementation of this program, but TGH also wants to allow its partner to sustainably improve its administrative, financial, organizational and logistical skills. ARSOW-Nepal will thus be the first beneficiary of this action, but this capacity building program will enable our partner to better meet the needs of the populations for this program and for future projects.

Mise en place d'un mur en gabion

Construction of a gabion wall to support the building of a house in Thanpaldhap - Activity implemented by ARSOW
Photo : Sébastien Naissant / TGH ©

Distribution d'uniformes scolaires

Distribution of school uniforms for primary school children in Thanpalkot - Activity implemented by ARSOW
Photo : Sébastien Naissant / TGH ©

Emergency support and economic recovery programme in the district of Kavrepalanchok

TGH supports the populations of the district of Kavrepalanchok via a post-earthquake emergency programme aiming to restore basic hygiene conditions and support economic recovery.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4,940 people
 Duration: 12 months 05/2015 – 05/2016
 Budget: €315,000

 Funding

Logo FDF eauRMC Agence de l'eau Adour-Garonne RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding: Foundation of France, Rhône Alpes Region, Agence de l'eau Rhône Méditerranée Corse, Agence de l'eau Adour-Garonne
  • Partner: ARSOW-Nepal (Association for Rural Social Welfare)

  • Direct Beneficiaries:

    289 households (approximately 54% of the population of Koshidekha) will benefit from access to sanitation facilities, thus reducing health risks;

    531 households, (492 households in Koshidekha and 39 households in Aaphghat, representing 100% of the population directly affected by the earthquake that hit both villages) will see their access to basic hygiene conditions improved through the distribution of hygiene kits;

    492 households (representing 100% of the total population of Koshidekha) will benefit from access to medical equipment and basic medicines through the distribution of first aid kits in every ward of the village;

    395 households, (representing 29.5% of the total population of Koshidekha and 38% of the total population of Kharelthok) will have access to an improved water supply network;

    492 households (representing 100% of the population of Koshidekha directly affected by the earthquake) will receive material and technical support for the construction of temporary shelters.

    The indirect beneficiaries of Triangle G H’s proposed action represent the entire population of the target villages (Koshidekha, Aaphghat and Kharelthok), including people severely affected by the earthquakes, having partly or fully lost their homes, as well as people still having a home, representing a total of 4,940 people. Indeed, the entire population will indirectly benefit from an overall improvement in the basic hygiene situation in the target villages.

TGH implements a post-natural disaster emergency program in Nepal with the financial support of the Fondation de France. It aims to provide concrete emergency aid to people affected by earthquakes and monsoon in the district of Kavrepalanchok. TGH implements actions aiming to restore basic hygiene conditions, help inhabitants cope with the winter season, and take part in economic recovery in the village of Koshidekha, in order to mitigate the impact of the two earthquakes that hit the country. In addition, a preliminary action of agricultural recovery through seed distribution was conducted mid-May with the support of the Rhône-Alpes Region.

RMeeting between TGH, the chief of the village, the head of the district and the NGO ARSOW.

Meeting between TGH, the chief of the village, the head of the district and the NGO ARSOW-Nepal
Photo : TGH ©

For its multisectoral emergency action, TGH relies on its local partner, ARSOW-Nepal (Association for Rural Social Welfare). It is a local Nepalese NGO working for social development in the areas of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), agriculture, environment and protection. Both associations met during the assessment mission conducted by TGH in Nepal, after ARSOW-Nepal had been recommended by the Fondation de France with whom a partnership was underway. Since then, TGH and ARSOW-Nepal have signed a partnership agreement to work together on this multisectoral emergency action. The local NGO brings to TGH its anchorage, relationships and experience in the implementation of programs in the targeted district. TGH supports ARSOW-Nepal thanks to its expertise and proven experience in financial, administrative and logistics management of emergency projects funded by major international donors.

The district targeted by TGH's emergency action was strongly affected by the two earthquakes, particularly in rural areas where constructions are almost entirely made of dry stone masonry or plastered with clay. Kavrepalanchok ranks among the 14 districts most severely affected by the two earthquakes and aftershocks¹: approximately 318 people died and 1,179 were injured.

The village targeted by TGH's action (Koshidekha), located in a rural area north of the district, has been particularly affected by the earthquakes in terms of destruction of houses. Indeed, in Koshidekha, approximately 93%² of the houses were destroyed or severely damaged. TGH operates in economic recovery, in the construction of temporary sanitation facilities, and provides material support to restore basic hygiene conditions and cope with the winter season.

Between May 12th and 14th, 2015, TGH first conducted a preliminary agricultural support action in Koshidekha thanks to the financial support of the Rhône-Alpes Region. The NGO was able to support approximately 1,250 inhabitants, corresponding to individuals who had been seriously affected during the earthquakes by the loss of seeds stored in their houses. In total, approximately 1,265 kg of seeds were distributed (corn, beans) to enable the villagers to plant before the monsoon.

Village of Koshidekha in ruins.

Village of Koshidekha in ruins.
Photo : Eric Martin / TGH ©

Distribution of seeds, funded by the Rhône Alpes Region

Distribution of seeds, funded by the Rhône Alpes Region (May 12 and 14, 2015)
Photo : ARSOW-Nepal ©

The action of TGH is based on two axes:

Distribution des kits de premiers soins à Banepa

Distribution of first aid kits in Khoshidekha
Photo : Renan AUFRAY / TGH ©

  • People have access to sanitation facilities and to basic hygiene conditions

    TGH aims to reduce the health vulnerability caused by the destruction of much of the health infrastructure of the populations affected by the earthquakes. This is done via the construction of 11 blocks of multifamily latrines type VIP³ (self-ventilated latrine, simple pit infiltration) in Koshidekha, reaching approximately 289 households. Similarly, TGH distributed hygiene kits, 1 kit per household, to 492 households in the village of Koshidekha and in the district of Aaphghat. In addition, first aid kits have been distributed to the medical referent of each district of Koshidekha to enable them to intervene in case of emergency, before the arrival of aid. Two additional kits have been distributed to the medical center and to a particularly remote village. Finally, TGH's action aims to rehabilitate a water supply system revealing failures after experiencing two earthquakes in the villages of Koshidekha and Kharelthok.
Intervention du tractopelle à Banepa

Dozer intervention in Koshidekha
Photo : Renan AUFRAY / TGH ©

  • Targeted populations receive material support via the distribution of winter kits

    Upon the request of the villagers, TGH will distribute kits of material aiming to improve the living conditions of the population of Koshidekha during winter.
  • Targeted populations receive material support for the revival of agricultural and craft activities

    TGH will participate in the economic recovery of the village of Koshidekha through the distribution of kits for small-scale stock-raising, market gardening kits or agricultural inputs. This activity will target 492 households in Koshidekha.
  • Masons of Koshidekha receive training on earthquake resistant constructions

    Training on earthquake-resistant building methods will be organized for 25 masons living in Koshidekha. Moreover, TGH helped the villagers clear away the rubble by renting a bulldozer. This activity contributed to help the entire population of the village of Koshidekha representing 492 households.

¹ Source: Nepal Flash Appeal for the Response to the Nepal Earthquake, ReliefWeb
² Data collected by TGH during its assessment mission
³ Ventilated Improved Pit

Last updated October 25, 2016