During the year 2014, the humanitarian situation in Iraqi Kurdistan further deteriorated. For many months, Iraq has been plunged into an armed conflict opposing Iraqi and Peshmerga forces to jihadist fighters of the Islamic State. The conflict caused over 11,000 civilian casualties in 2014, and resulted in massive displacements of populations fleeing conflict zones. In September 2015, 3.2 million Iraqis were still displaced within the country, including more than a million in the Kurdistan region. Besides, 250,000 Syrians, registered with UNHCR, are still refugees in that same region.
Triangle Génération Humanitaire has been present and operational in Iraqi Kurdistan since 2013, with a first assistance project to Syrian refugee populations, conducted in partnership with the Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development). TGH also mobilized in August 2014 to face a new health emergency and provide decent living conditions to newly displaced Iraqi families. TGH also maintains its educational and psychosocial programmes for Syrian and Iraqi children in Kurdistan, to enable them to continue their school education. In December 2014, TGH distributed winter kits (fuel, blankets and carpets) to displaced Iraqi populations to enable them to prepare for the coming of winter.
Since September 2015, TGH has been implementing a project distributing food stamps to Iraqi families living in the city of Daratoo. This project, funded by the Inter-ministerial Committee for Food Aid (CIAA), aims to facilitate the integration of displaced families into the host community, while contributing to the local economy, families shopping in local stores.
As early as November 2015, a cash assistance project was implemented in partnership with UNICEF to facilitate the transportation of Syrian refugee children from their home to school, thus promoting access to education for these children.
SOZVIN FROM SYRIA TO SOCIAL WORKER IN IRAQ
"I was 18 years old, full of hope, wanted to study and help my family"
Supporting child protection and emergency education for children affected by the conflict in Iraq
The military offensive aroundMosul caused massive displacements of population in the governorates of Dohuk and Nineveh. Via mobile units, TGH provides immediate protection and improved access to emergency education for the children affected by the conflict.
Contingency stocks are also ready to respond to population movements.
Civilians, fleeing the fighting of the military offensive aiming to reclaim the Mosul area occupied by Daesh, are regrouped in IDP camps.
This programme supports newly displaced children with significant psychological trauma. This mobile approach will be achieved through the deployment of two "magic buses" and two mini-vans that will cover the areas of intervention, allowing better access to the beneficiaries inside and outside the IDP camps. The mobile teams will carry out assessments aiming to identify the children and adolescents most at risk, in order to provide first-aid psychological support. The magic buses will offer services for the immediate handling of trauma cases and will provide emergency education through the establishment of specially adapted temporary reception and learning facilities. Activities will therefore be carried out as closely as possible to vulnerable populations, in the context of population displacements that are difficult to anticipate, and in various places (in transit camps or places where displaced persons are gathered).
Child protection programme and support for the improvement of the well-being of children affected by the conflict and their families in the Governorate of Erbil
This action sets up mobile protection units and a community centre offering various psychological support services to guarantee better access to child protection services in the district of Erbil.
This programme is part of TGH's integrated and comprehensive approach to child protection and emergency education. It strengthens the actions implemented in a project currently carried out with UNICEF, providing financial support for the schooling of children in the district of Erbil.
Three mobile child protection units have been deployed to provide direct psychological support to children affected by the conflict and their families.
These units may also refer cases requiring greater care to relevant actors. In addition the mobile teams carry out awareness-raising activities with families on the potential needs of children in terms of protection.
Within the framework of this programme, TGH is developing the community centre offering different activities to the beneficiaries (singing, dancing and music classes, and sports).
Awareness-raising sessions on gender violence and protection are provided with the aim of reaching as many people as possible. Through the various activities proposed and the affected population, this centre enhances greater cohesion between the different communities.
Support to the resilience of the most vulnerable herder households affected by the conflict in the sub-district of Rabya, Nineveh Governorate
Since October 2016, in partnership with the Kurdish NGO DAD and with the support of the Interministerial Committee for Food Aid (CIAA), TGH has launched a new programme to support the resilience of the most vulnerable herder households in the region of Rabia.
Number of beneficiaries: 7350 The direct beneficiaries of the project are:
- For the distribution of livestock: 225 households (1,350 people)
- For the distribution animal feed: 200 households (1,200 people)
- For the mobile veterinary clinic: 800 households (4,800 people)
The Iraqi society as a whole is currently experiencing an extremely complex humanitarian crisis, for which there is no prospect of resolution.
The agricultural sector, the third largest source of income in Iraq, has been severely affected by the conflict, with agricultural losses caused by Daech reaching 40% of the country's total agricultural capacity, according to the Ministry of Agriculture.
The town of Rabya (Nineveh Governorate, west of Iraqi Kurdistan) was occupied by Daech from August to October 2014. During this occupation, almost all the farmers fled their villages, abandoning a large part of their livestock. The destruction of this part of the local economy weakens the sustainability of the living conditions of the families who returned to their villages of origin.
In partnership with the Kurdish NGO DAD, and in close collaboration with local authorities and community representatives, Triangle Génération Humanitaire is setting up an emergency agricultural and economic recovery programme, with particular emphasis on the revitalization of livestock farming for the most vulnerable families in the area. The distribution of sheep, chickens and adapted food kits will enable the rebuilding of livestock assets, and the establishment of a free mobile veterinary clinic will help maintain the general state of health of the livestock and reduce mortality.
The entire population of the sub-district of Rabya will benefit from this programme, with markets better supplied with meat, milk and eggs.
Education in emergency situations and child protection for children affected by conflicts in the subdistrict of Bardarash, Iraqi Kurdistan
TGH teams, accompanied by education and protection professionals, cover the subdistrict of Bardarash with a mobile unit service (vans and buses), to provide children affected by the conflict with access to education and support tailored to their needs in terms of protection.
Number of beneficiaries: 8,155 people, including 8,125 children between 6 and 14 years old
Since early 2014, TGH has chosen to intervene in a region of Kurdistan that hosts Syrian refugees and thousands of displaced Iraqis, in order to provide children affected by the ongoing conflict with access to education and protection services tailored to their needs.
From November 2015 to March 2016, TGH conducted an assessment in the subdistrict of Bardarash, which confirmed that - although the Ministry of Education, supported by UN agencies, focuses on enhancing children’s access to protected educational facilities and quality education - the needs in terms of education are still far from being met. Beyond formal education that should be accessible to all, the well-being of children has to be taken into account, and also requires access to psychosocial care tailored to their needs.
Therefore, in partnership with ECHO and its local partner DAD (Kurdish NGO), TGH developed a new educational improvement programme in this emergency context, which includes a set of appropriate psychosocial activities. The action takes place in 5 small towns and villages in the District of Bardarash, and is based on mobile education and protection units, able to cover the area and to move rapidly in the event of new population movements. Aware of the need for sustainable educational support and psychosocial counselling and of the necessity to rebuild the local society, TGH strives to strengthen the capacities of the various community members.
In all the pre-identified areas of intervention, and in new areas according to the needs, the two mobile teams provide tutoring courses based on the curriculum developed by the Ministry of Education (Math, Science, Arabic or English), in schools or temporary places dedicated to education. Extracurricular recreational activities are also implemented (sports, art, music, theatre or games), which aim to restore a form of normality, ease the stress related to the displacement and to the violence against those who have just arrived as well as help socialize children and contribute to their integration.
A multidisciplinary team of social workers trained in psychosocial counselling and supervised by a TGH specialist in child protection offers children specific recreational activities adapted to their needs. The most problematic issues are identified and addressed by the team, or are referred to actors capable of handling psychological distress and trauma. A specially fitted out bus allows the team to move around easily in order to meet the children and their families, connect, identify needs and propose appropriate responses to different situations. This team will be able to respond to an emergency situation in the event of new massive population displacements.
The programme also includes local capacity building, an essential aspect for effective and sustainable assistance. Teachers and social workers from the communities will be trained to interact with children and to continue the development of the educational and psychosocial services offered. Awareness sessions on child protection will also be conducted with the communities in order to make education a priority for families.
Cash transfer program to improve the access to education of Syrian refugee children and displaced Iraqi children in the Governorate of Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan
This program is a continuation of the action started by TGH in 2015 with funding from UNICEF, and aiming to improve the schooling of Syrian refugee children in the Governorate of Erbil.
Number of beneficiaries: : 2 496 children, between 6 and 12 years old. 70% of these beneficiaries are Syrian refugee children, many already benefitting from the "cash for education" pilot project, of which this project is a continuation. Iraqi displaced children and, in a smaller proportion, children from host communities also having schooling difficulties, will be included in this new project.
Since November 2015, funding from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) allowed TGH to implement a cash transfer pilot program aiming to support the schooling of Syrian refugee children in the Governorate of Erbil. An assessment conducted in eight communities throughout the Governorate (Baherka, Mulla Omar, Perzin, Shaways, Kasnazan, Banslawa, Daratu and Mamzawa) during the months of November and December 2015, highlighted significant gaps in the access to education for children belonging to Syrian refugee families. TGH observed that out of 3,319 Syrian refugee children registered throughout all these communities, 1,443 did not go to school and 1,876 were at risk of dropping out of school. With this first program, TGH was able to support 1,602 children belonging to the most vulnerable Syrian refugee families, and improve their schooling until the end date of the program, in April 2016.
Despite the efforts made in the education sector in 2014, 2015 and since the beginning of 2016 (construction of new schools, recruiting of teachers and support interventions for families to enable them to send their children to school), the needs in terms of education remain substantial. Therefore, TGH renewed its partnership with UNICEF for a new 16-month program.
The intervention, based on direct cash assistance, has proven its relevance, and has therefore been renewed, as it is suited to the financial problems that most families consider as an obstacle to the schooling of their children. The beneficiaries already identified under the previous program will benefit from the continuity of support, and assistance will be extended to new Syrian refugee children, to displaced Iraqi children, and in a smaller proportion, to the children of host communities also facing schooling difficulties. This program will thus meet the assessed needs in the target area of intervention, but it will also help strengthen social cohesion, an essential aspect in this sensitive region.
Rebar, 8 years old "Now, I have a lot of friends and I’m really enjoying going to School"
For the past 3 years, Rebar and his family have been living in Hasarok, Kurdistan region of Iraq. They come from Kobane, in Syria where they had fled ISIS attacks in 2013.
Psychosocial support and community-building for the displaced population in the camp of Bardarash, Governorate of Dohuk, Iraqi Kurdistan
This program sets up psychosocial services aiming to support suffering children, men and women, improve social life in the camp, and strengthen community ties, loosened and challenged by lasting promiscuity and inactivity.
Funding: Crisis and support center (CDCS) of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (co-funding for TGH from the Fondation of France)
Number of beneficiaries: 11,178 families
Name of partner(s): Project implemented by a consortium of five French NGOs consisting of: Première Urgence Internationale, Bibliothèques Sans Frontières, the Fondation Danielle Mitterrand, the Fédération Léo Lagrange and TGH
In the flurry of the "Arab Spring", the March 2011 uprising in Syria led to an unprecedented internal armed conflict, forcing thousands of Syrian families to flee their homes to seek refuge in neighboring countries. Iraqi Kurdistan, which borders the Syrian Kurdish area, currently hosts 250,000 Syrian refugees (registered with the UNHCR). The advance of the Islamic State (EI, Daesh) in several governorates in Iraq, as well as intensive fighting between Iraqi and Kurdish forces (Peshmerga) and Daesh, also caused massive displacements of populations within the country. The United Nations registered 3.2 million people displaced within Iraq, including about 1.1 million in Iraqi Kurdistan (source: OCHA – Humanitarian Needs Overview – January 2016). These massive population movements - including Yezidi, Shabak, Kakai and Turkmen minorities - from conflict zones to safer areas have led to a deterioration in the living conditions of host communities in Iraqi Kurdistan and to the worsening of the humanitarian situation in view of the considerable needs of displaced families.
Humanitarian aid is mainly focused on IDPs' and refugees' basic needs (accommodation, food/ water, non-food items). Yet child protection - including education and psychosocial support - remains a major challenge.
Aware of the challenges in terms of protection and education in the assistance to displaced populations, TGH carried out an assessment in August 2015 in the camp of Bardarash (Dohuk Governorate), which hosts a population of displaced Iraqis, mainly belonging to the Shabak minority. This assessment highlighted the lack of adequate facilities to take care of the children and families, but also these families' economic difficulties. At that time, none of the children in the camp (1,500 girls and 1,592 boys) had access to psychosocial services or to basic education. Since then, one school has been welcoming 2,050 children between 6 and 12 years old.
The monitoring of the assistance program for displaced children conducted in the Governorate of Erbil (Daratoo Learning Center - ECHO funding), highlighted the trauma and psychosocial distress of displaced children, resulting from exposure to violence, the insecure and risky travel conditions they have experienced, and their current living conditions. Parents, affected by stress related to the same traumas and to the uncertainty of their future, maintain a high level of anxiety and fear at home. The needs in terms of education and protection of children and families are therefore a key point of the emergency response we have to develop.
With its experience in Iraqi Kurdistan and its expertise in the field of education and protection, TGH contributes to the improvement of the individual and social well-being of the displaced population who settled in the camp of Bardarash through: the implementation of psychosocial assistance; recreational activities allowing the identification of children at risk; individual follow-up; and referrals to a specialized psychiatric unit (run by Doctors Without Borders). A team consisting of a psychologist, social workers and facilitators trained within the community will organize activities in a dedicated community center and in the school inside of the camp of Bardarash. In coordination with the DoE (Directorate of Education) of Bardarash, this team will be responsible for training the teachers in the pre-identification of children at risk (trauma) and for referring the identified cases to specific mental health services. In order to ensure skill complementary as well as the provision of comprehensive protection assistance to the population living in the camp, this intervention has been developed in partnership with 4 French NGOs.
Visit of Christos STYLIANIDES, European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management.
Protection and emergency education for children affected by the conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan
TGH had the honour of receiving Christos STYLIANIDES' visit, Member of the European Commission in charge of Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management since November 2014, at the Daratoo Learning Centre (Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq) on July 26, 2015 where he met TGH team and pupils of the centre.
Christos STYLIANIDES has moved from classroom to classroom to discuss with pupils, parents and teachers of the Daratoo Learning Centre. The visit ended with a “dance for Peace” choreography realized by the children, and then parents addressed a letter thanking ECHO for the education support brought to their children.
This year and for the second time, TGH was supported by ECHO (European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department) through the “Children of peace initiative”. The current project, started in June 2015, is a continuation of the last project implemented by TGH in 2014 and is based on the experience and expertise acquired by the ONG in term of education in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Through ECHO support, TGH works in cooperation with the Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development) to help Syrian refugee and Iraqi displaced children of Daratoo. During the schooling year; the Daratoo Learning Centre welcomes 300 Syrian refugee children aged 6 to 11 to follow Arabic, Kurdish, Mathematics, Physics, Sciences and English courses. Aged from 12 to 17, 390 Iraqi teenagers take remedial courses during summers and on the afternoon during the schooling year.
In its educational approach, TGH considers that education support is not enough to allow children to overcome the trauma of war. Within the Daratoo Learning Centre, a team of psychologists is permanently present on the site to provide cares and an appropriate psychological follow-up for children who can attend individual or group sessions (role game, art therapy, theater). In order to improve pupil’s well-being, TGH team organizes recreational activities and makes them discover new areas of interest (music/singing, art, dance, theater and sport) and extracurricular activities (picnic, book market). TGH will organize an awareness-raising campaign for the International Children Rights Day, on November 20, 2015, to distribute 3,200 leaflets on Child Protection to the families of Daratoo.
Protection and emergency education for children affected by the conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan
This programme provides Syrian refugee children and displaced Iraqi children with access to school, psychosocial support and recreational activities.
Since the beginning of the war in Syria in 2012, 250,000 Syrians have fled the country to find refuge in Iraq, especially in Iraqi Kurdistan (Syrian Regional Refugee, May 2015, UNHCR). In the summer of 2014, the security situation in Iraq further deteriorated and the conflict opposing Iraqi and peshmerga forces to fighters of the Islamic State pushed the population to massively flee the conflict zones. 3 million Iraqis are currently displaced, including 1.3 million in the autonomous region of Kurdistan (Displacement Tracking Matrix, June 2015, IOM).
Humanitarian aid focuses primarily on the essentials (water, food, health) to meet the most urgent needs of displaced populations. In this context, education, although it is the key to the recovery of the country, is often overlooked.
The TGH team is conducting an educational programme in Iraqi Kurdistan, in the continuity of the actions undertaken in 2013-2015 in Daratoo (a suburb of Erbil). The Daratoo Learning Center (DLC) created in 2013 to welcome the children of Syrian refugees, is now open to displaced Iraqi children arriving in the city. The DLC now offers a curriculum adapted to the needs of both Syrian and Iraqi children.
Syrian refugee children between 6 and 11 years old have access education
TGH is currently conducting an awareness-raising campaign on education among refugee families to inform them of the reopening of the DLC. The TGH team opened the DLC for Syrian children who have no access to Iraqi schools, primarily reserved for Iraqi displaced children in Kurdistan. The Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development), a partner of TGH, has developed a curriculum tailored to the needs of Syrian children with classes of Arabic, Mathematics, Physics, Science and English. The children will also receive an educational kit composed of a class bag, notebooks, pens, a ruler...
Displaced Iraqi children between 6 and 17 years old have access to remedial courses
The awareness-raising campaign is also intended for displaced Iraqi families, since during the summer holidays, the center will be exclusively dedicated to Iraqi children who will be able to take remedial courses. Indeed, the mass influx of displaced families in the region led to overcrowded schools, and teachers are not able to provide an individual follow-up of the pupils. This educational support will continue after school resumption, in the form of evening courses (2 hours per day).
(Syrian and Iraqi) children between 6 and 17 years old affected by the conflict and their families have access to psychosocial support
The TGH team will develop psychological support for children traumatized by the conflict and violence of war. Care will be provided by a team of psychologists who will identify and treat children's diseases and traumas through individual or group sessions (role play, art therapy, theater).
In order to improve children's well-being, many recreational activities are being organized within the center: music/singing, painting, art, dance, theater and sports. A playground has been set up inside the DLC. Festive events are organized, as has been the case for New Year's Eve or when shows were performed for the children of the DLC during the visit of the Spanish NGO Payasos Sin Fronteras to Iraqi Kurdistan. Besides, a big awareness-raising campaign on children's rights and child marriage was organized in November and December in public schools located near Erbil for the International Day of Children's Rights.
Schooling of Syrian refugee children in Iraqi Kurdistan through direct financial assistance to families.
This project aims to provide financial assistance to Syrian refugee families in the governorate of Erbil (Iraqi Kurdistan) to encourage them to send their children to school.
Although efforts have been made in the education sector, including the construction of additional schools and the recruitment of teachers, the needs remain acute and the number of pupils that the school can welcome is limited. Adding to this constraint, the weak economic capacity of families to meet their basic needs does not allow the payment of the costs related to the schooling of their children. Many school-age Syrian children still do not have access to education, for economic reasons (transportation costs, school materials, clothing...).
This financial assistance project aims to encourage Syrian families to enroll their children in school by financially supporting transportation costs, a recurring obstacle to sending children to school. This project funded by UNICEF will support 1,487 families during 4 months. Each beneficiary family will receive a monthly allowance (30 or 40 dollars) per child sent to school, which will vary according to the distance between their home and the school. Regular monitoring will be carried out in schools to assess the attendance rate of the children belonging to beneficiary families.
To carry out this project, an assessment of Syrian refugee families living in the governorate was made to target those likely to benefit from financial assistance, namely those who have school-age children, whether actually in school or not. In parallel, an assessment of the public schools located in the governorate was conducted to target those that can still enroll new pupils.
Emergency food aid for populations affected by the conflict in Irak
Through this project, TGH contributes to meet the food needs of 730 displaced families in the town of Daratoo (suburban area of Erbil), via the provision of food stamps.
The deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the takeover of large areas of the Iraqi territory by the Islamic State in Irak and the Levant (ISIL or DAECH) have caused massive displacements of populations, especially in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, resulting in an extremely complex humanitarian crisis.
Since January 2014, more than 3.5 million people have been displaced in Irak. The Iraqi Kurdistan region is particularly affected, with more than 1.1 million displaced persons, adding to some 240,000 Syrian refugees who had already sought refuge in the region.
Present and operational in Daratoo since 2013 through a support project for the Syrian refugee population, TGH has a very good knowledge and understanding of the proposed area of intervention. In 2014, TGH provided an emergency response in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation sector (Rhône-Alpes Region and UNICEF) and met the needs in winter equipment (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Crisis Center).
This five-month emergency project funded by the inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee (CIAA), will allow the distribution of food stamps, and the provision of 730 families with the food aid needed to cover the winter period. The economic context and development of Kurdistan allow the establishment of a response other than just a direct distribution of food aid in the form of packages. TGH has thus chosen the food stamp option in order to support the economy of the country at local level, while promoting better integration of displaced populations able, with these stamps, to manage on their own their food supplies from local shops, thus regaining some dignity. Three distributions took place : in October and December 2015 and in January 2016.
The deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the takeover of large areas of the Iraqi territory by the Islamic State have caused massive displacements of populations, especially in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, resulting in an extremely complex humanitarian crisis. According to UNHCR, 2.5 million people are presently displaced in Iraq¹. These displacements from conflict areas to safer places deteriorate the living conditions of families, who often arrive in a rush, with little means, and find refuge in schools and public places.
In Ainkawa, a district of the city of Erbil, the population has almost tripled since the beginning of the war, rising from approximately 35,000 to 90,000 people. TGH has been operating an emergency programme since August 2014, in order to ensure adequate water supply and decent hygiene and sanitation conditions for displaced families. More than 900 families, spread over 12 centers, currently benefit from TGH's support.
Emergency education for Syrian refugee children in Iraqi Kurdistan
Access to education being one of the founding pillars of TGH, the creation of the Daratoo Learning Centre (DLC) seemed essential to guarantee access to education for the children of Syrian refugees. These children do not speak the Kurdish dialect and have difficulty accessing school education in this area.
Funding: Since August 2014, the Daratoo center has been welcoming some displaced Iraqi children supported by the General Council of the Rhône.
Number of beneficiaries: 286 children
Partners: JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development - Local NGO based in Kurdistan)
TGH provides Syrian refugees with a school setting adapted to their needs so that they are not completely uneducated. Nearly 230 children between 6 and 11 years old are attending the DLC which counts 6 classes (grade 1 to grade 6).
These children also need to express their concerns and simply get back to just being kids again. Therefore, the center has set up many extracurricular activities as well as a psychological unit. As part of this activity, the TGH team targets children but also families.
The arrival of displaced Iraqis has greatly increased the number of requests for admission in the center, which already had a long waiting list due to the success of this programme. This success is also that of JORD, a local NGO consisting of Syrians dedicated to the cause of children excluded from the school system.
The funding required for this programme have been granted through the Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission (ECHO), thanks to funding from the Nobel Peace Prize allocated to the European Union in 2012 European Initiative «Children of Peace»¹.
1 In 2012 the EU was rewarded for having advanced peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. It had decided to allocate the money from the Nobel Peace Prize to children who do not have the good fortune to grow up in a country without war. Many projects based on education support have been implemented with humanitarian partners of the EU. For 2013 the EU has once more doubled resources, allocating an additional sum of 4 million Euros for new and existing projects benefiting more than 80,000 children affected by war.
Emergency assistance to populations newly displaced by the conflicts in Iraq
TGH supports 184 vulnerable displaced Iraqi families sheltering in the village of Daratoo, Erbil governorate, through the distribution of wintering equipment (heating, fuel and blankets).
The deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the takeover by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or DAECH) of significant areas of the Iraqi territory have caused massive displacements of populations, especially in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, resulting in an extremely complex humanitarian crisis.
Since January 2014, more than 2 million people have been displaced in Iraq, mostly since August, when Daech achieved significant progress. The Iraqi Kurdistan region is particularly affected, with more than 850,000 displaced persons, adding to some 228,000 Syrian refugees who had already sought refuge in the region.
Present and operational in Daratoo since 2013 through a support project for the Syrian refugee population, TGH has a very good knowledge and understanding of the proposed area of intervention. Regular contacts with local authorities allowed the quick identification of the priority needs of Syrian refugees and Iraqi IDPs.
This three-month emergency project funded by the Crisis Centre has allowed the quick provision of equipment required during the winter period to 184 families.
Emergency support WASH programme for displaced Iraqis in Kurdistan
The displaced Iraqis who fled their homes during the summer settled in the empty schools of Erbil. An emergency intervention was necessary in order to provide water supply and maintain safe sanitary conditions.
Number of beneficiaries: 4,500 people (960 families)
For several months now, Iraq has been back in the spotlight of the international scene, following the progress of the jihadist group Da’ash, which resulted in massive movements of populations. Since January 2014, nearly 1.8 million Iraqis have been displaced. 850,000 of them found refuge in Iraqi Kurdistan which already hosted some 220,000 Syrian refugees.
Some of these displaced populations found refuge in Erbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan, where TGH is established.
Arrived in haste, with little money, many settled in empty schools and public buildings of Ainkawa (a Christian quarter of the city), with infrastructures which quickly turned out to be unable to provide water and sanitation for so many users.
It is in this context that TGH intervened as early as mid-August to provide for water needs and maintain minimum sanitary conditions. Since then, nearly 80,000 liters of water have been distributed daily in 9 schools and 3 centers in Ainkawa, ensuring access to water for a little bit less than 4, 000 people. TGH also ensures the maintenance of sanitation facilities to prevent the spread of water-related diseases. The beginning of the school year, normally in September, has been postponed due to the lack of alternative housing for these displaced populations.
Despite the scale of the needs, it is difficult to raise the funds necessary to carry out these activities, and we fear that TGH might soon not be able to continue provide assistance to these populations.
Support programme for vulnerable Syrian families settled in urban areas in Iraqi Kurdistan
More than 200,000 Syrian families have fled to Iraqi Kurdistan. TGH, in partnership with the Syrian NGO JORD, supports 250 school age children as part of an educational and psychosocial support project.
Number of beneficiaries: 250 Syrian refugee children
Number of Syrian children, between 6 and 11 years old, for the Education part of the project: 200
Number of Syrian children, between 3 and 18 years old, for the Psychosocial part of the project: 50
The objective of this programme is to provide access to primary education and psychological support to 250 out of school children in the city of Daratoo. The center welcomes children between 6 and 11 years old and offers them school activities 6 days a week (courses in Arabic, Kurdish, English, mathematics and science), sports and recreational activities as well as psychological support.
Beyond its educational activities, the project aims to protect children by offering them a space where they can socialize so that they can develop their abilities and grow.