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Programmes

Iraqi Kurdistan

The humanitarian situation in Iraqi Kurdistan hasn't stopped deteriorating over the past four years. In 2011, the Syrian crisis had already resulted in the displacement of thousands of refugees in the region, which currently still hosts more than 250,000 refugees.

Since 2014, Iraq has also been plunged into an armed conflict opposing Iraqi forces and the Kurdish Peshmerga to the jihadist fighters of the Islamic State. The conflict caused over 19,000 civilian casualties in 2016, and resulted in massive movements of populations fleeing conflict zones. In January 2017, more than 3 million Iraqis were still internally displaced, including more than one million in the Kurdistan region. This trend has considerably increased since the launch of the offensive on Mosul in October 2016.

Celebrating the end of the summer courses at the Daratoo Learning Center

Celebrating the end of the summer courses at the Daratoo Learning Center, August 27, 2015, Daratoo
Photo : TGH ©

Triangle Génération Humanitaire (TGH) has been operating again in Iraqi Kurdistan since 2013, meeting the needs of Kurd and Iraqi populations. Also present in the country in the 1990s, TGH worked in close collaboration with the Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization) to relocate and assist Syrian refugee populations in the region; From August 2014, TGH has been mobilized to provide decent living conditions for newly displaced Iraqi families and to face this new health emergency.

Since May 2016, TGH has been supporting Syrian refugees and displaced Iraqi populations in the governorate of Erbil, with the schooling of children, through programmes funded by UNICEF. These programmes relate to child protection and offer direct financial support to families for the schooling of children and for the payment of various tuition fees.

Since the launch of the offensive on Mosul in October 2016, from the earliest waves of population displacements, TGH has been responding to the urgent needs of children and their families in terms of psychosocial support and implementation of recreational activities for the well-being of children affected by the conflict. TGH now operates daily in the Khazer IDP camp where 2 temporary reception areas for children have been set up, and where teams of social workers work daily with affected families and children. TGH has operational teams and offices in Erbil, Bardarash and Dohuk, in order to deal with emergencies in the various temporary reception areas for displaced people in Mosul and in the surrounding villages affected by the conflict.

Since 2016, TGH has also been present in the Bardarash area, supporting displaced Iraqi populations through a mobile approach to Child Protection and Emergency Education.

TGH's approach is characterized by its mobility, strong links between education and child protection projects, and the taking into account of both the child’s and the parents’s trauma. These projects are supported through funding from UNICEF, ECHO, emergency humanitarian funds and the Fondation de France. TGH is an acknowledged player in Child Protection and Education, actively invested in various Clusters in Erbil and Dohuk.

Finally, TGH also continues to support the vulnerable populations of small-scale herders near the Syrian border, including the Rabiaa Region, via a project funded by the Inter-ministerial Committee on Food Aid (CIAA). This project aims to provide feed for livestock farmers and set up a free veterinary mobile service.

Current Programmes

CHILD PROTECTION MOSUL EMERGENCY RESPONSE

CHILD PROTECTION MOSUL EMERGENCY RESPONSE

"I told my family everything about the camp, the Child Friendly Space and TGH team and their efforts to make this reunification happen"

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Supporting child protection and emergency education for children affected by the conflict in Iraq

The military offensive aroundMosul caused massive displacements of population in the governorates of Dohuk and Nineveh. Via mobile units, TGH provides immediate protection and improved access to emergency education for the children affected by the conflict.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 26,200 people
 Duration: 11 months 20/10/16 – 25/09/17
 Budget: $ 625 941

 Funding

OCHA UNICEF
  • Funding: OCHA/ IHPF – UNICEF
  • Partner: DAD Logo DAD

Contingency stocks are also ready to respond to population movements.

Civilians, fleeing the fighting of the military offensive aiming to reclaim the Mosul area occupied by Daesh, are regrouped in IDP camps.

This programme supports newly displaced children with significant psychological trauma. This mobile approach will be achieved through the deployment of two "magic buses" and two mini-vans that will cover the areas of intervention, allowing better access to the beneficiaries inside and outside the IDP camps. The mobile teams will carry out assessments aiming to identify the children and adolescents most at risk, in order to provide first-aid psychological support. The magic buses will offer services for the immediate handling of trauma cases and will provide emergency education through the establishment of specially adapted temporary reception and learning facilities. Activities will therefore be carried out as closely as possible to vulnerable populations, in the context of population displacements that are difficult to anticipate, and in various places (in transit camps or places where displaced persons are gathered).

Sozvin

SOZVIN FROM SYRIA TO SOCIAL WORKER IN IRAQ

"I was 18 years old, full of hope, wanted to study and help my family"

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Mosul-Emergency-Response

MOSUL EMERGENCY RESPONSE

" It has been two years that I had not seen my children laughing "

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Child protection programme and support for the improvement of the well-being of children affected by the conflict and their families in the Governorate of Erbil

This action sets up mobile protection units and a community centre offering various psychological support services to guarantee better access to child protection services in the district of Erbil.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 6, 040 people
 Duration: 12 months 27/07/16 - 26/07/17
 Budget: $ 342 319

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Partner: JORD (Judy Organization)
Centre communautaire de Daratoo à Erbil

Daratoo Community Center in Erbil
Photo : TGH ©

This programme is part of TGH's integrated and comprehensive approach to child protection and emergency education. It strengthens the actions implemented in a project currently carried out with UNICEF, providing financial support for the schooling of children in the district of Erbil.

Three mobile child protection units have been deployed to provide direct psychological support to children affected by the conflict and their families.

These units may also refer cases requiring greater care to relevant actors. In addition the mobile teams carry out awareness-raising activities with families on the potential needs of children in terms of protection.

Within the framework of this programme, TGH is developing the community centre offering different activities to the beneficiaries (singing, dancing and music classes, and sports).

Awareness-raising sessions on gender violence and protection are provided with the aim of reaching as many people as possible. Through the various activities proposed and the affected population, this centre enhances greater cohesion between the different communities.

 

Support to the resilience of the most vulnerable herder households affected by the conflict in the sub-district of Rabya, Nineveh Governorate

Since October 2016, in partnership with the Kurdish NGO DAD and with the support of the Interministerial Committee for Food Aid (CIAA), TGH has launched a new programme to support the resilience of the most vulnerable herder households in the region of Rabia.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 7,350 people
 Duration: 9 months 10/2016 - 06/2017
 Budget: €400,000

 Funding

Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS
  • Funding: CIAA
  • Number of beneficiaries: 7350
    The direct beneficiaries of the project are:
    - For the distribution of livestock: 225 households (1,350 people)
    - For the distribution animal feed: 200 households (1,200 people)
    - For the mobile veterinary clinic: 800 households (4,800 people)
  • Partner: DAD Logo DAD

The Iraqi society as a whole is currently experiencing an extremely complex humanitarian crisis, for which there is no prospect of resolution.
The agricultural sector, the third largest source of income in Iraq, has been severely affected by the conflict, with agricultural losses caused by Daech reaching 40% of the country's total agricultural capacity, according to the Ministry of Agriculture.

The town of Rabya (Nineveh Governorate, west of Iraqi Kurdistan) was occupied by Daech from August to October 2014. During this occupation, almost all the farmers fled their villages, abandoning a large part of their livestock. The destruction of this part of the local economy weakens the sustainability of the living conditions of the families who returned to their villages of origin.

In partnership with the Kurdish NGO DAD, and in close collaboration with local authorities and community representatives, Triangle Génération Humanitaire is setting up an emergency agricultural and economic recovery programme, with particular emphasis on the revitalization of livestock farming for the most vulnerable families in the area. The distribution of sheep, chickens and adapted food kits will enable the rebuilding of livestock assets, and the establishment of a free mobile veterinary clinic will help maintain the general state of health of the livestock and reduce mortality.

The entire population of the sub-district of Rabya will benefit from this programme, with markets better supplied with meat, milk and eggs.

Rabya - Evaluation des champs environnants

Rabya - Assessment of the surrounding fields
Photo : TGH ©

Rabya - Rencontre avec les Mukthtars pour discuter des besoins de la zone

Rabya - Meeting with the Mukthtars in order to discuss the needs in the area
Photo : TGH ©

Education in emergency situations and child protection for children affected by conflicts in the subdistrict of Bardarash, Iraqi Kurdistan

TGH teams, accompanied by education and protection professionals, cover the subdistrict of Bardarash with a mobile unit service (vans and buses), to provide children affected by the conflict with access to education and support tailored to their needs in terms of protection.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 8,155 people
 Duration: 10 months 07/2016 - 05/2017
 Budget: €525,000

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO
  • Number of beneficiaries: 8,155 people, including 8,125 children between 6 and 14 years old
  • Partner: DAD Logo DAD

Since early 2014, TGH has chosen to intervene in a region of Kurdistan that hosts Syrian refugees and thousands of displaced Iraqis, in order to provide children affected by the ongoing conflict with access to education and protection services tailored to their needs.

From November 2015 to March 2016, TGH conducted an assessment in the subdistrict of Bardarash, which confirmed that - although the Ministry of Education, supported by UN agencies, focuses on enhancing children’s access to protected educational facilities and quality education - the needs in terms of education are still far from being met. Beyond formal education that should be accessible to all, the well-being of children has to be taken into account, and also requires access to psychosocial care tailored to their needs.

Therefore, in partnership with ECHO and its local partner DAD (Kurdish NGO), TGH developed a new educational improvement programme in this emergency context, which includes a set of appropriate psychosocial activities. The action takes place in 5 small towns and villages in the District of Bardarash, and is based on mobile education and protection units, able to cover the area and to move rapidly in the event of new population movements. Aware of the need for sustainable educational support and psychosocial counselling and of the necessity to rebuild the local society, TGH strives to strengthen the capacities of the various community members.

In all the pre-identified areas of intervention, and in new areas according to the needs, the two mobile teams provide tutoring courses based on the curriculum developed by the Ministry of Education (Math, Science, Arabic or English), in schools or temporary places dedicated to education. Extracurricular recreational activities are also implemented (sports, art, music, theatre or games), which aim to restore a form of normality, ease the stress related to the displacement and to the violence against those who have just arrived as well as help socialize children and contribute to their integration.

A multidisciplinary team of social workers trained in psychosocial counselling and supervised by a TGH specialist in child protection offers children specific recreational activities adapted to their needs. The most problematic issues are identified and addressed by the team, or are referred to actors capable of handling psychological distress and trauma. A specially fitted out bus allows the team to move around easily in order to meet the children and their families, connect, identify needs and propose appropriate responses to different situations. This team will be able to respond to an emergency situation in the event of new massive population displacements.

The programme also includes local capacity building, an essential aspect for effective and sustainable assistance. Teachers and social workers from the communities will be trained to interact with children and to continue the development of the educational and psychosocial services offered. Awareness sessions on child protection will also be conducted with the communities in order to make education a priority for families.

Cash transfer program to improve the access to education of Syrian refugee children and displaced Iraqi children in the Governorate of Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan

This program is a continuation of the action started by TGH in 2015 with funding from UNICEF, and aiming to improve the schooling of Syrian refugee children in the Governorate of Erbil.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 2 496 children
 Duration: 16 months 05/2016 – 09/2017
 Budget: USD 1,298,068

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: : 2 496 children, between 6 and 12 years old. 70% of these beneficiaries are Syrian refugee children, many already benefitting from the "cash for education" pilot project, of which this project is a continuation. Iraqi displaced children and, in a smaller proportion, children from host communities also having schooling difficulties, will be included in this new project.

Since November 2015, funding from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) allowed TGH to implement a cash transfer pilot program aiming to support the schooling of Syrian refugee children in the Governorate of Erbil. An assessment conducted in eight communities throughout the Governorate (Baherka, Mulla Omar, Perzin, Shaways, Kasnazan, Banslawa, Daratu and Mamzawa) during the months of November and December 2015, highlighted significant gaps in the access to education for children belonging to Syrian refugee families. TGH observed that out of 3,319 Syrian refugee children registered throughout all these communities, 1,443 did not go to school and 1,876 were at risk of dropping out of school. With this first program, TGH was able to support 1,602 children belonging to the most vulnerable Syrian refugee families, and improve their schooling until the end date of the program, in April 2016.

Despite the efforts made in the education sector in 2014, 2015 and since the beginning of 2016 (construction of new schools, recruiting of teachers and support interventions for families to enable them to send their children to school), the needs in terms of education remain substantial. Therefore, TGH renewed its partnership with UNICEF for a new 16-month program.
The intervention, based on direct cash assistance, has proven its relevance, and has therefore been renewed, as it is suited to the financial problems that most families consider as an obstacle to the schooling of their children. The beneficiaries already identified under the previous program will benefit from the continuity of support, and assistance will be extended to new Syrian refugee children, to displaced Iraqi children, and in a smaller proportion, to the children of host communities also facing schooling difficulties. This program will thus meet the assessed needs in the target area of ​​intervention, but it will also help strengthen social cohesion, an essential aspect in this sensitive region.

Radio-NDEKE-LUKA

Rebar, 8 years old "Now, I have a lot of friends and I’m really enjoying going to School"

For the past 3 years, Rebar and his family have been living in Hasarok, Kurdistan region of Iraq. They come from Kobane, in Syria where they had fled ISIS attacks in 2013.

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Completed Programmes

Psychosocial support and community-building for the displaced population in the camp of Bardarash, Governorate of Dohuk, Iraqi Kurdistan

This program sets up psychosocial services aiming to support suffering children, men and women, improve social life in the camp, and strengthen community ties, loosened and challenged by lasting promiscuity and inactivity.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 11,178 families
 Duration: 10 months 04/2016 – 01/2017
 Budget: €552,276

 Funding

Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS Logo FDF
  • Funding: Crisis and support center (CDCS) of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (co-funding for TGH from the Fondation of France)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 11,178 families
  • Name of partner(s): Project implemented by a consortium of five French NGOs consisting of: Première Urgence Internationale, Bibliothèques Sans Frontières, the Fondation Danielle Mitterrand, the Fédération Léo Lagrange and TGH

In the flurry of the "Arab Spring", the March 2011 uprising in Syria led to an unprecedented internal armed conflict, forcing thousands of Syrian families to flee their homes to seek refuge in neighboring countries. Iraqi Kurdistan, which borders the Syrian Kurdish area, currently hosts 250,000 Syrian refugees (registered with the UNHCR). The advance of the Islamic State (EI, Daesh) in several governorates in Iraq, as well as intensive fighting between Iraqi and Kurdish forces (Peshmerga) and Daesh, also caused massive displacements of populations within the country. The United Nations registered 3.2 million people displaced within Iraq, including about 1.1 million in Iraqi Kurdistan (source: OCHA – Humanitarian Needs Overview – January 2016). These massive population movements - including Yezidi, Shabak, Kakai and Turkmen minorities - from conflict zones to safer areas have led to a deterioration in the living conditions of host communities in Iraqi Kurdistan and to the worsening of the humanitarian situation in view of the considerable needs of displaced families.

Humanitarian aid is mainly focused on IDPs' and refugees' basic needs (accommodation, food/ water, non-food items). Yet child protection - including education and psychosocial support - remains a major challenge.

Evaluation des familles en décembre 2015

Assessment on the camp of Bardarash, Governorate of Dohuk, Iraqi Kurdistan
Photo : Bashir Murad, December 2015 - TGH ©

Aware of the challenges in terms of protection and education in the assistance to displaced populations, TGH carried out an assessment in August 2015 in the camp of Bardarash (Dohuk Governorate), which hosts a population of displaced Iraqis, mainly belonging to the Shabak minority. This assessment highlighted the lack of adequate facilities to take care of the children and families, but also these families' economic difficulties. At that time, none of the children in the camp (1,500 girls and 1,592 boys) had access to psychosocial services or to basic education. Since then, one school has been welcoming 2,050 children between 6 and 12 years old.

The monitoring of the assistance program for displaced children conducted in the Governorate of Erbil (Daratoo Learning Center - ECHO funding), highlighted the trauma and psychosocial distress of displaced children, resulting from exposure to violence, the insecure and risky travel conditions they have experienced, and their current living conditions. Parents, affected by stress related to the same traumas and to the uncertainty of their future, maintain a high level of anxiety and fear at home. The needs in terms of education and protection of children and families are therefore a key point of the emergency response we have to develop.

Evaluation des familles en décembre 2015

The camp of Bardarash, Governorate of Dohuk, Iraqi Kurdistan
Photo : Marion Colin de Verdière, April 2016 - TGH ©

With its experience in Iraqi Kurdistan and its expertise in the field of education and protection, TGH contributes to the improvement of the individual and social well-being of the displaced population who settled in the camp of Bardarash through: the implementation of psychosocial assistance; recreational activities allowing the identification of children at risk; individual follow-up; and referrals to a specialized psychiatric unit (run by Doctors Without Borders). A team consisting of a psychologist, social workers and facilitators trained within the community will organize activities in a dedicated community center and in the school inside of the camp of Bardarash. In coordination with the DoE (Directorate of Education) of Bardarash, this team will be responsible for training the teachers in the pre-identification of children at risk (trauma) and for referring the identified cases to specific mental health services. In order to ensure skill complementary as well as the provision of comprehensive protection assistance to the population living in the camp, this intervention has been developed in partnership with 4 French NGOs.

Bardarash-Kurdistan

Originally from Fadelia, a small village near Bashika in the Governorate of Nineveh, the Ali family arrived in the camp of Bardarash about 8 months ago.

"Now that our children are attending the Community Centre, they are smiling again and have rediscovered a taste for life"

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Visit of Christos STYLIANIDES, European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management.
Protection and emergency education for children affected by the conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan

TGH had the honour of receiving Christos STYLIANIDES' visit, Member of the European Commission in charge of Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management since November 2014, at the Daratoo Learning Centre (Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq) on July 26, 2015 where he met TGH team and pupils of the centre.

Christos STYLIANIDES has moved from classroom to classroom to discuss with pupils, parents and teachers of the Daratoo Learning Centre. The visit ended with a “dance for Peace” choreography realized by the children, and then parents addressed a letter thanking ECHO for the education support brought to their children.

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This year and for the second time, TGH was supported by ECHO (European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department) through the “Children of peace initiative”. The current project, started in June 2015, is a continuation of the last project implemented by TGH in 2014 and is based on the experience and expertise acquired by the ONG in term of education in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Christos STYLIANIDES' visit, Member of the European Commission in charge of Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, at the Daratoo Learning Centre // Photo : EU Humanitarian Aid ©

Christos STYLIANIDES moved from classroom to classroom to discuss with pupils of the Daratoo Learning Centre // Photo : EU Humanitarian Aid ©

Christos STYLIANIDES high-fives Hure, 12, who fled Mossul due to conflict and studies at the Daratoo Learning Centre of TGH // Photo : EU Humanitarian Aid ©

Christos STYLIANIDES and the children who participated in the « Dance for Peace » choreography // Photo : EU Humanitarian Aid ©

Benoit SCHMIDT, TGH Head of Mission and Christos STYLIANIDES // Photo : EU Humanitarian Aid ©

Christos STYLIANIDES' visit, Member of the European Commission in charge of Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, at the Daratoo Learning Centre // Photo : EU Humanitarian Aid ©

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Through ECHO support, TGH works in cooperation with the Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development) to help Syrian refugee and Iraqi displaced children of Daratoo. During the schooling year; the Daratoo Learning Centre welcomes 300 Syrian refugee children aged 6 to 11 to follow Arabic, Kurdish, Mathematics, Physics, Sciences and English courses. Aged from 12 to 17, 390 Iraqi teenagers take remedial courses during summers and on the afternoon during the schooling year.

In its educational approach, TGH considers that education support is not enough to allow children to overcome the trauma of war. Within the Daratoo Learning Centre, a team of psychologists is permanently present on the site to provide cares and an appropriate psychological follow-up for children who can attend individual or group sessions (role game, art therapy, theater). In order to improve pupil’s well-being, TGH team organizes recreational activities and makes them discover new areas of interest (music/singing, art, dance, theater and sport) and extracurricular activities (picnic, book market). TGH will organize an awareness-raising campaign for the International Children Rights Day, on November 20, 2015, to distribute 3,200 leaflets on Child Protection to the families of Daratoo.

Protection and emergency education for children affected by the conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan

This programme provides Syrian refugee children and displaced Iraqi children with access to school, psychosocial support and recreational activities.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4,866 people
 Duration: 14 months 06/2015 - 07/2016
 Budget: €600,000

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO
  • Number of beneficiaries: 4,866 people
  • Partners: JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development)
Class at the Daratoo Learning Center

Class at the Daratoo Learning Center
Benoit SCHMIDT / TGH ©

Since the beginning of the war in Syria in 2012, 250,000 Syrians have fled the country to find refuge in Iraq, especially in Iraqi Kurdistan (Syrian Regional Refugee, May 2015, UNHCR). In the summer of 2014, the security situation in Iraq further deteriorated and the conflict opposing Iraqi and peshmerga forces to fighters of the Islamic State pushed the population to massively flee the conflict zones. 3 million Iraqis are currently displaced, including 1.3 million in the autonomous region of Kurdistan (Displacement Tracking Matrix, June 2015, IOM).

Humanitarian aid focuses primarily on the essentials (water, food, health) to meet the most urgent needs of displaced populations. In this context, education, although it is the key to the recovery of the country, is often overlooked.

The TGH team is conducting an educational programme in Iraqi Kurdistan, in the continuity of the actions undertaken in 2013-2015 in Daratoo (a suburb of Erbil). The Daratoo Learning Center (DLC) created in 2013 to welcome the children of Syrian refugees, is now open to displaced Iraqi children arriving in the city. The DLC now offers a curriculum adapted to the needs of both Syrian and Iraqi children.

Syrian refugee children between 6 and 11 years old have access education
TGH is currently conducting an awareness-raising campaign on education among refugee families to inform them of the reopening of the DLC. The TGH team opened the DLC for Syrian children who have no access to Iraqi schools, primarily reserved for Iraqi displaced children in Kurdistan. The Syrian NGO JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development), a partner of TGH, has developed a curriculum tailored to the needs of Syrian children with classes of Arabic, Mathematics, Physics, Science and English. The children will also receive an educational kit composed of a class bag, notebooks, pens, a ruler...

Displaced Iraqi children between 6 and 17 years old have access to remedial courses
The awareness-raising campaign is also intended for displaced Iraqi families, since during the summer holidays, the center will be exclusively dedicated to Iraqi children who will be able to take remedial courses. Indeed, the mass influx of displaced families in the region led to overcrowded schools, and teachers are not able to provide an individual follow-up of the pupils. This educational support will continue after school resumption, in the form of evening courses (2 hours per day).

(Syrian and Iraqi) children between 6 and 17 years old affected by the conflict and their families have access to psychosocial support
The TGH team will develop psychological support for children traumatized by the conflict and violence of war. Care will be provided by a team of psychologists who will identify and treat children's diseases and traumas through individual or group sessions (role play, art therapy, theater).

Représentation de Payasos Sin Fronteras au DLC

Show performed by Payasos Sin Fronteras at the DLC
Photo : Bashir Murad / TGH ©

Séance de sensibilisation à l'école Dastan, Erbil

Awareness-raising session at the school of Dastan, Erbil
Photo : Juliette Adolphe / TGH ©

In order to improve children's well-being, many recreational activities are being organized within the center: music/singing, painting, art, dance, theater and sports. A playground has been set up inside the DLC. Festive events are organized, as has been the case for New Year's Eve or when shows were performed for the children of the DLC during the visit of the Spanish NGO Payasos Sin Fronteras to Iraqi Kurdistan. Besides, a big awareness-raising campaign on children's rights and child marriage was organized in November and December in public schools located near Erbil for the International Day of Children's Rights.

Schooling of Syrian refugee children in Iraqi Kurdistan through direct financial assistance to families.

This project aims to provide financial assistance to Syrian refugee families in the governorate of Erbil (Iraqi Kurdistan) to encourage them to send their children to school.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1,487 families
 Duration: 5 months 11/2015 - 04/2016
 Budget: $298,542

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF – United Nations Children's Fund
  • Number of beneficiaries: 1,487 families
Assessment of families in December 2015

Assessment of families in December 2015
Photo : TGH ©

Although efforts have been made in the education sector, including the construction of additional schools and the recruitment of teachers, the needs remain acute and the number of pupils that the school can welcome is limited. Adding to this constraint, the weak economic capacity of families to meet their basic needs does not allow the payment of the costs related to the schooling of their children. Many school-age Syrian children still do not have access to education, for economic reasons (transportation costs, school materials, clothing...).

First distribution of cash assistance in January 2016

First distribution of cash assistance in January 2016
Photo : TGH ©

This financial assistance project aims to encourage Syrian families to enroll their children in school by financially supporting transportation costs, a recurring obstacle to sending children to school. This project funded by UNICEF will support 1,487 families during 4 months. Each beneficiary family will receive a monthly allowance (30 or 40 dollars) per child sent to school, which will vary according to the distance between their home and the school. Regular monitoring will be carried out in schools to assess the attendance rate of the children belonging to beneficiary families.

To carry out this project, an assessment of Syrian refugee families living in the governorate was made to target those likely to benefit from financial assistance, namely those who have school-age children, whether actually in school or not. In parallel, an assessment of the public schools located in the governorate was conducted to target those that can still enroll new pupils.

Emergency food aid for populations affected by the conflict in Irak

Through this project, TGH contributes to meet the food needs of 730 displaced families in the town of Daratoo (suburban area of Erbil), via the provision of food stamps.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 730 families
 Duration: 5 months 09/2015 - 12/2015
 Budget: €300,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee (CIAA)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 730 Iraqi displaced families
Exchange of food coupons

Exchange of food coupons
Photo : Juliette Guegan / TGH ©

The deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the takeover of large areas of the Iraqi territory by the Islamic State in Irak and the Levant (ISIL or DAECH) have caused massive displacements of populations, especially in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, resulting in an extremely complex humanitarian crisis.

Since January 2014, more than 3.5 million people have been displaced in Irak. The Iraqi Kurdistan region is particularly affected, with more than 1.1 million displaced persons, adding to some 240,000 Syrian refugees who had already sought refuge in the region.

Present and operational in Daratoo since 2013 through a support project for the Syrian refugee population, TGH has a very good knowledge and understanding of the proposed area of intervention. In 2014, TGH provided an emergency response in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation sector (Rhône-Alpes Region and UNICEF) and met the needs in winter equipment (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Crisis Center).

This five-month emergency project funded by the inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee (CIAA), will allow the distribution of food stamps, and the provision of 730 families with the food aid needed to cover the winter period. The economic context and development of Kurdistan allow the establishment of a response other than just a direct distribution of food aid in the form of packages. TGH has thus chosen the food stamp option in order to support the economy of the country at local level, while promoting better integration of displaced populations able, with these stamps, to manage on their own their food supplies from local shops, thus regaining some dignity. Three distributions took place : in October and December 2015 and in January 2016.

Displaced Iraqi families from Mossul (Governorate of Nineveh) in Daratoo - November 2014
Photo : TGH©

Assessment preparing for the distribution of food stamps
Photo : Estelle Verron / TGH ©

Assessment preparing for the distribution of food stamps
Photo : Estelle Verron / TGH ©

Distribution of food coupons // Photo: Estelle Verron / TGH ©

Exchange of food coupons // Photo: Estelle Verron / TGH ©

Displaced Iraqi families from Mossul (Governorate of Nineveh) in Daratoo - November 2014
Photo : TGH©

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WASH emergency programme supporting displaced people in the city of Ainkawa in Iraqi Kurdistan

TGH increased its support to vulnerable displaced Iraqi families in the autonomous region of Kurdistan by improving access conditions to water and sanitation as well as to hygiene products.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4,500 people
 Duration: 4½ months 15/12/2014 - 30/04/2015
 Budget: $190,630

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: 4,500 people (960 families)
Water supply in the city of Ainkawa.

Water supply in the city of Ainkawa.
Photo : Johan Neveu / TGH ©

The deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the takeover of large areas of the Iraqi territory by the Islamic State have caused massive displacements of populations, especially in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, resulting in an extremely complex humanitarian crisis. According to UNHCR, 2.5 million people are presently displaced in Iraq¹. These displacements from conflict areas to safer places deteriorate the living conditions of families, who often arrive in a rush, with little means, and find refuge in schools and public places.

In Ainkawa, a district of the city of Erbil, the population has almost tripled since the beginning of the war, rising from approximately 35,000 to 90,000 people. TGH has been operating an emergency programme since August 2014, in order to ensure adequate water supply and decent hygiene and sanitation conditions for displaced families. More than 900 families, spread over 12 centers, currently benefit from TGH's support.

¹January 2015 figures. http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e486426.html

Emergency education for Syrian refugee children in Iraqi Kurdistan

Access to education being one of the founding pillars of TGH, the creation of the Daratoo Learning Centre (DLC) seemed essential to guarantee access to education for the children of Syrian refugees. These children do not speak the Kurdish dialect and have difficulty accessing school education in this area.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 286 children
 Duration: 18 months 12/2013 - 05/2015
 Budget: €391 000

 Funding

Logo ECHO OCHA Rhone_Departement
  • Funding: Since August 2014, the Daratoo center has been welcoming some displaced Iraqi children supported by the General Council of the Rhône.
  • Number of beneficiaries: 286 children
  • Partners: JORD (Judy Organization for Relief and Development - Local NGO based in Kurdistan)

TGH provides Syrian refugees with a school setting adapted to their needs so that they are not completely uneducated. Nearly 230 children between 6 and 11 years old are attending the DLC which counts 6 classes (grade 1 to grade 6).

These children also need to express their concerns and simply get back to just being kids again. Therefore, the center has set up many extracurricular activities as well as a psychological unit. As part of this activity, the TGH team targets children but also families.

The arrival of displaced Iraqis has greatly increased the number of requests for admission in the center, which already had a long waiting list due to the success of this programme. This success is also that of JORD, a local NGO consisting of Syrians dedicated to the cause of children excluded from the school system.

Opening of the Daratoo Learning Center / Photo : Bashir Muad ©

Music lesson in the playground / Photo : Bashir Muad ©

Recreation activities outdoors, a breath of fresh air / Photo : Bashir Muad ©

The children of the DLC and the TGH team, Daratoo, March 2015 / Photo : Johan Neveu - TGH

Activities at the Daratoo Learning Centre on the occasion of Women's Day, March 9, 2015, Daratoo / Photo : Johan Neveu - TGH

Opening of the Daratoo Learning Center / Photo : Bashir Muad ©

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The funding required for this programme have been granted through the Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission (ECHO), thanks to funding from the Nobel Peace Prize allocated to the European Union in 2012 European Initiative «Children of Peace»¹.

EU Children of peace

http://ec.europa.eu/echo/EU4children/index_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/echo/ChildrenOfSyria/index_fr.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/avservices/photo/

1 In 2012 the EU was rewarded for having advanced peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. It had decided to allocate the money from the Nobel Peace Prize to children who do not have the good fortune to grow up in a country without war. Many projects based on education support have been implemented with humanitarian partners of the EU. For 2013 the EU has once more doubled resources, allocating an additional sum of 4 million Euros for new and existing projects benefiting more than 80,000 children affected by war.

Emergency assistance to populations newly displaced by the conflicts in Iraq

TGH supports 184 vulnerable displaced Iraqi families sheltering in the village of Daratoo, Erbil governorate, through the distribution of wintering equipment (heating, fuel and blankets).

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 184 families
 Duration: 3 months 11/2014 - 02/2015
 Budget: €100,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Crisis Center of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development
  • Number of beneficiaries: 184 displaced Iraqi families
Approvisionnement en fuel - Daratoo

Fuel supply in Daratoo
Photo : Johan Neveu / TGH ©

Soutien-aux-familles-vulnerables-deplacees-Daratoo

Support to vulnerable displaced families in Daratoo . In partnership with the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Photo : Johan Neveu / TGH ©

The deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the takeover by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or DAECH) of significant areas of the Iraqi territory have caused massive displacements of populations, especially in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, resulting in an extremely complex humanitarian crisis.

Since January 2014, more than 2 million people have been displaced in Iraq, mostly since August, when Daech achieved significant progress. The Iraqi Kurdistan region is particularly affected, with more than 850,000 displaced persons, adding to some 228,000 Syrian refugees who had already sought refuge in the region.

Present and operational in Daratoo since 2013 through a support project for the Syrian refugee population, TGH has a very good knowledge and understanding of the proposed area of intervention. Regular contacts with local authorities allowed the quick identification of the priority needs of Syrian refugees and Iraqi IDPs.

This three-month emergency project funded by the Crisis Centre has allowed the quick provision of equipment required during the winter period to 184 families.

Emergency support WASH programme for displaced Iraqis in Kurdistan

The displaced Iraqis who fled their homes during the summer settled in the empty schools of Erbil. An emergency intervention was necessary in order to provide water supply and maintain safe sanitary conditions.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4,500 people
 Duration: 3 months 08/2014 - 11/2014
 Budget: €40,000

 Funding

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes Region (RAR)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 4,500 people (960 families)

For several months now, Iraq has been back in the spotlight of the international scene, following the progress of the jihadist group Da’ash, which resulted in massive movements of populations. Since January 2014, nearly 1.8 million Iraqis have been displaced. 850,000 of them found refuge in Iraqi Kurdistan which already hosted some 220,000 Syrian refugees.

Some of these displaced populations found refuge in Erbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan, where TGH is established.
Arrived in haste, with little money, many settled in empty schools and public buildings of Ainkawa (a Christian quarter of the city), with infrastructures which quickly turned out to be unable to provide water and sanitation for so many users.

It is in this context that TGH intervened as early as mid-August to provide for water needs and maintain minimum sanitary conditions. Since then, nearly 80,000 liters of water have been distributed daily in 9 schools and 3 centers in Ainkawa, ensuring access to water for a little bit less than 4, 000 people. TGH also ensures the maintenance of sanitation facilities to prevent the spread of water-related diseases. The beginning of the school year, normally in September, has been postponed due to the lack of alternative housing for these displaced populations.

Despite the scale of the needs, it is difficult to raise the funds necessary to carry out these activities, and we fear that TGH might soon not be able to continue provide assistance to these populations.

Distribution of water used for sanitary purposes in the Youth Center

Distribution of water used for sanitary purposes in the Youth Center
Photo : Bashir Muad ©

Cleaning of the septic tank of the school of "Akito"

Cleaning of the septic tank of the school of "Akito"
Photo : Bashir Muad ©

Support programme for vulnerable Syrian families settled in urban areas in Iraqi Kurdistan

More than 200,000 Syrian families have fled to Iraqi Kurdistan. TGH, in partnership with the Syrian NGO JORD, supports 250 school age children as part of an educational and psychosocial support project.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 250 Syrian refugee children
 Duration: 6 months 10/2013 - 03/2014
 Budget: €40,000

 Funding

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes Region (RAR)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 250 Syrian refugee children
    • Number of Syrian children, between 6 and 11 years old, for the Education part of the project: 200
    • Number of Syrian children, between 3 and 18 years old, for the Psychosocial part of the project: 50

The objective of this programme is to provide access to primary education and psychological support to 250 out of school children in the city of Daratoo. The center welcomes children between 6 and 11 years old and offers them school activities 6 days a week (courses in Arabic, Kurdish, English, mathematics and science), sports and recreational activities as well as psychological support.

Beyond its educational activities, the project aims to protect children by offering them a space where they can socialize so that they can develop their abilities and grow.

Last updated February 24, 2017