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Programmes

Indonesia

On December the 26th 2004, at 7:58 (local time), the American institute of geology (USGS) detected a seism of exceptional magnitude, 9.0 (Richter scale), in the Indian Ocean. Its epicentre was located off the western coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia, more precisely at 250 km south/south-east of the town, Banda Aceh, at a depth of 10 km.

The devastating earthquake and Tsunami that struck the Indian Ocean caused the death of over 230.000 people. Eleven countries were impacted, especially the Indonesian province of Aceh (Sumatra), lying close to the epicentre of the earthquake that generated the tidal waves.

 

Completed Programmes

Support to the Indonesian NGO, "Yayasan Pijar Harapan Lhoong", and development of the Lhoong Sub-District Community Resource Center - Aceh Province - Sumatra

Out of the 28 villages forming Lhoong, the tsunami crushed 24. The 29 year old conflict between the independentists and the Indonesian government had already weakened the province, particularly in the rural regions such as Lhoong (the peace agreements were signed in 2005).

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 03/2008 - 04/2009
 Budget: K€80

 Funding

Logo FDF
  • Funding : Fondation de France

In response to the tsunami disaster, and thanks to sponsorship from the Fondation de France and the French Embassy in Jakarta, Triangle Génération Humanitaire implemented two psychosocial programmes in Lhoong sub-district, from February 2005 to July 2007. Lhoong is located south of the Aceh Besar region, on the west coast of Sumatra island in Indonesia. This rural region, far from Banda Aceh city, was literally demolished by the tsunami1, and deeply scarred by the rural area's long and active conflict.
The main objective of the two programmes was to help people rebuild themselves and their lives by re-creating a social link eroded by thirty years of conflict then brutally severed by the tsunami.

Both psychosocial programmes nurtured skills-transmission to the local communities. After creating a microfinance cooperative, BQBNL, and the local NGO, Yayasan Pijar Harapan Lhoong (YPHL), TGH transferred the programme’s management to local level. The two grass-roots organisations are still active and receive informal guidance from Triangle's team.

In July 2007, after TGH's departure, Yayasan Pijar Harapan Lhoong continued running the programme's activities; Caritas Germany being the main sponsor till 2007. After a short interruption, Yayasan Pijar Harapan Lhoong resumed its action thanks to new support from Fondation de France and TGH, as well as Caritas Germany.

Supporting Yayasan PHL allows us to develop the education level and solidarity connections at grass-roots level. In addition, it gives Yayasan the means to make its action sustainable. It can then meet the Ministry of Education's standards and, by becoming a Community Training Center, benefit from the ministry of education’s funding as well as from other ministerial branches..

There are approximately 8,605 beneficiaries of this programme, all living in the Lhoong area.

1 24 out of 28 villages crushed, 35% of the population lost. In some villages, the death toll reached 60%.

General objective
Contribute to the development of the socio-educational level of the inhabitants of Lhoong sub-district

Specific objectives

  • Support the development and the transmission of local skills
  • Support social, mental and cultural development of the children
  • Support sustainable development of civil society in the sub-district

Implemented activities

  • Training center (PKBM) :
    • Formal education: alphabetization and school support
    • Non-formal vocational/practical training for adults and adolescents: sewing, embroidery, information technology, etc.
  • Child centre:
    • Educational activities for children: information technology, reading/writing, handicraft, photos, radio, diary, Indonesian language
    • Cultural activities: traditional dances and music
    • Library activities: reading, story telling, theatre, educational cinema…
  • Community radio:
    • Support to the community radio organisation
  • Management support for Yayasan PHL
    • One or several Indonesian experts will monitor Yayasan PHL’s activities. They will act as consultants/councillors to help the NGO develop its expertise.

Integrated project for livelihood activities in meulingge bay – Pulau Breueh - Pulau Aceh sub district – Aceh Besar – Sumatra

To strengthen livelihood activities in the communities of the Meulingge Bay in order to give the beneficiaries the ability to recover their past economic capacity providing support on all economical activities that have been affected by the Tsunami.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 16 months 08/2007 - 04/2009
 Budget: K$2,103

 Funding

 American red cross

  • Funding : American red cross

Project Objectives

  • To help the communities to become auto sufficient in terms of food security and allow the benefits of their activities to be re-injected in the local economy.
  • To facilitate the trading exchanges between the targeted communities and with Banda Aceh through transportation facilities and infrastructures.

To strengthen the position of women within the communities by restoring their position in the local economical and cultural structure.

Principal Activities

  • Testing, cleaning, protection and rehabilitation of the rice fields.
  • Restarting of rice agriculture by supplying seeds, tools and fertilizers.
  • Rehabilitation of the water supply system destroyed by the Tsunami.
  • Extension and completion of the water supply system.
  • Distribution of animals (with follow up and vaccination) dedicated to cattle.
  • Building of enclosure for animal’s night shelter.
  • Building of water distribution points for the animals.
  • Building of fishing boats adapted to fishermen’ needs (and provision of fishing gears and safety equipments).
  • Building of fishery infrastructures adapted to communities’ needs.
  • Rehabilitation of the road between Rinon and Meulingge.
  • Building of transportation boats.
  • Building of coastal infrastructures.
  • Building of meeting infrastructures for women associations.
  • Building of storage infrastructures for the women associations.

This range of activities addresses all the economic sectors that existed before the tsunami. In order to ensure the success of the proposed action, the field of activities is within the knowledge of the beneficiaries, who need to be restored in their capacity to implement them.

This participates to ensure the sustainability of the project and its results. All activities will be implemented following a community based approach.

From 2005 to 2007, the Fondation de France financed or cofinanced several of TGH's programmes in Indonesia

Creation of a community center and support to micro-finance in Lhoong sub-district, revival of fishing-related economic activities in Aceh district and Aceh islands, distribution of equipment for river, basin and seafront fishing to communities in the coastal villages of Aceh Besar and Aceh Jaya districts.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 2005 - 2007

 Funding

Logo FDF
  • Funding : Fondation de France

Despite its exceptional nature, the December 26 2004 tsunami was but an unhappy episode in a long history of human tragedies linked to the tremors of earth. This catastrophe, its devastating effects, triggered a rare surge of solidarity and humanitarian operations. While this response also featured certain errors of coordination and inappropriately focused aid, it was globally a remarkable reconstruction effort in a region long closed for “political reasons”.

The inhabitants of Aceh can perhaps find solace in the possibility of a new chance for the "tsunami generation". Indeed, the natural disaster’s scale summoned the Indonesian Government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) to the negotiations table. After 30 years of conflict the two parties finally signed a peace treaty on August 15 2005 in Helsinki. If these efforts continue, within a few years the populations of Aceh may benefit from far better living standards than those of before the tsunami.

The vast amount of victims of the 2004 tsunami is of course related the region’s geographical situation, particularly that of Aceh Province (Banda Aceh lies astride two tectonic plates: the Burma and the India plates); in addition, the local population is made up of fishing communities who live on a narrow, littoral fringe pressed up against steep, forest-covered mountains.

After the medical and food emergency phase – that finally only lasted a short period and was fairly well handled - a long reconstruction phase began: houses, infrastructures, medical and social services, economic revival...

The first aim was to return to the pre-tsunami situation but many actors also provided expertise to improve the standards of living, for instance by including anti-seismic criteria in the newly built houses.

TGH, operating in Aceh since February 2005, contributed to reviving fishing activities (boat building, revival of fishing coops, micro-finance, etc.) and, through its psycho-social programme, worked on "reconstructing" the communities affected by the tsunami.

TGH will stay in the region till 2008, broadening its field of action and consolidating achievements, particularly by transferring TGH programmes to local organisations (micro finance, community actions, etc).

Development of a Community Centre and Support to Micro Finance In Lhoong Sub-District

This program is an extension of a previous one (PSYCHO-SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR VICTIMS OF THE TSUNAMI THROUGH VOCATIONAL TRAINING).

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 06/2006 - 05/2007
 Budget: K€300

 Funding

Logo FDF
  • Funding : Fondation de France

Little by little, the villagers are re-establishing their structure of organisation and the emergency phase (primary needs and safety) is over. Now, the priority is to give people the means to rebuild their lives, in particular by allowing them to earn a living.

At this stage, our support involves mobilising the population through the community resource center. As well as organising children’s activities, it offers vocational training workshops and an economic initiative structure (micro-finance).

In Lhoong sub-district, we aim to boost economic and social dynamics by creating a traditional micro-finance institution:

  • Encourage the sub-district’s inhabitants,
  • Provide vocational training and leisure events to young adults.

Restore Fishing-Related Activities in Aceh Java District

Since 2005, Triangle's main priorities in Indonesia have been to rebuild traditional infrastructures and restore the activities of fishing cooperatives.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4.360 people
 Duration: 15 months 04/2006 - 06/2007
 Budget: K€904

 Funding

Commision Europeenne
  • Funding : ECHO

The local boat builders knowledge and the quality of boats built during previous programs led us to extend our action to another area of Aceh Province.

Location of implementation

Indonesia - Sumatra Island - Aceh Province - West Coast - Aceh Jaya District - Setia Bakti and Sampoinet sub districts - (Refer to annex 1 - map of sites)

Aceh Jaya District is one of the areas that has most suffered from the Tsunami. Out of 98.796 inhabitants, 81.999 are still alive, e.g. 17% of the total population has died. The coastal villages’ death rates are even worse and sometimes go beyond 80% loss of the population.
80% of the fishery infrastructures and boats/fishing equipments have been totally damaged.
The coastal shores are ravished and costal village lands have partially disappeared, combined with tectonic uplift of the continental crust of coastal shore.

The focus areas are Setia Bakti (current population: 3.658 inhabitants, 6.290 before the Tsunami) and Sampoinet (current population: 10.776 inhabitants, 15.103 before the Tsunami) sub-districts. Located in the middle of Aceh Jaya District, those two sub-districts are the most inaccessible and the most in need.

Our overall aim is to bring back the activities of six fishing cooperatives in Setia Bakti and Sampoinet sub-districts (Aceh Jaya district).

  • Build 158 traditional vessels (76 “tepteps” inboard engine boats and 82 “temples”, outboard boats).
  • Improve the living conditions of fishermen, boat builders and their families.
  • Rebuild 6 fishing infrastructures: meeting room, warehouse and fish market, coop office, jetty and washrooms.
  • Distribute fishing equipment to these communities.
  • Re-launch the co-ops: implement the operating mode approved by the fishermen; provide technical follow-up.

There will be 4360 direct beneficiaries

  • 809 fishermen and their direct dependants;
  • 15 boat builders, 15 assistants, 15 boat builder trainees and their direct dependants;
  • 18 employees of the fishermen cooperatives and their direct dependants.

Beyond direct beneficiaries, the project will benefit the entire population of Setia Bakti and Sampoinet sub-district, i.e. 14.434 persons by improving food safety and reviving the local economy.

Restore Fishing-Related Economic Activities on Pulau Aceh Islands

Our objective is to support recovery of fishing-related activities on the islands and, as a result, help islanders who were displaced because of the tsunami.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 06/2006 - 06/2007
 Budget: K€200 + K$12

 Funding

Logo FDF Logo FAO
  • Funding : Fondation de France
    FAO (UN Food and Agriculture Organization)
    French Embassy in Indonesia

Restore the Coconut Derivate Manufacturing Cooperative in Banda Aceh

Our general objective is to restore the Banda Aceh communities' economic activities :
• Create new jobs for victims of the tsunami
• Reactivate the coconut line’s operating chain
• Improve the coop’s operating system

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 13 months 06/2006 - 06/2007
 Budget: K€60

 Funding

Logo FAO
  • Funding : CNOSF (French National Olympics and Sport Committee)
    FAO (UN Food and Agriculture Organisation)

Psycho-Social Support for Victims of the Tsunami through Vocational Training

This project is directly linked to our first community support action aimed at helping the child victims of the Tsunami.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 05/2005 - 04/2006
 Budget: K€87

 Funding

 French Embassy in Jakarta

  • Funding : French Embassy in Jakarta

Indeed, in the context of the community activities for adults, there appeared a strong demand for additional training in areas such as sewing, carpentry, electricity, cooking….

Thanks to the support of the French Embassy in Jakarta and our partnership with the Indonesian Ministry of Non Formal Training, we implemented vocational training units in the sub-district of Lhoong.

This ultimately allowed beneficiaries of the training scheme to find a job and make a living.

Helping the Local Community Care for Child Victims of the Tsunami

This programme took place in the sub-district of Lhoong, 35 kilometres south of Bandah Aceh where 24 out of 28 villages were destroyed on December 26 2004.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 16 months 02/2005 - 05/2006
 Budget: K€286

 Funding

Logo FDF Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding : Fondation de France, Rhone-Alpes Region, Private donations and Aude Solidarité NGO

Our work with the local community focused on two key areas:

  • Helping children via arts & crafts activities (drama, painting, games…),
  • Mobilising adults around community projects.

The program leaders, in continuing education with Triangle, proposed activities to 5 to 15 year olds before and after school. The adults were involved in 4 types of community activities:

  • Cake making,
  • Sewing workshop,
  • Woodwork workshop,
  • Ground clearing to help displaced populations regain their homes as fast as possible.

All these people are now active and fully involved in the reconstruction - in the broadest sense of the word – of their community.

Restore Fishing-Related Activities in Aceh Besar District

As well as building 36 boats for the Lampuuk fishing cooperative, this project helped implement a chilling system for each coop; now the community can better preserve fish and strengthen its sales/distribution network.

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 04/2005 - 04/2006
 Budget: K€265

 Funding

 French Embassy in Jakarta

Restore Fishing-Related Activities in Aceh Besar District

Financed by ECHO, this project led to construction of 50 boats and helped re-launch the fishing cooperative of Lhok Nga: reconstruction of the premises, rehabilitation of the banks of the channel leading to the port, management and organization guidance...

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months + 3 months
 02/2005 - 06/2006
 Budget: K€476

 Funding

Commision Europeenne

Restore Fishing-Related Activities in Aceh Besar District

This funding allowed us to build 45 boats for the Lhoon fishing village and create port infrastructures. In addition, a solidarity fund, created by deducting a minor percentage from the fishing revenue, was used to develop further activities, for instance in the areas of agriculture and breeding.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 14 months 01/2005 - 03/2006
 Budget: K€237

 Funding

Logo FDF Logo FAO
  • Funding : The Fondation de France
    The French Olympic Sports Committee (CNOSF), The Halle Tony Garnier, Lyons
    FAO (UN Food and Agriculture Organization) SIVOM Blagnac Constellation - COFACE Trade Aid

"Small Fish " Project in Aceh Besar and Aceh Java District

This project featured distribution of coastal, basin and river fishing equipment to coastal village communities.

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 6 months 01/2006 - 06/2006
 Budget: K€126

 Funding

Logo FDF

Training and Rehabilitation of the Power Supply System in Lhoong Sub-District

It included replacement of the old power supply system, maintenance of the new system by people trained through a vocational training scheme and distribution of a spare parts kit.

 Area of expertise

Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Bénéficiaires : 7 695 people
 Duration: 5 months 10/2005 - 03/2006
 Budget: K€7

 Funding

SIGEIF
(Syndicat intercommunal pour le gaz et l'électricité en Ile de France)