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Programmes

Central African Republic

Since its independence in 1960, the Central African Republic has experienced a succession of cycles of political violence. Several coups, the impact of the crises in neighbouring countries (DRC, Chad and Sudan) and the numerous fights among rebel groups have kept the country in a state of permanent instability.

The events that have occurred since December 2012 (the seizure of power and dissolution of the Seleka, the establishment of a national unity government and later of a transitional regime that failed to restore order) plunged CAR into a security, political and humanitarian crisis resulting in regular displacements of populations.

Despite the known presence of high added value natural resources, the country has a very low level of socio-economic development and a Human Development Index of 0.35 points, ranking 185th out of 186 countries. The Inter-Agency Standing Committee considers that the Central African crisis ranks as level 3, the highest level. 2.2 million people need assistance, i.e. almost half of the global population. Priority needs include food, health care, water, hygiene and sanitation, shelter, but also basic household necessities.

The challenges are indeed significant. The priorities are to secure the entire country, disarm and demobilize combatants, restore the administration, and carry out judicial, economic and social reforms. President Touadéra has initiated reforms to achieve these objectives, but public services are still barely functional, and the volatility of the security context is hampering the country's recovery.

At the beginning of this year 2017, the humanitarian situation remains worrying: more than 400,000 people are still displaced, and 420,700 people sought refuge in neighbouring countries.

Triangle Génération Humanitaire started its activities in the Central African Republic in 2007, to meet the needs of Darfur refugees in the Vakaga and Haute-Kotto Prefectures. Today, TGH is one out of only two organizations permanently operating in the remote and marginalized Vakaga Region. Operating in the Ouaka since 2010 and in Bangui since 2011, the NGO conducts development, emergency and post-emergency activities in the following sectors: water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security and rural development, and education and protection.

Regular clashes impede access to populations in need and complicate the implementation of activities in the areas of intervention. Despite a lull period in early 2016 following the presidential election, the security situation has become tense again since November. In the Ouaka Prefecture, in particular, the splitting of the former Seleka coalition has led to the creation of several armed groups which are now fighting for control over certain territories, thus impeding a long-term appeasement of the country.

Current programmes

Emergency assistance and improvement of the livelihoods of host and returning populations in the sub-prefecture of Bambari

This programme addresses the emergency needs of returnees back on the axes, improving their living conditions and their level of resilience through the distribution of seeds purchased locally or supplied by FAO, complemented by distributions of agricultural tools.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 16,260 people
 Duration: 8 months 01/04/17 – 30/11/17
 Budget: €100,000

 Funding

Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS
  • Funding: CDCS – The crisis and support centre of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Partners: Collaboration with ACDA (Central-African Agricultural Development Agency)
  • Budget: €100,000
  • Number of beneficiaries: 16,260 people

The Ouaka Prefecture, marked by a volatile security environment and characterized by numerous clashes between armed groups, has been greatly affected by the humanitarian, political and economic crisis that the country has been undergoing since the end of 2012. New peaks of violence in November 2016 and in February and March 2017 caused massive population displacements. Considering food security, severe flaws in access to food and irreversible depletion of livelihood assets placed the region in a state of crisis.

In the IDP camps of the Ouaka, the food situation is particularly worrying, while the needs of the populations remain considerable. This year, in addition to the poor availability of livelihoods in the villages, the lean season started particularly early: usually starting during the rainy season (June to September), in 2017 it started in March, as a consequence of poor yields in previous years.

To address the urgency of these needs, TGH is organizing the distribution of food seeds purchased locally (an approach that has proved effective in a consortium project with the French Red Cross and funded by AFD) or provided by FAO. In both cases, the provision of seeds is complemented by the distribution of agricultural tools (Linda hoes and Ceylon hoes). In the first case, inputs purchased from producing farmers in the west of Bambari, in lack of outlets, will be redistributed to farmers in the east, unable to obtain them. This approach will allow both to inject liquidity for these impoverished populations of Bambari, and to provide food security assistance to the returning populations of the area.

Training of groups of market-gardeners

Training of groups of market-gardeners - December 2016
Photo : TGH ©

Tracking of the price and origin of the seeds

Tracking of the price and origin of the seeds - December 2016
Photo : TGH ©

Improve food security in the Vakaga Prefecture

The aim is to secure and strengthen the livelihoods and resilience of populations in the Vakaga Prefecture.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 87,600 people
 Duration: 10 months 07/04/17 – 06/02/18
 Budget: €400,000

 Funding

Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS
  • Funding: CIAA - Inter-ministerial Food Aid Committee
  • Partners: All the activities that will be implemented will be planned with ANDE (National Agency for Livestock Development) and FNEC (National Federation of Central African Breeders).
  • Budget: €400,000
  • Number of beneficiaries: 87,600 people

The activities implemented during 2016 under CIAA funding "Improving food security in the Vakaga Prefecture", supported livestock and agricultural activities, and also allowed us to define the actions needed to improve the beekeeping and fishing sectors, which are part of the livelihoods of the populations.

This programme is based on sectoral and territorial continuity through the implementation of income-generating activities (beekeeping and fishing activities) and through support to the animal health sector and to food and vegetable production, in order to strengthen local resilience capacities.

Formation des apiculteurs et distribution de kits de matériel

Training of beekeepers and distribution of kits of equipment - March 2017
Photo : TGH ©

Formation des pêcheurs à Tiringoulou et Dahal

Training of fishermen in Tiringoulou and Dahal – March 2017
Photo : TGH ©

Emergency assistance to populations affected by the conflict in CAR

This global approach aims to provide emergency assistance tailored to the specific needs of displaced people, in the camps or in host families. Access to drinking water will be ensured for the populations, who will also benefit from better hygiene and sanitation conditions thanks to the rehabilitation of health infrastructure.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 60,654 people
 Duration: 10 months 01/03/17 – 31/12/17
 Budget: €630,000

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne
  • Funding: ECHO – European Commission's humanitarian aid and civil protection department
  • Budget: €630,000 (€600,000 ECHO)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 60,654 people

Displaced populations tended to return home. But this trend observed in early 2016, has been reversed since August as a consequence of the security events occurring in the area. Clashes between the coalition and UPC have already led to large population movements, and the humanitarian consequences are likely to be disastrous due to the arrival of new displaced people in Bambari.

This programme extends the overall emergency response to displaced populations already present in Bambari and Ngakobo, as well as to potential new displaced persons. Complementing the current well rehabilitation programme, this new action plans to extend the Water Treatment Unit and Water Trucking activities to ensure continuous supply of drinking water, and to implement more sustainable solutions in order to anticipate a crisis exit strategy. This programme also includes the construction of new sanitary areas at the Ngakobo site, the maintenance of existing latrines, and the setting up of hygiene awareness sessions in the camps. The creation of a contingency stock will provide an emergency response to 10,000 people in the event of a major deterioration in the security environment. Expected performance indicators will approximate the SPHERE standards as far as possible.

Block of latrines for adults in an IDP camp

Block of latrines for adults in an IDP camp – March 2017
Photo : Daniel PENA / TGH ©

Alternative water distribution site

Alternative water distribution site – March 2017
Photo : Fabien COMMEAUX / TGH ©

Reducing the food vulnerability of households affected by political and security instability in the sub-prefecture of Bambari

This action contributes to strengthening the resilience of vulnerable populations affected by political and security instability through improved food security and livelihoods.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 82,190 people
 Duration: 4 months 01/03/17 – 30/06/17
 Budget: XAF88,437,746

 Funding

PAM-gb
  • Funding: WFP World Food Programme
  • Budget: XAF88,437,746 (around €135,000)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 82,190 people

The analysis of the situation of food insecurity in the Ouaka Prefecture, carried out by the food cluster in September 2016, classified the sub-prefecture as being in a crisis situation, displaced and returned households suffering from a severe decapitalization of their livelihoods.
Since the beginning of the crisis, TGH has been working to provide emergency assistance to those displaced in the camps or staying in host families, as well as to those who have returned, despite a particularly volatile security environment. Simultaneously, projects are being implemented in the food security, water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) and education sectors, in order to address urgent needs in a comprehensive way.

This programme aims to restore sustainable livelihoods, improve food security and help empower vulnerable populations through a variety of actions:

  • For displaced households in the Ngakobo, Aviation and PK8 areas: distribution of complete food rations over a period of 4 months
  • Food For Assets activities for 900 beneficiary households in four to six villages of returnees: these households will receive 36.6 kg of food per month for 24 days per month, in exchange for participation in community service activities, when they are able to do so.
  • Distribution of therapeutic food adapted to all children between 6 and 23 months old living on the PK8, Aviation and Ngakobo IDP camps (Blanket Supplementary Feeding).
Distribution of food seeds to displaced people in the Aviation area

Distribution of food seeds to displaced people in the Aviation area – January 2017
Photo : TGH ©

Distribution of food seeds to displaced people in the Aviation area

Distribution of food seeds to displaced people in the Aviation area – January 2017
Photo : TGH ©

Access to a quality learning environment for students of the Vakaga and promotion of girls' education in the sub-prefectures of Birao and Ouanda-Djallé

This action helps improve the schooling conditions of students in the Vakaga, through improved facilities, training and support to the schooling of young girls.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 8,334 people
 Duration: 11 months 1/01/17 - 30/11/17
 Budget: USD 450,000

 Funding

OCHA
  • Budget: USD 450,000
  • Funding: Humanitarian Fund in CAR (OCHA)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 8,334 people

The Vakaga Prefecture, which is very isolated from the rest of the country and particularly difficult to access, was greatly impacted by the crisis of 2013. Although the security situation is now improving, humanitarian needs remain particularly high. Most tracks are impassable during the rainy season (from July to November) and heavy logistical constraints have a significant impact on the coverage of the needs of the region's populations. TGH is one of the few NGOs to be present in the Vakaga, and the only one to intervene in the field of education, where needs are nevertheless important.

The education system was particularly affected by the crisis of 2012. In November 2015, the Vakaga had the lowest rate of open public schools, and school resumed almost three months after the official date. Many primary and secondary schools are not operational, partly due to the poor state of school facilities mainly built of perishable materials, and to the lack of parent-teachers - many of them took up arms and left the area - and incumbent teachers - the majority fled because of insecurity. The learning environment is therefore particularly unfavourable.

As part of this programme, TGH is building schools and providing school furniture and sanitary facilities for students to have better learning conditions. Awareness-raising sessions on hygiene complements this programme to maximize its effects. In order to re-boost the education sector, TGH also trains Parents' Associations, key players in education, on income-generating activities enabling them to increase their financial capacity to support parent-teachers. The formal schooling of young girls in the prefecture is also a major concern for TGH which is organizing awareness-raising activities.

Seance de sensibilisation l'hygiene feminine

Awareness-raising session on women hygiene, September 2016
Photo : TGH ©

Rencontre avec associations de femmes de Birao

Meeting with women's associations in Birao, September 2016
Photo : TGH ©

WASH emergency assistance to the displaced populations of the Ouaka and support to the dynamics of return in the prefecture

TGH operates in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation sector to help displaced populations in the Ouaka Prefecture, and improves the livelihoods of households who have returned to their villages on the axes around the city of Bambari.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 53,824 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/01/2017 – 31/12/2017
 Budget: USD 576,869

 Funding

OCHA
  • Budget: USD 576,869
  • Funding: Humanitarian Fund in CAR (OCHA)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 53,824 people

The Ouaka Prefecture is one of the areas most affected by the crisis that has been affecting the Central African Republic, the scene of regular clashes between two armed movements (former Seleka and anti-Balaka). The various conflicts that have followed one another in the region since 2012 led to population movements that in turn resulted in the creation of numerous IDP camps. The Ouaka is the prefecture with the highest number of displaced people (58,913 people living in host families or living in the camps), and 11 IDP camps, the latest one set up in Ngakobo at the SUCAF plant, in July 2016. These populations live in very precarious conditions at all levels (food security, education, WASH, health or protection). With regard to WASH, many water points have been demolished or are currently out of order. The looting of the SODECA plant prevents its running, and deprives of drinking water many areas of the sub-prefecture of Bambari.

However, the decline in violence on some axes allowed the return of more than 3,750 people to their villages on the Ngakobo axis. Nevertheless, returning communities still need humanitarian assistance because the living conditions in their villages remain very difficult. With regard to WASH, drinking water coverage is almost non-existent, and sanitation conditions are equally unsatisfactory.

This programme is intended to continue the emergency assistance activities for the displaced populations of the Ouaka (water-trucking, operating of the pumping stations, chlorination of wells, rehabilitation or maintenance of latrines and emergency showers), and to implement more sustainable solutions (equipment of new boreholes to replace water-trucking, rehabilitation of wells).
The construction of latrines and the development of water points in the villages of origin of the populations, close to the city of Bambari, will help accompany the return of these communities.

Towards capacity building of local actors working on child protection - Joint project Central African Republic and Republic of the Congo

Improve the protection and reintegration of children in situation of vulnerability through awareness-raising sessions and the strengthening of public actors’ and associations’ intervention capacities.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4200 people
 Duration: 36 months 01/05/16 - 30/04/19
 Budget: €995,112

 Funding

Logo AFD Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne UNICEF
  • Funding: French Development Agency / Europe Aid / UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: Two networks of partner organizations, 1,000 people including public actors in connection with vulnerable children in Bangui, Brazzaville and Pointe Noire, 2,000 street children, 500 incarcerated juveniles and 800 juveniles in a situation of social breakdown.
  • Partners:
    - A network of actors working for street children in the Central African Republic (RFERC);
    - A network of actors working for street children experiencing situations of social disruption and family break-up (REIPER) in the Republic of the Congo.
Placement en famille d'accueil dans le cadre du projet déjà initié à Brazzaville

Placement in a foster family as part of the project already initiated in Brazzaville, which aims to improve the protection and reintegration of children in a situation of vulnerability
Photo : TGH ©

The major humanitarian crisis in CAR and the endemic poverty in the Republic of the Congo impact juveniles in a situation of great vulnerability - street children, incarcerated or experiencing situations of social disruption or family break-up – who are still exposed to multiple forms of violence.

With financial support from UNICEF, EU, private foundations, and now AFD, TGH has been working with vulnerable children in Bangui since 2011, and in Brazzaville and Pointe Noire since 2013.

  • The programme integrates institutional actors in connection with child protection, who are trained on legal provisions. It provides support to street children (daily rounds performed by the mobile field unit), and organizes events for incarcerated juveniles. The reception centers also benefit from improved sanitary conditions.
  • In addition to being placed in a reception center or in a temporary foster family, juveniles experiencing situations of social disruption or family break-up receive support as well as academic refresher courses (or training) in order to prepare their social reintegration.
  • Finally, the programme includes a capacity building component for the coordination offices of partners and member associations. In fact, TGH considers that the collaboration with a local partner is essential for the implementation of activities, the achievement of results and programme ownership by our partners. Ultimately, these partners will aim to implement all activities in an autonomous way.

The main expected results are:

  • Awareness-raising of State actors on children's rights and on legal and social devices for the protection of juveniles.
  • Strengthening of the organizational and operational skills of the coordination offices of RFERC and REIPER.
  • Establishment of prevention devices for the protection of juveniles at risk in Bangui and Brazzaville
  • Guidance and implementation of services aiming at the social reintegration of juveniles experiencing situations of social disruption or family break-up.
Equipe de l'antenne mobile- Brazzaville

Team of the mobile field unit - Brazzaville
Photo : TGH ©

Bénéficiaires de l’antenne mobile

Beneficiaries of the mobile field unit
Photo : TGH ©

Emergency assistance for the education of pupils in the sub-prefecture of Bambari, CAR

This program encourages the return to school of out-of-school children in the sub-prefecture of Bambari.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 10 schools
 Duration: 15 months 01/06/2016 – 31/08/2017
 Budget: € 250,000

 Funding

Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS
  • Funding: Centre de Crise et de Soutien du ministère des Affaires étrangères et du développement international
  • Number of beneficiaries: Pupils and parent-teachers from 10 schools
Inauguration of a school in the Ouaka sub-prefecture

Inauguration of a school in the Ouaka sub-prefecture
Photo : Abou-Bakr Mashimango / TGH ©

The impacts of the political, economic and humanitarian crisis that CAR has been experiencing in recent years are particularly felt in the Ouaka Prefecture. In August and September 2015, an escalation of inter-community violence led to significant population movements, causing the creation of three new IDP camps around the town of Bambari. At present, the situation seems to have stabilized and calm is gradually returning, despite occasional incidents. The humanitarian actors present in the area have recently observed that populations start to return to their original villages, although most of the camps are still heavily populated.

Inauguration of a school in the Ouaka sub-prefecture

Inauguration of a school in the Ouaka sub-prefecture
Photo : Abou-Bakr Mashimango / TGH ©

The education sector has been deeply affected by the conflict. Many schools that have been subject to looting and destruction are unusable today. The buildings are often in a critical state of disrepair, due to a lack of means to maintain them. Teachers fled the villages to take refuge in camps and furniture just disappeared. In most prefectures in the country, the Central African State lacks both financial and human resources to support the education sector. NGOs, particularly TGH, therefore engage in the emergency education sector in order to ensure basic services in schools.

TGH will implement several activities that will guarantee decent learning conditions for pupils and encourage out-of-school children to go back to school. 10 schools will be rehabilitated in order to ensure the safety of both pupils and equipment. Water points and latrines will be built or rehabilitated, and pupils will benefit from awareness-raising sessions on good hygiene practices. Meanwhile, schools will be equipped with school furniture (tables and benches), and parent-teachers will be trained.

This project is in line with the priorities identified by the new president of the republic, to help rebuild the country. In conjunction with the academic inspection in the area, the program provides an emergency response to the lack of infrastructure and staff in the sub-prefecture.

 

Completed Programmes

Organization and implementation of a livestock vaccination campaign in the Vakaga and Ouaka Prefectures

This programme supports the food production of herders and agro-pastoralists in the Vakaga and the Ouaka Prefectures.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 2,800 herder
 Duration: 6 months 11/16 - 05/17
 Budget: €46,168

 Funding

Logo FAO
  • Budget: XAF30,373,581 (equivalent to €46,168)
  • Funding: FAO
  • Number of beneficiaries: 2,800 herder and agro-pastoralist households
  • Partners: FNEC, ANDE

The agro-food sector in the Central African Republic has been particularly affected by the crisis. Armed conflicts have caused significant losses of livestock and have undermined transhumant breeding and livestock production, with serious consequences for the country's economy, social cohesion, public health and food security of populations.

Since the end of 2012, the looting of livestock-farming infrastructure, the decline in vaccination coverage and the cessation of the activities of border epidemiological surveillance teams have led to a significant increase in the risk of animal diseases spreading. TGH intervenes in the Ouaka and Vakaga Prefectures with a vaccination campaign of 140,000 cattle and small ruminants.

The programme has several components:

  • Support to the livestock sector through vaccinations, in order to restore sufficient productivity and to strengthen the means of subsistence and resilience of the populations;
  • Awareness-raising sessions for the vaccination of livestock in the communities;
  • Strengthening of the technical and institutional skills of our implementing partners: FNEC (National Federation of Central African Breeders) and ANDE (National Agency for Livestock Development).
Small ruminant vaccination campaign

Small ruminant vaccination campaign
Photo : TGH ©

Small ruminant vaccination campaign

Small ruminant vaccination campaign
Photo : TGH ©

WASH emergency assistance for the populations affected by the conflict in CAR

Provide WASH emergency assistance to displaced people in the camps in Bambari and initiate sustainable solutions to support potential population returns.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 73,159 people
 Duration: 14 months 03/16 - 04/17
 Budget: €770,000

 Funding

Commision Europeenne UNICEF
  • Funding: ECHO, UNICEF
  • Budget: €770,000 (€700,000 funded by ECHO and €70,000 by UNICEF)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 73,159 people
Forage sur le site Sangaris

Drilling on the Sangaris camp, March 2016
Photo : Maëlle Derniaux - TGH ©

The Ouaka Region, the theater of conflicts between armed groups marked by a volatile security environment, was strongly affected by the humanitarian, political and economic crisis prevailing in the Central African Republic since 2013. In August 2015, the area of Bambari experienced an upsurge of sectarian violence that has inflamed the region and led to important new population displacements. During this period and in the months that followed, three new camps were created in Bambari to accommodate the newly displaced populations. TGH, like many NGOs present in the field, has mobilized to provide the camps with an emergency response in terms of humanitarian assistance, with ECHO’s financial support.

This new program is a continuation of emergency aid, and it primarily aims to continue providing emergency assistance in terms of water, hygiene and sanitation in the camps and in the neighborhoods of Bambari, where many displaced people are staying with host families: daily supply of the water points through water-trucking and chlorination of the beneficiaries’ containers at several water points. TGH also anticipates potential future crisis situations, by acquiring the equipment necessary for a rapid response in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector and the constitution of a contingency stock.

Concurrently, TGH implements more sustainable solutions aiming to eventually replace water-trucking: creation or rehabilitation of boreholes, and rehabilitation of unequipped wells to avoid chlorination. These actions are complemented by the maintenance of health infrastructure (disaggregated latrine blocks for children and adults, shower blocks, hand washing stations and solid waste pits), already implemented by TGH in the IDP sites of the Prefecture, accompanied by an awareness-raising component on good hygiene practices to adopt in daily life in order to prevent the spread of diseases (especially waterborne diseases). The awareness campaign primarily targets women and children, and takes the form of games for children and group discussions for women.

Puits réhabilité par TGH à Bambari

Well rehabilitated by TGH in Bambari, December 2015
Photo : Camille BRUNEL / TGH ©

Infrastructures sanitaires sur le camp Aviation

Sanitation facilities in the camp of Aviation, August 2015
Photo : Camille BRUNEL / TGH ©

Emergency assistance to people affected by the crisis in the Ouaka Prefecture

TGH operates in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation sector to help displaced populations in the Ouaka Prefecture.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 59,824 people
 Duration: 3 months 14/12/16 - 13/03/17
 Budget: XAF 146,675

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Budget: XAF 146,675
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: 59,824 people

The Ouaka prefecture is one of the areas most affected by the humanitarian, political and economic crisis that has been affecting the country since the end of 2012. It has the largest number of internally displaced people in CAR, with more than 41,000 people spread over 11 sites and 18,755 people staying in host families. Some of these populations returned to their villages of origin at the beginning of 2016, but the upsurge in violence and security incidents in the second half of the year reversed this trend. TGH, as well as numerous local NGOs on the ground, has mobilized to provide an emergency humanitarian response in the camps in the Water, Hygiene and Sanitation (WASH) and Food security sectors.

This programme ensures the continuity of TGH's WASH actions (access to drinking water through water trucking, operation of borewells equipped with submersible pumps and chlorination of wells). It also includes access to sanitation with the rehabilitation of separate latrines for men, women and children, and of emergency showers. TGH supports IDPs in the camps as well as in the districts of Bambari where many households live in host families. The project is implemented with financial support from UNICEF.

Alimentation d'un bladder en eau potable

Feeding of a bladder with drinking water for distribution through water-trucking
Photo : TGH ©

Rehabilitation d'une aire sanitaire

Rehabilitation of a sanitation facility on the Sangaris site
Photo : TGH ©

Improve food security in the Vakaga Prefecture

Strengthen the resilience capacity and the livelihoods of populations in the Vakaga.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 11,135 households
 Duration: 9 months 01/05/16 - 28/02/17
 Budget: €400,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CIAA
  • Number of beneficiaries: direct beneficiaries 11,135 households, indirect beneficiaries 75,000 people

The Vakaga Prefecture, located north of the Central African Republic, is a landlocked region that is difficult to access and isolated from the rest of the country. Abandoned by the authorities, seriously affected by the conflict in Darfur, and a home to many refugees and displaced Muslims fleeing west and south of the country, this region has been suffering the consequences of the crisis in CAR since 2013. Insecurity in the region limits ​​humanitarian assistance and the number of international NGOs present in the prefecture. The needs of the populations living in the Vakaga are enormous, both in terms of education and health as of agriculture.

The influx of many displaced people, the closure of the Chadian border and insecurity at the Sudanese border exert strong pressure on the availability of agricultural products on the market, and subsequently their prices have risen sharply. An assessment conducted by WFP in October 2015, drew attention to the critical situation the region is experiencing in terms of food security.

Lancement de la campagne de vaccination des bovins

Launching of the cattle, sheep and poultry vaccination campaign in the Ouaka, January 2016 / Photo : TGH ©

Present in the region since 2007, TGH decided to launch a food security enhancing program by providing support to farming, fishing and livestock activities.

This project includes several components:

  • Support to fishing and honey production activities: fishing is a vital activity for the populations because, beyond the additional income it generates for households, it also helps diversify foods consumption. The program supports four groups of fishermen through the distribution of fishing kits and training aiming to enhance their technical know-how and promote more environmentally friendly practices.
    Traditional honey production, already widespread in the Vakaga, allows small producers to benefit from additional income and also represents a source of income for women responsible for selling this production on local markets. Three groupings of beekeepers will be provided with protection and production kits, and will receive training on beekeeping methods and on environmentally sound harvesting techniques.

  • Lancement de la campagne de vaccination des bovins

    Park for animals, as part of the vaccination campaign, January 2016 / Photo : TGH ©

  • Support to the livestock sector: in this region, farming is an important livelihood that complements agricultural production. The sale of livestock is quite easy, and helps absorb shocks. The program will open two new veterinary centers and carry out sheep and cattle vaccination campaigns in order to address the problem of endemic diseases that affect animals.

  • Support to rainfed agricultural production: the distribution of kits containing groundnut, sorghum and sesame seeds is planned to address the low availability of quality seeds on the market in the Vakaga and provide necessary food crop inputs to farmers in the region. Technical training on agricultural techniques will be provided to groups of farmers, followed by the assessment of rainfed crops in order to measure yields.

Food distribution in IDP camps in the Ouaka Prefecture, Central African Republic

Provide emergency food assistance to vulnerable populations in the Ouaka Region, in Bambari (PK8 and Aviation) and in Ngakobo.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 36,207 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/02/16 - 28/02/17
 Budget: a little bit more than €250,000

 Funding

PAM
  • Funding: WFP
  • Budget: XAF 165,552,753 (a little bit more than €250,000)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 36,207 people

Since April 2014, the Ouaka Region has been facing a period of high instability, resulting in major population movements. A period of relative calm, punctuated since the beginning of 2016 by a few scattered incidents, followed the resurgence of violence of August 2015, which required the creation of new IDP camps, including those of PK8 and Aviation. In February, the Commission on Population Movements counted approximately 61,000 displaced persons in the Ouaka Region alone.

This situation has severely affected agriculture and the small local business, and led to a sharp deterioration in household food security. By the end of 2015, the Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate had reached 7.8% nationwide. This program's objective is the distribution of foodstuffs (cereals, legumes, oil, and salt) to 6,583 households in the cities of Bambari (specifically in the camps PK8 and Aviation) and Ngakobo.

Distribution de vivres financés par le PAM sur le camp de déplacés

Food distribution funded by the WFP in the IDP camp PK8, October 2016
Photo : Guillaume Pradel / TGH ©

Distribution de vivres financés par le PAM sur le camp de déplacés

Food distribution funded by the WFP in the IDP camp PK8, October 2016
Photo : Guillaume Pradel / TGH ©

Restoring basic services in the education sector in the towns of Birao, Gordil and Sikkikede, and promoting pupils’ return to school throughout the Vakaga Prefecture

Encourage the pupils of 25 schools to go back to school in the towns of Birao, Sikkikede and Gordil, and ensure a healthy school environment.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 10,758 people
 Duration: 8 months 01/05/16 - 31/12/16
 Budget: USD 300,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CHF
  • Number of beneficiaries: 10,758 people
  • Partners: MAHDED
Inauguration d’une école à Bambari

Inauguration of a school in Bambari in April 2016
Photo : Abou-Bakr Mashimango / TGH ©

The consequences of the political, economic and humanitarian crisis prevailing in the Central African Republic since 2013 are strongly affecting the Vakaga Prefecture, which is landlocked, isolated and where international NGOs are scarce. The conflict in Darfur and the closure of the border with Chad further weaken the security context of this already unstable area. Education has been significantly impacted: the starting date of the 2015 school year has been postponed to December, several schools reopened sometimes a month late, and most of them need to be rehabilitated. Many schools have been looted by armed groups present in the region, who took away or destroyed school furniture and teaching materials. For lack of means, these schools could not be re-equipped, and many deteriorating buildings could not be maintained. The region also suffers from a severe lack of teachers, unwilling to settle in an unsafe area.

TGH has been present in the Vakaga since 2007, and this program complements the actions already taken in the education sector to encourage children’s return to school by ensuring quality education and decent and secure learning conditions.

Inauguration d’une école à Bambari, avril 2016

Inauguration of a school in Bambari in April 2016
Photo : Abou-Bakr Mashimango / TGH ©

25 schools in the towns of Birao, Sikkikede and Gordil are concerned by this intervention. The program plans to equip these three towns with modern emergency sheds to serve as schools, school furniture and sanitation facilities to allow pupils to study in favorable conditions.

In addition, teacher parents will receive training provided by the school inspectorate to encourage teachers to return to the schools in the prefecture, and the parents’ associations and local actors in the education sector will be trained in communication techniques in order to raise parents’ awareness on the return to school of girls. These awareness sessions with communities will be accompanied by training on good hygiene practice for young girls. TGH also plans to support the Ministry of National Education and Technical Education in order to empower its representatives in coordinating the different actors operating in that sector.

Finally, in order to prepare and support the launching of the 2016/2017 school year, official ceremonies will be organized in several towns in the presence of local representatives, group leaders and mayors.

Emergency assistance to people affected by the crisis in the Ouaka Prefecture

This program provides emergency assistance in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector to people living in IDP camps in the Ouaka.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: approximately 51,000 people
 Duration: 3 months 16/06/16 - 15/09/16
 Budget: eq. €342,000

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Budget: XAF 224,642,729 (eq. €342,000)
  • Number of beneficiaries: approximately 51,000 people
Water distribution area on the camp Notre-Dame des Victoires

Water distribution area on the camp Notre-Dame des Victoires
Photo : Camille Brunel / TGH ©

The Ouaka Region remains at present one of the most severely affected by the political, economic and humanitarian crisis CAR has been experiencing since the end of 2012. The upsurge in violence in August and September 2015 caused major population movements, and led to the creation of three new IDP camps. There is now a total number of 10 camps in the town of Bambari and its surroundings. The needs in terms of water, hygiene and sanitation are acute in these camps. According to February 2016 CMP figures, 61, 024 IDPs in the camps in the Ouaka and 18,755 people staying with host families are in need, representing a total of 79, 799 people across the prefecture.

The stabilization of the security situation since the beginning of 2016 and the decrease in the number of persons registered in the camps suggest that these people have started to return to their villages of origin. However, the number of people still living in the camps remains high, and humanitarian needs remain substantial. TGH is already operating in these IDP camps, providing an emergency response in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector. This program is a continuation of that response. It plans to improve populations’ access to drinking water through the daily trucking of previously treated water, increasing access to improved sanitation with the building of showers and latrines for adults and children, and drawing populations' attention on the need to adopt healthy hygiene practices through awareness-raising sessions.

Distribution of staple food seed and agricultural tools

Strengthen the resilience capacity and the livelihoods of populations in Ombella Mpoko and Lobaye.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1,000 households
 Duration: 6 months 12/05/16 - 11/11/16
 Budget: eq. €22,000

 Funding

Logo FAO
  • Funding: FAO
  • Budget: XAF 14,508,130 eq. €22,000 (excluding valuations)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 1,000 households

500 households, selected according to their vulnerability in both regions - Ombella Mpoko (south of Bangui, along the Oubangui river axis) and Lobaye (along the Lobaye river axis) - will receive groundnut , corn, upland rice, red bean, red cowpea and squash seeds, as well as small agricultural tools.

Concurrently, TGH teams will provide the beneficiaries with training on harvesting and conservation techniques, and will ensure monitoring and coaching throughout the program.

Distribution de vivres financés par le PAM sur le camp de déplacés

Seed distribution in Bambari, June 2015
Photo : Camille Brunel / TGH ©

Distribution d’outils agricoles en Vakaga

Distribution of agricultural tools in the Vakaga, July 2014
Photo : TGH ©

Support project for the recovery of the educational system in CAR

As the only humanitarian actor present in the education sector in the Vakaga Prefecture, TGH aims to promote the re-schooling of school-age children.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 7,500 pupils
 Duration: 10 months 10/2015-08/2016
 Budget: $285,927

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF (within the framework of the Global Partnership for Education)
  • Partners: Ministry of National Education and Technical Education (MENET)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 7,500 pupils, 25 parents' associations and 75 teachers in 25 schools targeted by the project.
Pupils of the school in Ndiffa

Pupils of the school in Ndiffa
Photo : TGH ©

Today the Vakaga Prefecture has one of the lowest rates of school attendance and educational equipment, with an average of 5 students per textbook. Operating in the Vakaga since 2007, TGH has conducted many construction and school infrastructure rehabilitation projects, and has recognized experience in the education sector. The support project for the recovery of the education system in CAR, supported by UNICEF as part of the Global Partnership for Education, complements a project funded by the CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund - United Nations) implemented by TGH.

As part of this project, and in order to ensure better conditions for learning and teaching, TGH will provide 25 schools in the Vakaga region with school supplies (French and English textbooks, guide books for teachers, recreational kits and school material), and the 7,500 pupils benefiting from the project will receive school kits.

Furthermore, TGH aims to raise pupils' parents’ and community leaders' awareness to the right to education. To that end, two meetings will be organized in each sub-prefecture of the Vakaga region, together with the authorities and actors in the education sector, and 20 community awareness raising sessions on children schooling will be organized in the villages targeted by the this project.

In order to best prepare children's return to school, TGH will provide training and monitoring of the members of parents' associations in the prefecture on school management and on the running of a parents' association. Besides, support will be provided for the organization of the pedagogical supervision of teachers by inspectors and heads of school districts.

Protection device for street children

Faced with the alarming increase in the phenomenon of street children in Bangui, the mobile field unit, operated by TGH since 2014, allow these children access to social and educational services and basic healthcare.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: More than 1,000 children
 Duration: 12 months 14/07/15 – 31/10/16
 Budget: €474,651

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Partners: La Voix du Cœur, the Research Center Centre de Recherche Action pour l’Education Environnementale et le Développement Durable (CRAED), the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of National Education and Higher Education.
  • Number of beneficiaries: More than 1,000 children
Bus-enfants-de-la-rue-RCA1

In the Central African Republic, street children are exposed to many forms of violence such as HIV / AIDS infection, risks related to sexual exploitation and drug use. These vulnerability factors have increased significantly since the beginning of the politico-military crisis in the country.

TGH has been providing assistance to street children since 2011. The present project aims to develop a device to prevent abuse against children in street situations; to ensure their access to socio-educational and medical services, foster care, but also to basic education (formal or not).

Bus-enfants-de-la-rue-RCA1

The device to prevent abuse against street children is based on the services provided by the mobile field unit, operational since 2014. The rounds are performed daily by TGH's team of social workers in Bangui, and aim to provide a psychosocial follow-up to identified street children. Meanwhile, a team of nurses is responsible for the holding of prevention and awareness sessions on issues such as hygiene and malaria, while medical care (primary care) is ensured by the mobile field unit, as well as emergency medical referral.

In addition, the project aims to ensure access of 1,000 children to socio-educational and medical services as well as to foster care. As such, identified street children can have an individual interviews with TGH's team of social workers for a return to school, a family gathering, or a referral to reception and accommodation structures. Two reception and accommodation facilities are partners in this project: la Voix du Cœur and CRAED, and as such, they benefit from financial support for the care brought to street children. In addition, access to primary care and medical follow-up are offered in these reception facilities. Meanwhile, temporary host families are identified, trained and monitored. They receive material and financial support for the care they bring to street children.

Finally, the project "Protection device for street children" aims to ensure that 245 out-of-school juveniles, including street children, have access to basic education. The social workers of the mobile field unit and project partners identify out-of-school juveniles for a return to school or vocational training. Following an evaluation, juveniles are referred to a suitable school system, while two specialized teachers are recruited. Meanwhile, the children who reintegrated into the formal school system benefit from a follow-up by TGH teams. School kits are also distributed to targeted children.

Radio-NDEKE-LUKA

Enregistrement réalisé le 13 novembre 2015 à Bangui (République Centrafricaine) pour Radio NDEKE LUKA par Fanny Balekossi, journaliste. Ce reportage de cinq minutes en français et de cinq minutes en sango* a été diffusé le 20 novembre 2015 à l’occasion de la Journée internationale des droits de l’enfant.
*langue véhiculaire de la République Centrafricaine

Christophe Cloarec

Christophe Cloarec

Shandy

Shandy Lejeune

Bus-enfants-de-la-rue-RCA

L'antenne mobile

Integrated programme to reduce the causes and effects of malnutrition for vulnerable populations in the sub-prefectures of Bambari and Berberati

The programme aims to improve the health of women and children under 5 years of age in the sub-prefectures of Berberati and Bambari by treating the main causes and effects of malnutrition.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 84,000 people
 Duration: 19 months 10/2014 – 08/2016
 Budget: K€2,500

 Funding

Logo AFD croix-rouge-francaise
  • Funding: French Development Agency
  • Partners: French Red Cross
  • Number of beneficiaries: The population of the city of Bambari (42,000 people)

The Central African Republic is currently going through an unprecedented political and humanitarian crisis. More than 440,000 IDPs were registered at the end of January 2015 and the lack of access to health facilities, the destruction and loss of livelihoods but also the permanent climate of insecurity, aggravate the situation of these populations day after day.

Discussions ouvertes, évaluation Village de Ngaloua

Open discussions, assessment
Village of Ngaloua
Photo : TGH ©

Before the 2013 crisis, the country was already in a critical health and nutritional situation. The latest data, provided by UNDP, report an infant mortality rate of 112 ‰ for the whole country, and 30.2% of the population is considered food insecure. Since then, the situation has further deteriorated, as, to date, it is estimated that 1.7 million people are food insecure.

In April 2014, the French Red Cross, the Central African Red Cross and TGH conducted an assessment mission of the nutritional situation in the sub-prefectures of Berberati (Mambere-Kadei Prefecture) and Bambari (Ouaka Prefecture). The findings of this mission allowed the drafting of a project proposal, which was presented to AFD.

This programme, launched in October 2014, focuses on four main areas:

  • Capacity building in the fight against malnutrition in the communities targeted by the project (prevention, identification, referrals, monitoring)
    The cases of SAM (severe malnutrition) and MM (moderate malnutrition) identified during referral campaigns will be directed towards the relevant health areas.
    Awareness sessions on malnutrition, use and storage of food will also be implemented by the programme volunteers.
  • 16 health areas of the sub-prefectures of Bambari and Berberati offer free care to targeted beneficiaries and develop therapeutic nutritional quality care activities
    The project offers free health care for pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and children under 5 over a period of 5 months. This device complements the support (equipment, training, etc.) already provided to these same structures as part of other projects under implementation, and is consistent with the guidelines of the Ministry of Health.
  • Improvement of the productive capacity of target populations in health areas and strengthening of their livelihoods in order to increase availability and access to food in the sub-prefectures of Berberati and Bambari
    In order to achieve sustainable access to adequate food in sufficient quantity and quality, technical and material support will be provided to households and farm groups of Berberati and Bambari.
    These households will also benefit from training on agricultural techniques and support will be provided to the structuring of farmers' organizations with the view to improve their productivity.
  • Capacity building of local authorities of decentralized State services concerned by project activities
    In order to ensure ownership and sustainability of the programme and to involve the relevant authorities, key actors will be invited at the start of the programme to participate in a planning workshop and in the steering committee that will be set up to ensure the monitoring throughout the programme.

Organisational and structural reinforcement of Students’ Parents Associations to improve management of schools.

This program aims to help reducing poverty by improving access to education for all, through a revival of the FNAPEEC, in order to give Parents’ associations the means to better handle the schools.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 673444 people
 Duration: 65 months 12/2010-05/2016
 Budget: €790 000

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Logo MAE
  • Funding : EuropeAid (Cooperation Office of the European Commission) 75%, French Embassy in CAR
  • Number of beneficiaries : 47, 200 pupils and 244 teachers-parents1 (direct beneficiaries), 626, 000 primary school pupils (indirect beneficiaries)
  • Partners : Ministry of Education, Ministry of Social Affairs, FNAPEEC (National Federation of Parents and Students of CAR), Academy Inspection, Head of school district/sector leaders

A little bit more than half of Central African children between 6 and 11 years old (55, 8%) attend primary school. The Central African Republic is therefore half-way to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
Girls are far less provided with schooling than boys, and the level is globally low in the country (6,7% of 11-year-old children have actually completed primary school).

Like other Central African institutions, the Ministry of Education regrets the extreme weakness of its decentralized structures. The disparity between Bangui and the provinces has increased, and the children living in urban areas are provided with better schooling than those living in rural areas. Seven prefectures – including the Ouaka – have a net schooling rate in primary school of less than 7%.

This program aims to help reducing poverty by improving access to education for all, through a revival of the FNAPEEC, in order to give Parents’ associations the means to better handle the schools.

It unfolds in three phases:

The first consists in revisiting – together with the actors of the Education sector in CAR – the management tools used by the Central African APE (Parents’ Associations), those being too poor and unsuitable. It will rely on organizational and technical support to the coordination staff of the FNAPEEC, the redesigning of these decentralized agencies’ constitutive and technical tools, the formalization of the recognition of its mandates and statutes by the Ministry of Education, the set-up of thematic training and dissemination within the network, and the creation of a database.

During the second phase, TGH will distribute the instruction manual to the APE of the Ouaka Prefecture, and will accompany them in its use in order to improve school management by pupils’ parents. This phase will also enhance positive interactions between the formal branch (Ministry of Education, Academy Inspections, schools management team) and the associative branch (members of the FNAPEEC network), heavily involved in the running of the schools. It will rely on training on the pilot application of the new statutes and guidelines, on the networking of actors and exchange practices designed to stimulate and structure the APE to allow them to co-manage the schools and respond to the children needs.

Finally, TGH will conduct an assessment on the impact of the second phase, and, according to the results of this assessment, will revise the instruction manual and the working method, if necessary. The final instruction manual will be distributed in all the prefectures of the country.

The political and military crisis in 2013-2014 caused the looting and deterioration of numerous educational facilities in the town of Bambari and in the Ouaka, a high drop-out rate of students and the departure of most teachers. With funding from the French Embassy in CAR, TGH has developed an emergency plan to rehabilitate 15 damaged schools and support the resumption of school activity by motivating teachers and parent-teachers, and by providing 84 schools with school supplies.

1 Teachers-parents are there to make up for the lack of teachers having tenure. They are provided with adequate training and are paid by the parents’ association.

Towards lasting access to potable water and a sanitary environment for vulnerable populations in Ouaka

This project is part of a wide-scale, “multi-country” proposal launched by the European Commission in 2010. It targets populations living in rural areas of Ouaka, who do not have lasting access to drinking water. The programme will be carried out in partnership with a local NGO, Nourrir.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 17 819 people
 Duration: 56 months 04/2011 - 01/2016
 Budget: €1 895 000

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Logo AFD OFID
  • Funding: Europaid (Cooperation Office of the European Commission) 75%, AFD (Agence Française de Développement), OFID (OPEC Fund for International Development)
  • Partners : ANEA (National Agency for Water and Sanitation), DGH (Direction Générale de l'Hydraulique), Nourrir (NGO)

Huge needs for intervention to improve access to water and sanitation have been identified throughout the Ouaka Prefecture where TGH conducted a joint multi-sector diagnosis together with Aide Médicale Internationale, Nourrir and the DGH. The main roads serving the North (Bakala) and the South-West (Kouango) are particularly neglected. In the 22 villages targeted by the operation, basic access to healthcare and education is extremely poor, less than 30% of the targeted people have currently access to drinking water, and only 8.8% have access to improved sanitation facilities.

In addition, the weak institutional capacity of the local DGH does not allow any improvement in the situation. Efficient and targeted local capacity building is needed as well as improved access to basic services related to water and sanitation through the building of appropriate infrastructures. The running of awareness campaigns on hygiene is also imperative.

Finally, as it is the case in the rest of the country, major structural deficiencies are aggravated by the faulty maintenance of infrastructures and the inaptitude of social organizations in charge of their management. The principles of transparency and good governance are scarce and require a background social work and continuous support.

In the frame of a widespread « multi-country » call for proposals, launched by the European Commission in 2010, this program contributes to reducing morbidity and mortality rates associated with waterborne diseases and participates in the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals 4, 5 and 6.

It will start with the checking of work sites and validated technical choices, a participative definition of the implementation of activities for each village, and the establishment of a steering committee of the project involving all the stakeholders.

It will then pursue the following objectives:

  • Extending and improving access to drinking water: construction of water infrastructures (25 drillings and 10 sources), strengthening of the mobile team for the monitoring and repair of hand pumps, monitoring of the quantity and the quality of water resources in connection with concerned local authorities.

  • Improving the sanitary environment by extending access to health facilities and developing the knowledge and good practices related to hygiene: selection of beneficiaries according to predefined criteria, construction of sanitation facilities (1, 200 family latrines) and awareness raising on their use in public institutions (6 schools and 4 health centers), conducting of CAP surveys1, monitoring of medical data and supervision of health centers for the collection of information related to waterborne diseases, definition of hygiene promotion messages, creation of communication tools and running of a communication campaign to promote hygiene among targeted populations.

  • Strengthening of the organizational and technical capacity of local actors, adaptation to the requirements of the project: definition and implementation of a training course for the local partner and the DGH, creation, training and monitoring of water management committees.

1Survey Knowledge, attitudes and practices

Improve food security in the Vakaga

This action aims to strengthen the livelihoods and resilience capacity of the populations most affected by the crisis in the Vakaga Prefecture, thus contributing to improve their food security.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 3,700 households
 Duration: 6 months 01/11/15 - 01/05/16
 Budget: €152,818

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Interministerial Food Aid Committee (CIAA), French Embassy
  • Number of beneficiaries: 3,700 households (18,500 people)
    • 1,700 households will receive market gardening kits and technical support
    • 2,000 households will benefit from veterinary services

The humanitarian situation in the Vakaga, already marked by chronic underdevelopment before the outbreak of the current crisis, is alarming. In terms of food security, the region particularly suffers from its growing economic isolation from the south of the country, compounded by the closing of the border with Chad and high insecurity at the border with Sudan, which significantly limits internal and external trade exchanges. The result is a sharp reduction in food availability on local markets and particularly high prices. Yet, the Vakaga has a real economic potential, most of the population having agricultural and livestock rearing activities. Present in the Vakaga since 2007, TGH's action include support activities for the growing of subsistence and market-garden crops, the establishment of mobile veterinary units and vaccination campaigns.

renforcer la sécurité alimentaire dans la Vakaga

Photo : TGH ©

This project is a continuation of TGH's actions in the food security and rural development sectors in the Vakaga.
On the one hand, TGH works to promote the resilience capacities of households in the Vakaga, through support to market-garden production. In this respect, TGH provides support to the identified farm groups and vulnerable households, through the distribution of market garden seed kits and tool kits. In addition to regular monitoring, the beneficiaries will receive training throughout the production cycle in order to enhance their skills.
On the other hand, the action aims to strengthen the resilience capacities of households in the Vakaga by supporting the livestock sector. While livestock rearing accounts for 27% of the economic income for rural households in the prefecture, TGH continues to support this sector through the establishment of mobile veterinary units and the capacity building of technicians and agents of the National Agency for Livestock Development (ANDE). Concurrently, as part of the present action, TGH is conducting a vaccination campaign together with ANDE, as well as awareness-raising sessions for herders' groups.

Emergency assistance for the populations affected by the crisis in the Ouaka Region

TGH, the main actor in the water, hygiene and sanitation sectors, implements an emergency response to cover the needs of IDPs and host communities in the prefecture.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 10,000 displaced people
 Duration: 3 months 19/11/15 - 31/03/16
 Budget: $190,750

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: 10,000 displaced people

After the assassination of a person of Muslim religion last August, the security situation in the sub-prefecture of Bambari particularly deteriorated, leading to the displacement of thousands of people throughout the area. IDPs now live in particularly difficult conditions, with significantly limited access to health facilities, and become dependent on humanitarian assistance.

This program aims to provide access to drinking water in sufficient quantity and quality to 10,000 displaced people in the sub-prefecture of Bambari. TGH ensures the implementation of an emergency water treatment unit, delivers 75 m3 of water per day, and two drinking water distribution spots are established in the IDP camps.

Concurrently, TGH strives to ensure access to improved sanitation through the construction of emergency latrines and showers and washing stations, and the installation of waste bins. TGH also ensures the maintenance of health facilities and the distribution of hygiene kits, while organizing training sessions on good practices.

Distribution of food and protection of seeds

This programme helps mitigate the consequences of the current crisis on the food security of vulnerable populations in the Central African Republic

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 80,000 people
 Duration: 8 months 05/2015 – 01/2016
 Budget: €348,653

 Funding

Logo FAO Commision Europeenne PAM
  • Funding: The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the European Commission, the World Food Programme (WFP)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 80,000 people

Global intervention strategy in the Ouaka Prefecture:

With the financial support of WFP and FAO (thanks to funding from the European Union), TGH provides emergency assistance to displaced populations in the Ouaka and to vulnerable households living on the axes. Through this emergency assistance, consisting of food distributions in IDP camps and distribution of seeds and agricultural tools to host communities, TGH ensures the monitoring and supervision of beneficiary households. The distribution of food rations, aiming to guarantee the protection of seeds, favours farming households' process of return.

Alongside tons of food distributed in IDP camps, 6,748 households in the Ouaka will benefit from the distribution of groundnut seeds, maize seeds, paddy rice seeds and sesame seeds and will receive agricultural tools in order to cultivate approximately 2,500 hectares which will generate about 2,500 metric tons of food production.

Distribution de vivres à Ngakobo

Food distribution, Ngakobo
Photo : Camille BRUNEL - TGH ©

Distribution de vivres à Ngakobo

Seed distribution, Bambari
Photo : Camille BRUNEL - TGH ©

Global intervention strategy in the Vakaga Prefecture:

With the support of FAO and the European Commission, TGH helps strengthen the food security of vulnerable households in the Vakaga. The Vakaga is a historically marginalized area characterized by a high level of underdevelopment. In this regard, only two international NGOs are present in that region, including TGH. As part of the current action, 2,000 households in the Vakaga will receive groundnut seeds, maize seeds, paddy rice seeds, sorghum seeds and sesame seeds as well as agricultural tools in order to cultivate approximately 1,000 hectares which will generate almost 1,000 metric tons of food production. Moreover, as is the case in the Ouaka, beneficiaries are trained through the Farmer Field Schools (FFS) approach on the technical itineraries of each distributed seed.

Global intervention strategy in Bangui:

Faced with food insecurity among street children and OVC¹, and with financial support from WFP, TGH provided emergency assistance to 16 partner institutions responsible for the accommodation and reintegration of these children. From May to November 2015, these structures have thus benefited from monthly food distributions aiming to enable them best meet the nutritional needs of children in a situation of social breakdown. More broadly, this action is part of the process of capacity building of these structures, initiated in 2011 through a partnership between TGH and 7 of them.

¹ Street Children/ Orphan Vulnerable Children

Multi-sectoral assistance to populations affected by the conflict in CAR

This programme aims to supply all IDPs with drinking water, control major health risk and provide direct support to the host communities located on rural axes through the boosting of food production and the reconstruction of local resilience capacities.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 98,225 people
 Duration: 9 months 05/2015 - 02/2016
 Budget: €787,120

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO – European Commission Department for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection
  • Partners: ICRA/ ACDA/ NOURRIR (local NGO)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 98,225 people

This action includes a food security component aiming to reduce the risks to which the populations have been exposed for several years. This component includes material support (seeds for market gardening, tools, equipment for home gardening, processing and preservation machinery and marketing tools), as well as continuous technical support by TGH teams and its partners (ICRA ACDA, NOURRIR). It will consist of the following steps:

  • Monitoring and technical support of the households benefiting from the FAO project providing agricultural inputs for the 2015 food campaign
  • Special monitoring of 10 farm groups and 10 market gardening groups in the lowlands (rural and suburban) and 40 groups of house gardeners that will be trained in seed multiplication techniques in a perspective of resilience
  • Monitoring and technical and organizational strengthening of 50 management committees in charge of the production and processing of equipment distributed during a project consisting only of in-kind donations
Assistance d'urgence multisectorielle aux populations affectées par le conflit en RCA

Market gardening, which takes place between November and May, allows the rapid increase and diversification of the populations’ diet. Support for agricultural transformation favours economic recovery. The strengthening of these activities in inhabited villages tends to favour the settlement of populations on the axes, and encourages the return of hesitant people for immediate integration in the food programme. We therefore planned to support the villages located on the axes Kouango, Ouabé, Grimari and Bakala.

In parallel, FAO’s seed distribution will ensure a good start of the food season for vulnerable households. This programme will support these households throughout the season with technical and material support (growing, harvesting, storage and processing) in order to increase the impact of the action.

The second component, Water, Hygiene and Sanitation, follows the actions carried-out by TGH in 2014 and early 2015 in coordination with other actors operating in that sector. Health facilities have been set up in all IDP camps in sufficient number to ensure access in line with SPHERE standards (1 latrine for 50 people), and 160 to 170,000 liters of water are produced each day (pumping and treatment) and routed towards the four distribution sites set up in the three IDP camps in Bambari and in Muslim districts.

ICRC ensures the distribution of a part of the water produced and processed by TGH (60 m³ / day) in the site of Sangaris. Out of the four distribution sites, two were positioned in Muslim districts in order to meet the needs in drinking water of displaced Muslim populations hosted by residents. This settlement is accompanied by daily hygiene promotion activities.

The programme plans to continue emergency activities (water trucking, chlorination of wells, maintenance of health facilities) until the establishment of alternative solutions (building of boreholes, rehabilitation of wells and strengthening of existing sanitation facilities) funded by CHF (water points, latrines) and ECHO (latrines).

The chlorination of wells remains relevant because it meets the water needs not covered by water trucking, allows the supply of drinking water in highly-populated areas of the city, and complements the device intended for displaced populations in very densely populated sites. This activity is therefore part of an emergency response strategy complementing the WT and should eventually end upon the refilling of the water network in the town of Bambari (also handled by TGH in a project supported by the French cooperation).

TGH plans to keep its emergency response capacity to meet the needs of populations in the event of further displacements of populations. The emergency stockpile has been defined with UNICEF and the RRM in Bambari (in addition to stocks available/ planned for 2015). The RRM will focus on areas not covered by TGH for a better response quality, the Ouaka Prefecture being vast and sometimes difficult to access. With the creation of its contingency stock, TGH will have a capacity of intervention for 5,000 newly displaced persons, thus maintaining the flexibility necessary to ensure the consistency of activities and their relevance to changing needs.

Revival of primary schooling in the Vakaga Prefecture

This programme is open to all students on the school lists of targeted schools in the Vakaga Prefecture, and to the members of Parents Associations (APE) of these institutions.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 6,215 people
 Duration: 9 months 04/2015 - 04/2016
 Budget: $403,905

 Funding

Logo CHF
  • Funding: United Nations Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 6,215 people

TGH plans to support this return to school through organizational support to Parents Associations, support for infrastructure through small renovations, the construction of school latrines, the donation of school furniture, the provision of school kits and teaching materials, and community mobilization for the return to school. The 15 primary schools targeted by the action are located in the main towns of the Vakaga Prefecture (Birao, Tiringoulou, N'diffa, Gordil, Mélé, Sikikédé, Haïffa, Bormata, Ouandja and Ouanda-Djallé). The resumption of school activities in these schools will benefit directly to 6,150 students (3,824 boys and 2,326 girls).

These areas have the highest proportion of displaced Muslims living in host communities (over 7,900 people according to TGH estimates in December 2014), mainly in the towns of Birao (4,500) and on the axis Tiringoulou - Sikikédé (2,612). A field visit conducted by TGH northeast coordinator at the end of 2014 showed that the displaced populations had a relatively good level of integration within host populations and that the displaced children had been able to attend the schools of their host community in the same way as other pupils of the Vakaga.

The programme is based on a strong demand from the Vakaga population: at the multi-agency mission conducted in the Vakaga in November 2014 under the aegis of the Humanitarian Coordinator, educational needs were the first priority mentioned by host populations, IDPs and local authorities. The needs in terms of training of local actors in education and of the provision of school and teaching material appeared as essential for supporting the resumption of school activities.

Emergency assistance for the populations affected by the conflict and for IDPs in the Ouaka

The programme aims to address the needs in water, hygiene and sanitation of displaced populations from Bambari and Grimari, as well as to support populations from the Ouaka affected by the crisis.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 91 000 people
 Duration: 12 months 05/2014 - 05/2015
 Budget: €923,526

 Funding

Commision Europeenne PAM Logo FAO UNICEF
  • Funding: ECHO (K€810), WFP, FAO (supply of food seeds and food rations in kind) and UNICEF.
  • Number of beneficiaries: 91,000 people

The crisis in CAR caused population movements in the east, mainly in the Ouaka prefecture. Bambari is a place of settlement for Muslims fleeing Bangui and the camps in western CAR, joining the large Muslim community in the city. Anti-Balaka1 militias are moving towards the Ouaka with the clear objective to force these populations to leave all or part of the territory. The events which took place in Bambari and in the Ouaka from May to July 2014 illustrate the shift of sectarian clashes towards this region, resulting in the creation of several IDP camps, including in Bambari and Grimari. As a key player in the WASH sector in the Ouaka since 2011, TGH intervenes through the establishment of emergency water points, the construction of latrines, showers, hand washing points and the chlorination of wells located close to IDP camps.

Moreover, insecurity has driven people to flee during the growing season. Little land has been brought under cultivation and crops have not always been harvested. The production that has nevertheless been achieved has often been looted, along with most of the means of production. 51% families have thus consumed all or part of the seeds originally intended for seed sowing, and the functioning of local markets has been greatly affected. TGH wants to find a way to support production capacities through the provision of food seeds (provided in kind by the FAO), of 4 months of food rations (provided in kind by the WFP), and the provision of cash to households in order to boost market activity.

The programme is structured around 2 axes:

The consequences of the food crisis and low market supply are contained

  • Distribution of food seeds allowing the cultivation of 5,000 ha
  • Distribution of food rations to further secure seeds
  • Financial assistance through conditional cash distribution - rehabilitation of access tracks and opening-up projects

Appropriate access to basic WASH services is provided for displaced persons as well as for the host communities affected by the unrest in CAR.

  • Maintaining access to drinking water for IDPs and for the population of Grimari 
  • Construction of emergency WASH infrastructure and hygiene promotion (IDP camps in Bambari) 
  • Distribution of soap bars and hygiene promotion
  • Chlorination of wells (Bambari and Grimari)

1Anti-balaka is the term used to describe self-defense militias set up by peasants in the Central African Republic. Formed in 2009 to fight against road blockers, the anti-Balakas took up arms in 2013 against the Seleka during the third Central African civil war. Source WIKIPEDIA

Improve access to drinking water in the Vakaga Region

The programme aims to improve access to safe drinking water in the Vakaga area where it is very poor, and to reduce the health risks related to improper use of water and inadequate hygiene practices.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 8,500 people
 Duration: 16 mois 02/2014 – 05/2015
 Budget: €170,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CDC
  • Number of beneficiaries: 8,500 people

This programme aims to improve access to quality water and infrastructure management by the COGEPE via: the repair of 5 broken boreholes on the Ouanda-Djallé-Birao axis; the drilling of 5 additional boreholes and the creation a water management committee for each water point. Moreover, awareness-raising sessions on hygiene will be conducted in schools, villages and around the water points.

Restore drinking water access in Bambari

This project aims to restore water services in Bambari disrupted by the 2012-2013 politico-military crisis.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 43 341 people
 Duration: 23 mois 10/2013 – 08/2015
 Budget: €584,354

 Funding:

Logo CHF Logo MAE UNICEF
  • Funding: CHF (United Nations Common Humanitarian Fund) / Crisis Unit of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs), UNICEF
  • Number of Beneficiaries: 43,341 (Bambari residents)
  • Partners: SODECA (Water distribution company in Central African Republic)

For this, it is necessary to repair the treatment plant and the water network, support the restoration of SODECA following the looting it experienced, to repair the water network for the regional university hospital, to manage certain water points and to increase popular awareness of good hygiene practice.

Towards improved living conditions of the most vulnerable farming populations in Ouaka

By providing technical support to the farmers in the area, TGH contributes to diversifying and improving local farming production.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 9.055 people
 Duration: 54 months 12/2010 – 06/2015
 Budget: €924 645

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid Logo FondationOrange
  • Funding: Europaid (Cooperation Office of the European Commission) - Orange Foundation
  • Number of beneficiaries: 9.055 people (22 villages)
  • Partners: ACDA (Central Agency for Agricultural Development) - ANDE (National Agency for Livestock Development)

The involvement of women, particularly by supporting family breeding schemes, is another way of increasing this action’s profitability. TGH also supports farming transformation activities and, by improving road access to Bambari, helps farmers in isolated villages to sell their products on the Bambari market. The two areas targeted by this program are located within a radius of fifty kilometers North (Bakala) and South-West (Kouango) of the city of Bambari (Ouaka Prefecture), which hosts a well-supplied market which prices are not the highest in the country. The families of the 22 villages, mainly agricultural, do not generate enough income to cover their basic needs. Their diet mainly consists of cassava, whose nutritional value is limited. Diversification of local agricultural production is therefore a priority. Moreover, it is likely to become the source of an increase in family income and of the creation of positive economic dynamics.

Field assessments and the documentary study conducted by TGH allowed the identification of the structural hindrances to the development of the area, as well as the key sectors of intervention. The level of knowledge of agricultural techniques turned out to be very low, and the lack of national popularization policy of farming practices did not allow so far the large scale development of reliable technical itineraries. The storage of food and seeds is not suitable for their good preservation, simple irrigation systems are poorly developed, and only low-lying areas1 are exploited in counter-season, although the water resource for irrigation is abundant in the vicinity of the villages. The means of processing agricultural products are scarce, and road access - essential to access services, to trade and exchange goods and techniques with the national structures present in Bambari – is very difficult, especially during the rainy season.
Small flocks, often present in Banda families, constitute a central economic "reserve" to compensate for the lack of income. However, breeding practices are considerably suboptimal, and require extensive strengthening of basic technical knowledge In order to achieve a significant improvement in animal production.

Finally, the exchange of good practices related to the production and the sharing of the means of production (knowledge, exchange of seeds), processing (mills, shellers, presses) and/or marketing must be developed via farmers organizations in order to strengthen the key stages of rural development.

This program aims to sustainably reduce food insecurity of vulnerable groups by increasing and diversifying local food production, and by strengthening local capacity for resilience and shock absorption.

It focuses on eight areas:

  • Strengthening of rainfed farming systems: Supply of inputs, “Research-Action”approach2, establishment of demonstration plots, and dissemination of the results.

  • Strengthening of irrigated cultivation systems in low-lying areas: Supply of inputs and equipment, technical training, monitoring and assessment.

  • Development of vegetable gardens: Valuing of existing resources, supply of tools, training, and implementation method.

  • Strengthening of the technical capacities of agents in agricultural research and development in direct support to farmers: The agents of the ACDA will be involved in the implementation of all the activities. The selection of the plots and tests will be done together with the farmers, so that they will be able to repeat this method afterwards. The ICRA3 will also be involved in the project via its research and variety improving activities.

  • Strengthening of the breeding systems: theoretical and practical training, support to input supply, implementation.

  • Development of processing, storage and selling capacities: supply of equipment, training adapted to existing practices in partnership with local institutions in order to ensure the proper use and the regular maintenance of the supplied equipment, implementation method.

  • Strengthening of organizational capacities of village groups: implementation method, transfer of skills and extension of the areas of intervention.

  • Rehabilitation of road infrastructures: Monitoring of the building work (supervision of the work by skilled technicians), supply of building materials (if available and depending on the outcome of tenders), and use of labor for excavation works (rehabilitation of access ways).

1 Fertile banks of the rivers whose level drops during the dry season
2Research-action is a scientific research method founded by Kurt Lewin. It offers a range of research techniques achieving real experiences in natural social groups. These techniques are based on the idea that, in the context of sociological experimentation, research and action may be unified within the same activity (source Wikipédia)
3 Central African Institute of Agronomic Research

To improve food security and strengthen agricultural production in areas affected by the politico-military crisis

This programme targets the TGH’s three areas of assistance in CAR: Bangui, Ouaka and Vakaga. Its objective is to relieve the consequences of the recent politico-military crisis on food security for vulnerable populations.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 8 355 people
 Duration: 20 months 08/2013 - 05/2015
 Budget: €723,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CIAA (Inter-ministeral Food Aid Committee – French Ministry of Foreign)

In Vakega and Hautte Kotto, the organisation is distributing seeds and tool kits and supporting the veterinary centre in Birao. In Ouaka, support for market gardening seeds and tools has been brought to refugees and villagers with training in agricultural techniques. Lastly, in Bangui, TGH is organising distribution of fresh and manufactured products for street children.

Improve the living conditions of displaced populations in the Ouaka Prefecture through Water, Hygiene and Sanitation assistance

The overall objective of this programme is to provide assistance in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene sectors to displaced populations settled in long-term camps in the Ouaka Prefecture, and to maintain an emergency response capacity and provide support for people following a logic of return.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 55,000 people
 Duration: 10 months 03/2015 - 12/2015
 Budget: €654,173

 Funding

Logo CHF
  • Funding: United Nations Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 55,000 people
Ngakobo – Water distribution manifold in an IDP camp

Ngakobo – Water distribution manifold in an IDP camp
Photo : Camille BRUNEL / TGH ©

Thanks to UNICEF and ECHO funds TGH intervened successively and simultaneously in the Wash sector in all IDP camps in the Ouaka Prefecture: since April 2014 in Grimari, since June 2014 in Sangaris, and since October 2014 in Ngakobo and in MINUSCA and NDV camps where the French Red Cross ended its intervention.

150,000 liters of water are currently produced, processed and distributed every day through water trucking to the 5 distribution camps (one in Grimari, one on the MINUSCA site, one on the NDV site and 2 in the Muslim districts) as well as to the two distribution sites established and managed by ICRC on the Sangaris camp.
Besides, wells are chlorinated every day in the city and in the proximity of some camps, and 9 boreholes are being rehabilitated in Grimari. Health facilities have been built in each IDP camp, in sufficient quantity to meet the Sphere standards, and maintenance is provided daily by TGH teams.

Therefore, this programme complements the emergency Wash activities mentioned above, and is in line with the established exit strategy, since the continuation of Water Trucking activities and the maintenance of health facilities as well as the establishment of a WASH contingency stock are the extension of ongoing activities.

Furthermore, the building of boreholes, rehabilitation of wells and reconstruction of health infrastructure in white wood will allow the phasing out of Water Trucking activities and the reduction of TGH intervention in the camps for the maintenance of infrastructure. TGH also set up two emergency water distribution facilities and hygiene promotion activities in Muslim neighborhoods (in the center of Bambari), where thousands of Muslim IDPs from Bangui settled in host families (people unrecorded to date).

Ngakobo – Hygienist at work

Ngakobo – Hygienist at work
Photo : Camille BRUNEL / TGH ©

Ngakobo – Sanitation facilities

Ngakobo – Sanitation facilities
Photo : Camille BRUNEL / TGH ©

This approach follows a "do no harm" logic, aimed at reducing tensions between communities. Indeed, the Muslim community in Bambari had repeatedly criticized humanitarian actors, accusing them of only assisting predominantly Christian populations settled in IDP camps. Since the implementation of activities in these districts, critics have ceased and the Muslim community is extremely grateful to TGH for not having been excluded from humanitarian aid.

Finally, the survey on intentions to return is linked to all the activities that TGH plans to conduct in 2015, some of which are part of this programme.

The beneficiaries are mainly current and future IDPs in the Ouaka Prefecture, estimated at nearly 40,000 people (including Ngakobo and Aviation camps). Furthermore, this programme will also benefit host populations of the city of Bambari, estimated at 42,000 people (some already included in the 40,000 IDPs), as well as people living on the Aviation axis, estimated at 5,000 people. Altogether this programme will directly benefit some 55,000 people.

Towards strengthening the capacity of local actors in favor of street children

Under the European Union « non-state actors » budget line, this project aims to strengthen the capacities of a network of Central African NGOs in their response to the needs of street children in Bangui.

The testimony of Kevin,
Social worker TGH

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1 700 people
 Duration: 41 months 11/2011 - 04/2015
 Budget: €631 603

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid Logo CCFD
Logo Unicef
Logo Secours-Catholique
PAM AirFrance
  • Funding: EuropeAid, UNICEF, CCFD, Secours catholique, Air France, WFP
  • Number of beneficiaries: 1, 500 street children and 200 aid workers
  • Partners: RFERC (Network of NGOs working with Central African street children)

The Central African Republic is a landlocked country of 4.2 million people, which has been regularly shaken by leadership crises since its independence (1960). CAR has rich reserves of mineral resources (diamonds, gold) and hydrocarbons, but the Central African Republic has never experienced economic growth: 67, 2% of the Central African population lives below the income poverty line (2008). According to the 2009 world report on human development, CAR ranked 179 out of 182 countries. The capital - Bangui – is almost the only city of the country having an economic activity.
Since the 60's, bands of children (mainly boys) called the « Godobés » have been living in and from the street. Along with the deterioration of the family unit and rural exodus, which are the root causes of this phenomenon, came AIDS in the 80's and various conflicts from the 90's on.

Most of these children left their families because of domestic violence, family breakdown (death or remarriage), or just because they didn't have enough food to eat. They are united by the need to protect each other, and seek their livelihood from small jobs for shopkeepers or through petty crimes. 

The last study on street children in the Central African Republic – carried-out in 2004 at the request of the Ministry of Family, Social Affairs and National Solidarity, and funded by UNICEF – had already shown the alarming increase of this phenomenon. Only in Bangui, estimates indicated an increase from approximately 1,200 children in 1999 to 3,000 in 2004. Throughout the country, their number was estimated at 6,000 children in urban areas (Bangui, Bambari, Bossangoa…). They can be divided into two categories: street children and children working in the street. The first ones live completely cut off from their families, exclusively in public areas. The second ones are involved in street activities during the day, for economic purposes most of the time, and return home to their families every night or sporadically. The study carried-out in 2004 covers both categories.

For now, the Central African State has not implemented any measure to help those children. Only civil society mobilized to cover some of their needs and try to provide solutions to get them out of the street and favour their social reintegration.

In 2011, TGH decided to carry-out a programme for these children, in partnership with eight associations united in the network for street children in the Central African Republic (REFRC).

After an initial assessment, a Steering Committee, composed of different key actors specialized in the field of street children and protection, has been set up in order to validate the selected actions and provide a global monitoring of activities.

A Participatory Institutional Diagnosis (PID) has been conducted to identify the means, competences and needs of the associations and of RFERC, allowing the establishment of training sessions, the provision of technical equipment and logistical means, as well as the development of common practice tools, formalized and included in RFERC's operating procedure.
Several actions in favour of street children have been designed and are being implemented by TGH and its partners. They focus on the following objectives :

  • Provide care and accommodation centers with additional resources to feed and take care of these children and improve their hygiene conditions,
  • Provide access to education and vocational training,
  • Carry-out prevention actions and provide care and emergency assistance in the street,
  • Promote social integration and family reunification,
    through the improvement of technical and logistical skills, the elaboration, implementation and monitoring of projects and the organizing of awareness and training campaigns for institutional actors and national and international organizations.

After the 2013-2014 political and military crisis, and concurrently with ongoing activities, TGH has developed emergency activities for street children. With support from WFP (World Food Programme) and the French Embassy, food aid has been distributed to 1,263 children during 3 months. In addition, TGH has created a mobile field unit for street children with funding from UNICEF. The team of social workers conducts daily patrols in different districts of Bangui, sometimes in difficult security conditions.

Emergency assistance in Water, Hygiene and Sanitation for the people affected by the crisis in the Ouaka Region

The programme aims to establish a contingency plan to provide emergency aid in the sector of water, hygiene and sanitation to populations affected by the conflict in the Ouaka Prefecture.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 42,000 people
 Duration: 8 months 07/2014 - 02/2015
 Budget: €567,000

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: The population of the city of Bambari (42,000 people)

The security situation in the Ouaka, requires the establishment of contingency plans for rapid response to the needs of the newly displaced populations. According to UNICEF, Bambari counts 3 IDP camps (Sangaris, Misca and Notre Dame de la Victoire), which would host a total of between 15,000 and 25,000 internally displaced people. Although the evolution of this number and the tendency of IDPs to return to their respective cities are difficult to predict, it seems clear that the Ouaka and Bambari are and will remain strategic locations in the struggle of former Seleka members, which could lead to an increase or a settlement of IDPs in the camps.

Based on this situation and on TGH’s experience in terms of intervention in the sector of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) specifically in this region, the organization is currently implementing the following activities:

Supply of drinking water in sufficient quantity and quality for displaced populations

  • Establishment of two emergency water processing units
  • Trucking of water from the treatment plants to distribution areas
  • Trucking of 4 drinking water distribution units with 3 ramps of 6 taps each
  • Distribution of drinking water
  • Rehabilitation of 35 water points (25 wells and 10 boreholes)
  • Chlorination of 70 wells

Supply of emergency sanitary infrastructure

  • Construction of 400 emergency latrines for adults
  • Construction of 90 emergency latrines for children
  • Construction of 30 waste pits
  • Construction of 400 showers
  • Distribution of 4,000 jerrycans and 60,000 bars of soap

Awareness-raising campaigns promoting hygiene

  • Recruitment of hygiene promoters among the displaced populations to conduct awareness-raising campaigns on good hygiene practices

Improve food security and enhance the livelihoods of the people affected by the crisis in the Vakaga Prefecture

This programme aims to ensure a better harvest for the 2014 season, and to enhance the livelihoods and resilience capacity of the populations most affected by the crisis in the Vakaga

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 48 935 people
 Duration: 10 months 03/2014 - 12/2014
 Budget: €470,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CIAA
  • Number of beneficiaries: 48,935 people – 9,787 households received food kits, 3,000 farmers received technical training.
  • Partners: ACDA (Central African Republic Agency for Agricultural Development) for technical training.

The politico-military crisis ongoing since December 2012 has increased the level of food insecurity, and in a general way, the precarious situation of the population of the Vakaga.

This prefecture, located north-east of the country, has witnessed the birth of the current crisis, as the majority of the Seleka troops started from there during the offensive in December 2012. The population’s resentment towards the central government, due to historical marginalization and the extreme underdevelopment of the area, was one of the main causes of the Seleka rebellion, which culminated on March 24, 2013 with the take-over of Bangui and the overthrow of President Bozizé.

Today, the ongoing harvest looks poor, further worsening the outlook for the 2014 food season in the Vakaga, already dark because of the socio-economic situation of households severely degraded by a year of crisis and persistent security threats. It is therefore urgent and necessary to provide households living in the Vakaga with means to revive subsistence farming in order to avoid that the particularly long coming lean period would turn into a real food crisis.

The programme is divided into three areas of intervention:

  • Support for the 2014 food season through the distribution of agricultural inputs to 9,787 households of the Vakaga.
  • Training of 3,000 farmers of the Vakaga on farming techniques, in order to increase the quality and yield of crops.
  • Support to husbandry through the establishment of veterinary centers, bringing to 4 the number of operational veterinary centers in the Vakaga at the end of the project.

Assessment of the food security situation of populations affected by conflicts in CAR

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures


 Duration: 2 months 09/2014 – 10/2014
 Budget: $ 7,263

 Funding

PAM

Emergency programme Water, Hygiene and sanitation in Grimari – Ouaka Prefecture

The programme aims to respond to the emergency situation in Grimari, ensuring the supply of water, hygiene and sanitation for IDPs.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 7 000 IDPs
 Duration: 4 months 05/2014 - 08/2014
 Budget: €82,336

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF
  • Number of beneficiaries: 7 000 displaced people

On April 12, an anti-Balaka1 attack took place in the city of Grimari, then secured by former Seleka members recognized by the transitional government. The absence of Sangaris2 and MISCA3 forces in the first three days of combat caused a series of inter-community revenge attacks resulting in a humanitarian emergency situation. 7,000 people thus took refuge in the catholic mission camp in Grimari.

Faced with this situation, TGH conducted a rapid assessment of the WASH4 situation. On this basis, an emergency programme was implemented to ensure the supply of drinking water for IDPs through the establishment of a production unit, the trucking of water and emergency distribution. In addition, emergency latrines have been built in the camp, along with awareness-raising campaigns on good hygiene practices.

1 Anti-balaka is the term used to describe self-defense militias set up by peasants in the Central African Republic. Formed in 2009 to fight against road blockers, the anti-Balakas took up arms in 2013 against the Seleka during the third Central African civil war. Source WIKIPEDIA 

2The Sangaris operation is the name of a military operation led by the French Army in the Central African Republic from December 5, 2013. Source WIKIPEDIA 

3The International Support Mission for the Central African Republic led by Africa also called M.I.S.C.A. is a peace keeping mission in the Central African Republic approved by the UN Security Council on December 5, 2013 by the resolution 2127 requested by France. Source WIKIPEDIA 

4 WASH stands for Water Sanitation and Hygiene promotion in English and in humanitarian jargon. Source WIKIPEDIA 

Emergency agricultural assistance to restore food security for the populations affected by the crisis

The programme aims to distribute food and vegetable kits as well as food rations to protect seeds in the Birao area, Vakaga Prefecture

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 12,500 people
 Duration: 5 months 04/2014 - 08/2014
 Budget: €83,558

 Funding

PAM Logo FAO
  • Funding: WFP (World Food Programme) – FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 12,500 people

The crisis originated geographically in the Vakaga Region which has been significantly affected and is still impacted by the new conflict in Darfur, including by the fighting between Misseriya and Salamat tribes in the border area. Yet, the region barely received any aid since the beginning of the crisis, and the feeling of marginalization, discrimination and frustration, already present among the people of the region, worsened. Taking into account the vulnerable populations of this peripheral and isolated region therefore also contributes to the reduction of tensions, which is a necessity in the current context of degradation of inter-community relations in the country.

The level of food security was already alarming before the current crisis. Although the average length of the lean period dropped from 7 to 5 months between 2009 and 2012 - thanks to TGH's intervention – the Vakaga still suffers from a structural deficit in agricultural production and from chronic food insecurity. The current crisis seriously aggravated the situation, strongly impacting the agricultural season 2013. Although the current security situation disrupted TGH's post-harvest survey - data analysis has not yet been finalized - the pre-harvest survey and main trends of the post-harvest survey highlight the following facts:

  • Cultivated areas have dropped significantly compared to 2012, especially for cash crops (average drop of 23%: 44% for sesame and 30% for peanut). The shortage of food crop thus worsened, just as the drop of the two main cash crops (groundnuts and sesame) deprive farm households of a significant portion of resources used to cover the lean period and other needs. The crops have been affected primarily by the lack of supply of food seeds in April-May, and then by the lack of labour for agricultural work, many young people having joined the Seleka rebels.
  • The lack of seeds was the first difficulty of the 2012/2013 agricultural season. On markets, seeds are unavailable or of poor quality. A third of the farmers questioned believe that the quantity of seeds available is not sufficient, and a third mentions the lack of quality of the seeds available. Pests, lack of labour and late rains also affected the agricultural season.
  • The lack of food diversity and quantity available on local markets has been observed. Merchants were not able to obtain supplies normally due to insecurity, rain and low demand (due to the lack of means of populations). Food availability is considered insufficient for most basic products; foodstuff not produced locally being also concerned, which was not the case before. Prices rose as a function of low supply, especially after the clashes in Sudan (+ 75% for oil, + 36% for millet, etc.).
  • The situation is similar throughout this prefecture counting approximately 62,000 inhabitants: the vast majority of households are affected by this situation (90% mainly rely on agriculture).

2014 is a particularly difficult year in terms of food security in the Vakaga, at the very moment when WFP, in its Assessment on household food security of December 2013 already ranked the Vakaga as the prefecture with the highest proportion of population experiencing severe or moderate food insecurity (72%). The situation further worsened over the past few months with the arrival in the entire prefecture of large numbers of Muslim IDPs or returnees (not yet precisely quantified because of the fluidity of the situation) fleeing the abuses they are facing in the south and west of the country. These households are generally hosted by families of the Vakaga, who share with them their scarce resources.

In order to help improve this situation, TGH plans to:

  • Support the 2014 planting season on a scale as large as possible, through the distribution of seeds and tools and with support from the FAO. This intervention will include the area of Birao, which is a bit more accessible than the rest of the prefecture.
  • Complete this intervention by large-scale food distributions as soon as possible. Indeed, this year, the lean season in the Vakaga will already have started when it will be time for sowing, essentially in May. It is therefore essential to provide the greatest number of people with rations lasting several months, and to start this from the beginning of May, to help protect the seeds on which depends the success of this year's food campaign, thus avoiding the rainy season, which make access impossible by road.

Multi-sectoral emergency assistance to vulnerable population in Ouaka rural areas

This programme aims to supply multi-sectoral integrated aid to Ouaka rural communities affected since December 2012 by the politico-military crisis, to reduce the population’s exposure to water borne illnesses, food insecurity and school absenteeism. .

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 9 725 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/2013-12/2013
 Budget: K€200

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Crisis Unit of the French Ministry of Foreign

The first objective of the programme – increase and improvement of water access – will be achieved by construction of hydraulic infrastructure and training of maintenance personnel. As well as this, the monitoring of quality and quantity of water as well as construction of sanitary infrastructure and the communication of awareness raising messages will aim at the improvement of the sanitary environment.
The third objective – increase and diversification of food production – will be achieved through strengthening  and development of cropping systems and production capacity and commercialisation of farmers.

Lastly, TGH is undertaking the training of Associations of Pupils’ Parents and setting up income generating activities to reinvigorate structures of primary education.

Multi-sectoral support for gradual integration and empowerment of Sudanese refugees

This programmes aims to supply multi-setoral aid to refugees to at least restore pre-crisis levels. Increase / maintenance of drinking water supply achieved by repair of existing water points and formation of management committees for water points.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1 971 people
 Duration: 6 months 07/2013-12/2013
 Budget:

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations Refugee Agency)

The Seleka coalition offensive led to the suspension of assistance activities to Pladama Ouaka refugees (Ouaka Prefecture) lasting several months, and all areas of intervention undertaken by TGH were affected. This programmes aims to supply multi-setoral aid to refugees to at least restore pre-crisis levels.
Increase / maintenance of drinking water supply achieved by repair of existing water points and formation of management committees for water points.
Construction of latrines and a campaign of promotion of hygiene enabling the updating of sanitary and hygiene conditions. Restarting education is also an objective of this programme (repairing schools, purchase of supplies…). Finally, the programme aims at re-launching income generating activities and development of agricultural capacities.

Meeting the urgent needs of populations threatened by famine in north-eastern Central African Republic

Despite seed distribution campaigns and supervision provided by TGH since 2008, agricultural production remains poor due to fighting between Goula and Rounga ethnic groups and to low rainfall.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 11 000 people
 Duration: 3 months 04/2012 – 10/2012
 Budget: €29,702

 Funding

PAM
  • Funding: WFP
  • Partners: NDA, a local Central African NGO

The local population’s capacity for resilience is very low in this remote area that has been marginalized and eroded by a decade of violence: activities such as fishing, hunting and gathering of wild products decreased substantially, and the agricultural production cycle has been significantly disturbed by forced population displacements. The results of the various evaluations show that livelihoods are weak, and that the acute lack of food availability leads to a decrease in consumption reflected by smaller meals, undernourishment and increased malnutrition for children under the age of five and for pregnant or lactating women.

Supply is difficult, if not impossible, due to the rainy season that makes roads impassable, but also to insecurity, also responsible for a significant delay in the growing season. The combination of poor harvests in previous seasons and massive return of IDPs to their villages of origin makes food availability even more precarious.

This programme aims to mitigate the effects of the shortage and to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable populations by improving food availability through targeted distributions.

The beneficiaries were identified in collaboration with local authorities and village committees. Supplies are airdropped by WFP and distributed by TGH team. The monitoring of target households will be achieved after the distribution, and the food security situation, especially of the most vulnerable populations, will be assessed in the area.

Meeting the urgent needs of populations in north-eastern Central African Republic.

Since 2007, north-eastern Central African Republic (CAR) has become the scene of military operations conducted by several Central African and foreign armed groups, leading to mass population displacements.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 9 months 05/2012 - 01/2013
 Budget: € 271,000

 Funding

Commision Europeenne
  • Funding: Echo (96%)

TGH has been operating in this area for nearly 5 years, while the gradual deterioration of security conditions has caused the departure of many international aid actors. TGH which is the only NGO currently working in the field of water, sanitation, and food security, implements projects to enable populations who are victims of violence to have access to drinking water through the building of wells and the monitoring of water quality.

The building of new facilities enabling access to drinking water reduces the number of people using existing facilities, thus reducing wait times accordingly.

This project includes technical interventions and the supervision of the works necessary for:

  • The creation of 6 new boreholes: launching of the call for tenders for purchase procedures and drilling works, contract signing and monitoring of the construction and installation, handing-over of the facilities to the community;
  • The rehabilitation of 6 wells: identification of parts failures, purchase procedures for missing parts, dismantling works and replacement of damaged parts, etc.

This action is carried out in partnership with NDA, a local NGO, which TGH will assist in the establishment of water point management committees, intended to ensure the proper use and maintenance of the works. A global information campaign on improved hygiene practices will also be implemented with NDA for a better control of the vectors of health risks.

Improve food security and enhance agricultural production in areas struck by conflicts in north-eastern CAR

This program aims to improve the living conditions of populations displaced by conflicts in north-eastern CAR by supporting agricultural production and livestock breeding.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 54 575 people
 Duration: 12 months 02/2012 – 02/2013
 Budget: € 300 000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CIAA (Centre de crise du ministère des Affaires étrangères)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 54,575 people (10,915 households)
  • Partners: NDA (local NGO)

Since 2007, north-eastern Central African Republic has become the scene of military operations conducted by several Central African and foreign armed groups. The UFDR (Union of Democratic Forces for Unity) and the CPJP (Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace) control more than 50% of inhabited areas.

In 2010, the LRA (Lord Resistance Army) committed abuses against civilians by targeting cities such as Birao, Tiringoulou, Ouanda-Djallé, and the surroundings of Sam Ouandja. Inter-ethnic conflicts superimposed upon political oppositions, as the CPJP is only composed of Roungas and the UFDR of Goulas. In May 2011, clashes between these two groups forced the Goula populations of Mélé, Takmala and Gordil (4, 577 people) to move to the village of Ndiffa. Simultaneously, more than 500 people (mainly Roungas) crossed the Chadian border and settled in the village of Haraze. 878 people fled into the bush near Sikikédé. In September 2011, a series of attacks struck the cities of Boromata, Sam Ouandja, Bria, Sikikédé and Ouadda. Over 3, 000 people had to move to Bambari, after having lost all their belongings. The total number of displaced people amounts to 9, 456 in Bria, 6, 000 in Ouadda, 258 in Ouanda Djallé and 1, 007 in Ippy.

Farm lands and means of production were left behind, and humanitarian activities have been suspended because of the fighting and degradation of the security context in the whole area.
On October 8, 2011, the two belligerents signed a cease-fire agreement, which allowed the return of humanitarian organizations in the area.

In order to improve the living conditions of displaced populations, TGH is implementing various measures to support agricultural production and livestock breeding.

Kits of food seeds, chosen according to climatic conditions and food habits, will be distributed to the targeted population.
Farm groups, specialized in vegetable production, (women’s groups and mixed groups woman/man) will be formed, each group being composed by an average of 17 people, and cultivating approximately 2 ha of land. These groups will receive support in kind, with the distribution of improved seeds and agricultural tools, used in common by the members who will share tasks and exchange expertise.


Technical support on basic knowledge (land preparation, weeding, sowing, transplanting, storage…) will be provided during the distributions, completed subsequently by training on the methods to fight against pests in order to better protect farmers’ productions.
In the main center of Birao, kits of medicines will be identified in collaboration with the veterinary sector of the FNEC and with the breeders groups. There will be two grants, following the advancement of veterinarian activities. TGH's staff will ensure regular monitoring on the field

A post-harvest survey will be carried out in order to assess the impact of the intervention on agricultural production and on the level of food security of the populations in the area, through questions raised to a representative sample of households per village and focus groups discussions with key people.

Support to the gradual empowerment of Sudanese refugees in their new site of Pladama Ouaka

The Haute Kotto prefecture, or more precisely the town of Sam Ouandja, has been hosting Sudanese refugees since 2007. This population, originating from the town of Daffaq (350 km south of Nyala, Sudan), fled Sudan following government bombing and exactions by armed militias called "djanjaweeds".

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 Area of expertise

Wash Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 01/2012 - 12/2012
 Budget: K€210

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

The humanitarian situation of Sudanese refugees has been stabilized thanks to the support of the local population and to the intervention of UN organizations and NGOs.

In 2010 the deteriorating security situation in the Vakaga and Haute Kotto prefectures (ethnic tensions, presence of armed groups including the LRA) and the recognized failure of MINURCAT to protect civilians and humanitarian actors, has prompted the UNHCR to hasten the relocation of the camp to a more stable area.

Thus the site of Pladama Ouaka has been identified in partnership with the National Commission for Refugees (CNR, state partner of the UNHCR) and the Prefect of Ouaka. The Ouaka Prefecture is located in the center of CAR. Like other rural areas in the country it has a low level of development and a diffuse structural poverty. However, the security situation is calmer than in northern provinces and the presence of a major national trade route serving Bambari (the main city) has allowed the development of small scale economic activities that are profitable to the inhabitants of the villages along this road. The presence of a large Sudanese community in Bambari is a positive factor for the socio economic integration of refugees in the local fabric, especially through the sharing of common cultural features (language, religion, etc...). Thus, the socio economic context of the region of Bambari is conducive to the local integration of refugees.

The transfer of refugees from Sam Ouandja took place between November 10 and December 15, 2010, with the assistance of the UNHCR.
However, during the year 2011, rebel elements of the Chadian General Babaladé settled in a village located 25 kilometers away from the camp, thus weakening the security situation in the area.

Even though the transfer of refugees is positive in terms of security, it has nevertheless strongly disrupted the activities implemented in Sam Ouandja in all sectors. The year 2011, which can be considered as a "transition", has helped boosting the existing activities and achievements in Sam Ouandja in order to get out of the "new emergency phase" caused by the relocation of the camp. Thus, in 2011 the camp of Pladama Ouaka was provided with new infrastructures in terms of education, access to water and sanitation. Food security and socio community components have also been revived.

Operational since the arrival of Sudanese refugees in 2007, TGH team continued its support during the relocation of the camp to Pladama Ouaka. Thus, the preparation of the relocation of refugees coordinated by the UNHCR has been implemented in Sam Ouandja and on the new site of Pladama Ouaka. The aim was to set up minimum structures for the reception of refugees in the transit center, while preparing a progressive settlement in decent conditions on the new site, and complying with the standards of a refugee camp. 

The 2011 resettlement phase gives way today to a strengthening phase of the structures and activities re-implemented on the new camp.

The aim is to provide support to Sudanese refugees so that they acquire a progressive autonomy on the new site of Pladama Ouaka. We will mainly aim at;

  • Reducing the risk of waterborne diseases,
  • Improving hygiene and sanitation conditions,
  • Increasing the enrollment rate and integration of refugee children in central African secondary schools,
  • Strengthening the empowerment of refugees through vocational training

Emergency support to the populations victim of violence in North-Eastern CAR

Ce programme a pour objet de permettre aux populations victimes de violences dans le nord-est de la RCA d'avoir accès à l'eau potable, et d'assurer une réponse rapide pour la couverture des besoins primaires des populations déplacées.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 17 100 people
 Duration: 12 months 04/2011 - 03/2012
 Budget: €150.000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Crisis Unit of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
  • Number of beneficiaries: 2,100 (access to water) – 15,000 (emergency response)
  • Partners: UNICEF – WFP (World Food Programme – United Nations)

The capture of Birao and later of Ouanda Djallé by the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity in October 2006 has raised a major phase of insecurity in the Vakaga, which resulted in a new wave of violence still active today.

The support of the French army to the Central African Armed Forces (FACA), in order to take back Birao and Ouanda Djallé and to repel the second attack on Birao in March 2007, led to the signing of a peace agreement between the Central African State and the staff of the UFDR, immediately denounced by the political bureau of the latter. These first separatist signs led to the creation of new and multiple rebel movements, again splitting the main ethnic groups in the Vakaga.

In September 2007 the Security Council of the United Nations adopted the principle of an international force in Chad and CAR, and mandated the European Union for its creation (creation of EUFOR): nearly 300 men were deployed in Birao between January and March 2008. At the end of 2008, ethnic tensions remained high in the Vakaga, and people were already moving, marking again the territories of each main ethnic group, still very clearly delimited in the 90's.

In May 2009, a first carjacking marks the beginning of a series of incidents targeting humanitarian organizations. Their number and intensity will continue to increase until the November 2009 kidnapping of two expatriate staff of TGH in Birao, and the ransacking of the offices of several NGOs by around fifteen armed men from Sudan.

Mid-December 2009, Ouanda Djalle and Sam Ouandja are attacked by armed elements of Sudanese origin, who had been seen in previous days in Birao. In March 2010, a vehicle of the MINURCAT is attacked near the airport of Birao.

The mandate of the MINURCAT is extended until November 2010, which will not prevent the attack of Birao by various small Central African rebel groups in July 2010.

The new presence of members of the LRA (Lord Resistance Army) in the North-East is sadly confirmed in August and September 2010 by attacks on Ouanda Djallé (near Sam Ouandja), Tiringoulou and Birao, causing a new situation of panic and temporary movements of population in the bush.

Finally, on November 24, 2010, the attack of Birao by the CPJP, a rebel group predominantly rounga and based until then in Sikikédé and in the neighboring prefecture of Bamingui-Bangoran, drives the entire population of the city to run away in the bush for more than 10 days. The recapture of the city and its control by the Chadian army allow the gradual return of populations and seems to ensure, since then, some stability in the city and on the Northern axis of the Vakaga (Am Dafok and Boromata).

This program is designed to allow the populations victim of acts of violence in North-Eastern CAR to have access to safe drinking water, and ensure a quick response to cover the basic needs of displaced populations.

Improving the access to safe drinking water in targeted villages:

  • Launching of the purchase procedures for the construction of wells and the pre-positioning of the equipment;
  • Community mobilization and creation of the water point management committee;
  • Monitoring of the use of the well and of the water quality.

Assessment and capacity to respond rapidly to the basic needs of displaced populations:

  • Pre-positioning of emergency response equipment;
  • Set-up of the system including monitoring, coordination in the capital, drafting assessment and early intervention reports.

Improving food security and strengthening agricultural production in areas affected by conflicts in North Eastern CAR

This program aims at providing households with access to good quality seeds in order to reduce the level of food vulnerability in the targeted area, and to maximize the impact of agricultural labor by strengthening the technical skills of farmers.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 54.575 people
 Duration: 10 months 03/2011 - 12/2011
 Budget: €300.000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: CIAA (Inter-ministeral Food Aid Committee – French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 10,915 households (54,575 beneficiaries)
  • Partners: ACDA (Central African Agricultural Development Agency) – NDA (local Central African NGO)

Since 2006, the North-East of the Central African Republic (CAR) is the scene of successive acts of violence which have led to many population movements. Very impacted by these regular clashes, the prefectures of Vakaga and High-Kotto (Sam Ouandja area in particular) are geographically but also socio-economically much marginalized because of their long distance from the capital and the particularly poor road infrastructure serving them. They are also the victims of discriminating factors, the population's Muslim majority in these regions (90% Muslims 10% Christians) being almost the reverse of the national average. The highly volatile environment of the area is even more weakened by the open conflict at the border regions, in South Eastern Chad and Darfur.

The main source of income of households is agriculture. Among the population living on small businesses, some people grow and sell part of their crops on the local market. Income generated by the service industries only concerns 3% of the households.

The main crop remains sorghum. Despite serious security and logistics constraints, TGH has managed to distribute food and vegetable seeds to households in several localities.

Despite the growing number of incidents, most farmers were able to grow from seeds provided; some were able to buy a supplement.

The cultivated surface is estimated at between 0.5 ha and 1.5 ha, with a few exceptions of 2 and 3 hectares, representing an average of 1.17 ha per household.

Farmers are currently continuing or even finalizing the harvest, which was interrupted by the attack on November 24. The post-harvest monitoring will enable us to have more accurate data in terms of quantities harvested.

Households lack equipment for agricultural production, due to the low durability of basic tools and to the lootings that took place during and after the attack.

This program aims at providing households with access to good quality seeds in order to reduce the level of food vulnerability in the targeted area, and to maximize the impact of agricultural labor by strengthening the technical skills of farmers.

Purchase of agricultural inputs (seeds and tools): kits of seeds have been defined taking into account the climatic conditions and nutritional habits of the target population. The distribution of tools will be implemented in the same way as for seeds.

Technical training to improve agricultural practices, and technical strengthening of groups: Technical support on basic knowledge (land preparation, hoeing, sowing, weeding, pricking out, storage…) will be provided during the distributions. In a second step, control methods against pests will be presented to farmers in order to ensure e better protection of their production.

Monitoring and support of the beneficiaries practices: the teams are coordinated by staff that has been working for four years with TGH in the North-East of the country, and who are therefore aware of the mandate of the organization and its search for quality of intervention.

Post-harvest assessment: data analysis will enable the assessment of the overall production in the area, as well as the measurement of the program's impact on the concerned population.

A multi sector-based accompaniment towards integration and progressive self-sufficiency for Sudanese refugees on the new spot of Pladama Ouaka

The team of TGH, already operating in the neighbouring Vakaga prefecture, carried out a joint assessment together with the UNHCR and IMC* immediately upon the arrival of the refugees in 2007. A camp had then been set up by those same actors in order to provide for the bare necessities of the refugee population.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1 800 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/2011 - 12/2011
 Budget: € 307.000

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations Refugee Agency)

Thanks to the support of the UNHCR, but also of the European Commission and UNICEF, TGH and IMC have been able to ensure over the past three years the basic services for the refugees (access to healthcare, to drinking water and to sanitation facilities) and to develop a multi sector-based humanitarian plan fostering the integration of the refugees within their new environment.

When the decision was made to relocate the camp in a safer area, it sounded obvious to TGH to keep supporting the refugee population. Thus, the preparation of the relocation of the refugees, coordinated by the UNHCR, was set up in Sam Ouandja and on the new spot of Pladam Ouaka.

The main objective of this mission is to accompany the settlement and the progressive evolution towards self-sufficiency of the refugees within this new environment focusing on five points:

  • Food self-sufficiency through the implementation of a follow-up survey system on market prices and products availability, the distribution of food-producing and market gardening seeds and the strengthening of the farmers capacities;

  • Supply of sufficient drinking water in order to reduce the number of people affected by diarrheic diseases, through the construction, the maintenance and the improvement of a gravity system of water conveyance, and the creation or strengthening of the management capacities of the WPMC (Water Points Management Committees);

  • Improvement of hygiene conditions through the building of family and public toilet units, waste control, and the implementation of adequate awareness campaigns via the strengthening of Hygiene Promoters’  capacities;

  • Increase in the percentage of refugee children in full-time education through the construction of facilities for the children attending nursery and primary school, the training and back-up of the teachers who have not been given tenure, the supply of school and teaching equipment and the adaptation of the school programme to Sudanese and Central African educative systems 

  • Economic self-sufficiency through a socio-economic assessment, a training to implement income generating activities and the support to individual initiatives.

* International Medical Corps

Restore Essential Services & Revitalize the Social Fabric of Vakaga Prefecture

After performing emergency relief, TGH is now launching a programme aimed at sustainable improvement of the living conditions for the people of Vakaga, particularly in terms of water and education.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 32 months 10/2008 – 07/2011
 Budget: K€ 1 778

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Logo CHF UNICEF
  • Funding: EuropeAid (External cooperation programmes - European Commission), CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund - United Nations), UNICEF (The United Nations Children's Fund)
  • Budget global : 1 778 K€ (K€ 1 500 - K€ 148 - K€ 130)

The project's objectives are:

  • Contribute to providing access to primary education for all children,
  • Contribute to reducing the percentage of the population that does not have a steady supply of drinking water,
  • Contribute to making durable the services that the project has implemented.

More specifically, we plan the following actions:

  • Construction or reconstruction of 25 school buildings,
  • Training of teachers (civil servants or « parent-teachers »),
  • Formalisation and establishment of Village Pupils' Parents Associations,
  • Creation of 10 new potable water points (wells),
  • Training of maintenance agents, and guidance during their maintenance jobs and/or rehabilitation of existing water points,
  • Formalisation and establishment of Village Water Management Committees,
  • Encourage the administration to be actively present and foster networks between the administration's representatives and village associations.

Hence, the project combines work to improve the people's situation in terms of available infrastructures, with efforts at organisational and institutional level; this last aspect features, as well as close cooperation with competent ministries, the participation of UNICEF.

In 2008, the European Commission decided to provide a specific financial envelope to development projects in Vakaga, a remote prefecture north-east of the Central African Republic. TGH's commitment to driving long-term development projects in the CAR, in the wake of the country's crisis, led naturally to a partnership with the European Commission's Delegation and enabled the launch of an extensive programme in October 2008.
Planned to last 32 months, the programme, "Restore Essential Services & Revitalize the Social Fabric of Vakaga Prefecture" aims to improve conditions of access to water and primary education in the area. This implies supporting the reconstruction of social and community ventures in the villages involved in the scheme, particularly by helping each village rebuild its organisations managing essential services such as drinking water and primary education.
Geographically isolated from the rest of the country, culturally discriminated, Vakaga Prefecture shows a rare level of under-development; a level that five years of rising insecurity have further impacted.
Even today, the representation of state administration is far from perfect and sometimes erratic. In the absence of support, the communities have to rely on their own, extremely limited, means. The resulting lack of services has been aggravated by a deficiency of maintenance activities (due to growing insecurity since 2000) and the destructions that took place during conflicts at the end of 2006 and early 2007.
The population's situation is therefore extremely difficult, both in terms of daily existence and future perspectives.
The programme presented aims to moderate this difficulty. Its general objectives, that comply with the Millenary aims, are:

  • Contribute to reducing the percentage of the population that does not have a steady supply of drinking water
    The level of access to water in Vakaga is among the lowest in the CAR: less than 30% of people have access to potable water, less than 45% consume water considered clean, and over 85% have to travel more than 500 meters to get water. 10 bore holes will be built and equipped with hand-operated pumps during the first quarter of 2010.

  • Contribute to providing access to primary education for all children
    The level of access to education is also very poor and management capacities are weak. Vakaga suffers from the lowest illiteracy rate in the CAR and the proportion of non-state teachers is the highest. 25 schools will benefit from creation of new classrooms or rehabilitation of current classrooms.

More specifically, the programme aims to increase the availability of state infrastructures providing better access to essential services. Our action will focus on developing local capacities in relation with the target services, in order to ensure the durability of services opened through the project and empower the region's socio-organisational fabric without which every development venture remains vain. The programme will integrate two important aspects: the necessity of having an active administrative representation in the area and the socio-economic realities of the Prefecture and the CAR in general. Indeed, while the State's presence in Vakaga is fully necessary, it cannot, for the time being, provide all essential services; the community and its organisations still have an important role to play...

Programme for Sudanese refugees in Sam Ouandja: access to essential services and integration

In compliance with our strategy in the CAR, and as a natural continuance of the past year's programme, we are working to help Sudanese refugees adapt to their new environment.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 01/2010 – 12/2010
 Budget: K€ 294

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations Refugee Agency)

Since July 2010, the intensification of security threats linked to the presence of LRA in the north-east of the CAR has led the HCR to relocate the refugees camp close to Bambari, in Pladama Ouaka village. This central region is both safer and more accessible for humanitarian actors. It also offers a higher number of more varied socio-economical opportunities to the refugees.

In compliance with our strategy in the CAR, and as a natural continuance of the past year's programme, we are working to help Sudanese refugees adapt to their new environment.

Project aims:

  • Guarantee the refugees' access to essential services
  • Contribute to the refugees' integration and self-sufficiency

More specifically, TGH is:

  • Organising the maintenance and daily operation of a potable water station
  • Building 2 drill in the camp and establishing a water committee
  • Building a latrine for the most vulnerable families
  • Running targeted hygiene-awareness sessions
  • Restructuring and monitoring garbage collection
  • Organising the camp's primary school and building a play area, tables and benches
  • Organising sports and recreational activities
  • Supporting creation and follow-up of farming and/or economic groups
  • Implementing informal vocational training
  • Organising adult literacy classes
  • Distributing agricultural inputs
  • Drawing up protection reports
  • Holding coordination meetings between stakeholders

While ongoing violence in Darfur hinders all possibility of a safe return, the refugees need to integrate locally. However, when aid flows in massively and with no regard to the hosting communities' needs, such integration is extremely difficult. Therefore, TGH is focusing on providing an appropriate and measured form of support and building the refugees' self-sufficiency capacities.

Towards sustainable access to drinking water for vulnerable populations

This program aims to consolidate benefits of the previous program in which we built potable water sources in sufficient number and quality. By continuing the action, we aim to improve local capacities in terms of maintenance and management of the water facilities created.

 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 6 months 06/2010 - 11/2010
 Budget: K€ 75

 Funding

UNICEF

Improving food safety for the people of Vakaga and Sam Ouandja

Since we first became active in north-eastern CAR, TGH has supported and developed agricultural schemes.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 9 months 04/2010 - 12/2010
 Budget: K€ 160

 Funding

Logo CHF
Funding : CHF (United Nations Common Humanitarian Fund)

The agricultural potential of the target regions is strong, however endemic insecurity causes displacement of populations and destruction, and impairs satisfying food production. 

Although TGH has also been affected by several security incidents, and despite growing logistical difficulties, we continue to work alongside Central African populations by supplying farming inputs. Absence of such supplies would dramatically impact food production.

Improvement of market gardening production and capacity building of technical knowledge in Birao, Ouanda Djallé, Tiringoulou, Sikikédé and Sam Ouandja

This programme complements the previous programme on market gardening. It will prolong the benefits to the winter season during which irrigated farming (namely market gardening) is practiced.

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 10 months 05/2010 - 02/2011
 Budget: K€ 178 + donations in kind (seed and tools) from the FAO

 Funding

Logo CHF

Improving food safety for the people of Vakaga and Haute Kotto

Thanks to support from the Fonds Commun Humanitaire (CHF), at the end of 2008 and the start of 2009, TGH assessed the food safety situation and potential farming development schemes in the areas where we operate.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 7 months 03/2009 – 10/2009
 Budget: K€ 290

 Funding

Logo FAO Logo MAE
  • Funding: FAO, CIAA – signature of project conventions in progress (April 09)

Despite the fact that such areas possess considerable farming possibilities, food shortage is common among most of the families living there. Such shortages have taken root as a consequence of social, geographical and economic isolation. That same isolation that nurtured the devastating rebellion that still shakes the country despite tangible developmental and political progress.

Project aims:

  • Provide improved and/or recovered access to basic agricultural inputs (seeds)
  • Increase the surface sown, and diversify and multiply produce
  • Increase the availability of, and the access to, varied food products at local level

More specifically, TGH is:

  • Distributing seed kits to 13,000 families
  • Creating pilot plots for training and capitalisation
  • Measuring the areas sown, estimating yield and produce, and making this data available to all stakeholders in the agricultural sector.

Promoting the social organisation of each village, to optimize implementation of the technical means and increase the level of knowledge is once again the aim here. TGH is working closely with the Agence Centrafricaine de Développement Agricole (ACDA) and the Institut Centrafricain de Recherche Agronomique (ICRA) to support the presence of State representatives in the most remote prefectures.

TGH is currently searching for additional funds to provide a wider-scale intervention. Indeed, a larger programme is necessary should we wish to significantly energize the primary sector in the North-East of the CAR and reinstate this region at national level – thus consolidating the economical safety of the families living there.

Towards sustainable access to drinking water for vulnerable populations

The town of Sam Ouandja has no source of potable water despite the fact that it is available underground in sufficient quantity. The problem stems from the lack of infrastructures capable of extracting the water.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 9,5 months 03/2009 – 12/2009
 Budget: K€ 260

 Funding

Commision Europeenne
  • Funding: ECHO

Beyond the technical work required to access water, it is important to support the creation of collective water management tools to ensure the action's sustainability.

The town of Sam Ouandja has no source of potable water despite the fact that it is available underground in sufficient quantity. The problem stems from the lack of infrastructures capable of extracting the water. Beyond the technical work required to access water, it is important to support the creation of collective water management tools to ensure the action's sustainability.

Project aims:

  • Improved access to drinking water for the target communities
  • Raise the level of knowledge about water management/use, and foster better water-related practices

More specifically, TGH is:

  • Creating and equipping 3 new bore-holes
  • Building and protecting 18 wells
  • Training a town water committee
  • Training technicians to maintain the wells and bore-holes
  • Raising awareness about good water-related practices
  • Testing the drainage systems
  • Creating a hygiene committee and training/monitoring 20 community agents
  • Assessing the suitability of practices related to water and hygiene

This programme will possibly be extended through a contract in the rural areas of Sam Ouandja; indeed, the technical solutions here envisaged require very little maintenance.

 

2008 : Emergency assistance to victims of the Central African Republic conflict – Vakaga Prefecture, Central African Republic

In 2008, following an emergency programme in the Central African Republic and in the framework of the decision made by the Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission (ECHO) to support the victims of the crisis in northern Central African Republic, TGH carried out a programme aimed at improving access to water and sanitation facilities for the people of Vakaga, North-East CAR.

The programme, that was funded by ECHO, led to rehabilitation of 12 existing bore-holes. Each was equipped with hand-operated pumps. Maintenance agents were trained and supplied with the tools and spare parts to maintain the structures repaired. The latter ensure a daily supply of  some 120,000 litres of water.

In parallel, 20 wells were created or rehabilitated to ensure that each site involved provided good quality water, in sufficient quantity and on a constant basis.

In terms of sanitation, 404 latrines were built in the targeted sites (e.g. sites presenting the highest concentration of people, therefore the highest health risk). 

To back-up the programme's technical activities, TGH ran a widespread campaign on good hygiene and water practices. Among other benefits, this led to the creation of health committees in the villages involved.

ECHO's contribution goes even further than the activities directly funded: by allowing TGH to sustain an appropriate logistical and human set-up, ECHO is helping us achieve additional projects, such as food and cereal seed distribution.

2009: Towards sustainable access to good quality drinking water for vulnerable populations

In 2009, when the Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission made a second decision to aid victims of the crisis in the Central African Republic, ECHO once again chose TGH as a partner and financed a program to improve access to potable water for the people living in Sam Ouandja (Haute-Kotto Prefecture).

This new programme plans the creation and/or rehabilitation of 21 water points. Currently, 18 of these wells are of the traditional type; they give access to polluted water, in insufficient quantity. Out of the 287 wells identified in the town, 18 were chosen because of their appropriate location in each area of town and on the edge of a private concession or road, enabling public access. Three bore holes will be built at the end of the program. They will be the first to exist in the Haute-Kotto area.

The 21 water points targeted by the programme will provide drinking water. The community will doubtlessly use the other wells for domestic purposes. From the very start of the programme, we must anticipate a change of practices and strongly involve the beneficiaries. For instance, the citizens' commitment can operate through water management committees and voluntary community agents in each area of the town. Acting as informal agents for the programme, such volunteers relay the principles for using and maintaining the wells; they also help the beneficiaries understand the advantages of systematically drinking clean water.

No bore-hole currently exists in the Prefecture. TGH is therefore participating in the town's development, responding to the beneficiaries' demand, and helping to support national policies regards development of access to water. In addition, this innovative project plans to equip every renovated/created well with a highly simple, locally built pump enabling water extraction without opening the well. As is de rigueur today, such improvements prevent contamination of the water because it is no longer necessary to throw poly-polluted buckets into the well to collect water.

TGH will organise several awareness sessions and meetings in a constant endeavour to involve the beneficiaries individually or collectively, and to ease their transition to new practices attached to the water made available through the programme.

Furthermore, during the programme's implementation, TGH will devote time evaluating the situation of neighbouring villages where, we already know, the extremely poor and isolated populations have no access to water.

Thanks to ECHO's support for this programme, by the end of 2009, sustainable access to a sufficient quantity of good quality drinking water will therefore be improved in Sam Ouandja. At the cost of less than 15 euros per person.

Improve access to primary education in Sam Ouandja

Since May 2007, when we started working with Sudanese refugees in Sam Ouandja, we have been assessing the humanitarian needs of the local residents.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 9 months 11/2008 - 09/2009
 Budget: K€ 162

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Funding: UNICEF

Because the very specific sociology of this diamondiferous, isolated area hinders spontaneous and efficient organisation of collective services, it appears essential to energise and promote public services with programmes generating visible benefits for the population.

Project aims:

  • Contribute to providing access to primary education for all children,
  • Increase the local schools' capacities in terms of size and management
  • Improve the conditions of primary education.

More specifically, TGH is:

  • Rehabilitating and improving school facilities
  • Creating “catch-up classes” for older children
  • Distributing teaching kits
  • Training and guiding teachers
  • Supporting and empowering Parents Associations
  • Offering socio-educational support to the families
  • Implementing educational gardens - FAO/ TGH

When we first submitted this project, TGH's educational team forecast the need to extend the programme to guarantee its sustainability at grass-roots level. Positive interaction with the community is certainly increasing, particularly thanks to our agricultural projects and access to water projects (see below).

Support to refugees in Sam Ouandja

This programme extends our previous programme to help Sudanese refugees living on the outskirts of Sam Ouandja (Prefecture of Haute-Kotto).

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 2 x 12 months 01/2008 - 12/2008, re-conducted from 01/2009 - 12/2009
 Budget: K€ 600 + donations in kind

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (UN High Commissioner for Refugees)

Aiming to stabilise the humanitarian situation of the refugees, TGH's activities in the camp achieved the following results:

  • Primary needs of the refugees are covered
  • The camp benefits from controlled sanitary standards
  • The refugees' economic and food safety has improved
  • Social and educational activities are available and are helping to federate the community.

More specifically, TGH's programme achieved:

  • Daily operation and maintenance of a potable water station
  • Monthly distribution of food and non-food stuffs, according to seasonal needs
  • Distribution of seeds and tools for key rain-season cultures and out-of-season cultures
  • Organisation and management of the primary school and implementation of recreational activities for the children in the camp
  • Implementation of a kindergarten
  • Organisation of non formal training and income-generating activities for women and young adults
  • Organisation of adult literacy classes

Implementation of these activities took place in close collaboration with the HCR and National Commission for Refugees (NCR), helping to keep these agencies up to date about the humanitarian situation and the safety of the refugees.

Food safety programmes

During the first 18 months of its intervention, in collaboration with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), TGH worked to reduce the negative impact of the refugees' displacement, particularly in terms of general food safety.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: Several punctual contracts from April 2007 to December 2008
 Budget: K€ 310 + donations in kind

 Funding

PAM Logo FAO
  • Funding: WFP, FAO

Distribution of food and/or seeds helped to ensure that the refugees received the minimum food requirements in the area involved.

Actions achieved:

  • Distribution of two months of food rations (also ensuring seed protection) in the main axes of Vakaga – May 2007
  • Distribution of seeds in Vakaga – May 2007
  • Training and distribution of market gardening seeds in Birao and Sam Ouandja towns – December 2007
  • Distribution of two months of food rations in the main axes of intervention in Vakaga – May 2008
  • Distribution of seeds for rainy season culture to 13,000 families living in the the areas of intervention covered by TGH
  • Survey on the impact of distributions in the involved areas
  • Distribution of market gardening seeds in Sam Ouandja and to Parents Associations for creation of educational gardens

Emergency assistance to victims of the conflict – Vakaga Prefecture, Central

This programme was an initial emergency response to the population’s needs that are primarily caused by the conflict. The following actions took place.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures


 Duration: 11 months 11/2007 - 10/2008
 Budget: K€ 650 + contributions in kind

 Funding

Commision Europeenne DAH
  • Funding: ECHO, UN agencies, DAH (Délégation à l'action humanitaire, French Foreign Affairs ministry)
  • Distribution of seeds and tools to 6000 families,
  • Distribution of food rations to 2500 particularly vulnerable families (to guarantee appropriate use of the seeds supplied in the programme),
  • Rehabilitation of water points (wells and bore-holes)
  • Rehabilitation of schools.

In the framework of our activities, we were able to design new programmes specifically aimed at alleviating the impact of the region's "exclusion" from the rest of the country.

Reaching out with seeds in CAR (VIDEO)

Emergency assistance to victims of the conflict Vakaga region, Central African Republic

Following an initial emergency intervention and in the framework of the decision made by the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Department (ECHO) to support the people impacted by the crisis in the north of the Central African Republic (CAR)

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures


 Duration: 9 months 11/2007 - 07/2008
 Budget: K€ 450 + contributions in kind

 Funding

Commision Europeenne
  • Funding: ECHO, UN agencies

TGH has launched (with ECHO backing) a programme aiming to improve access to water and sanitary structures for the people of Vakaga, north-east of the CAR.

This programme features the rehabilitation of 12 existing wells and their hand-operated pumping equipment. Maintenance agents will be trained and supplied with the tools and spare parts for upkeep of the repaired structures. On a daily basis, these wells will provide some 120,000 litres of water.

In parallel, the programme plans creation and/or reconstruction of 20 wells. The aim is to ensure permanent access to a sufficient quantity of good quality water in all the sites concerned.

Another aspect of this programme focuses on sanitisation: at least 400 latrines will be built in targeted sites where there is a high concentration of people -therefore a higher sanitary risk.
In order to complete the programme's technical activities, an extensive hygiene awareness campaign will be performed, promoting good hygiene practices and appropriate use of water.

ECHO's contribution goes even further than the direct impact of helping this programme maintain the necessary logistics and human resources level; ECHO is also contributing to the continuation of further activities performed by TGH such as distribution of food and agricultural inputs

Emergency relief for refugees from Darfur in the north eastern town of Sam-Ouandjia, Prefecture of Haute-Kotto, Central African Republic

After repeated attacks on Dafak, in South Darfur, over 3000 people, mainly women and children, fled to Sam-Ouandjia, a town located some 50 kilometres away from the border with Sudan.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 6 months 06/2007 - 12/2007
 Budget: K€ 450 + donations in kind

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: ERF (Emergency Response Fund, United Nations ), UNCHR (United Nations Refugee Agency)

In partnership with the UN agencies, emergency relief was carried out:

  • Distribution of shelter materials, non-food stuffs, jerry cans and water purification sets,
  • Distribution of food from the WFP (World Food Programme) and vitamin-rich biscuits,
  • Initial organization of the refugee camp to improve overall management.

In parallel, to complete the relief plan, a water network and a schooling system were implemented with UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). Right from the start of these operations, the UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency) agreed to support the programme’s second phase (end of 2007).

Bulletin d'information

Emergency assistance to victims of the Central African Republic conflict – Vakaga region, North-East of CAR

This emergency programme consists in alleviating the primary needs of the population. Needs directly created by the conflict. This programme also includes activities aiming to lighten the effects of chronic under-development within this region.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 8 months 03/2007 - 11/2007
 Budget: K€ 410

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: French Foreign Affairs Ministry, Humanitarian Action delegation, UN agencies + donation in kind
  • Distribution of agricultural intrants (seeds and tools) to 6000 families,
  • Distribution of food rations to 2500 particularly vulnerable families (to further guarantee appropriate use of the seeds provided),
  • Rehabilitation of water points (drilling & wells),
  • Rehabilitation of schools.

In parallel, TGH will be working towards other programmes specifically aimed at diminishing the dire effects of this region's "isolation".

Last updated March 14, 2017