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Programmes

Burma

Burma (or Republic of the Union of Myanmar) is the largest country in Southeast Asia. Long led by a military junta, the country entered a political transition process in the summer of 2011, and the government embarked on political and economic reforms. However, many challenges still lie ahead: recurrent armed conflicts with ethnic minorities; the alarming situation of the Rohingyas; the development of public services, and poverty reduction in one of the least developed countries in the world.

Sanitation and access to water facilities, as well as social, health and education services, remain well below needs. Access to food is a daily challenge for a majority of the population.

Triangle Génération Humanitaire opened a mission in Burma in December 2007, with the aim of carrying out emergency and development activities. When cyclone Nargis struck in 2008, seriously affecting the southwest of the country (the Delta), the TGH team mobilized and took part in the emergency response.

TGH's humanitarian action in Burma first focused on emergency and post-emergency response in the Delta Region and later in Rangoon, with programmes supporting care facilities for disabled persons. Since October 2012, TGH has been running food security programmes (with funding from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the French Development Agency, the Fondation de France and the Michelham Foundation) in the mountainous and landlocked area of ​​Matupi in the south of Chin State (western part of the country). These programmes, carried out in partnership with the Burmese NGO Ar Yone Oo, aim to improve the living conditions, resilience and livelihoods of isolated rural populations in the region while supporting the management of natural resource. Recently, TGH joined forces with GRET¹ in the implementation of a programme funded by the European Union over the next 4 years, in this same area of southern Chin State.

¹ GRET : Groupe de Recherche et d’Échanges Technologiques (Technological Research and Exchange Group).

Current programmes

Improving the livelihoods, income and resilience of vulnerable populations in Southern Chin State and Northern Rakhine State

In order to improve the living conditions of the rural populations of the Chin and Rakhine States, TGH is carrying out activities in the township of Matupi, in southern Chin State, aimed at increasing agricultural production and farm incomes and at improving access to and the protection of local natural resources.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 40,000 beneficiaries
 Duration: 48 months 10/2016 – 09/2020
 Budget: K€5,000

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne
  • Funding: European Union
  • Partners: GRET Logo GRET
  • Beneficiaries: 40,000 direct beneficiaries, 68,500 inhabitants in the area of intervention
Transport of rainfed rice crop on a slash-and-burn plot

Transport of rainfed rice crop on a slash-and-burn plot
Photo : TGH ©

The state of Chin, located in western Burma and characterized by its geographical isolation, has 465,000 inhabitants and is identified as one of the poorest states in the country. Most of the population rely on agriculture and livestock activities for consumption and income. Many studies carried out by development actors highlight the economic vulnerability of families as a result of unsustainable resource management, weak public services, and poor access to technical knowledge. The township of Matupi, where TGH is operating, suffers from chronic food insecurity that forces most vulnerable households into debt, while the population earns one of the lowest annual wages in the country. Moreover, the states of Chin and Rakhine are frequently the victims of natural disasters: the flowering of bamboo between 2007 and 2010, which repeatedly devastated rice fields, typhoon Komen in 2015, accompanied by rains and floods... Problem analysis highlights the insecurity of livelihoods related to isolation, food and nutrition insecurity, food shortages among farmers, the negative impact of climate change on economic and agricultural activities, the lack of information and financial services available, the scarcity of drinking water during the dry season, and the lack of adequate health services and good hygiene practices.

The current programme - implemented by Triangle Génération Humanitaire in the state of Chin (Matupi) and by GRET in the north of the state as well as in Rakhine State - reaches a total of 8,000 families (40,000 inhabitants) coming from 94 villages as well as from city centres in Paletwa, Matupi and Kyauktaw. Operating in Chin State since 2012, TGH mainly acts in the ​​food security and rural development sectors. For its part, GRET has been implementing microfinance and agricultural development programmes in northern Chin State since 1995, thereby gradually strengthening the capacities of the Microfinance Institution of Chin State and of CORAD.

Meeting with the inhabitants during the agrarian diagnosis in Matupi

Meeting with the inhabitants during the agrarian diagnosis in Matupi
Photo : TGH ©

In order to address the problems faced by the inhabitants of the two states in terms of food security, job opportunities, access to the market and lack of social and investment services, the programme develops a multisectoral approach including: support to agriculture and nutrition; improved access to water and sanitation; development of financial services; support to local communities and NGOs for access to and sustainable use of natural resources (through informational support, a consultative process, enhanced dialogue and awareness-raising on the peace process). From an operational point of view, a first set of activities is dedicated to feasibility studies and to the development of the strategy and the action plan (agrarian diagnosis, market and value chain study, etc.). The programme has two main components: generate income and enhance livelihoods on the one hand, and resilience to changing contexts on the other hand.

Concerning the first component, TGH and GRET's income-generating activities include the development of agricultural infrastructure and the provision of equipment, the dissemination of improved and sustainable technical innovations with a focus on agroecology and on nutrition-sensitive agriculture, support for vegetable gardens, services for farmers, and disaster risk reduction activities. These activities are aimed at increasing agricultural production and incomes, and at enhancing a diversified diet.
GRET will also be responsible for the establishment of a municipal sanitation market, access to clean water, communication campaigns and the training of local authorities in order to provide families with improved access to clean water and sanitation, as well as to best practices in terms of hygiene and use of water. It will support the provision of sustainable financial services through the design and disbursement of tailored financial products and the establishment of local governance mechanisms for financial services taking local challenges into account.

The second component, dedicated to improving the resilience of rural households faced with investment projects and changes in the land tenure regime, aims to secure and improve access to natural resources. The following activities will be implemented: awareness-raising activities, training sessions, pilot community activities, support for studies and documentation of local NGOs and community-based organizations, provision of spaces for consultation and dialogue for the sharing of experience, and advocacy plans.

This four-year programme directly involves communities over the long-term, from the initial diagnostic phase to the strengthening of local and community organizations. A sustainable and specific support allows the households to appropriate the tools and activities proposed.

Improving the resilience capacities of vulnerable populations confronted with climate risks in Chin State

Improve the resilience capacities of vulnerable populations confronted with climate risks in Chin State, integrating new techniques adapted to local conditions and that can be duplicated by the beneficiary communities.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 2 683 people
 Duration: 16,5 months 04/2016 - 07/2017
 Budget: €250,000

 Funding

Action-Humanitaire-France-CIAA-MAEDI-CDCS
  • Funding: CIAA
  • Partners: Are Yone Oo (AYO) Burmese NGO
  • Beneficiaries: This programme targets 15 villages in the township of Matupi, representing 515 households with a total population of 2 683 people.
  • Duration: From April 1st, 2016 to July 15th, 2017 (16.5 months – including a 2,5 months’ break during the 2016 rainy season)
Surfaces rizicoles recouvertes de débris et gravats

Rice areas covered with debris and rubble, township of Matupi, Chin State
Photo : December 2015 - TGH ©

The inhabitants of the township of Matupi, particularly poor and vulnerable to natural elements, have so far implemented various survival strategies to make it through recurrent lean periods (loans leading to over-indebtedness, seasonal migration to surrounding areas, migrations abroad for young adults to send part of their income to their families in Chin State). However, none of these strategies positively impacted the food security situation of resident populations: investments in the agricultural sector remain almost nonexistent, and the food diet is still merely based on the consumption of cereals (rice).

These communities remain extremely vulnerable and have been severely affected by the damage caused by cyclone Komen in August 2015.

The aim of the proposed action is therefore to reduce the vulnerability of farmers confronted with climate risks in the township of Matupi, through the sustainable protection of their means of production and the diversification of their food diet.

Two objectives are targeted:

Consultation communautaire lors de la phase de démarrage

Community consultation during the inception phase, township of Matupi
Photo : June 2016 - TGH ©

  • Permanently restored farmers' agricultural production means

    Sustainable and gradual restoration of agricultural means of production will be achieved through the rehabilitation and protection of agricultural land (removal of rubble and debris), the renovation and strengthening of irrigation infrastructure (construction of stronger infrastructure and integration of a risk reduction approach), the provision of efficient equipment for soil preparation, and the installation of protective fencing around cultivated areas.
  • Develop the counter-season market gardening production in order to increase the diversification of the population's food diet

    Market gardening production is an important lever for improving food security in the township of Matupi. Irrigation and land protection create the possibility to develop market gardening, and some households invest in that sector. The supply of irrigation equipment (for example the provision of ten irrigation pumps) and the establishment of market gardening plots will support the counter-season production initiatives that will help diversify the food diet of local populations.

 

Completed Programmes

Improving the living conditions of isolated rural populations in Chin State

TGH works to improve the living conditions of isolated rural populations in the state of Chin and wishes to perpetuate the results of the first actions started in October 2012 in that State, responding to immediate needs in the of food security sector.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 3,984 people
 Duration: 45 months 10/2013 - 06/2017
 Budget: €393,835

 Funding

Logo AFD Logo FDF Fondation-Lord-Michelham
  • Funding: French Development Agency, Foundation of France, Lord Michelham of Hellingly Foundation
  • Partners: AYO (Ar Yone Oo – Burma NGO)

TGH's action is developing the production of agricultural products for sale, including konjac, in 15 villages in the township of Matupi. This programme allows increased income for the 130 families involved, while enhancing village territories in order to strengthen and sustain the impact of the initial agricultural project implemented in the targeted villages in 2012-2013.

Hung Om, Daw Sang and Lin Nin (Field Supervisor) preparing teaching materials for a meeting
in the village of Lung Tum / Photos : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

A feedback meeting on the study on the Elephant Foot Yam sector and discussions
Photos : Mon Za Let / TGH©

Discussions on the training of producers'teams
Photos : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Mapping work during a data collection workshop in the village of Pha Nai
Photos : Pai Hung Gei / TGH©

A plot of Elephant Foot Yam
Photos : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Model of Yam cleaver provided to producers through the project
Photos : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Hung Om, Project co-Manager, taking notes during a discussion with a producer
Photos : Dum Dawt Sang / TGH©

A producer of Elephant Foot Yam in his field
Photos : Hung Om / TGH©

A producer of Elephant Foot Yam in his field
Photos : Dum Dawt Sang / TGH©

Daw Sang, Field Supervisor, taking notes during a discussion with Pha Nai producers
Photos : Mon Za Let / TGH©

A plot of Elephant Foot Yam
Photos : Dum Dawt Sang / TGH©

A producer of Elephant Foot Yam in his field
Photos : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Discussion between TGH's agronomist and farmers from the village of Pha Nai
Photos : Dum Dawt Sang / TGH©

View of the Lemro River valley
Photos : Dum Dawt Sang / TGH©

Hand-cutting of yams
Photo : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Cutting yam with a cleaver
Photo : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Cutting yam with a cleaver
Photo : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

Hung Om, Daw Sang and Lin Nin (Field Supervisor) preparing teaching materials for a meeting
in the village of Lung Tum / Photos : Jonathan Domarle / TGH©

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The programme has 3 specific objectives:

  • Developing sources of agricultural incomes in the area;
  • Improving the collective management of village territories;
  • Strengthening the organizational and operational capacity of the project partner.

A study was conducted in 2014 in order to determine the level of knowledge and cash crop production practices of farmers in the 15 targeted village. Konjac, also called elephant foot yam, seemed to be the crop offering the highest yields and income to farmers. This plant, very popular in Asian countries, is traditionally harvested in the forests in mountainous areas of Chin State.

In order to pool farmers' knowledge, TGH and AYO organized exchange visits allowing everyone to compare practices and spot potential improvements in the production process. Furthermore, the TGH and AYO teams distributed 50 cleavers in the villages, in order to facilitate the cutting of konjac, previously cut by hand, a process considered long and tedious by farmers.

TGH supports the creation of village committees in a sustainable development perspective. The township of Matupi is regularly hit by natural disasters (heavy rainfall, storms, etc.) or by disasters linked -more or less directly- to human activities (deforestation, fires, erosion, etc.). The TGH team, together with the villagers, conducted mapping activities aiming to identify sensitive areas and areas to be protected (houses, agricultural land, rice fields, roads, etc.). Depending on the maps established for each village, a local preventive action plan (reforestation, water resource protection, control of slash and burn practices, etc.) will be defined and implemented in the targeted areas in 2015.

Finally, in order to strengthen the organizational and operational capacity of the local partner, the TGH teams organized training sessions on project management and provided help for the development of technical tools.

Improving the nutrition and resilience capacities of vulnerable populations living in isolated villages in the township of Matupi in Chin State

This programme is a continuation of the actions carried-out by TGH in 2013-2014 in Matupi. It aims to improve food security by increasing agricultural production of vulnerable households in 19 remote villages of Matupi in Chin State.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 10,026 people
 Duration: 13 months 03/2015 - 03/2016
 Budget: €200,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Interministerial Committee for Food Aid
  • Partners: AYO (Ar Yone Oo – Burma NGO)

The Matupi area is facing a chronic deficit in food production. The production of rice, the main crop cultivated and consumed in the area, is not sufficient to cover households’ total annual needs. In the township of Matupi, people mainly rely on farming for a living. It is difficult for farmers to have access to credit, acquire land and purchase agricultural inputs. A large number of households went into debt to meet their food needs.
Lately, invasions of rodents and heavy rain have caused extensive damage on cultivated land that had to be abandoned because farmers did not have the investment capacity necessary for the rehabilitation of infrastructure (irrigation canals and terracing).

Therefore, the priority identified by TGH teams is to increase rice production for vulnerable families in the state of Chin. The project will help improve populations’ food security and resilience capacities through 3 activities:

Improved irrigation infrastructure 

The increase in irrigated rice fields and in yield requires regular access to water. TGH will rehabilitate irrigation infrastructure to allow rice cultivation on abandoned land and increase farmers' production capacity.

Enhanced mechanization 

Just as access to water, the availability of agricultural equipment is a factor which severely limits farmers' production capacity. TGH will provide farmers with efficient mechanical equipment in order to improve rice yields in the area.

Protection of rice production means 

The rice fields targeted by the project are located near large areas of forests where wild animals live, and they often damage the plots. TGH will help the villagers in protecting crops against damage caused by animals (trampling, grazing, weakened dykes). Fencing around cultivated lands will help reduce the losses and will directly increase the available food production in targeted villages.

Improvement of resilience capacites of vulnerable populations living in isolated villages of Matupi canton, in Chin State

Evaluations carried out by TGH, its partner AYO and other humanitarian actors in Burma (notably WFP) have identified Chin State, and more particularly Matupi Canton, as a priority intervention zone.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 3,446 people
 Duration: 16 months 09/2013 - 12/2014
 Budget: €330,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Aide Alimentaire Programmée
  • Partners: AYO (Ar Yone Oo)

In recent years, the population has enacted survival strategies, allowing it to pass through food shortages (loans leading to indebtedness, seasonal migration to adjacent areas, foreign migration of young adults who remit a part of their revenue to their families…). However, in the absence of investment in the agricultural sector, these strategies have had little effect on the food security situation of the resident population.

Food aid distributed in previous years has not permitted the population to strengthen its resilience capacity against recurring shocks affecting home food security.
The continued presence of our teams since October 2012 in a food security support programme in 13 villages in the south of the canton – in partnership with the Burmese Association Ar Yone Oo (AYO) and the support of CIAA (Comité Interministériel pour l’Aide Alimentaire) has enabled us to see existing needs for other villages. Villagers have spontaneously come to require TGH  / AYO intervention and the implementation of actions similar to the on-going programme.

The selection criteria for new villages have particularly taken into account their isolated nature and absence of humanitarian intervention.

The approach developed by TGH is based on two specific objectives:

  • Improvement of access to foodstuffs, by implementation of “cash for work”, which supplies a revenue supplement in a zone where employment opportunities are extremely rare. Furthermore, transport of foodstuffs from Pakkoku (Magway) now being a current practice, this supplement will permit beneficiaries to tolerate the extra cost of local provisioning, which up to now has obliged the most financially vulnerable homes to decrease rations or daily food consumption to make stocks last longer.
  • Increase of agricultural yields, coupled with diversification of cultivation through implementation of enduring solutions (renovation and extension of irrigation canals, supply of agricultural inputs, protection of cultivated land, farmer training). The impact on agricultural yields will be measurable from the 2014 season. Theoretical and practical training given to farmers in the programme will enable long-term security.

Regarding all the work and training implemented in the proposed actions, TGH and AYO will look to use and spread known and easily reproducible technologies in the region.

Improving food security in rural areas in Chin State

Chin State, located in the west of the country, is a landlocked area in the mountains and foothills of the Himalayas. The topography of the region, the steep terrain and the lack of infrastructure make trade difficult, even within the State, and have always hindered its development.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4,614 people
 Duration: 12 months 10/2012 - 11/2013
 Budget: €300,000

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Programmed Food Aid
  • Partner: AYO (Ar Yone Oo)

During the rainy season, landslides are frequent and affect food crops, gravity fed water distribution networks and access roads. Agricultural practices, such as slash and burn cultivation¹, accelerate deforestation and increase vulnerability to landslides.

95% of Chin State inhabitants directly or indirectly depend on agriculture for their survival. The destructive and non-permanent nature of shorter fallow periods and slash and burn techniques are the main reasons for reduced soil fertility and low yields. In 2007, a ​​plague of rodents aggravated food insecurity, and in 2011, irregular rainfall severely affected crops in the southern part of the State.

In November 2011, we were approached by the executives of the local association Ar Yone Oo (AYO), mainly coming from Chin State, and in search of an international organization to initiate a partnership and conduct an assessment in the south of the State. The consortium TGH / AYO conducted an assessment in 13 villages in the township of Madupi. The results and discussions with community members helped develop this project aiming both at meeting short-term needs and at addressing substantive issues.

The expertise developed by TGH on food security issues in Myanmar will be shared with the association AYO, while the members of this association will let TGH benefit of their knowledge of Chin State and of their closeness to local populations.

Improving food security in Chin State rural areas requires an increased and secured production capacity of farmers, through the protection, rehabilitation and extension of arable land and the improvement of agricultural techniques and irrigation systems.

Two types of structures are being considered for flooded rice cultivation:

  • Irrigation canals, to optimize cultivation over more than 60 hectares of plantations.
  • Terracing, to extend the surface area of cultivated lands. Thus we plan to develop the equivalent of 20 additional hectares of plantations.

The completion of these works, which are extremely labor intensive (the use of machines being inadequate), will be based on a cash for work scheme, which has the advantage of providing income to vulnerable households at a particularly crucial time. In parallel with the development of rice fields, parcels will be fenced to protect crops from damage caused by animals.

In order to significantly strengthen local production, 1200 baskets of improved varieties of rainfed rice seeds and 800 baskets of rice seeds for flooded rice cropping will be distributed in 11 villages practicing this type of cultivation. 160 baskets of corn seeds will be distributed in eight targeted villages.

Since the quantities of basic food crops will not be able to cover all the needs, even with a strong productivity growth, high-value cash crops will also be part of the project. Revenues generated will provide the necessary financial resources to purchase food during the lean period.

Crop diversification, including the development of vegetable crops, will increase food availability. The introduction of such crops to a larger scale than that of the home gardens currently in place should improve the nutritional status of populations and provide an additional source of income.

Technical training will be provided to farmers to support and promote the introduction of these new agricultural practices. These training courses will focus on capacity building of producer organizations and on the management of natural resources, the aim being the establishment of community-based schemes promoting the boosting of rural activities. Emphasis will also be placed on a fair balance between auto-consumed food crops, market gardens and crops intended to be marketed.

This technical support will be complemented by awareness-raising on the adequate management of natural resources, including agricultural water development (irrigated areas), soil conservation techniques, and forest conservation and valuing measures. A dozen farmers per village will attend these training sessions and will be responsible for relaying these techniques to other villagers, to allow the emergence of experienced farmers with an innovative approach.

¹Slash and burn cultivation is an agricultural system in which fields are cleared by fire, which allows the transfer of fertility, and are then cultivated for a short period of time before being left fallow for a long time (mainly forest fallow). Existing since prehistoric times, this extensive shifting agriculture scheme can lead to lasting land degradation. (Wikipedia)

Improvement of social services provided by local associations for disabled people in Myanmar

Objective: Improve the Eden Center's assistance to disabled people by providing technical support and local development projects.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 3,600 people
 Duration: 31 months 01/2011 - 07/2013
 Budget: K€525

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne Fondation-Lord-Michelham
  • Funding: EuropeAid (75%), Fondation Lord Michelham of Hellingly

Disabled people are among the most vulnerable people in Burma: not only are they socially excluded, they represent a weight for their families because they have low access to sources of income. TGH is supporting the Eden Center for Disabled Children (ECDC) - an important organisation in the area of disability in Burma – by consolidating and strengthening its efficiency and autonomy. This programme is part of the recommendations of the national drafted by the social welfare department:

  • Raise awareness about the rights and needs of disabled people;
  • Provide training about an inclusive and participative approach to disability;
  • Develop Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) by building networks;
  • Improve access to integration services;
  • Run awareness campaigns in the media;
  • Develop access to free education for disabled children,

The general objective of this programme is to help provide adequate assistance to disabled people (medical and paramedical services, social and economic rehabilitation) and, in particular, to improve the level of assistance given to disabled people via training schemes and supporting local development projects. 

Expected results:

  • Strengthen the capacities of the Eden Center (project and budget management, project planning, income-generating activities), to increase the organisation's financial autonomy; 
  • Improve the impact of the Eden Center's activities in favour of disabled people by strengthening the technical capacities of the centre and creating a research department;
  • Improve social integration and promote the rights of disabled people through Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) and various training actions aimed at people involved in disability management.

Support displaced people and the hosting communities in Dala and Seikyi Khanaungdho townships by improving health, water and sanitation services, and economic conditions.

Located in the outskirts of Yangon, the townships of Dala and Seikyi Khanaungdho are home to some 176,600 inhabitants, living in an extremely precarious socio-economic situation. The townships can only be accessed by boat; no bridge links them to the capital.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 5 000 people
 Duration: 30 months 01/2011 - 06/2013
 Budget: K€1,665

 Funding

Logo EuropeAid-commission-europeenne

Particular environmental conditions (swamps and islands) complicate attempts at urban and economic development and favour the recrudescence of waterborne diseases.

In addition, these factors imply a reasonable price of first necessity goods, which has encouraged, since the 80s, immigration of many people displaced by conflicts or economic difficulties. This has damaged the social fabric and further aggravated the community’s vulnerability in terms of economic and sanitary risks. Employment opportunities are rare and most inhabitants depend on Yangon’s economy. The cost of daily transport to the capital represents an extra weight for the families living in the outskirts and relying on informal economy.

TGH is working to foster economic emancipation in these poverty belts by simplifying the link between markets and diversification of income.
The programme, that contributes to Millennium Development Goal no1, aims at improving livelihoods for IDPs and the host communities in Dala and Seikyi Kanaunghdo townships, particularly by improving the living conditions through implementation of sustainable social-economic activities.

The expected results are:

  • Diversification and improved access to sources of revenue for vulnerable families;
  • Creation and consolidation of local economic initiatives.

Support Food Autonomy and Restore Livelihoods for Vulnerable Populations in Laputta District, Myanmar

Triangle started operating in Myanmar at the end of 2007 and focused on the Delta region in the wake of cyclone Nargis. Our action in Kungyangon and Laputta districts has constantly sought to improve production means of the various economic sectors (rice, fishing, breeding, handicraft).

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 9 months 04/2011 - 10/2011
 Budget: K€255

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: Food Aid Programme (French MAE)

A combination of anterior national policies and the impact of the cyclone led to a severe crisis currently hitting agriculture and fishing.

Through a succession of dual-action projects we have aimed at restoring production levels (reinstating farming and fishing activities) to raise food availability in the area in the medium term, while performing food distributions and thus guaranteeing immediate food safety for the populations during their transition to restored livelihoods.
"Work for Food" activities (payment in rice, according to the traditional system) allowing land preparation and repair of infrastructures (bridges, roads, jetties) have also been implemented to guarantee income to daily workers, who cannot obtain usual benefits.

Despite such efforts, there are many needs to fill in the Delta area that has not recovered its pre-Nargis agricultural production level. In order to support the farmers, sustainably restore production capacities and thus contribute to food safety in Labutta district, TGH plans to carry out a new project with the following actions:

  • Protection of cultures via construction of dikes and prevention actions for pests control
  • Reduction of the lean period for the most vulnerable households via "Work for Food" activities
  • Support local seed production systems (purification and multiplication) by establishing seed banks
  • Support management practices before and after harvesting via adapted ploughing work (rototillers)
  • Technical training to introduce improved farming practices (to reduce production costs and raise benefits).

The project will directly benefit 10,000 people and indirectly benefit 20,000 additional people.

Restoring livelihoods for rural populations in the Delta area

19 months after cyclone Nargis, difficult access to the area and lack of investments make it virtually to revive the populations' main sources of revenue (agriculture, fishing, breeding, pisciculture, etc.).

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 19 000 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/2010 - 12/2010
 Budget: 868 KUSD

 Funding

Logo LIFT
  • Funding: LIFT (Livelihood and Food security Trust Fund)
  • Amount of beneficiaries: approximately 19,000 people
  • Zone of intervention: 50 villages in the area of Labutta

19 months after cyclone Nargis, difficult access to the area and lack of investments make it virtually to revive the populations' main sources of revenue (agriculture, fishing, breeding, pisciculture, etc.). This project is therefore aimed at strengthening the population's agricultural produce in order to restore the economic cycle, source of employment and livelihood opportunities, and thus reduce the population's vulnerability and improve food safety.  

To achieve this, Triangle is implementing several activities:

Economic revival

  • Provide 75 boats and 225 nets specially suited to local fishing techniques in order to revive the intermediary fishing sector,
  • Rehabilitate dikes to protect 500 hectares of cultivable land in 50 villages; this activity will provide waged jobs to 156 people per day and area,
  • Provide "baby shrimps" to restore fish farming.

Farming revival

  • Provide 250 water buffalos and rototillers to prepare the land and restore rice cultures,
  • Provide spare parts for the rototillers and organise mechanical engineering training in each village,
  • Provide rice seed for 5000 acres and fuel for the rototiller (land preparation mostly involves water buffalos).

Diversification of revenues at family level

  • Provide 1000 pigs to vulnerable households to revive livestock breeding at family level,
  • Provide 4000 family gardening kits (tools and seeds) to enable cultivation of 2 acres per family.

Food Security Programme in areas affected by Cyclone Nargis – Market gardening and rehabilitation of agricultural land and community facilities – Laputta and Kungyangon districts

When Cyclone Nargis swept through Burma, as well as compromising the land production capacity for the 2008 harvest, it destroyed or damaged most of the seeds and rice stocked by landowners-farmers and day-workers.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 7 months 03/2009 - 10/2009
 Budget: K€486

 Funding

Logo MAE
  • Funding: French Foreign Affairs Ministry – Inter-ministry Committee on Food Security

The fact that 2008's production is approximately only 30% of the usual production, and the damage caused by the cyclone, make recruitment and payment (in rice) of the day-workers complicated, especially in terms of the next rainy season's crops.
Food safety is still volatile owing to lack of production means and difficult access to food (the roads, bridges and paths to villages are severely damaged). Development projects will seek to alleviate such issues but there will be a gap in terms of food distribution. TGH is addressing this gap and improving food security in the households most affected by Nargis with a project adapted to the humanitarian action unrolling in the entire region.

The specific objectives of the project are:

  1. Limit the food crisis by improving agriculture in the areas affected by cyclone Nargis to recover production capacity and enable sufficient output (harvest) in 2009

  2. Help the victims of Cyclone Nargis make the transition between emergency relief and stabilisation / development action (cessation of aid).

Activities:

  1. Food distribution (Food for Work)
    Food rations will be distributed to workers once a month all through the action phase, e.g. the 6 months representing the rainy season work period.

  2. Works performed in the project’s framework
    In Laputta and Kungyangon districts, in all 45 villages where TGH is active, over 4,000 families will be involved in works to improve local living conditions.

    - Paddy fields works:
    Agricultural land, of which the salt content has increased due to Nargis, require a great deal of preparation for the harvest of 2009. This is also the case regarding the interior dykes and irrigation canals. In the 45 villages targeted by TGH, the entire cultivable surface represents more than 22,000 acres (approx. 9,000 hectares). Some 2,200 workers from 45 villages in Kungyangon and Laputta districts will be mobilised during 2 months for rehabilitation works and preparation of paddy fields. During the subsequent 4 months, teams of workers will perform paddy field maintenance.

    - Layout works for shrimp breeding basins:
    Where land salinity is unsuitable for crop culture, shrimp breeding offers an important complementary activity during the dry season. However the breeding installations and basins were severely damaged or destroyed by the cyclone. Works will be performed to ensure the basins are operational by the beginning of the dry season.

    - Rehabilitation of bridges and piers:
    When TGH did an evaluation of needs in December 2008, we listed several bridges and piers requiring repair or consolidation. In an effort to strongly involve the community in the rehabilitation of these public works, that are essential  to recovery of the villages’ economic and social activities, we will ask each village to contribute to the purchase of building supplies. (In Kungyangon district, TGH also asked the community to participate in this manner). 15 bridges and 23 piers will be rehabilitated : 5 bridges and 20 piers in Laputta; 10 bridges and 3 piers in Kungyangon.

    - Rehabilitation of water points:
    Most water points - the source of drinking water for villagers - have been polluted by seepage and salt water runoff. They need serious cleaning and layout works. Two types of water points will be rehabilitated: wells (mainly in Kungyangon district) and reservoirs (mainly in Laputta district). We plan the rehabilitation of 20 wells and 43 reservoirs: 2 wells and 40 reservoirs in Laputta, 18 wells and 3 reservoirs in Kungyangon.

    - Rehabilitation of roads:
    The cyclone damaged many roads and drainage ditches but few repair works have been initiated so far. In the framework of this project, 150 km of roads and paths will be repaired in the districts of Laputta and Kungyangon.

  3. Distribution of seeds for market gardening
    About 4,600 households in Laputta and Kungyangon will receive an assortment of seeds for cultivation. To improve food security in the households, each assortment represents one year of production for family consumption. Certain plants from these seeds can also be used to generate new seeds for the following years, thus maintaining the vegetable crop activity (an activity that generally already exists). As well as the seeds, the families will receive fertilizers and pesticides to help them. Training and tool kits will also be offered to facilitate planting.

Assistance to people affected by cyclone Nargis union of Myanmar - Yangon division - Kungyangon township

After Cyclone Nargis swept through the Union of Myanmar, TGH started its first interventions by distributing rain collectors in the affected areas.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 7 months 05/2008 - 12/2008
 Budget: €190,000

 Funding

Logo MAE Logo FDF
  • Funding: French Foreign Affairs Ministry Humanitarian Action delegation - French Embassy – Fondation de France

Thanks to support from the Délégation à l’Action Humanitaire, the French Embassy in Yangon and the Fondation de France, this programme now includes:

  • Procurement and distribution of building materials for shelters,
  • Restore income generating activities (particularly for families without land, who form the most vulnerable populations of the area): support market gardening activities (supply of seed and fertilizers), breeding activities (provide pigs and ducks), handicrafts and fishing (make & provide nets).

The project is being implemented in 3 village tracks in Kungyangon Township which were heavily affected by the cyclone. Due to the scope of the devastation and aftermath, TGH works in coordination and cooperation with international organizations, including the UN, in applying best practices and following policy guidelines. Implementation of activities which fall outside the mandate of TGH will be performed by other competent partners.

In addition, TGH is conducting a needs assessment on the impact of the cyclone in terms of equipment loss, infrastructure destruction and social aspects across the affected areas with special focus on the fishery sector. Using a participatory approach with affected communities, the report will quantify the losses and identify the most vulnerable groups in order to determine the best way to resume the activities.

Last updated january 30, 2017