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Programmes

Algeria (Saharawi refugees)

(A North African Maghreb state, Algeria (The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria – PDRA) is at once the biggest country in Africa, of the Arab world and the Mediterranean. It borders Tunisia in the North East, Libya (East), Niger and Mali (South), Mauritania and the Non-Self-Governing Territory of Western Sahara, and Morocco (West). Algeria gained independence in 1962, becoming a member of the United Nations, the African Union, and the League of Arab State, and in 2008 re-joined the Union for the Mediterranean, which has brought together states bordering the Mediterranean and member states of the European Union.  

TGH has been present in Algeria since 2000 implementing programmes in various sectors, supporting Sahrawi refugees in Algerian territory (near Tindouf in the South-West of the country).

Western Sahara, a Non-Self-Governing Territory according to the UN, is in North West Africa. Its coast is on the Atlantic, and it is bordered by Morocco (North), Algeria (North East), and Mauritania (East and South). This former Spanish colony has yet to find a definitive legal status, more than thirty five years after the departure of the Spanish in 1976. The territory is claimed by both Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), proclaimed by the Polisario Front in 1976. Mediation by the UN in 1991 enabled a ceasefire to the armed conflict which had begun in 1976. Today, the territory is divided by a wall built in the 1980s by Morocco, which occupies 80% of the territory to its West, the other 20% being under the control of the Polisario Front. The referendum desired by the UN to determine the territory’s status has been postponed  several times. Since 2007, the UN has been mediating between representatives of Morocco and the Polisario Front, without obtaining agreement. Morocco proposes broad self-government allowing for local government under Moroccan sovereignty. The Polisario Front, supported by Algeria, claims total independence.

Since 1975 several thousand people have left Western Sahara to escape the conflict, and are refugees on the other side of the Algerian border. These people, currently estimated by the Algerian authorities at more than 165,000, have lived for more than thirty five years in camps split up around the city of Tindouf. International aid is indispensable for these refugees to gain access to essential services (water and sanitation access, hygiene, food/nutrition, healthcare, support for the vulnerable ...). While waiting for the launch of a registration campaign, UNHCR has implemented annual programmes based on an estimated figure of 90,000 vulnerable refugees in the camps, a figure, which rose to 125,000 in 2007.

After two evaluation missions in 2000, TGH's Sahrawi refugee camp programme began in 2001 with a project to support handicapped children reception centres (rehabilitation, equipment, training of trainers). TGH has carried out many programmes with continuing UN(UNHCR) or European Union (DG-ECHO) funding, gathered for this “forgotten crisis”: distribution to Sahrawi women of hygiene kits consisting of basic products (soap, shampoo, detergents, sanitary towels), production of household bleach for Sahrawi institutions (especially hospitals), support for centres for the handicapped and capacity building for public officials specialised in caring for these people, management of a mechanic’s workshop for repairing of the fleet of vehicles supplying humanitarian aid to the camps (distribution of water, food, non-food goods, ambulances, programme vehicles), management of UNHCR bases in Dakhla and Rabouni(the latter hosting the offices of humanitarian organisations), supply of medical equipment and consumables and repair of medical infrastructure (hospitals, dispensaries, pharmacies).

In mid-October 2015, the 5 Saharawi refugee camps located in south-western Algeria, near Tindouf, have in turn been hit by heavy rains, causing severe flooding destroying a significant number of refugee families' dwellings as well as food and non-food items. As part of its mandate, TGH, was there, together with the humanitarian actors present in this area, to respond to the urgency of this situation.

Current programmes

Assistance to vulnerable Sahrawi refugees living in the camps South of Tindouf in Algeria

This program ensures the continuity of the management of the mechanical workshop set up by TGH in 2015, maintains the assistance provided to persons with disabilities, and continues to ensure the security management for aid workers, in order to facilitate their daily activities.

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 Expertise

Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 90,000 people
 Duration: 13 months 03/2016 - 03/2017
 Budget: €870,000

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO – Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid (European Commission)
  • partners: State Secretary for Social Affairs and Sahrawi Protection Agency for the security component

This new program is a continuation and the completion of the activities implemented by TGH since 2015 in the areas of health, humanitarian logistics and security, thanks to successive funding from the European Commission. It meets the priority humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable Sahrawi refugees through three main strands of activities:

  1. The equipping of the mechanical workshop in Rabouni, which ensures the maintenance and repair of the major part of the fleet of vehicles distributing humanitarian aid to refugees. The training required for the proper running of the workshop will be provided to the technical staff, and the construction of a protection wall to ensure the safety of the workshop equipment will complement the works undertaken.

  2. The continued provision of assistance to people with disabilities, through a therapeutic follow-up at home: personalized care for people with motor and/ or mental disabilities, and strengthening of the management capacities of Ministry managers (first training session in February 2016, based on the assessment carried out in March 2015).

  3. The adjustment of the human component, in order to ensure the safety of aid workers (NGOs and UN) - based on the first and only year of security management by ASP – in order to provide a safe environment for the activities implemented in the Sahrawi camps.

 

Completed Programmes

Support for the post-emergency response consisting in the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the educational and health facilities that have been affected by floods in the wilaya of Dakhla, Algeria

This second phase after the torrential rains that hit the 5 camps located in Tindouf area in Octobre 2015, focused on the reconstruction and/or rehabilitation of 10 health and educational facilities to allow people to regain proper access to these services.

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 Expertise

Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures


 Duration: 6 months 02/2016 - 08/2016
 Budget: USD 507,714

 Funding

UNICEF
  • Direct beneficiaries: the children, pupils’ parents, school leaders, teachers, health staff and clinic patients.
  • Funding: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • Budget: USD 507,714.20 (UNICEF's contribution up to 95% eq. USD 481,158)
  • Partners: Ministry of Education; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Construction; Ministry of Cooperation; Sahrawi Red Crescent and HCR
Tents, donated by UNICEF and installed by TGH

Tents, donated by UNICEF and installed by TGH, replacing the public buildings (educational and health structures) damaged by the torrential rains of October 2015 and December 2015
Photo : TGH ©

From October 17th to 26th, 2015, torrential rains struck the Sahrawi refugee camps, causing widespread material damage to traditional tents (Jaimas), individual houses and institutional buildings in 5 wilayas (camps) in the Tindouf area. The most affected camp, Dakhla, is also located farthest away from Rabouni, the administrative center (140 km). The living conditions of the Sahrawi refugees became even more precarious, most of the families having lost their belongings, their homes and almost all the foodstuffs they had. The situation in terms of basic services is also critical, and many damaged buildings, including schools and clinics, had to close their doors. TGH urgently installed the tents provided by UNICEF in order to address the educational and health needs in 5 affected wilayas.

This program is the post-emergency response. It consists of the following actions:

  1. Reconstruction of 3 educational facilities in the wilaya of Dakhla (Ali Omar school and kindergartens in Tiniguir and Jreifia) before September 2016, so that children can go back to school at the beginning of the school year.

    Ali Omar school, Wilaya of Dakhla, Algeria, December 2015

    Ali Omar school, Wilaya of Dakhla, Algeria, December 2015
    Photo : TGH ©

  2. Rehabilitation of 4 educational structures and 3 health facilities in the wilaya of Dakhla. Almost all the schools and kindergartens have been affected. The bad weather conditions have weakened or destroyed the foundations and walls, and damaged the roofs. The rehabilitation works will allow the return of children in educational facilities at the beginning of the school year. 3 health facilities (clinics in Gleibat Fula, Jreifia and Oum Drigua) and 4 educational structures in Dakhla, having undergone a medium level of damage, will be rehabilitated, following an assessment carried out in partnership with the relevant Sahrawi authorities (Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education).

Assistance to the most vulnerable groups of Sahrawi refugees living in the Tindouf area in Algeria

Improving access to humanitarian assistance for 90,000 Sahrawi refugees living in five camps in the Tindouf area in south-western Algeria.

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 Expertise

Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 90,000 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/2016 - 12/2016
 Budget: USD 2,158, 041

 Funding

 United Nations Refugee Agency
  • Funding: United Nations Refugee Agency
  • partners: Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women; Ministry of Equipment; Ministry of Health, Water Department

This program is a continuation of the activities implemented through successive partnerships with UNHCR since 2001.

Since 2002, TGH has been ensuring the management of a mechanical workshop in charge of the maintenance and repair of all the humanitarian vehicles present in the camps, as well as the running of decentralized mechanical workshops in the wilayas (camps) responsible for the preventive maintenance of the vehicles intended for the regular supply of refugees in drinking water, non-food items and other services. This program aims to maintain the central workshop in Rabouni and to set up new decentralized workshops (pilot workshop in Laayoune, managed by TGH since 2011, workshop in Boujdour, run by TGH since 2014, and new workshop established in Dakhla in 2015).

TGH also continues its assistance mission for people with disabilities, proposing activities that aim to improve the reception conditions in centers specialized in the assistance to children with disabilities, through the rehabilitation of infrastructure and the provision of equipment. The staff of these centers are also supported in their activities in order to improve the quality of care provided to children, and subsequently the living conditions of the beneficiaries and their families.

Since 2005, TGH has also been supporting health services through the rehabilitation of existing infrastructure, ensuring the supply and equipping of various medical services and supporting as much as possible the health professionals working in the different structures in the camps. Moreover, in 2003, TGH launched the production of bleach and soap, and in 2013 this activity was complemented by the production of packaged soap bars, distributed to schools and hospitals to improve overall health conditions for the population, and to the Water Department for the disinfection of the water intended for consumption. Since 2015, a new production unit has been ensuring the provision of soap to the entire camp population. In 2016, the soap production will cover the overall needs of the population and institutions, and part of it will be for sale on local and regional markets. And finally, since 2005, TGH has been distributing hygiene kits to Sahrawi women. This activity will be continued.

Since 2001, TGH has been striving to improve the coordination and efficiency of the humanitarian assistance implemented by the various organizations and institutions through the daily management of the facilities used by the aid workers as a base. This form of support, which is essential for the good coordination of the actors involved in the humanitarian response, will also be pursued.

Emergency response and reconstruction project for the Saharawi populations affected by the torrential rains that hit the camps in south-western Algeria - Tindouf area

Following the floods that affected Saharawi refugee camps, this first aid project aims to take part in the reconstruction of homes and provide a food supplement to the population.

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 Expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 57,205 people
 Duration: 10 months 11/15 - 09/2016
 Budget: €425,000

 Funding

Commision Europeenne
  • Funding: ECHO - European Commission Department for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection
Remains of a collapsed house in Dakhla, on October 20, 2015

Remains of a collapsed house in Dakhla, on October 20, 2015
Photo : Consortium ONG ©

Starting on October 16, 2015, and during one week, the Saharawi refugee camps have in turn been affected by severe weather conditions that flooded the camps. Although there were no casualties, dwellings (tents or houses built in clay) were severely damaged and the entire stock of food was destroyed.

A consortium was rapidly set up to ensure coordination among the various NGOs present in the camps and optimize aid according to the needs of affected populations and possible action from each actor. An evaluation was carried out immediately on each camp to establish the list of the most urgent needs to be met. TGH took part in the action through the transportation and distribution of food to the populations.

The current project includes two areas of action.

First step: the reconstruction of housing for 370 vulnerable families living in the camps of Ausserd, Boujdour and Dakhla. This activity will benefit the families with a dependent disabled or elderly person. Standard housing, more weather resistant, will thus be constructed from locally available resources.

Second step: 25 tons of dates will be routed and distributed to the affected populations to supplement their diet. These distributions will be coordinated with local authorities. The choice of dates was made because of their high caloric content, but also because they are available locally.

URGENCE - APPEL AUX DONS

Suite aux pluies torrentielles ayant touché les camps de réfugiés sahraouis, le Consortium des ONG, Camps de réfugiés sahraouis, dont fait partie TGH, lance un appel aux dons afin de répondre aux besoins essentiels (alimentaires, eau, santé) des réfugiés présents sur ces camps.

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Les restes d’une maison dans le camp d’Ausserd, le 18/10/2015, après la première nuit de pluie(Sohung)
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Inondation dans la wilaya d’Ausserd, après la première nuit de pluies, le 18/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Les restes d’une maison écroulée à Dakhla, le 20/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Les restes d’une maison familiale dans le camp de Boujdour, le 22/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. L’intérieur d’une maison entièrement détruite dans la wilaya de Dakhla le 20/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Les restes d’une maison dans le camp d’Ausserd après la seconde nuit de pluie, le 19/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Les restes d’une maison écroulée après la première nuit de pluie dans le camp d’Ausserd, le 18/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Etat d’une maison et jaïma (tente) après la première nuit de pluie dans le camp d’Ausserd, le 18/10/2015
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

Sud algérien, région de Tindouf. Les restes d’une maison dans le camp d’Ausserd, le 18/10/2015, après la première nuit de pluie(Sohung)
Photos : Consortium des ONG, camps de réfugiés sahraouis

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Assistance programme to vulnerable Saharawi refugees living in the camps south of Tindouf - ALGERIA

This programme aims to maintain efficient logistics means and target in priority the most vulnerable beneficiaries (including disabled people). It is divided into three areas of intervention

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 Expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 90,000 people
 Duration: 12 months 05/2014 - 04/2015
 Budget: K€580

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO - European Community Humanitarian aid Office
  • Partners: MASPF: Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women
    Ministry of Water, Ministry of Equipment

This programme aims to maintain efficient logistics means and target in priority the most vulnerable beneficiaries (including disabled people). It is divided into three areas of intervention:

  • The construction of a new mechanical workshop;
  • The continuation of distributions of paramedical and comfort equipment for the most vulnerable handicapped persons;
  • The establishment of a human device to ensure the safety of humanitarian workers.

The mechanical workshop
The central mechanical workshop (administered by TGH since 2002) manages the maintenance and repair of a fleet of over a hundred vehicles and 50 generators, but suffers from a lack of human, material and financial resources to cope with the huge workload. In fact, the vehicles ensure the provision of most of the humanitarian services to the refugees (distribution of food, non-food items and water, ambulances, electricity, etc.). Multiple constraints and extreme weather conditions in the area forced the workshop to adopt an emergency strategy in order to meet the most immediate needs with the most essential vehicles.
The construction of the new building with a total area of 390m2 will supposedly last two years. Two workshops will be set up: a first one dedicated to the maintenance and repair of heavy goods vehicles (tank trucks used for the distribution of water, trucks used for the distribution of food, garbage trucks, etc.), and a second one dedicated to light goods vehicles (ambulances and vehicles for humanitarian programmes). A workshop for precision mechanics will also be set up. The building will also include an administration section with offices, meeting rooms and living areas. Improving the repair and maintenance of the fleet will allow the optimization of the entire humanitarian logistics on the camps.

interieur-atelier-mecanique-Rabouni

Inside the workshop - Rabouni
Photo : Mohamed Salem / TGH ©

les ouvriers de l'atelier mécanique – Rabouni

Workers in the workshop - Rabouni
Photo : Amine Amia / TGH ©

Handicap
In 2013-2014, TGH operated mainly in two wilayas to provide equipment and support to people with disabilities. This programme is a continuation of this action: the most vulnerable people are always followed and supported by physiotherapists, and distributions target two new wilayas. The latter should be subject to a new programme for the year 2015-2016.

physiotherapeute-assistant-chef-projet-explique-comment-utiliser-materiel

The physiotherapist, assistant project manager, explains how to use the mattress, sheets and mattress covers distributed to the beneficiaries' families. wilaya Aousserd, Techla
Photo : Elise Le Carrer / TGH ©

The actions carried out in close collaboration with the Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Saharawi Women are as follows:

  • Distribution of comfort equipment (suitable bedding), mobility equipment (canes and crutches) and hygienic material: several distributions will be organized in the wilayas of Smara and Dakhla in order to provide all persons with disabilities with suitable equipment able to improve their living conditions.
  • Revitalization of the social assistance network: various training sessions on individual care to persons with disabilities, on the sort of care to provide (psychomotor exercises, treatment of pressure ulcers, etc.) will be conducted so that the many social workers on the camps can provide adequate support to people with disabilities, and teach their families care processes.
  • Establishment of a physiotherapeutic monitoring system for less autonomous individuals: a team of physiotherapists will be recruited and trained to intervene regularly with beneficiaries in all the camps.

Security
The General Directorate of National Security (GDNS) will provide some of its staff members in order to ensure security, via an escort system, on the operating bases of Weather Haven and Protocol, when moving inside the camps or during transfers. The security team will be coordinated and paid for by TGH.

Support to most vulnerable groups of Saharawi refugees in the Tindouf area

This action aims to improve access for a humanitarian assistance addressing the basic needs of Saharawi refugees living in camps in the Tindouf area. The different programme components are: mechanical workshop, disability, health, hygiene and management of the UNHCR bases of Weather Haven and Dakhla.

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 Expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 90,000 people
 Duration: 12 months 01/2014 – 12/2014
 Budget: €2, 161, 400

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations Refugee Agency)
  • Partner: Ministères Sahraouis partenaires de l'action :
    • Ministry of Equipment
    • Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women
    • Ministry of Health
    • Ministry of Water and Environment
    • Ministry of Cooperation
    • Ministry of Transport

The beneficiary populations of this programme are refugees from Western Sahara who settled in four camps located in the Tindouf area and who rely heavily on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs. With recurring annual funding from UNHCR, TGH has been operating for many years in different sectors:

Management of a mechanical workshop for the repair and maintenance of logistical means:
In partnership with the Saharawi Ministry of Transport, a mechanical workshop has been established since 2002, providing maintenance and repair for a fleet of over a hundred vehicles (tanks, trucks for the transport of equipment, garbage trucks, ambulances and programme-vehicles for different NGOs) used for the implementation of various humanitarian programmes in the camps (distribution of non-food items and water, garbage collection, etc.). Meanwhile, since 2011, the mechanical workshop has also been ensuring the maintenance and repair of some fifty generators.
The entire population being dependent on food aid and water distribution, it is essential for the successful implementation of the various activities carried out by the actors operating in the region. Maintenance and repair interventions are carried out directly in the central mechanical workshop or in mobile workshops in the wilayas.
Annual funding from UNHCR allows the daily running of the workshop and the replacement of some dilapidated trucks.

Special Education Center of Laayoune

Special Education Center of Laayoune
Photo : Eric MARTIN / TGH ©

Support to young people with disabilities
Since 2001, TGH has been directly operating in several special education centers (3 centers for children and young adults with mental disabilities and deaf mute children, 1 multi-purpose center handling all types of disabilities, and 4 schools for blind children created in 2013). TGH supports the Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women on different actions (center maintenance, equipment supply, staff training, etc.), to ensure easy access to appropriate care and improve the integration of disabled people into the Sahrawi society. For the most isolated disabled persons, an appropriate care outside specialized centers is provided through support to the social workers involved with the families.
TGH also works with people with cerebral palsy, and provides them with diapers (3 diapers per day). The project also organizes: the distribution of equipment for the implementation of different activities adapted to children and young adults in the centers (manual, cultural and educational activities); the distribution of specialized equipment (braille typewriters); as well as vocational training for young adults, in accordance with their abilities and with the center needs (leather workshop, cooking, etc.).

Production of bleach doses at the bleach workshop

Production of bleach doses at the bleach workshop
Photo : Charlotte BAUDOIN / TGH ©

Improving the functioning of health facilities
An action in partnership with the Ministry of Health was initiated in 2005 following a stock-out of drugs at the central pharmacy. Since then, TGH has been ensuring the purchase and delivery of supplies and radiology equipment, of stomatology devices and products, and of reagents and laboratory equipment, as well as the maintenance and repair of medical equipment. These actions still target various medical facilities today, including the national hospital of Rabouni and the health centers in different wilayas. Training sessions are organized for staff working in radiology, stomatology and in laboratories, to improve knowledge and techniques.
Each year, medical committees are organized, and they have a very positive impact on the population, as they provide specialized medical consultations, thus improving the quality of care for patients or of their referral.

Improving hygiene conditions in the camps
The actions implemented for many years to improve the health and lives of Saharawi refugee populations include three main activities: running a bleach workshop, running a soap workshop (both built with funding from the UNHCR), and distribution of hygiene kits to Saharawi women.
The bleach production unit mainly ensures the disinfection of the water distributed by the Water Department and by the Ministry of Water and Environment, and limits disease transmission in hospitals and schools. Bleach (concentration 12° and 32°) produced and packaged by TGH’s team is then distributed monthly in doses. The soap production unit ensures the monthly production of 8,000 250g soap bars, distributed in health centers and schools, thus ensuring a minimum hygiene for school children. The distribution of hygiene kits is intended for 38,000 women and girls living in the camps. Alongside these activities, awareness-raising campaigns on hygiene are regularly organized, favouring the use of hygiene products and the dissemination of good practices.

UNHCR base of Weather Heaven

UNHCR base of Weather Heaven
Photo : Mohamed El Amin AMIA / TGH ©

Administrative and logistics management of the UNHCR bases of Weather Haven and Dakhla
Two UNHCR operational bases (in Rabouni and Dakhla, the wilayas located furthest away from Tindouf) are used by the various humanitarian actors. These bases allow NGOs to be permanently close to Saharawi populations and facilitate their actions and coordination among different actors, while allowing greater participation of beneficiaries. The base of Weather Haven hosts the offices of many international organizations and NGOs developing projects in refugee camps in the region.
The bases offer different services and provide access to facilities offering a better place for work and coordination, in optimal safety conditions. The TGH's team ensures the proper logistics and administrative management of the two bases, as well as all the services required by the workers (parking, reception, canteen, cafeteria, meeting rooms, maintenance and repair of office equipment, maintenance of the base, etc.).

Support to Saharawi refugees

This is a prolongation of the UNHCR-sponsored programme launched in 2001. All 2010 programmes will continue through 2011 and 2012.

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 Expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures


 Duration: 12 months 01/2013-12/2013
 Budget: K€2,670

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations Refugee Agency)

Assistance to Elderly and Disabled People
In 2002, we partnered with the National Union of Saharawi Women to build and equip a second home for disabled people in the Dakhla camp. In addition, we extended our training program for Saharawi staff (group leaders and youth workers) to other camps, thus improving the care given to young, disabled people. A micro-credit pilot experience was also carried out in the camp of Dakhla. In 2003, the construction of a third special education centre was undertaken in El Ayoune. Moreover, the micro-credit project (creation of stalls selling everyday products, with the income generated by the activities being used to help disabled people and their families) was extended to three other camps in Ausserd, El Ayoune and Smara.
In 2004 and 2005, work in the mechanical repair workshop continued, as did our assistance to care structures for disabled people (maintenance of centres,equipment, staff training, etc). In 2010, Triangle continues its partnership with the Ministry of Social Affairs and is supporting Centres for disabled people in various ways: rehabilitation, distribution of supplies, staff training.

Bleach Production Unit
A small bleach production unit for the institutions was set up in 2003. Production and distribution of bleach to the hospitals, schools, etc. continues throughout the year.

Repair and maintenance of the ambulances and trucks used for food and water distribution
This programme, run in partnership with the Ministry of Transport, implemented a mechanical repair workshop for the ambulance and truck fleet. The latter were used for distribution of food and water. Considerable investment was put into the building of a second vehicle repair workshop.

Management and maintenance of the UNHCR’s operational base in Rabouni and Dakhla. This year, we also plan to improve sanitary facilities and optimise living areas.

Supply of radiology equipment and consumable articles, stomatology items, laboratory products, medication and indemnification of 31 health practitioners.

Assistance programme to disabled people in Saharawi refugee camps

This project is the continuation of TGH’s interventions in Saharawi refugee camps south of Tindouf (Aousserd, El Ayoun, Dakhla, Smara and Boujdour camps).

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 Expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 3, 394 people
 Duration: 12 months 05/2013-04/2014
 Budget: €275, 000

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO
  • Partners: Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women, Ministry of Health

Present in the camps since 2001, TGH  has acquired a good knowledge of the specific context of this area and of the living conditions of these refugee populations, including persons with disabilities.

A relative needs assessment is performed by TGH  teams on a regular basis during the implementation of projects in the camps through post-distribution programme monitoring and regular meetings with Saharawi authorities.

Recent studies (census conducted jointly by the Saharawi State Secretariat for Social Assistance and Advancement of Women and TGH, surveys, etc.) highlighted extremely precarious conditions, inadequate medical care and a lack of knowledge concerning disability. These problems, prevailing over nearly four decades of refuge, generated a situation of distress and vulnerability that has a negative impact on this population.

Care brought to these persons remains very limited, mainly due to the lack of qualified staff and equipment, and most of them have never had access to the specific care required by their condition. Physical disability or walking difficulties often lead to isolation, and families have very little information on how to improve the daily care they provide. The training of social workers, on how to support these disabled people and provide specific aid to each beneficiary according to the degree and form of disability, is therefore needed to improve the quality of life of disabled persons, but also their autonomy and comfort.

The project will be conducted in collaboration with Saharawi authorities, who will help in terms of personnel and logistics, thus facilitating aid coordination, distributions, assistance for the disabled and the monitoring of activities at the level of different wilayas¹.

The Ministry of Equipment will bring support during distributions (mobilization of its representatives in the wilayas, provision of a hangar, a team of handlers and a truck), and the Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women will be a key player in the project, continuing the identification of the needs of disabled people during the preparation and launching of tenders for the provision of suitable equipment. It will also contribute to the planning and organization of distributions, and its social workers will participate in training sessions on how to guide and support people with disabilities. The involvement of the Ministry of Health will facilitate the transfer of knowledge to social workers through visits and meetings with the medical staff of health facilities in the camps. Exchanges may also take place with the ICRC in Tindouf and Handicap International in Algiers, so that field teams can become autonomous and conduct training sessions for the families of people with disabilities.

Through a strategy of monitoring of the network of social workers, developed by TGH  in 2012 in collaboration with the State Secretariat for Social Assistance, regular and complete reporting will be available to TGH. That will allow the NGO to follow the continued presence of social workers and their interventions in the camps, to better understand the individual needs of beneficiaries, and to take into account any changes in the number of beneficiaries (death, displacements, improvement or worsening of their condition ...).

Based on the survey conducted in 2012 among people with disabilities and on the initial diagnosis - made ​​earlier in the project by a multidisciplinary team including social workers from the Ministry of Social Assistance and Advancement of Women - TGH will establish a list containing all the material assistance needed to meet the very needs of each beneficiary. Tenders will be launched in order to select suppliers and prepare a delivery schedule adjusted to distribution dates.

Products will be collected by TGH  team in the workshop made available by the Ministry of Equipment for the exclusive use of the project.

Three distributions will be organized together with all the social workers:

  • Medical equipment (crutches, walking sticks, anti-bedsore mattresses, orthopedic pillows, etc.)
  • Comfort items (ergonomic dishes, draw sheets, mattress covers, etc.)
  • Hygiene products (soap bars and detergent, basins, towels and washcloths, etc.)

Questionnaires and a satisfaction survey, focused on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the products distributed to persons with disabilities, will be prepared and implemented by the team of social workers, after having completed a training session organized by TGH’s technical team in order to be able to measure objectively the impact of actions taken.

Post-distribution monitoring will also offer the opportunity to check whether or not the families in charge of vulnerable people are using properly the equipment that has been distributed, and if they understood and implement the recommendations made ​​by social workers during home visits.

¹ Wilaya: Administrative division corresponding to a province.

Improvement of the hygiene conditions of women and disabled people

An extension of the previous program, this project aims to improve the conditions of hygiene of Saharawi refugees. The main targets are women and disabled people living in Aoussert, El Aioun, Dakhla, Smara and 27 Février refugee camps, south of Tindouf in Algeria.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 39 843 people
 Duration: 14 months 01/2011 - 02/2012
 Budget: K€600

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Department)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 38,450 women and 1,393 disabled people directly benefit from this program.

Since 1976 and the creation of refugee camps south of Tindouf, Saharawi refugees are almost totally reliant on international aid to cover their daily, vital needs.
Owing to the Saharawi refugees' conditions of living, hygiene in the camps is identified as a major issue. One aspect, which has been confirmed by the Ministry of Health, is an increase of infectious disease owing to non-use of sanitary towels.

In response to this major problem, since 2005, TGH has run 4 consecutive programs distributing hygiene kits for women. The contents of the kit were gradually increased. Containing 4 soaps, a bottle of shampoo, a pack of washing powder and two packs of sanitary towels, each kit is designed to meet a vital need: bodily hygiene. Indeed, while it is distributed to women, the hygiene products are used by the entire family.

The evaluation carried out by TGH during a previous project, allowed us to identify new needs, particularly in the area of promoting hygiene. The hygiene kits distribution project was therefore strengthened by organizing hygiene awareness sessions for the women and girls who had received the kit.

The main tasks linked to the program are:

  • Preparation and launch of bids for tenders
  • Procurement and transportation of the products to Tindouf
  • Kits packaging
  • Distribution of kits in the wilayas
  • Monitoring distributions
  • Monitoring post-distribution aspects
  • Training the hygiene-promotion intermediaries (women)
  • Implementing the hygiene promotion material (leaflets, signs, etc)
  • Preparing the contents of the hygiene promotion sessions
  • Implementing the hygiene awareness sessions

Support to Saharawi refugees

This is a prolongation of the UNHCR-sponsored programme launched in 2001. All 2010 programmes will continue through 2011.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 01/2011 - 12/2011
 Budget: K€1,519

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (United Nations Refugee Agency)

Assistance to Elderly and Disabled People
In 2002, we partnered with the National Union of Saharawi Women to build and equip a second home for disabled people in the Dakhla camp. In addition, we extended our training program for Saharawi staff (group leaders and youth workers) to other camps, thus improving the care given to young, disabled people. A micro-credit pilot experience was also carried out in the camp of Dakhla. In 2003, the construction of a third special education centre was undertaken in El Ayoune. Moreover, the micro-credit project (creation of stalls selling everyday products, with the income generated by the activities being used to help disabled people and their families) was extended to three other camps in Ausserd, El Ayoune and Smara.
In 2004 and 2005, work in the mechanical repair workshop continued, as did our assistance to care structures for disabled people (maintenance of centres, equipment, staff training, etc). In 2010, Triangle continues its partnership with the Ministry of Social Affairs and is supporting Centres for disabled people in various ways: rehabilitation, distribution of supplies, staff training.

Bleach Production Unit
A small bleach production unit for the institutions was set up in 2003. Production and distribution of bleach to the hospitals, schools, etc. continues throughout the year.

Repair and maintenance of the ambulances and trucks used for food and water distribution
This programme, run in partnership with the Ministry of Transport, implemented a mechanical repair workshop for the ambulance and truck fleet. The latter were used for distribution of food and water. Considerable investment was put into the building of a second vehicle repair workshop.

Management and maintenance of the UNHCR’s operational base in Rabouni and Dakhla. This year, we also plan to improve sanitary facilities and optimise living areas.

Supply of radiology equipment and consumable articles, stomatology items, laboratory products, medication and indemnification of 31 health practitioners.

Support to World Food Programme Schemes in Saharawi Refugee Camps

TGH partners with the WFP, in the framework of its food distribution to Sahawari populations, to build and rehabilitate 25 storage spaces for WFP's use.

 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 6 months 10/2010 - 03/2011
 Budget: K€195

 Funding

PAM

Assistance to Saharawi Refugees

This is a prolongation of the UNHCR-sponsored programme launched in 2001. All 2008 programmes will continue through 2009, with an intensification of medical activities (supply of radiology products and equipment), and the creation of family-run vegetable plots in Daklha.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 01/2009 - 12/2009
 Budget: K€1,100

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (Agence des Nations Unis pour les réfugiés)

Assistance to Elderly and Disabled People
In 2002, we partnered with the National Union of Saharawi Women to build and equip a second home for disabled people in the Dakhla camp. In addition, we extended our training program for Saharawi staff (group leaders and youth workers) to other camps, thus improving the care given to young, disabled people. A micro-credit pilot experience was also carried out in the camp of Dakhla. In 2003, the construction of a third special education centre was undertaken in El Ayoune. Moreover, the micro-credit project (creation of stalls selling everyday products, with the income generated by the activities being used to help disabled people and their families) was extended to three other camps in Ausserd, El Ayoune and Smara.
In 2004 and 2005, work in the mechanical repair workshop continued, as did our assistance to care structures for disabled people (maintenance of centres, equipment, staff training, etc).

Bleach Production Unit
A small bleach production unit for the institutions was set up in 2003. Production and distribution of bleach to the hospitals, schools, etc. continues throughout the year.

Repair and maintenance of the ambulances and trucks used for food and water distribution
This programme, run in partnership with the Ministry of Transport, implemented a mechanical repair workshop for the ambulance and truck fleet. The latter were used for distribution of food and water.

Management and maintenance of the UNHCR's operational base in Rabouni and Dakhla.

Supply of radiology equipment and consumable articles, stomatology items, laboratory products, medication and indemnification of 31 health practitioners.

Distribution of hygiene kits to Sahawari Women, Disabled or Elderly people in Saharawi Refugee Camps, South of Tindouf, Algeria

Phase II of previous programme dedicated to young Saharawi women. We plan to help young Saharawi women benefit from improved hygiene by distributing 190,000 hygiene kits containing soap, shampoo, sanitary towels, washing powder, etc.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 10 months 11/2008 - 08/2009
 Budget: K€900

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office)
  • Direct beneficiaries of project:: 38,450 women and their families as well as 1,393 disabled people who were identified during Triangle's previous equipment distribution programme

Owing to the extremely harsh living conditions of Saharawi refugees, hygiene in the camps has been identified as a priority.

Between 2000 and 2002, funded by ECHO, a consortium of NGOs* purchased and distributed hygiene kits for the Saharawi community.

In 2004, the Association of Algerian Women for Development (AFAD) implemented a hygiene kits packaging workshop. This initiative developed into a project covering purchase and packaging of kits for women. The kit contained a packet of 10 sanitary towels for menstruation and one bar of soap. The project ended on May 20 2005.

When the NGO Consortium and the AFAD distributions almost totally ceased, the community was noticeably affected; the products -representing a non-negligible expense- had to be purchased by the refugees themselves.

Unable to pay for the supplementary purchase of sanitary pads (and other personal hygiene items), a considerable number of women reverted to former customs such as using pieces of cloth that were washed after utilisation.

According to health experts, such practises led to major health repercussions such as the emergence of infectious diseases and the rise of genital and dermatological diseases among women refugees.

Between November 2005 and July 2006, thanks to funding from ECHO, Triangle ran two distributions of 33,000 kits. Each kit included 2 packets of 10 sanitary pads, 2 soaps (300 g item) and 1 bottle of shampoo (250 ml).

Between September 2006 and September 2007, again thanks to ECHO's support, Triangle distributed 38,000 kits five times and conducted a KAP survey (Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices).

The results and recommendations of this survey show that a third hygiene kits distribution programme is required.

Extracts from the recommendations about distributing kits:
"There is a need to increase the contents and adapt it to family requirements. The soap, sized to suit a single person's personal hygiene, serves the entire family for multiple purposes. For the same reasons, a one-person bottle of shampoo is sometimes consumed within two days. Women frequently resort to applying several sanitary towels at the same time to guarantee absorbance or using towels as panty liners".

This new programme is the outcome of Triangle's two distribution programmes and the results and recommendations of the KAP survey (conducted between January and March 2007). Regular consultations took place throughout the assessments, particularly with the community, the representatives of Saharawi women and the authorities.

Between September 2007 and September 2008, thanks to ECHO sponsorship, TGH increased the quantity of kits to meet the needs identified and performed 6 distributions of 38,000 kits, e.g. one distribution every two months, along with 1393 toilet sets for disabled people. Each kit contained 2 packages of 10 sanitary towels, 4 soaps (300 gr.) and 1 bottle of shampoo (500 ml). The kits for disabled people contained a toilet bag, 1 towel, 1 soap (300 gr) and 1 bottle of shampoo (500 ml).

In the current programme, with ECHO's support, the kit now contains washing powder, which was an important request from the beneficairies' during previous projects. 4 distributions of 38,450 kits will take place, targetting 38,000 woman from previous projects, and 450 girls from the 12 Octobre boarding-school. Each kit contains 2 packages of 10 sanitary towels, 4 soaps (300 gr.) and 1 bottle of shampoo (500 ml). The kits for disabled people contains a toilet bag, 1 towel, 1 soap (300 gr) and 1 bottle of shampoo (500 ml).

PROGRESS OF THE KAP SURVEY

SUMMARY OF KAP SURVEY (Knowledge - Attitudes - Practice) run by Triangle from January to March 2007

* In the 90s, Oxfam-Solidarité instigated the creation of a Consortium of European NGOs providing aid to Saharawi refugees.

Improve the Living Conditions and Restore Basic Livelihoods of Disabled People in Saharawi Refugee Camps

This project is the continuation of our previous programmes for elderly or disabled Saharawis living in refugee camps. It aims to improve the beneficiaries' nutritional situation and provide income-generating activities through the following actions.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Duration: 9 months 02/2008 - 10/2008
 Budget: K€350

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office)

This project thus includes the following actions:

  • Distribution of two goats per beneficiary (940) to improve the person's nutrition thanks to milk production/consumption
  • Training courses about breeding practices
  • Distribution of mosquito nets to 1393 disabled people in an effort to improve their health environment.

In the Saharawi refugee camps, the most vulnerable people are the disabled. For the past three decades, extremely precarious conditions, lack of medical care and absence of understanding about disability, have created a situation of vulnerability and distress among the disabled refugees in the camps. 

The Saharawi authorities and the various partners working in the camps have made true efforts to help disabled people: construction of a centre for disabled people, implementation of income-generating schemes (small shops and bakery, etc), better support and care networks, distribution of specific disability equipment...

In 2008, aiming to pursue an approach dedicated to improving the lives of disabled refugees, TGH launched a pilot project on food safety for this category of the Saharawi population.

Specific objective: Improve the living conditions and the livelihood means of disabled and elderly people identified among the Saharawi refugees living in Aoussert, El Ayoun, Dakhla, Smara and 27 février camps, by supplying goats to their families.

In past projects, TGH mainly focused on improving the living and hygiene conditions of disabled people in terms of equipment and care structures. It built care centres for the disabled, for instance, created income-generating projects (small shops, bakery, etc), distributed disability equipment and accessories to promote independent living, strengthened the care and support networks of the Saharawi social services and provided hygiene kits.

When running these programmes, TGH performed considerable field work in partnership with the Saharawi authorities. Interaction with disabled people allowed the teams to better recognise their needs and situation. It became clear that a great number of disabled people have great difficulties absorbing solid foods and consequently suffer from animal protein deficiency.

To respond to these needs, TGH offered to implement a goat distribution programme for disabled people. Indeed, possessing a goat means the families can benefit from food diversification thanks to daily rations of goat milk (during the lactation period). From a social point of view, this breeding activity helps to integrate the disabled person both within his/her family and inside the district. To guarantee the project's long-term sustainability, a training and awareness scheme will be implemented encouraging the beneficiaries to preserve part of their livestock from one year to the next and thus ensure regeneration.  

Thanks to support from ECHO and in partnership with the Saharawi authorities, TGH will distribute 1,880 nanny goats to 940 beneficiaries identified in Smara, Aoussert, El Ayun, Dakhla and 27 février camps.

In addition, to significantly improve the living and hygiene conditions of the disabled, 1,393 mosquito nets will be distributed to disabled people listed during the various programmes carried out by TGH in the area.

The first phase of the programme consisted in identifying the 940 beneficiaries among all the people listed by TGH during its previous programmes. For the sake of equity and transparency, it is the families themselves who chose the people most in need. This self-selection process took place locally, in the 27 daïras of the refugee camps, supported by the authorities and with the precious help of the social workers.The goats distributed are of the « sika » race. Reputed for its reproductive and milk-providing potential, this race comes from the Laghouat region, in central Algeria. Prior to distribution, numerous veterinary examinations took place, verifying the goat's state of health.

Before distribution, the families followed a training course provided in collaboration with the Saharawi veterinary department. Information was given about goat breeding along with practical advise about the goats' adjustment to the desert environment. Training also helped to raise the families' awareness concerning long-term sustainability of this programme, encouraging renewal of livestock from one year to the next.

The goats were distributed to each beneficiary individually between August and November 2008.

A few weeks after the distributions, a veterinary visited each home to check on the goat's health. TGH's team also observed that most of the goats had adapted well to their new environment.

Feed-back :

" Distribution benefits the people most in need and this help is well-adapted because Saharawi people know about goat breeding. In addition, this project comforts and raises people's spirits. "
Salama Mohamed Muailid (Smara camp)

"It is a good project because it benefits disabled people in need and because milk is appropriate food. "
Aisha Belali Seid (Smara camp)

Purchase and distribution of hygiene kits for Saharawi women in the refugee camps of Aoussert (Awserd), Smara, El Aioun (Laayoune), Dakhla and " 27 February " South of Tindouf – ALGERIA

Phase II of previous programme dedicated to young Saharawi women. We plan to help young Saharawi women benefit from improved hygiene by distributing 190,000 hygiene kits containing soap, shampoo and sanitary towels

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 09/2007 - 09/2008
 Budget: K€750

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Department)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 38,000 women and their families as well as 1,393 disabled people who were identified during Triangle's previous equipment distribution programme

Owing to the extremely harsh living conditions of Saharawi refugees, hygiene in the camps has been identified as a priority. 

Between 2000 and 2002, funded by ECHO, a consortium of NGOs* purchased and distributed hygiene kits for the Saharawi community.

In 2004, the Association of Algerian Women for Development (AFAD) implemented a hygiene kits packaging workshop. This initiative developed into a project covering purchase and packaging of kits for women. The kit contained a packet of 10 sanitary towels for menstruation and one bar of soap. The project ended on May 20 2005.

When the NGO Consortium and the AFAD distributions almost totally ceased, the community was noticeably affected; the products -representing a non-negligible expense- had to be purchased by the refugees themselves. 

Unable to pay for the supplementary purchase of sanitary pads (and other personal hygiene items), a considerable number of women reverted to former customs such as using pieces of cloth that were washed after utilisation.

According to health experts, such practises led to major health repercussions such as the emergence of infectious diseases and the rise of genital and dermatological diseases among women refugees. 

Between November 2005 and July 2006, thanks to funding from ECHO, Triangle ran two distributions of 33,000 kits. Each kit included

2 packets of 10 sanitary pads, 2 soaps (300 g item) and 1 bottle of shampoo (250 ml).

Between September 2006 and September 2007, again thanks to ECHO's support, Triangle distributed 38,000 kits five times and conducted a KAP survey (Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices).

The results and recommendations of this survey show that a third hygiene kits distribution programme is required. 

Extracts from the recommendations about distributing kits
"There is a need to increase the contents and adapt it to family requirements. The soap, sized to suit a single person's personal hygiene, serves the entire family for multiple purposes. For the same reasons, a one-person bottle of shampoo is sometimes consumed within two days. Women frequently resort to applying several sanitary towels at the same time to guarantee absorbance or using towels as panty liners".

This new programme is the outcome of Triangle's two distribution programmes and the results and recommendations of the KAP survey (conducted between January and March 2007). Regular consultations took place throughout the assessments, particularly with the community, the representatives of Saharawi women and the authorities.

Aiming to provide an appropriate response to the survey's findings, Triangle has decided to renew the distribution programme using the same products but increasing the quantities as follows

  • 4 soaps (Savon de Marseille) (300 g item)
  • 2 packets of 10 sanitary pads
  • 1 bottle of shampoo (500 ml)

The number of distributions remains unchanged in comparison to the previous programmes: 5 distributions (one every two months). Triangle has also renewed distribution of toiletry kits for 1,393 disabled people.

* In the 90s, Oxfam-Solidarité instigated the creation of a Consortium of European NGOs providing aid to Saharawi refugees.

Assistance to Saharawi Refugees

This is a prolongation of the UNHCR-sponsored programme, first launched in 2001. All programmes performed in 2007 will continue through 2008, with an intensification of medical activities (supply of radiology products and equipment).

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire Wash Psycho-Social Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 01/2008 - 12/2008
 Budget: K$671

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR

Assistance to Elderly and Disabled People
In 2002, we partnered with the National Union of Saharawi Women to build and equip a second home for disabled people in the Dakhla camp. In addition, we extended our training program for Saharawi staff (group leaders and youth workers) to other camps, thus improving the care given to young, disabled people. A micro-credit pilot experience was also carried out in the camp of Dakhla. In 2003, the construction of a third special education centre was undertaken in El Ayoune. Moreover, the micro-credit project (creation of stalls selling everyday products, with the income generated by the activities being used to help disabled people and their families) was extended to three other camps in Ausserd, El Ayoune and Smara.
In 2004 and 2005, work in the mechanical repair workshop continued, as did our assistance to care structures for disabled people (maintenance of centres, equipment, staff training, etc).

Bleach Production Unit
A small bleach production unit for the institutions was set up in 2003. Production and distribution of bleach to the hospitals, schools, etc. continues throughout the year.

Repair and maintenance of the ambulances and trucks used for food and water distribution
This programme, run in partnership with the Ministry of Transport, implemented a mechanical repair workshop for the ambulance and truck fleet. The latter were used for distribution of food and water.

Management and maintenance of the UNHCR's operational base in Rabouni and Dakhla.

Supply of radiology equipment and consumable articles, stomatology items, laboratory products, medication and indemnification of 31 health practitioners.

Continuation and extension of the project: “Support to Elderly & Disabled People in Saharawi Refugee Camps, South of Tindouf – ALGERIA”

After three decades living in refugee camps, extremely precarious conditions, lack of medical care and absence of understanding about disability, all the disabled people in the camps are suffering a situation of heightened distress. view detail Close the detail

 Area of expertise

Wash Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1500 people
 Duration: 10 months 02/2007 - 11/2007
 Budget: K€177

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission)

Our aim is to improve the living and hygiene conditions of almost 1,500 disabled and/or vulnerable elderly Saharawi refugees in the camps of Aoussert, El Ayoun, Dakhla, Smara and 27 Fevrier, South of Tindouf.

After three decades living in refugee camps, extremely precarious conditions, lack of medical care and absence of understanding about disability, all the disabled people in the camps are suffering a situation of heightened distress.

The Saharawi authorities and the various partners working in the area have made true efforts to help people with certain types of disabilities: construction of a centre for the disabled, implementation of income-generating programmes (small shops and bakery, etc), improved support and attentiveness to disabled people. Despite such efforts, the most vulnerable individuals (bedridden, multi-handicapped or very fragile elders) are still in dire straits owing to lack of equipment that could ease and improve the quality of their lives.

Specific objective: Improve the living and hygiene conditions of almost 1,500 disabled and/or vulnerable elderly Saharawi refugees in the camps of Aoussert, El Ayoun, Dakhla, Smara and 27 February, south of Tindouf.

Triangle has been involved in helping disabled people since 2001. Till recently, the organisation';s action focused on Special Needs centres. While support to such structures remains essential, Triangle has also decided to help those who cannot access the centres. Through this second stage, we aim to improve the daily lives of the beneficiaries by supplying them with equipment, and strengthen local care capacities: the families, the helpers, the women from the social services already involved at various levels, but also the teams from the health and special needs centres who are potential actors of this support network.

Hence, an additional objective of this project is to develop knowledge about disabled people';s environment outside of special care structures.

In response to the needs observed, Triangle has decided to continue the project: “purchase and distribution of specific equipment” that has already considerably improved the living conditions of the disabled people or vulnerable elderly people identified.
This equipment will now be provided to disabled and aged people who were absent during the identification phase of the previous project. Equipment will once again feature anti-bedsore mattress, orthopaedic pillows, draw-sheets & protective bedding, 2 pairs of fitted sheets, 2 pairs of flat sheets, a pair of forearm crutches, a pair of axillary crutches, a walking stick, ergonomic glasses, a set of 6 sensorial balls, a sponge-bag set and towels.

The equipment will be distributed individually and training will be provided to ensure correct use. Simultaneously, the beneficiaries'; identification forms will be completed, allowing us to provide appropriate individualized care. Follow-up sessions will also be organized, after distribution, to check skills acquired during training and good use of the equipment. 

Triangle will concurrently organise and implement training and information sessions for the families and social assistance women. The sessions will include identifying and teaming up with potential new actors.

Up till now, the identification process has taken place in 4 willayas and in the "27 février" camp. Two Triangle teams have visited the people listed by the social workers. These visits, organised directly in the people';s khaimas (tents), have enabled us to decide which equipment is required per person.

A team describes their work:
"Led by a social worker, we walk through the sand surrounding the khaimas. The social worker points out where each beneficiary lives. The camp is enormous and we only know the beneficiaries'; names and district so the social workers'; presence saves us a lot of time. They are clearly happy to take part in the project and their presence by our side demonstrates the importance of their role throughout the year with the families.
We enter a khaima and begin the greeting ritual. Then we get to work, sitting besides the beneficiary, asking questions. It is often the daughter who answers for her parents, showing how she attends to them, demonstrating the fact that they are well cared for. Little by little, other members of the family join us to offer their opinion and answer our questions. Then we run a few tests to confirm the answers. The family is even more grateful when we can offer some advice. We arrange an appointment for the distribution in September, say goodbye and move on to another khaima.
The social workers and the families are delighted that we take the time to meet each beneficiary. For these people, it is important that we do not forget them".

Purchase and distribution of hygiene kits for Saharawi women in the refugee camps of Aoussert (Awserd), Smara, El Aioun (Laayoune), Dakhla and « 27 Février » South of Tindouf – ALGERIA.

Phase II of previous programme dedicated to young Saharawi women. We plan to help young Saharawi women benefit from improved hygiene by distributing 190,000 hygiene kits containing soap, shampoo and sanitary towels.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 38 000 women
 Duration: 12 months 09/2006 - 09/2007
 Budget: K€620

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office)
  • Direct beneficiaries of project: 38,000 women and their families

Specific aim of the operation:

Help to improve the conditions of hygiene of 38,000 Saharawi women refugees and evaluate their families' needs in
terms of personal and domestic hygiene, in Aoussert, El Aioun, Dakhla, Smara and « 27 Février » refugee camps –
South of Tindouf – ALGERIA.

The Distribution of Hygiene Kits project, implemented between November 2005 and July 2006, went very satisfactorily
with regards to the women beneficiaries and the Saharawi authorities.
Concurrently, we identified the fact that the quantities distributed  (2 distributions of 33,000 kits) failed to cover all the needs, and that we needed to further assess hygiene to provide an operational, appropriate response to the population's needs in terms of quantity and quality.
Therefore, Triangle, with support from ECHO and the Saharawi authorities, decided to launch a new, wider-reaching programme. Within it, we will conduct a survey on the Saharawi's Knowledge, Attitude and Practices related to hygiene.
With this new programme, the amount of target beneficiaries grows from 33,000 to 38,000, and includes unmarried young women who have reached puberty. The amount of distributions also grows from 2 to 5 annual distributions.

Hygiene Kits Distribution

Selection of suppliers:
The suppliers who took part in the 2005/2006 project can provide Triangle with the same products at an interesting rate. Therefore, in agreement with ECHO, we have decided to use these same suppliers without making a new call for tenders.

Composition of the kits:

  • 2 300 gr soaps
  • 1 200 ml bottle of shampoo
  • 2 packets of 10 sanitary towels

Amount of distributions:
5 (every two months) between September 2006 and September 2007.

Organisation of distribution:
Distributions are carried out in the same way as in previous projects. Thus, each daïra is divided into 4 circumscriptions. In each, several female « group leaders » represent a certain amount of women-project beneficiaries.

Monitoring and assessing distribution:
A follow-up session takes place after each distribution in order to:

  • Make sure the end-beneficiaries have received the kits
  • Assess their satisfaction regarding the quantity and quality of the products distributed
  • Understand specifically how each product covers needs.

KAP survey
The aim is to identify the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of the population in terms of personal and domestic hygiene .

A survey conducted in homes:
There will be 759 home-visits using the KAP questionnaire.

Organisation of discussion groups:
Discussions groups about personal and domestic hygiene will take place in each refugee camp: two groups of women and two groups of men, led by a Saharawi supervisor from Triangle's team. 

One-to-one:
we will conduct 30 individual consultations. These will include Area Chiefs and doctors among other members of the community.

Monitoring of the interviews and discussions will take place daily as soon as the group/survey is launched.
Quantity (amount) as well as quality aspects (nature of the information) will be monitored.

Rehabilitation of Health Structures Damaged by the February 2006 Floods – Saharawi Refugee Camps, South of Tindouf – ALGERIA

In February 2006, southwest Algeria was the victim of enormous flooding and torrential rains hit the refugee camps. The day after the disaster, it was estimated that 50% of the dwellings were destroyed and 25% were on the verge of collapse leavingsome 55,000 people without shelter.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 158 000 people
 Duration: 10 months 04/2006 - 01/2007
 Budget: K€352

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office)

Rehabilitation of the following medical structures: Aoussert, El Aioun and Dakhla health centres and psychiatric hospital (aka « Hôpital du 12 Octobre »); Rabouni national hospital and dispensary (aka « Dispensaire du 27 fèvrier »).

Country and region of implementation:
ALGERIA, South of Tindouf - Dakhla, Aoussert, El Aioun, Smara, « 27 Février », « 12 Octobre » and Rabouni Saharawi Refugee Camps.

Context:

On February the 9th, 10th and in the early hours of the 11th, torrential rains pounded down on refugee camps in the the desert region of Tindouf in western Algeria.

In Aoussert (Awserd), Smara, El Aioun (Laayoune) and « 27 Février » refugee camps, the non-stop rains and mud-flow considerably damaged the mud-brick dwellings, leaving the refugees in urgent need of aid.

The local Saharawi authorities, the UNHCR, PAM and various NGOs and reported this emergency and the destruction of many shelters leading to the evacuation of thousands of refugees.

People whose homes had been destroyed or heavily damaged took refuge on higher levels of the camps while the torrent stole away most of their belongings (blankets, mattresses, clothes, food items, etc.) and ruined sanitary facilities along with collective and individual water reserves.

Specific objectives of programme:

  • Help to restore the sanitary infrastructures damaged during the February 2006 floods in the Aoussert
    and El Aioun wilayas, the « 27 Février » school, the « 12 Octobre » and Rabouni hospitals
  • Help to improve the hygiene conditions in the Daïra dispensaries of Dakhla wilaya, and in the regional
    hospitals of Dakhla and El Aioun.

Programme Phases:
Assessment
Methodology

The methodology was based on direct assessment with an inspection of the sanitary installations impacted by
flooding. Representatives of the supervisory authority (Ministry of Health) were also met.
A civil engineer ran this assessment.

Results of the assessment
As well as destroying individual shelters, the rains had ruined many health structures. Mud-brick (Toube) buildings could not resist three days of torrential rains.

The health centres suffered to various degrees.
Structures concerned were located as follows:

*Wilaya of Aoussert:

  1. Agouinite Daïra
  2. El Techla Daïra
  3. El Gouira Daïra
  4. Bir Guendouze Daïra
  5. Mijek Daïra
  6. Zogue Daïra

*Wilaya of El Aioun:

  1. Daoura Daïra
  2. Hagounia Daïra
  3. El Guelta Daïra
  4. Boukraa Daïra
  5. Dchira Daïra
  6. Mgala Daïra

*«12 Octobre » (Psychiatric hospital).
*The « 27 Février » camps (dispensary).
*The medical staff's rest room in the national hospital of Rabouni.

Main cause for the buildings' collapse:

  1. Use of mud-brick (Toube) for the walls
  2. Quality of construction
  3. Age of the buildings: 90% were built towards the end of the 70s.

Buildings that had resisted also represented a major risk for the population:
the waters running through these buildings had considerably weakened them and they could collapse at any time on their occupants.

This project included improvement of the hygiene conditions in other medical structures such as the dispensaries and the regional hospital of Dakhla wilaya.

*Wilaya of Dakhla:

  1. Bir Enzaran Daïra
  2. Ain el Beida Daïra
  3. Gleibat el Fulah Daïra
  4. Bujdur Daïra
  5. Umdreiga Daïra
  6. Jerefiya Daïra
  7. Argoub Daïra

Among other tasks, Triangle was assigned the realisation of a septic tank for the regional hospital in El Aioun wilaya.

Allocation of this market took place via a negotiation procedure. The Specs were presented to 8 contractors from Tindouf wilaya, four of whom made an offer.

The contractor providing the best offer in financial, administrative and quality-based terms was chosen by the opening of tenders and selection commission

Tasks executed:

The health centres of all El Aioun and Aoussert Daïras and of the « 27 Février » school:

  • Re-roofing to improve watertightness, lastingly
  • Installation of a suspended ceiling
  • Repair coating on exterior and interior walls to avoid any infiltration that might weaken the earth structure
  • Renewal of exterior and interior paint
  • Installation of new doors and windows (with metallic protection)
  • Implementation of concrete covering in the inside courtyard, to limit dust, increase water outflow and thus improve overall hygiene
  • Creation or renovation of work benches in the treatment rooms
  • Implementation of in washrooms
  • Execution of piping system to guarantee water supply in the toilets and treatment rooms.

Rabouni national hospital:

  • Repair coating on exterior and interior walls to avoid any infiltration that might
    weaken the earth
  • structure Installation of new doors and windows (with metallic protection)
  • Re-roofing to improve the roof's impermeability, lastingly
  • Renewal of exterior and interior paint
  • Rehabilitation of electric system
  • Rehabilitation of sanitary and plumbing installations

« 12 Octobre » psychiatric hospital:

  • Repair coating on the damaged exterior and interior walls, to avoid any infiltration weakening the earth structure
  • Renewal of exterior and interior paint, including in the kitchen
  • Installation of new doors and windows (with metallic protection)
  • Re-roofing to improve the roof's impermeability, lastingly
  • Rehabilitation of sanitary installations

Dispensaries of the Daïras in Dakhla wilaya:

  • Construction of latrines built with cement blocks, plus water supply

Dakhla regional hospital:

  • Supply of a mobile water tank equipped to pump out the septic tank
  • Construction of a new water reservoir

El Aioun regional hospital:

  • Construction of a septic tank for wastewater treatment.

Support to Elderly & Disabled People in Saharawi Refugee Camps South of Tindouf

This distribution program was designed to improve the living conditions of disabled persons and elderly people in the refugee camps. Because of their age or disability, some people cannot travel to special care centres so Triangle supplies crutches, ergonomic crockery, bedding and other essential items to them directly.

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 1 063 people
 Duration: 12 months 10/2005 - 09/2006
 Budget: K€218

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office)

Beneficiaries: 1063 vulnerable, disabled or aged people belonging to one these three “categories”:

  • Bedridden (polyhandicapped)
  • Elderly people
  • People with physical special needs

Specific aim of programme

Improve the living and hygiene conditions of a number of disabled or aged Sahawari refugees in the Aoussert, El Aioun, Dakhla, Smara and "27 February" camps.

Country and region(s) of implementation:
ALGERIA, South of Tindouf, Sahawari refugee camps: Aoussert, El Aioun, Dakhla, Smara and "27 February".

  • Project start date: October 2005
  • Duration: 12 months

General context
The arrival of Sahawari refugees in 1975-76, in the Tindouf region, gave rise to the creation of four main
" camps " grouping all the refugees.
Presence of water and security dictated the refugees " settlement " in the camps (these were spread over a maximum range of 170 kilometres around Tindouf).
By order of demographic importance, the camps are: El Ayoun, Smara, Aoussert and Dakhla.

Situation of people with special needs
Almost ten decades of exile, extremely precarious conditions, lack of medical care and knowledge about disability created a situation of distress and vulnerability that impacted the entire range of people. The Sahawari authorities and various partners working in this sector had made efforts to improve the situation:

  • Construction of centers for disabled people
  • Staff training in the centers
  • Creation of income-generating projects (stores, baker)
  • Improved support and recognition of people with special needs

However, such recognition barely affected the most vulnerable (bed-ridden, polyhandicapped, very weak elderly people, etc.) because of the scarcity of specialised equipment.

When Triangle first started working in the camps, people with special needs represented the most vulnerable category of the Sahawari population in refuge.
Although aid was provided to the institutions taking care of disabled people (mainly children), disabled adults or families with a disabled member only benefited from punctual aid.
People with special needs had been living in the camps for almost 30 years; the effects of the humanitarian crisis on their lives was sorely felt.

Disabled and elderly people, living in a harsh environment and suffering multiple constraints, seemed to be crying out for solidarity. Help was essential. Appropriate equipment meeting their needs was essential.

The identification phase described above was fundamental to achieve this project.
With the help of employees from the Ministère de l'Action Social and the Promotion de la Femme (MASPM) at national and local levels, using tools designed to optimise collection and storage of information, Triangle defined the needs of each beneficiary by visiting the homes of every disabled or vulnerable elderly person in the refugge camps of Sahawari, south of Tindouf.

Assignment of daily work
With every daîra counting 4 districts, each team had to identify the beneficiaries and their needs in two districts.

The tools
Individual identification cards: these concerned each person (status, address, special need, level of autonomy),
and helped us precisely define the equipment they required.
Database containing all the fields of the Id cards: to simplify storage and analysis of the data collected during individual meetings.

The visits
Social workers had the task of selecting the beneficiaries to meet.

Criteria
Our aim was to identify the precise needs of potential beneficiaries along with the type of equipment to supply. We based our selection on criteria established by Triangle's teams:

  • People suffering from innate or acquired physical handicap and not under the care of the disabled people's center in their Wilaya
  • Elderly people requiring special equipment or somebody's help in order to move
  • Bedridden people
  • People suffering from cerebral motor disorders.

Home visits
To gather the most specific information and establish precise exact needs we met the potential beneficiaries in their homes.
For each potential beneficiary, our teams filled in the identification card and, with the person's consent, took a photo of them.

Purchase & Distribution of Hygiene Kits for Saharawi Women in Aoussert, El Aioun, Dakhla and Smara Refugee Camps, South of Tindouf

To reduce the risk of disease and help young Saharawi women benefit from improved hygiene, Triangle distributed 66,000 hygiene kits (containing soap, shampoo and sanitary towels).

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 Area of expertise

Wash

 Key figures

 Duration: 9 months 11/2005 - 07/2006
 Budget: K€284

 Funding

Logo ECHO
  • Funding: ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office)

This programme was financed by ECHO, the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Office.
One of ECHO's mandates is to preserve the dignity of peoples affected by humanitarian crises.

In 1975-1976, the arrival of Saharawi populations in the region of Tindouf resulted in the creation of four main "camps" grouping most of the refugees.

Owing to the conditions of living in the camps, Triangle and ECHO identified hygiene as a top priority.

Many refugees, unable to cover the additional cost of buying sanitary towels and other body hygiene products, had returned to ancient systems such as using pieces of cloth that were washed after use.

This practice seemed to be causing skin and gynaecological infections in the camps. Indeed, according to health experts, a large number of such diseases were reported among women using traditional methods of hygiene.

During Triangle's evaluation, the women encountered expressed their need for hygiene products, particularly washing products, soap, sanitary towels, etc.

Specific aim of the operation:
participate in improving the conditions of hygiene of 33,000 Sahawari women, in age of puberty, currently in the Aoussert, El Aioun, Dakhla, Smara and "27 February" refugee camps.

Programme Stages:
- The Sahawari authorities were met in order to coordinate the various stages of the operation.

LOCAL CALL FOR TENDERS

  • pecifications preparation
  • Specs published in two Algerian daily newspapers
  • Organisation of a commission in Triangle's Algiers office to select the suppliers
  • Recruitment of 10 Sahawari labourers and one Algerian logistician, responsible for storage and packaging under the Project Manager's supervision.

Early in the project, Triangle's Project Manager and administrator visited each Daira to
meet the district representatives who would later carry out distribution with our teams.

Interviews were organised in the aim of:

  • Presenting the programme to the beneficiaries' representatives
  • Presenting samples of the products that would be supplied
  • Organising distribution in partnership with the local people in charge

Note: each "camp" is called a wilaya and divides into dairas. One wilaya counts six or seven dairas, in turn divided into four districts.

Distribution was carried out in each daira inside a closed space. 4 Triangle teams were on site, each in charge of distribution for one district (4 districts per daira). Representatives from each district accompanied Triangle's team. Representatives of each daiara accompanied our respective teams.

This programme enabled the distribution of 33,000 hygiene kits.

EMERGENCY RELIEF
After the February 2006 floods

In February 2006, southwest Algeria was the victim of enormous flooding and torrential rains hit the refugee camps. The day after the disaster, it was estimated that 50% of the dwellings were destroyed and 25% were on the verge of collapse leaving some 55,000 people without shelter.

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 Area of expertise

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 12.000 familles
 Duration: 1 months (March/April 2006)
 Budget: K€167

 Funding

DAH
  • Funding: DAH (Humanitarian Action Delegation – French Foreign Affairs)

Distribution of rice, dates and humanized milk to 12,000 families.

EMERGENCY RELIEF
After the February 2006 floods

In February 2006, southwest Algeria was the victim of enormous flooding and torrential rains hit the refugee camps. The day after the disaster, it was estimated that 50% of the dwellings were destroyed and 25% were on the verge of collapse leaving some 55,000 people without shelter.

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 Area of expertise

Génie-Civil

 Key figures

 Duration: 1 months (March/April 2006)
 Budget: K€43

 Funding

Logo UNHCR
  • Funding: UNHCR (UN Refugees Agency)

Triangle responded to the disaster by rehabilitating part of the Saharawi Red Crescent organisation’s warehouses and managing the UNHCR’s relief supplies.

Support to Care Structures for Disabled Peoples

Supplementing the activities managed in the UNHCR-financed programme, Triangle supported various care structures for disabled people thanks to a grant from the Lord Michelham Foundation.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 10 months 04/2004 - 12/2004
 Budget: K€20

 Funding

Fondation-Lord-Michelham.jpg
  • Funding: Fondation Lord Michelham

The following activities were implemented:

  • Participation in the organisation of a seminar, "The reality of disabled people", proposed by the Secretary of State for Social Assistance and Promotion of Women.

  • Creation of a training booklet for carers and youth workers, internal and external training of Saharawi managers working with disabled people.

Creation of a Bakery

The aim of this project was to provide a group of disabled adults with a permanent activity to empower them and enable integration in the Sawary community.

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 Area of expertise

Psycho-Social

 Key figures

 Duration: 12 months 12/2002 - 01/2004
 Budget: K€19

 Funding

Fondation Caisse d'Epargne Coopération Technique Belge
  • Funding: Belgian Technical Cooperation, Works council of Caisse d’Epargne Rhône-Alpes
  • Duration: 12 months (signature in 2002, project completed in 2004)

Integration was also astrong component of Triangle's support programme for disabled people in the Wilaya of Aoussert; amongst other elements, the project offered vocational training as a means of integration.

In this way, the entire population of the camp benefited from a reduced-cost quality service, and within Saharawi society, people's perception of disability was altered and improved.

At the same time, via financial support, this programme promoted and stimulated the creation of small, easy-to-access bread shops held by disabled people.

Last updated January 04, 2017